Pest Control Products Act (S.C. 2002, c. 28)

Act current to 2017-01-31 and last amended on 2016-12-12. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Removal or destruction of unlawful imports
  •  (1) An inspector who has reasonable grounds to believe that an imported pest control product does not meet the requirements of the regulations or was imported in contravention of a provision of this Act or the regulations may, by written notice, whether the pest control product is seized or not, order its owner or importer, or the person having possession, care or control of it, to remove it from Canada at their expense or, if removal is not possible, to destroy it at their expense.

  • Marginal note:Forfeiture

    (2) If the pest control product is not removed from Canada, or destroyed, within the period specified in the notice — or, if no period is specified, within 90 days after the day on which the notice was delivered — it is, despite section 53.1, forfeited to Her Majesty in right of Canada and may be disposed of, as the Minister may direct, at the expense of the person to whom the notice was delivered.

  • Marginal note:Suspension of application of subsection (2)

    (3) An inspector may, for the period specified by the inspector, suspend the application of subsection (2) if the inspector is satisfied that

    • (a) the pest control product does not endanger human health or safety or the environment;

    • (b) the pest control product will not be sold within that period;

    • (c) the measures that should have been taken for the pest control product not to have been imported in contravention of a provision of this Act or the regulations will be taken within that period; and

    • (d) if the pest control product does not meet the requirements of the regulations, it will be brought into compliance with those requirements within that period.

  • Marginal note:Cancellation

    (4) An inspector may cancel the notice if the inspector is satisfied that

    • (a) the pest control product does not endanger human health or safety or the environment;

    • (b) the pest control product has not been sold within the period referred to in subsection (5);

    • (c) the measures referred to in paragraph (3)(c) were taken within that period; and

    • (d) if the pest control product did not meet the requirements of the regulations when it was imported, it was brought into compliance with those requirements within that period.

  • Marginal note:Period

    (5) The period for the purposes of subsection (4) is

    • (a) if the application of subsection (2) was suspended under subsection (3), the period of the suspension; and

    • (b) if the application of subsection (2) was not suspended, the period specified in the notice or, if no period was specified, the period of 90 days after the day on which the notice was delivered.

  • Marginal note:Offence and punishment

    (6) Every person who fails to comply with an order in the notice is guilty of an offence and liable

    • (a) on summary conviction, to a fine of not more than $200,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than six months, or to both; or

    • (b) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of not more than $500,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than three years, or to both.

  • 2002, c. 28, s. 54;
  • 2016, c. 9, s. 52.

Forfeiture

Marginal note:Unclaimed pest control products or other things
  •  (1) A pest control product or other thing seized under this Act is, at the Minister’s election, forfeited to Her Majesty in right of Canada if

    • (a) within 60 days after the seizure, no person is identified in accordance with the regulations, if any, as its owner or as the person who is entitled to possess it; or

    • (b) its owner or the person having possession, care or control of it at the time of its seizure does not claim it within 60 days after the day on which they are notified that an inspector has released it.

  • Marginal note:Proceedings instituted

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply if proceedings are instituted for a violation or an offence that relates to the seized pest control product or other thing.

  • Marginal note:Disposition

    (3) A seized pest control product or other thing that is forfeited under subsection (1) may be disposed of, as the Minister may direct, at the expense of its owner or the person having possession, care or control of it at the time of its seizure.

  • 2016, c. 9, s. 52.
Marginal note:Forfeiture on consent
  •  (1) At the election of Her Majesty in right of Canada, a pest control product or other thing seized under this Act by an inspector is forfeited to Her Majesty in right of Canada if the owner consents to its forfeiture. The pest control product or other thing that is forfeited may be disposed of, as the Minister directs, at the owner’s expense.

  • Marginal note:Forfeiture by court order

    (2) If the Review Tribunal, continued by subsection 4.1(1) of the Canada Agricultural Products Act, decides that a person has committed a violation, or if an offender is convicted of an offence under this Act, the Tribunal or the court, as the case may be, may, in addition to imposing a penalty or punishment, order that the pest control product or other thing that was involved in the violation or offence be forfeited to Her Majesty in right of Canada, regardless of whether the product or thing was seized under this Act or not.

  • Marginal note:Directions of Minister

    (3) A pest control product or other thing that is forfeited under subsection (2) may be disposed of as the Minister directs, at the expense of,

    • (a) if it was not seized, its owner; or

    • (b) if it was seized, its owner or the person having possession, care or control of it at the time of its seizure.

  • 2002, c. 28, s. 55;
  • 2016, c. 9, s. 52.
Marginal note:Return of seized things
  •  (1) A seized pest control product or other thing shall be returned to its owner or the person having possession, care or control of the product or thing at the time of its seizure if it has not been forfeited at the final conclusion of proceedings in respect of a violation or an offence under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) A seized pest control product or other thing may be

    • (a) detained pending the payment of any fine or penalty imposed on its owner or the person having possession, care or control of it at the time of seizure; or

    • (b) sold in satisfaction of the fine or penalty.

  • 2002, c. 28, s. 56;
  • 2016, c. 9, s. 52.
Marginal note:Forfeiture on application of inspector
  •  (1) A judge of a superior court of the province in which a pest control product or other thing is seized under this Act may, on the application of an inspector, order that the pest control product or other thing be forfeited to Her Majesty in right of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Notice and inquiry

    (2) The order may be made only if any notice to any persons that the judge directs was given and the judge finds, after making any inquiry that he or she considers necessary, that the pest control product or other thing is one by means of or in relation to which any of the provisions of this Act or the regulations have been contravened.

  • Marginal note:Disposition

    (3) A pest control product or other thing that is forfeited under subsection (1) may be disposed of, as the Minister may direct, at the expense of its owner or the person having possession, care or control of it at the time of its seizure.

  • 2016, c. 9, s. 52.

Compliance Measures

Marginal note:Inspector may order measures
  •  (1) If an inspector has reasonable grounds to believe that a person has contravened this Act or the regulations, he or she may order the person

    • (a) to stop or shut down any activity or thing involved in the contravention; and

    • (b) to take any other measures that the inspector considers necessary to prevent further contravention, including

      • (i) modifying a pest control product or its labelling or disposing of the product so as to comply with this Act and the regulations, and

      • (ii) manufacturing, handling, storing, transporting, importing, exporting, packaging, labelling, distributing or using a registered pest control product in accordance with the conditions of registration.

  • Marginal note:Validity period

    (2) An order under subsection (1) may apply for a specified period or until the inspector is satisfied that no further contravention is likely to take place.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (3) An order under subsection (1) shall be communicated by delivering a written notice to the registrant or, as the case may be, to the owner or person having possession, care or control of the pest control product, activity or thing that was involved in the contravention and the notice must be accompanied by a statement of the reasons for the order.

  • Marginal note:Offence and punishment

    (4) Every person who fails to comply with an order in a notice delivered under subsection (3) is guilty of an offence and liable

    • (a) on summary conviction, to a fine of not more than $200,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than six months, or to both; or

    • (b) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of not more than $500,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than three years, or to both.

  • Marginal note:Prosecutions

    (5) An order under subsection (1) may be given whether or not the person has been charged with an offence relating to the contravention, but if the person is charged, the order may be confirmed, varied or rescinded by the court that tries the offence.

  • 2002, c. 28, s. 57;
  • 2016, c. 9, ss. 54, 62(E).
 
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