Nuclear Safety and Control Act (S.C. 1997, c. 9)

Act current to 2017-12-11 and last amended on 2017-01-01. Previous Versions

Licences

Marginal note:Licences
  •  (1) The Commission may establish classes of licences authorizing the licensee to carry on any activity described in any of paragraphs 26(a) to (f) that is specified in the licence for the period that is specified in the licence.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (2) The Commission may issue, renew, suspend in whole or in part, amend, revoke or replace a licence, or authorize its transfer, on receipt of an application

    • (a) in the prescribed form;

    • (b) containing the prescribed information and undertakings and accompanied by the prescribed documents; and

    • (c) accompanied by the prescribed fee.

  • Marginal note:Refund of fees

    (3) The Commission may, under the prescribed circumstances, refund all or part of any fee referred to in paragraph (2)(c).

  • Marginal note:Conditions for issuance, etc.

    (4) No licence shall be issued, renewed, amended or replaced — and no authorization to transfer one given — unless, in the opinion of the Commission, the applicant or, in the case of an application for an authorization to transfer the licence, the transferee

    • (a) is qualified to carry on the activity that the licence will authorize the licensee to carry on; and

    • (b) will, in carrying on that activity, make adequate provision for the protection of the environment, the health and safety of persons and the maintenance of national security and measures required to implement international obligations to which Canada has agreed.

  • Marginal note:Terms and conditions of licences

    (5) A licence may contain any term or condition that the Commission considers necessary for the purposes of this Act, including a condition that the applicant provide a financial guarantee in a form that is acceptable to the Commission.

  • Marginal note:Application of proceeds of financial guarantee

    (6) The Commission may authorize the application of the proceeds of any financial guarantee referred to in subsection (5) in such manner as it considers appropriate for the purposes of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Refund

    (7) The Commission shall grant to any person who provided a financial guarantee under subsection (5) a refund of any of the proceeds of the guarantee that have not been spent and may give the person, in addition to the refund, interest at the prescribed rate in respect of each month or fraction of a month between the time the financial guarantee is provided and the time the refund is granted, calculated on the amount of the refund.

  • (8) [Repealed, 2012, c. 19, s. 124]

  • 1997, c. 9, s. 24;
  • 2001, c. 34, s. 59(F);
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 124.
Marginal note:Renewal, etc.

 The Commission may, on its own motion, renew, suspend in whole or in part, amend, revoke or replace a licence under the prescribed conditions.

Marginal note:Prohibitions

 Subject to the regulations, no person shall, except in accordance with a licence,

  • (a) possess, transfer, import, export, use or abandon a nuclear substance, prescribed equipment or prescribed information;

  • (b) mine, produce, refine, convert, enrich, process, reprocess, package, transport, manage, store or dispose of a nuclear substance;

  • (c) produce or service prescribed equipment;

  • (d) operate a dosimetry service for the purposes of this Act;

  • (e) prepare a site for, construct, operate, modify, decommission or abandon a nuclear facility; or

  • (f) construct, operate, decommission or abandon a nuclear-powered vehicle or bring a nuclear-powered vehicle into Canada.

Records and Reports

Marginal note:Records and reports

 Every licensee and every prescribed person shall

  • (a) keep the prescribed records, including a record of the dose of radiation received by or committed to each person who performs duties in connection with any activity that is authorized by this Act or who is present at a place where that activity is carried on, retain those records for the prescribed time and disclose them under the prescribed circumstances; and

  • (b) make the prescribed reports and file them in the prescribed manner, including a report on

    • (i) any theft or loss of a nuclear substance, prescribed equipment or prescribed information that is used in carrying on any activity that is authorized by this Act, and

    • (ii) any contravention of this Act in relation to an activity that is authorized by this Act and any measure that has been taken in respect of the contravention.

Analysts and Inspectors

Marginal note:Designation of analysts

 The Commission may designate as an analyst for the purposes of this Act any person whom the Commission considers qualified.

Marginal note:Designation of inspectors
  •  (1) The Commission may designate as an inspector for the purposes of this Act any person whom the Commission considers qualified and any person so designated shall be provided with a certificate in the prescribed form certifying the person’s designation.

  • Marginal note:Contents of certificate

    (2) The certificate must list any category of place or vehicle that the inspector has been designated to inspect, any condition that must be satisfied by the inspector in conducting an inspection and any restriction on the powers conferred on the inspector, and on entering or inspecting a place or vehicle the inspector shall, if requested, show the certificate to the person in charge of the place or vehicle.

Marginal note:Inspection
  •  (1) In order to verify compliance with this Act, the regulations, an order or decision made under this Act or a condition of a licence, an inspector may, at any reasonable time and in accordance with the inspector’s certificate, enter and inspect

    • (a) a nuclear facility;

    • (b) a nuclear-powered vehicle or a vehicle that the inspector believes on reasonable grounds is transporting a nuclear reactor, nuclear substance, prescribed equipment or prescribed information; and

    • (c) a vehicle or place in which the inspector believes on reasonable grounds there is a nuclear substance, prescribed equipment, prescribed information or a record that is required by this Act, the regulations, an order or decision made under this Act, or a condition of a licence.

  • Marginal note:Dwelling-houses

    (2) In the case of an inspection of a dwelling-house

    • (a) the inspector shall give reasonable notice to the licensee that an inspection is to be carried out;

    • (b) the inspection shall be conducted between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m., local time, where the licensee and the inspector cannot agree on a time for the inspection; and

    • (c) the inspection shall be limited to the parts of the dwelling-house in which the nuclear substance, prescribed equipment, prescribed information or record is kept.

  • Marginal note:Special circumstances

    (3) An inspector may, at any time, enter and inspect a vehicle or place in which the inspector believes on reasonable grounds that

    • (a) there is contamination by a nuclear substance;

    • (b) a nuclear substance is being used, handled, stored or transported in a manner that may cause an unreasonable risk to the environment or to the health or safety of persons; or

    • (c) a nuclear facility is being operated in a manner or is in a state that may cause an unreasonable risk to the environment or to the health or safety of persons.

Marginal note:Search without warrant

 For the purposes of ensuring compliance with this Act and the regulations, an inspector may exercise the powers of search and seizure provided for in section 487 of the Criminal Code without a warrant if the conditions for obtaining a warrant exist but, by reason of exigent circumstances, it would not be feasible to obtain a warrant.

Marginal note:Powers of inspectors

 The measures that an inspector may take, in exercising authority under this Act, include

  • (a) using any equipment or causing any equipment to be used;

  • (b) taking any measurement;

  • (c) carrying out any test on a vehicle or in relation to anything in a vehicle or place that the inspector has been designated to inspect;

  • (d) examining any vehicle or place and making or causing to be made a record of anything in any vehicle or place that the inspector has been designated to inspect and removing anything from such a vehicle or place for a reasonable period for the purpose of making a record of it;

  • (e) opening or requesting the opening of any receptacle;

  • (f) taking and disposing of any sample;

  • (g) examining any records that are required to be kept or reports that are required to be made under this Act, or any books, records, electronic data or other documents that the inspector believes on reasonable grounds relate to such records or reports; or

  • (h) questioning any person in charge of, found in or having a connection with, any vehicle or place that the inspector has entered, inspected or searched or from which any thing is seized by an inspector.

 
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