Canada Labour Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. L-2)

Act current to 2016-11-21 and last amended on 2016-01-03. Previous Versions

Recovery of Wages

Marginal note:Payment order
  •  (1) Where an inspector finds that an employer has not paid an employee wages or other amounts to which the employee is entitled under this Part, the inspector may issue a written payment order to the employer, or, subject to section 251.18, to a director of a corporation referred to in that section, ordering the employer or director to pay the amount in question, and the inspector shall send a copy of any such payment order to the employee at the employee’s latest known address.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (1.1) A payment order must not relate to wages or other amounts to which the employee is entitled for the period preceding

    • (a) in the case where the employee made a complaint under subsection 251.01(1) that was not rejected under subsection 251.05(1), the 12 months before the day on which the complaint was made or, if there was a termination of employment prior to the complaint being made, the 12 months before the date of termination; and

    • (b) in any other case, the 12 months before the day on which an inspection under this Part, during the course of which the inspector made the finding referred to in subsection (1), began.

  • Marginal note:Unpaid vacation pay

    (1.2) In respect of unpaid vacation pay, a reference to a period of 12 months in subsection (1.1) shall be read as a reference to a period of 24 months.

  • Marginal note:If complaint unfounded

    (2) An inspector dealing with a complaint of non-payment of wages or other amounts to which an employee is entitled under this Part shall notify the employee in writing that their complaint is unfounded if the inspector concludes that the employer has paid to the employee all wages and other amounts to which the employee is entitled under this Part for the period of six months set out in paragraph 251.01(2)(a) or for the extended period provided for in subsection 251.01(3).

  • Marginal note:Service of documents

    (3) Service of a payment order or a copy thereof pursuant to subsection (1), or of a notice of unfounded complaint pursuant to subsection (2), shall be by personal service or by registered or certified mail and, in the case of registered or certified mail, the document shall be deemed to have been received by the addressee on the seventh day after the day on which it was mailed.

  • Marginal note:Proof of service of documents

    (4) A certificate purporting to be signed by the Minister certifying that a document referred to in subsection (3) was sent by registered or certified mail to the person to whom it was addressed, accompanied by an identifying post office certificate of the registration or certification and a true copy of the document, is admissible in evidence and is proof of the statements contained therein, without proof of the signature or official character of the person appearing to have signed the certificate.

  • 1993, c. 42, s. 37;
  • 2012, c. 31, s. 224.
Marginal note:Request for review
  •  (1) A person who is affected by a payment order or a notice of unfounded complaint may send a written request with reasons for a review of the inspector’s decision to the Minister within 15 days after the day on which the order or a copy of the order or the notice is served.

  • Marginal note:Payment of amount

    (2) An employer or a director of a corporation is not permitted to request a review of a payment order unless the employer or director pays to the Minister the amount indicated in the payment order, subject to, in the case of a director, the maximum amount of the director’s liability under section 251.18.

  • Marginal note:Review

    (3) On receipt of the request for review, the Minister may, in writing, confirm, rescind or vary, in whole or in part, the payment order or the notice of unfounded complaint and, if the Minister rescinds the notice, the Minister shall direct an inspector to re-examine the complaint.

  • Marginal note:Service of documents

    (4) Service of a decision made under subsection (3) shall be made to the persons who are affected by the payment order or by the notice of unfounded complaint, by personal service or by registered or certified mail and, in the case of registered or certified mail, the decision is deemed to have been received by the addressee on the seventh day after the day on which it is mailed.

  • Marginal note:Proof of service of documents

    (5) A certificate purporting to be signed by the Minister certifying that a decision referred to in subsection (4) was sent by registered or certified mail to the person to whom it was addressed, accompanied by an identifying post office certificate of the registration or certification and a true copy of the decision, is admissible in evidence and is proof of the statements contained in it, without proof of the signature or official character of the person appearing to have signed the certificate.

  • Marginal note:Review is final

    (6) Subject to the right of appeal under section 251.11, the decision made under subsection (3) is final and conclusive and is not subject to appeal to or review by any court.

  • Marginal note:Request treated as an appeal

    (7) The Minister may, if the Minister considers it appropriate in the circumstances, treat the request for review as an appeal of the inspector’s decision, in which case the Minister shall so inform the persons affected by the payment order or by the notice of unfounded complaint, and the request for review shall be considered to be an appeal for the purposes of section 251.12.

  • 2012, c. 31, s. 225.
Marginal note:Appeal
  •  (1) A person who is affected by a decision made under subsection 251.101(3), other than a decision to rescind a notice of unfounded complaint, may appeal the decision to the Minister, in writing, within 15 days after the day on which the decision is served, but only on a question of law or jurisdiction.

  • Marginal note:Grounds of appeal

    (2) The request for appeal shall contain a statement of the grounds of appeal.

  • Marginal note:Payment of amount

    (3) An employer or director of a corporation is not permitted to appeal from a decision unless the employer or director pays to the Minister

    • (a) if no amount was paid under subsection 251.101(2), the amount indicated in the payment order or, if the decision varied that amount, the amount indicated in the decision; and

    • (b) if an amount was paid under subsection 251.101(2) that is less than the amount indicated in the decision, the amount equal to the difference between the two amounts.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (4) In the case of a director, subsection (3) applies subject to the maximum amount of the director’s liability under section 251.18.

  • 1993, c. 42, s. 37;
  • 2012, c. 31, s. 225.
Marginal note:Appointment of referee
  •  (1) The Minister shall appoint any person that the Minister considers appropriate as a referee to hear and adjudicate an appeal and shall provide that person with the decision being appealed and either the request for appeal or, if subsection 251.101(7) applies, the request for review submitted under subsection 251.101(1).

  • Marginal note:Powers of referee

    (2) A referee to whom an appeal has been referred by the Minister

    • (a) may summon and enforce the attendance of witnesses and compel them to give oral or written evidence on oath and to produce such documents and things as the referee deems necessary to deciding the appeal;

    • (b) may administer oaths and solemn affirmations;

    • (c) may receive and accept such evidence and information on oath, affidavit or otherwise as the referee sees fit, whether or not admissible in a court of law;

    • (d) may determine the procedure to be followed, but shall give full opportunity to the parties to the appeal to present evidence and make submissions to the referee, and shall consider the information relating to the appeal; and

    • (e) may make a party to the appeal any person who, or any group that, in the referee’s opinion, has substantially the same interest as one of the parties and could be affected by the decision.

  • Marginal note:Time frame

    (3) The referee shall consider an appeal and render a decision within such time as the Governor in Council may, by regulation, prescribe.

  • Marginal note:Referee’s decision

    (4) The referee may make any order that is necessary to give effect to the referee’s decision and, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the referee may, by order,

    • (a) confirm, rescind or vary, in whole or in part, the decision being appealed;

    • (b) direct payment to any specified person of any money held in trust by the Receiver General that relates to the appeal; and

    • (c) award costs in the proceedings.

  • Marginal note:Copies of decision to be sent

    (5) The referee shall send a copy of the decision, and of the reasons therefor, to each party to the appeal and to the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Order final

    (6) The referee’s order is final and shall not be questioned or reviewed in any court.

  • Marginal note:No review by certiorari, etc.

    (7) No order shall be made, process entered or proceeding taken in any court, whether by way of injunction, certiorari, prohibition, quo warranto or otherwise, to question, review, prohibit or restrain a referee in any proceedings of the referee under this section.

  • 1993, c. 42, s. 37;
  • 2012, c. 31, s. 226.
 
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