Oceans Act (S.C. 1996, c. 31)

Act current to 2016-06-21 and last amended on 2015-02-26. Previous Versions

Court Jurisdiction

Marginal note:Jurisdiction extended
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (4) and to any regulations made pursuant to paragraph 26(1)(h), a court that would have jurisdiction in respect of any matter had the matter arisen in a province has jurisdiction in respect of any such matter involving a federal law that applies pursuant to this Act to the extent that the matter arises in whole or in part in any area of the sea that is not within any province and

    • (a) that area of the sea is nearer to the coast of that province than to the coast of any other province; or

    • (b) that province is prescribed by the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Jurisdiction extended — provincial laws

    (2) Subject to any regulations made pursuant to paragraph 26(1)(h), a court that would have jurisdiction in respect of any matter had the matter arisen in a province has jurisdiction in respect of any such matter involving a law of the province that applies pursuant to this Act to the extent that the matter arises in whole or in part in any area of the sea to which the law of that province applies pursuant to this Act.

  • Marginal note:Orders and powers

    (3) A court referred to in subsection (1) or (2) may make any order or exercise any power it considers necessary in respect of any matter referred to in that subsection.

  • Marginal note:Criminal offences

    (4) The jurisdiction and powers of courts with respect to offences under any federal law are determined pursuant to sections 477.3, 481.1 and 481.2 of the Criminal Code.

  • Marginal note:Saving

    (5) Nothing in this section limits the jurisdiction that a court may exercise apart from this Act.

  • Marginal note:Definition of “court”

    (6) In this section, court includes a judge of a court and a justice of the peace.

Miscellaneous Provisions

Marginal note:Certificate — Minister of Foreign Affairs
  •  (1) In any legal or other proceedings, a certificate issued by or under the authority of the Minister of Foreign Affairs containing a statement that any geographic location specified in the certificate was, at any time material to the proceedings,

    • (a) in the internal waters of Canada,

    • (b) in the territorial sea of Canada,

    • (c) in the contiguous zone of Canada,

    • (d) in the exclusive economic zone of Canada, or

    • (e) in or above the continental shelf of Canada

    is conclusive proof of the truth of the statement without proof of the signature or official character of the person appearing to have issued the certificate.

  • Marginal note:Certificate — Minister of Fisheries and Oceans

    (2) In any legal or other proceedings, a certificate issued by or under the authority of the Minister containing a statement that any geographic location specified in the certificate was, at any time material to the proceedings, within an area of the sea in which a law of the province named in the certificate applies under section 9 or 21 is conclusive proof of the truth of the statement without proof of the signature or official character of the person appearing to have issued the certificate.

  • Marginal note:Certificate cannot be compelled

    (3) A certificate referred to in subsection (1) or (2) is admissible in evidence in proceedings referred to in that subsection, but its production cannot be compelled.

Marginal note:Saving

 Nothing in this Part limits the operation that any Act, rule of law or instrument has apart from this Part.

Regulations

Marginal note:Recommendation — Minister of Foreign Affairs

 The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, make regulations

  • (a) prescribing geographical coordinates of points from which

    • (i) baselines may be determined under subsection 5(2) as straight lines interpreted as geodesics,

    • (ii) in respect of a portion of the territorial sea of Canada prescribed in the regulations, an outer limit line may be determined, where, in the opinion of the Governor in Council, a portion of the territorial sea of Canada determined in accordance with paragraph 4(a) would conflict with the territorial sea of another state or other area of the sea in which another state has sovereign rights or would be unreasonably close to the coast of another state,

    • (iii) in respect of a portion of the exclusive economic zone of Canada or the continental shelf of Canada prescribed in the regulations, an outer limit line may be determined, where, in the opinion of the Governor in Council, a portion of the exclusive economic zone of Canada or the continental shelf of Canada determined in accordance with paragraph 13(1)(a) or 17(1)(a) or (b) would conflict with the territorial sea of another state or other area of the sea in which another state has sovereign rights or would be unreasonably close to the coast of another state or is otherwise inappropriate, and

    • (iv) the outer limit of the exclusive economic zone of Canada or the outer edge of the continental margin or other outer limit of the continental shelf of Canada may be determined; and

  • (b) prescribing areas of the sea adjacent to the coast of Canada as fishing zones of Canada.

Marginal note:Recommendation — Minister of Justice
  •  (1) The Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of the Minister of Justice, make regulations

    • (a) prescribing a work or a class of works for the purpose of the definition “marine installation or structure” in section 2;

    • (b) making any law of a province applicable in respect of any part of the area of the sea in which laws of the province apply under section 9 or 21, even though the law, by its own terms, is applicable only in respect of a particular area within the province;

    • (c) restricting the application of subsection 9(1) or 21(1) to such laws of a province as are specified in the regulations;

    • (d) making subsection 9(1) or 21(1) applicable, on the terms and conditions, if any, specified in the regulations, in respect of any laws of a province that impose a tax or royalty or relate to mineral or other non-living natural resources;

    • (e) excluding any law of a province from the application of subsection 9(1) or 21(1);

    • (f) determining or prescribing the method of determining the safety zone referred to in paragraph 20(1)(c);

    • (g) prescribing an area of the sea and a province for the purposes of subsection 9(1), 21(1) or 22(1);

    • (h) restricting the application of subsection 22(1), (2) or (3) to courts of a district or territorial division of a province;

    • (i) prescribing, in respect of any area of the sea and for the purpose of subsection 22(1), the manner of determining the province that has the coast nearest to that area;

    • (j) excluding any federal laws or laws of a province or any of their provisions from the application of subsection 20(1) or 21(1), as the case may be, in respect of any area in or above the continental shelf of Canada or in respect of any specified activity in any such area; and

    • (k) making federal laws or laws of a province or any of their provisions applicable, in such circumstances as are specified in the regulations,

      • (i) in the exclusive economic zone of Canada or in a portion of that zone,

      • (ii) in or above the continental shelf of Canada or a portion of that shelf, or

      • (iii) in any area beyond the continental shelf of Canada, where that application is made pursuant to an international agreement or arrangement entered into by Canada.

  • Marginal note:Restriction

    (2) A regulation made pursuant to subsection (1) in relation to a law of a province may be restricted to a specific area or place or to a specific provision of the law.

  • Marginal note:Interpretation

    (3) For the purposes of paragraphs (1)(j) and (k), federal laws and the laws of a province shall be applied

    • (a) as if the places referred to in any regulations made pursuant to either of those paragraphs formed part of the territory of Canada;

    • (b) notwithstanding that by their terms their application is limited to Canada or a province; and

    • (c) in a manner that is consistent with the rights and freedoms of other states under international law and, in particular, with the rights and freedoms of other states in relation to navigation and overflight.

Marginal note:Publication of proposed regulations
  •  (1) A copy of each regulation that the Governor in Council proposes to make pursuant to paragraph 25(b) or section 26 shall be published in the Canada Gazette at least 60 days before its proposed effective date, and a reasonable opportunity shall be given to interested persons and provinces to make representations with respect to the proposed regulation.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) No proposed regulation that has been published pursuant to this section need again be published under this section, whether or not it has been altered.

 
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