Canada Labour Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. L-2)

Act current to 2017-03-20 and last amended on 2015-09-14. Previous Versions

DIVISION XIII.2Long-term Disability Plans

Marginal note:Employer’s obligation
  •  (1) Every employer that provides benefits to its employees under a long-term disability plan must insure the plan with an entity that is licensed to provide insurance under the laws of a province.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) However, an employer may provide those benefits under a long-term disability plan that is not insured, in the circumstances and subject to the conditions provided for in the regulations.

  • 2012, c. 19, s. 434.
Marginal note:Regulations

 The Governor in Council may make regulations respecting long-term disability plans, including regulations

  • (a) specifying what constitutes a long-term disability plan; and

  • (b) specifying the circumstances and conditions referred to in subsection 239.2(2).

  • 2012, c. 19, s. 434.

DIVISION XIVUnjust Dismissal

Marginal note:Complaint to inspector for unjust dismissal
  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and 242(3.1), any person

    • (a) who has completed twelve consecutive months of continuous employment by an employer, and

    • (b) who is not a member of a group of employees subject to a collective agreement,

    may make a complaint in writing to an inspector if the employee has been dismissed and considers the dismissal to be unjust.

  • Marginal note:Time for making complaint

    (2) Subject to subsection (3), a complaint under subsection (1) shall be made within ninety days from the date on which the person making the complaint was dismissed.

  • Marginal note:Extension of time

    (3) The Minister may extend the period of time referred to in subsection (2) where the Minister is satisfied that a complaint was made in that period to a government official who had no authority to deal with the complaint but that the person making the complaint believed the official had that authority.

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-2, s. 240;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 9 (1st Supp.), s. 15.
Marginal note:Reasons for dismissal
  •  (1) Where an employer dismisses a person described in subsection 240(1), the person who was dismissed or any inspector may make a request in writing to the employer to provide a written statement giving the reasons for the dismissal, and any employer who receives such a request shall provide the person who made the request with such a statement within fifteen days after the request is made.

  • Marginal note:Inspector to assist parties

    (2) On receipt of a complaint made under subsection 240(1), an inspector shall endeavour to assist the parties to the complaint to settle the complaint or cause another inspector to do so.

  • Marginal note:Where complaint not settled within reasonable time

    (3) Where a complaint is not settled under subsection (2) within such period as the inspector endeavouring to assist the parties pursuant to that subsection considers to be reasonable in the circumstances, the inspector shall, on the written request of the person who made the complaint that the complaint be referred to an adjudicator under subsection 242(1),

    • (a) report to the Minister that the endeavour to assist the parties to settle the complaint has not succeeded; and

    • (b) deliver to the Minister the complaint made under subsection 240(1), any written statement giving the reasons for the dismissal provided pursuant to subsection (1) and any other statements or documents the inspector has that relate to the complaint.

  • 1977-78, c. 27, s. 21.
Marginal note:Reference to adjudicator
  •  (1) The Minister may, on receipt of a report pursuant to subsection 241(3), appoint any person that the Minister considers appropriate as an adjudicator to hear and adjudicate on the complaint in respect of which the report was made, and refer the complaint to the adjudicator along with any statement provided pursuant to subsection 241(1).

  • Marginal note:Powers of adjudicator

    (2) An adjudicator to whom a complaint has been referred under subsection (1)

    • (a) shall consider the complaint within such time as the Governor in Council may by regulation prescribe;

    • (b) shall determine the procedure to be followed, but shall give full opportunity to the parties to the complaint to present evidence and make submissions to the adjudicator and shall consider the information relating to the complaint; and

    • (c) has, in relation to any complaint before the adjudicator, the powers conferred on the Canada Industrial Relations Board, in relation to any proceeding before the Board, under paragraphs 16(a), (b) and (c).

  • Marginal note:Decision of adjudicator

    (3) Subject to subsection (3.1), an adjudicator to whom a complaint has been referred under subsection (1) shall

    • (a) consider whether the dismissal of the person who made the complaint was unjust and render a decision thereon; and

    • (b) send a copy of the decision with the reasons therefor to each party to the complaint and to the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Limitation on complaints

    (3.1) No complaint shall be considered by an adjudicator under subsection (3) in respect of a person where

    • (a) that person has been laid off because of lack of work or because of the discontinuance of a function; or

    • (b) a procedure for redress has been provided elsewhere in or under this or any other Act of Parliament.

  • Marginal note:Where unjust dismissal

    (4) Where an adjudicator decides pursuant to subsection (3) that a person has been unjustly dismissed, the adjudicator may, by order, require the employer who dismissed the person to

    • (a) pay the person compensation not exceeding the amount of money that is equivalent to the remuneration that would, but for the dismissal, have been paid by the employer to the person;

    • (b) reinstate the person in his employ; and

    • (c) do any other like thing that it is equitable to require the employer to do in order to remedy or counteract any consequence of the dismissal.

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-2, s. 242;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 9 (1st Supp.), s. 16;
  • 1998, c. 26, s. 58.
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