National Defence Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. N-5)

Act current to 2016-11-21 and last amended on 2015-06-01. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Requirement to surrender

 A court martial that makes an order under subsection 147.1(1) may, in the order, require the person against whom the order is made to surrender to an officer or non-commissioned member appointed under the regulations for the purposes of section 156, or to the person’s commanding officer,

  • (a) any thing the possession of which is prohibited by the order that is in the possession of the person on the commencement of the order, and

  • (b) every authorization, licence and registration certificate relating to any thing the possession of which is prohibited by the order that is held by the person on the commencement of the order,

and where the court martial does so, it shall specify in the order a reasonable period for surrendering such things and documents and during which section 117.01 of the Criminal Code does not apply to that person.

  • 1995, c. 39, s. 176.
Marginal note:Forfeiture
  •  (1) Unless an order made under subsection 147.1(1) specifies otherwise, every thing the possession of which is prohibited by the order that, on the commencement of the order, is in the possession of the person against whom the order is made is forfeited to Her Majesty.

  • Marginal note:Disposal

    (2) Every thing forfeited to Her Majesty under subsection (1) shall be disposed of or otherwise dealt with as the Minister directs.

  • 1995, c. 39, s. 176.
Marginal note:Authorizations revoked or amended

 Every authorization, licence and registration certificate relating to any thing the possession of which is prohibited by an order made under subsection 147.1(1) and issued to a person against whom the order is made is, on the commencement of the order, revoked, or amended, as the case may be, to the extent of the prohibitions in the order.

  • 1995, c. 39, s. 176.
Marginal note:Return to owner

 Where the Minister is, on application for an order under this section, satisfied that a person, other than the person against whom an order under subsection 147.1(1) was made,

  • (a) is the owner of any thing that is or may be forfeited to Her Majesty under subsection 147.3(1) and is lawfully entitled to possess it, and

  • (b) had no reasonable grounds to believe that the thing would or might be used in the commission of the offence in respect of which the order was made,

the Minister shall order that the thing be returned to the owner or the proceeds of any sale of the thing be paid to that owner, or, if the thing was destroyed, that an amount equal to the value of the thing be paid to the owner.

  • 1995, c. 39, s. 176.

Sentences

Marginal note:One sentence only to be passed

 Only one sentence shall be passed on an offender at a trial under the Code of Service Discipline and, where the offender is convicted of more than one offence, the sentence is good if any one of the offences would have justified it.

  • R.S., c. N-4, s. 126.

Incarceration under more than one Sentence

Marginal note:Concurrent punishment

 Where a person is under a sentence imposed by a service tribunal that includes a punishment involving incarceration and another service tribunal subsequently passes a new sentence that also includes a punishment involving incarceration, both punishments of incarceration shall, subject to section 745.51 of the Criminal Code, after the date of the pronouncement of the new sentence, run concurrently but the punishment higher in the scale of punishments shall be served first.

  • R.S., 1985, c. N-5, s. 149;
  • 2011, c. 5, s. 7.

 [Repealed before coming into force, 2005, c. 22, s. 47]

Punishment for Certain Offences

Marginal note:Punishment for certain offences
  •  (1) Notwithstanding anything in this Act, the Criminal Code or any other Act of Parliament, a person convicted of an offence under this Act for which the maximum punishment is imprisonment for five years or more, or an offence punishable under section 130 that is an indictable offence under the Criminal Code or any other Act of Parliament, other than an offence for which a sentence of imprisonment for life is imposed as a minimum punishment, where the act or omission constituting the offence also constitutes a terrorist activity, is liable to imprisonment for life.

  • Marginal note:Offender must be notified

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply unless the Director of Military Prosecutions satisfies the court martial that the offender, before making a plea, was notified that the application of that subsection would be sought by reason of the act or omission constituting the offence also constituting a terrorist activity.

  • 2001, c. 41, s. 99.

 [Repealed, 2013, c. 24, s. 25]

 [Repealed, 2013, c. 24, s. 25]

 [Repealed, R.S., 1985, c. 31 (1st Supp.), s. 47]

DIVISION 3Arrest and Pre-Trial Custody

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions

 The definitions in this section apply in this Division.

custody review officer

officier réviseur

custody review officer, in respect of a person in custody, means

  • (a) the officer who is the person’s commanding officer, or an officer who is designated by that officer; or

  • (b) if it is not practical for an officer referred to in paragraph (a) to act as the custody review officer, the officer who is the commanding officer of the unit or element where the person is in custody or an officer who is designated by that officer. (officier réviseur)

designated offence

infraction désignée

designated offence means

  • (a) an offence that is punishable under section 130 that is

  • (b) an offence under this Act where the minimum punishment is imprisonment for life;

  • (c) an offence under this Act for which a punishment higher in the scale of punishments than imprisonment for less than two years may be awarded that is alleged to have been committed while at large after having been released in respect of another offence pursuant to the provisions of this Division or Division 10;

  • (d) an offence under this Act that is a criminal organization offence; or

  • (e) an offence under this Act that is a terrorism offence. (infraction désignée)

  • R.S., 1985, c. N-5, s. 153;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (1st Supp.), s. 47;
  • 1998, c. 35, s. 40;
  • 2001, c. 41, s. 100;
  • 2012, c. 1, s. 48(E);
  • 2013, c. 24, s. 26(F).

Authority to Arrest

Marginal note:General authority
  •  (1) Every person who has committed, is found committing or is believed on reasonable grounds to have committed a service offence, or who is charged with having committed a service offence, may be placed under arrest.

  • Marginal note:Reasonably necessary force

    (2) Every person authorized to effect arrest under this Division may use such force as is reasonably necessary for that purpose.

  • R.S., 1985, c. N-5, s. 154;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (1st Supp.), s. 48;
  • 1998, c. 35, s. 92.
Marginal note:Powers of officers
  •  (1) An officer may, without a warrant, in the circumstances described in section 154, arrest or order the arrest of

    • (a) any non-commissioned member;

    • (b) any officer of equal or lower rank; and

    • (c) any officer of higher rank who is engaged in a quarrel, fray or disorder.

  • Marginal note:Powers of non-commissioned members

    (2) A non-commissioned member may, without a warrant, in the circumstances described in section 154, arrest or order the arrest of

    • (a) any non-commissioned member of lower rank; and

    • (b) any non-commissioned member of equal or higher rank who is engaged in a quarrel, fray or disorder.

  • Marginal note:Arrest of persons other than officers or non-commissioned members

    (3) Every person who is not an officer or non-commissioned member but who was subject to the Code of Service Discipline at the time of the alleged commission by that person of a service offence may, without a warrant, be arrested or ordered to be arrested by such person as any commanding officer may designate for that purpose.

  • R.S., 1985, c. N-5, s. 155;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (1st Supp.), s. 60.
 
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