Canada Labour Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. L-2)

Act current to 2016-09-18 and last amended on 2016-01-03. Previous Versions

Unfair Practices

Marginal note:Employer interference in trade union
  •  (1) No employer or person acting on behalf of an employer shall

    • (a) participate in or interfere with the formation or administration of a trade union or the representation of employees by a trade union; or

    • (b) contribute financial or other support to a trade union.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) An employer is deemed not to contravene subsection (1) by reason only that they

    • (a) in respect of a trade union that is the bargaining agent for a bargaining unit comprised of or including employees of the employer,

      • (i) permit an employee or representative of the trade union to confer with them during hours of work or to attend to the business of the trade union during hours of work without any deduction from wages or any deduction of time worked for the employer,

      • (ii) provide free transportation to representatives of the trade union for purposes of collective bargaining, the administration of a collective agreement and related matters, or

      • (iii) permit the trade union to use their premises for the purposes of the trade union;

    • (b) contribute financial support to any pension, health or other welfare trust fund the sole purpose of which is to provide pension, health or other welfare rights or benefits to employees; or

    • (c) express a personal point of view, so long as the employer does not use coercion, intimidation, threats, promises or undue influence.

  • Marginal note:Prohibition relating to replacement workers

    (2.1) No employer or person acting on behalf of an employer shall use, for the demonstrated purpose of undermining a trade union’s representational capacity rather than the pursuit of legitimate bargaining objectives, the services of a person who was not an employee in the bargaining unit on the date on which notice to bargain collectively was given and was hired or assigned after that date to perform all or part of the duties of an employee in the bargaining unit on strike or locked out.

  • Marginal note:Prohibitions relating to employers

    (3) No employer or person acting on behalf of an employer shall

    • (a) refuse to employ or to continue to employ or suspend, transfer, lay off or otherwise discriminate against any person with respect to employment, pay or any other term or condition of employment or intimidate, threaten or otherwise discipline any person, because the person

      • (i) is or proposes to become, or seeks to induce any other person to become, a member, officer or representative of a trade union or participates in the promotion, formation or administration of a trade union,

      • (ii) has been expelled or suspended from membership in a trade union for a reason other than a failure to pay the periodic dues, assessments and initiation fees uniformly required to be paid by all members of the trade union as a condition of acquiring or retaining membership in the trade union,

      • (iii) has testified or otherwise participated or may testify or otherwise participate in a proceeding under this Part,

      • (iv) has made or is about to make a disclosure that the person may be required to make in a proceeding under this Part,

      • (v) has made an application or filed a complaint under this Part, or

      • (vi) has participated in a strike that is not prohibited by this Part or exercised any right under this Part;

    • (b) impose any condition in a contract of employment that restrains, or has the effect of restraining, an employee from exercising any right conferred on them by this Part;

    • (c) suspend, discharge or impose any financial or other penalty on an employee, or take any other disciplinary action against an employee, by reason of their refusal to perform all or some of the duties and responsibilities of another employee who is participating in a strike or subject to a lockout that is not prohibited by this Part;

    • (d) deny to any employee any pension rights or benefits to which the employee would be entitled but for

      • (i) the cessation of work by the employee as the result of a lockout or strike that is not prohibited by this Part, or

      • (ii) the dismissal of the employee contrary to this Part;

    • (d.1) where the requirements of paragraphs 89(1)(a) to (d) have been met, cancel or threaten to cancel a medical, dental, disability, life or other insurance plan, whether administered by the employer or otherwise, that benefits employees, so long as the bargaining agent tenders or attempts to tender to the employer payments or premiums sufficient to continue the plan;

    • (d.2) where the requirements of paragraphs 89(1)(a) to (d) have been met and the bargaining agent has tendered or attempted to tender to the employer payments or premiums sufficient to continue an insurance plan referred to in paragraph (d.1), deny or threaten to deny to any employee any benefits under the plan to which the employee was entitled before those requirements were met;

    • (e) seek, by intimidation, threat of dismissal or any other kind of threat, by the imposition of a financial or other penalty or by any other means, to compel a person to refrain from becoming or to cease to be a member, officer or representative of a trade union or to refrain from

      • (i) testifying or otherwise participating in a proceeding under this Part,

      • (ii) making a disclosure that the person may be required to make in a proceeding under this Part, or

      • (iii) making an application or filing a complaint under this Part;

    • (f) suspend, discharge or impose any financial or other penalty on a person employed by them, or take any other disciplinary action against such a person, by reason of that person having refused to perform an act that is prohibited by this Part; or

    • (g) bargain collectively for the purpose of entering into a collective agreement or enter into a collective agreement with a trade union in respect of a bargaining unit, if another trade union is the bargaining agent for that bargaining unit.

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-2, s. 94;
  • 1998, c. 26, s. 42;
  • 1999, c. 31, ss. 158(E), 162(E);
  • 2000, c. 20, s. 23(E).
Marginal note:Prohibitions relating to trade unions

 No trade union or person acting on behalf of a trade union shall

  • (a) seek to compel an employer to bargain collectively with the trade union if the trade union is not the bargaining agent for a bargaining unit that includes employees of the employer;

  • (b) bargain collectively for the purpose of entering into a collective agreement or enter into a collective agreement with an employer in respect of a bargaining unit, if that trade union or person knows or, in the opinion of the Board, ought to know that another trade union is the bargaining agent for that bargaining unit;

  • (c) participate in or interfere with the formation or administration of an employers’ organization;

  • (d) except with the consent of the employer of an employee, attempt, at an employee’s place of employment during the working hours of the employee, to persuade the employee to become, to refrain from becoming or to cease to be a member of a trade union;

  • (e) require an employer to terminate the employment of an employee because the employee has been expelled or suspended from membership in the trade union for a reason other than a failure to pay the periodic dues, assessments and initiation fees uniformly required to be paid by all members of the trade union as a condition of acquiring or retaining membership in the trade union;

  • (f) expel or suspend an employee from membership in the trade union or deny membership in the trade union to an employee by applying to the employee in a discriminatory manner the membership rules of the trade union;

  • (g) take disciplinary action against or impose any form of penalty on an employee by applying to that employee in a discriminatory manner the standards of discipline of the trade union;

  • (h) expel or suspend an employee from membership in the trade union or take disciplinary action against or impose any form of penalty on an employee by reason of that employee having refused to perform an act that is contrary to this Part; or

  • (i) discriminate against a person with respect to employment, a term or condition of employment or membership in a trade union, or intimidate or coerce a person or impose a financial or other penalty on a person, because that person

    • (i) has testified or otherwise participated or may testify or otherwise participate in a proceeding under this Part,

    • (ii) has made or is about to make a disclosure that the person may be required to make in a proceeding under this Part, or

    • (iii) has made an application or filed a complaint under this Part.

  • 1972, c. 18, s. 1.
Marginal note:General prohibition

 No person shall seek by intimidation or coercion to compel a person to become or refrain from becoming or to cease to be a member of a trade union.

  • 1972, c. 18, s. 1.
 
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