Mental Disorder When Offence Committed
Marginal note:Defence of mental disorder
202.13 (1) No accused person shall be held responsible under this Act for a service offence in respect of an act committed or an omission made while suffering from a mental disorder that rendered the person incapable of appreciating the nature and quality of the act or omission or of knowing that it was wrong.
(2) Every person is presumed not to suffer from a mental disorder so as to be exempt from responsibility by virtue of subsection (1), until the contrary is proved on the balance of probabilities.
Marginal note:Burden of proof
(3) The burden of proof that an accused person was suffering from a mental disorder so as to be exempt from responsibility is on the party raising the issue.
Marginal note:Assessment order
(4) Subject to regulations, where a court martial has reasonable grounds to believe that evidence of the mental condition of an accused person is necessary for the purpose of determining whether the accused person was, at the time of the commission of the alleged offence, suffering from a mental disorder so as to be exempt from responsibility, the court martial may make an order for an assessment of the accused person.
- 1991, c. 43, s. 18.
Marginal note:Finding of not responsible on account of mental disorder
202.14 (1) If a court martial finds that an accused person committed the act or made the omission that forms the basis of the offence charged but was suffering at the time from a mental disorder so as to be exempt from responsibility, the court martial shall make a finding that the accused person committed the act or made the omission but is not responsible on account of mental disorder.
(2) Where a finding of not responsible on account of mental disorder is made, the accused person shall not be found guilty or convicted of the offence, but
(a) the accused person may not be tried or tried again in respect of that offence or any other substantially similar offence arising out of the facts that gave rise to that offence;
(b) any civil court may take into account the finding in considering any application for judicial interim release or in considering the dispositions to make or sentence to impose against that person for any other offence;
(c) any service tribunal or the Court Martial Appeal Court may consider the finding in considering an application for release pending appeal under Division 10 or in considering the dispositions to make or sentence to impose against that person for any other offence;
(d) [Repealed, 1998, c. 35, s. 51]
(e) the finding may be considered in making an order under Division 3 in respect of that person;
(f) the finding may be considered in determining, under section 249.13 or 249.14, whether to substitute, mitigate, commute or remit a punishment included in a sentence imposed against that person for any other offence;
(g) the finding does not include a finding or determination respecting civil liability; and
(h) the Parole Board of Canada or any provincial parole board may take the finding into account in considering an application by that person for parole or for a record suspension under the Criminal Records Act in respect of any other offence.
Marginal note:Finding not previous conviction
(3) A finding of not responsible on account of mental disorder is not a previous conviction for the purposes of any offence under any Act for which a greater punishment is prescribed by reason of previous convictions.
- 1991, c. 43, s. 18;
- 1998, c. 35, s. 51;
- 2005, c. 25, s. 30;
- 2007, c. 5, s. 3;
- 2012, c. 1, ss. 152, 160.
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