Patent Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. P-4)

Act current to 2017-12-11 and last amended on 2017-09-21. Previous Versions

 [Repealed, 1993, c. 44, s. 198]

Marginal note:Contents of applications
  •  (1) Every application presented to the Commissioner under section 65 or 66 shall

    • (a) set out fully the nature of the applicant’s interest, the facts on which the applicant bases his case and the relief that he seeks; and

    • (b) be accompanied by statutory declarations verifying the applicant’s interest and the facts set out in the application.

  • Marginal note:Service

    (2) The Commissioner shall consider the matters alleged in the application and declarations referred to in subsection (1) and, if satisfied that the applicant has a bona fide interest and that a case for relief has been made, the Commissioner shall direct the applicant to serve copies of the application and declarations on the patentee and on any other persons appearing from the records of the Patent Office to be interested in the patent, and the applicant shall advertise the application both

    • (a) in the Canada Gazette; and

    • (b) on the website of the Canadian Intellectual Property Office or in any other prescribed location.

  • R.S., 1985, c. P-4, s. 68;
  • 2017, c. 6, s. 42.
Marginal note:Opposition and counter statement
  •  (1) If the patentee or any person is desirous of opposing the granting of any relief under sections 65 to 70, he shall, within such time as may be prescribed or within such extended time as the Commissioner may on application further allow, deliver to the Commissioner a counter statement verified by a statutory declaration fully setting out the grounds on which the application is to be opposed.

  • Marginal note:Attendance for cross-examination

    (2) The Commissioner shall consider the counter statement and declaration referred to in subsection (1) and may thereupon dismiss the application if satisfied that the allegations in the application have been adequately answered, unless any of the parties demands a hearing or unless the Commissioner himself appoints a hearing, and in any case the Commissioner may require the attendance before him of any of the declarants to be cross-examined or further examined on matters relevant to the issues raised in the application and counter statement, and he may, subject to due precautions against disclosure of information to rivals in trade, require the production before him of books and documents relating to the matter in issue.

  • Marginal note:Reference to Federal Court

    (3) In any case where the Commissioner does not dismiss an application as provided in subsection (2), and

    • (a) if the parties interested consent, or

    • (b) if the proceedings require any prolonged examination of documents or any scientific or local investigation that cannot in the opinion of the Commissioner conveniently be made before him,

    the Commissioner, with the approval in writing of the Minister, may order the whole proceedings or any issue of fact arising thereunder to be referred to the Federal Court, which has jurisdiction in the premises.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (4) Where the whole proceedings are referred under subsection (1), the judgment, decision or order of the Federal Court is final, and where a question or issue of fact is referred under that subsection, the Court shall report its findings to the Commissioner.

  • R.S., c. P-4, s. 71;
  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 64.
Marginal note:Licence deemed to be by deed

 Any order for the grant of a licence under this Act, without prejudice to any other method of enforcement, operates as if it were embodied in a deed granting a licence executed by the patentee and all other necessary parties.

  • R.S., c. P-4, s. 72.
Marginal note:Appeal to Federal Court

 All orders and decisions of the Commissioner under sections 65 to 70 are subject to appeal to the Federal Court, and on any such appeal the Attorney General of Canada or such counsel as he may appoint is entitled to appear and be heard.

  • R.S., c. P-4, s. 73;
  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 64.

 [Repealed, R.S., 1985, c. 33 (3rd Supp.), s. 25]

Abandonment and Reinstatement of Applications

Marginal note:Deemed abandonment of applications
  •  (1) An application for a patent in Canada shall be deemed to be abandoned if the applicant does not

    • (a) reply in good faith to any requisition made by an examiner in connection with an examination, within six months after the requisition is made or within any shorter period established by the Commissioner;

    • (b) comply with a notice given pursuant to subsection 27(6);

    • (c) pay the fees payable under section 27.1, within the time provided by the regulations;

    • (d) make a request for examination or pay the prescribed fee under subsection 35(1) within the time provided by the regulations;

    • (e) comply with a notice given under subsection 35(2); or

    • (f) pay the prescribed fees stated to be payable in a notice of allowance of patent within six months after the date of the notice.

  • Marginal note:Deemed abandonment in prescribed circumstances

    (2) An application shall also be deemed to be abandoned in any other circumstances that are prescribed.

  • Marginal note:Reinstatement

    (3) An application deemed to be abandoned under this section shall be reinstated if the applicant

    • (a) makes a request for reinstatement to the Commissioner within the prescribed period;

    • (b) takes the action that should have been taken in order to avoid the abandonment; and

    • (c) pays the prescribed fee before the expiration of the prescribed period.

  • Marginal note:Amendment and re-examination

    (4) An application that has been abandoned pursuant to paragraph (1)(f) and reinstated is subject to amendment and further examination.

  • Marginal note:Original filing date

    (5) An application that is reinstated retains its original filing date.

  • R.S., 1985, c. P-4, s. 73;
  • 1993, c. 15, s. 52;
  • 2015, c. 3, s. 138(F).

Offences and Punishment

 [Repealed, R.S., 1985, c. 33 (3rd Supp.), s. 26]

Marginal note:Offences
  •  (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and is liable to a fine of not more than $200 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than three months, or to both, who

    • (a) without the consent of the patentee, marks in any way on anything made or sold by the person, and for the sole making or selling of which they are not the patentee, the name or any imitation of the name of any patentee for the sole making or selling of that thing;

    • (b) without the consent of the patentee, marks in any way on anything not purchased from the patentee, the words “Patent”, “Letters Patent”, “Queen’s (or King’s) Patent”, “Patented” or any word or words with a similar meaning, with the intent of counterfeiting or imitating the stamp, mark or device of the patentee, or of deceiving the public and inducing them to believe that the thing in question was made or sold by or with the patentee’s consent; or

    • (c) with intent to deceive the public, offers for sale as patented in Canada any article that is neither patented in Canada nor protected by a certificate of supplementary protection in Canada.

  • Marginal note:Certificate of supplementary protection

    (2) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and is liable to a fine of not more than $200 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than three months, or to both, who

    • (a) during the term of a certificate of supplementary protection, without the consent of the certificate’s holder, marks in any way on anything made or sold by the person, and for the sole making or selling of which they are not the holder of a certificate of supplementary protection, the name or any imitation of the name of any holder of a certificate of supplementary protection for the sole making or selling of that thing;

    • (b) after a certificate of supplementary protection has been issued and before the end of its term, without the consent of the certificate’s holder, marks in any way on anything not purchased from that holder the words “Certificate of Supplementary Protection”, “Protected by a Certificate of Supplementary Protection” or any words with a similar meaning, with the intent of counterfeiting or imitating that holder’s stamp, mark or device, or of deceiving the public and inducing them to believe that the thing in question was made or sold by or with that holder’s consent; or

    • (c) with the intent to deceive the public, offers for sale as protected by a certificate of supplementary protection in Canada any article that

      • (i) is neither patented in Canada nor protected by a certificate of supplementary protection in Canada, or

      • (ii) is patented in Canada but for which no certificate of supplementary protection has been issued.

  • R.S., 1985, c. P-4, s. 75;
  • 2017, c. 6, s. 43.
 
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