Trade-marks Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. T-13)

Act current to 2017-12-11 and last amended on 2017-09-21. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Jurisdiction of Federal Court

 The Federal Court has jurisdiction to entertain any action or proceeding, other than a proceeding under section 51.01, for the enforcement of any of the provisions of this Act or of any right or remedy conferred or defined by this Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-13, s. 55;
  • 2014, c. 32, s. 46.
Marginal note:Appeal
  •  (1) An appeal lies to the Federal Court from any decision of the Registrar under this Act within two months from the date on which notice of the decision was dispatched by the Registrar or within such further time as the Court may allow, either before or after the expiration of the two months.

  • Marginal note:Procedure

    (2) An appeal under subsection (1) shall be made by way of notice of appeal filed with the Registrar and in the Federal Court.

  • Marginal note:Notice to owner

    (3) The appellant shall, within the time limited or allowed by subsection (1), send a copy of the notice by registered mail to the registered owner of any trade-mark that has been referred to by the Registrar in the decision complained of and to every other person who was entitled to notice of the decision.

  • Marginal note:Public notice

    (4) The Federal Court may direct that public notice of the hearing of an appeal under subsection (1) and of the matters at issue therein be given in such manner as it deems proper.

  • Marginal note:Additional evidence

    (5) On an appeal under subsection (1), evidence in addition to that adduced before the Registrar may be adduced and the Federal Court may exercise any discretion vested in the Registrar.

  • R.S., c. T-10, s. 56;
  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 64.
Marginal note:Exclusive jurisdiction of Federal Court
  •  (1) The Federal Court has exclusive original jurisdiction, on the application of the Registrar or of any person interested, to order that any entry in the register be struck out or amended on the ground that at the date of the application the entry as it appears on the register does not accurately express or define the existing rights of the person appearing to be the registered owner of the mark.

  • Marginal note:Restriction

    (2) No person is entitled to institute under this section any proceeding calling into question any decision given by the Registrar of which that person had express notice and from which he had a right to appeal.

  • R.S., c. T-10, s. 57;
  • R.S., c. 10(2nd Supp.), s. 64.
Marginal note:How proceedings instituted

 An application under section 57 shall be made either by the filing of an originating notice of motion, by counter-claim in an action for the infringement of the trade-mark, or by statement of claim in an action claiming additional relief under this Act.

  • R.S., c. T-10, s. 58.
Marginal note:Notice to set out grounds
  •  (1) Where an appeal is taken under section 56 by the filing of a notice of appeal, or an application is made under section 57 by the filing of an originating notice of motion, the notice shall set out full particulars of the grounds on which relief is sought.

  • Marginal note:Reply

    (2) Any person on whom a copy of the notice described in subsection (1) has been served and who intends to contest the appeal or application, as the case may be, shall file and serve within the prescribed time or such further time as the court may allow a reply setting out full particulars of the grounds on which he relies.

  • Marginal note:Hearing

    (3) The proceedings on an appeal or application shall be heard and determined summarily on evidence adduced by affidavit unless the court otherwise directs, in which event it may order that any procedure permitted by its rules and practice be made available to the parties, including the introduction of oral evidence generally or in respect of one or more issues specified in the order.

  • R.S., c. T-10, s. 59.
Marginal note:Registrar to transmit documents
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), when any appeal or application has been made to the Federal Court under any of the provisions of this Act, the Registrar shall, at the request of any of the parties to the proceedings and on the payment of the prescribed fee, transmit to the Court all documents on file in the Registrar’s office relating to the matters in question in those proceedings, or copies of those documents certified by the Registrar.

  • Marginal note:Register of registered users

    (2) The transmission of documents on which entries in the register required to be kept under paragraph 26(1)(b) are based is subject to the provisions of subsection 50(6) of the Trade-marks Act, as it read immediately before section 69 of the Intellectual Property Law Improvement Act came into force.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-13, s. 60;
  • 1993, c. 44, s. 238.
Marginal note:Judgments

 An officer of the Registry of the Federal Court shall file with the Registrar a certified copy of every judgment or order made by the Federal Court, the Federal Court of Appeal or the Supreme Court of Canada relating to any trade-mark on the register or to any protected geographical indication.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-13, s. 61;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 177;
  • 2017, c. 6, s. 74.


Marginal note:Administration

 This Act shall be administered by the Minister of Industry.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-13, s. 62;
  • 1992, c. 1, s. 145(F);
  • 1995, c. 1, s. 62.
Marginal note:Registrar
  •  (1) There shall be a Registrar of Trade-marks, who shall be the Commissioner of Patents appointed under subsection 4(1) of the Patent Act. The Registrar shall be responsible to the Deputy Minister of Industry.

  • Marginal note:Acting registrar

    (2) When the Registrar is absent or unable to act or when the office of Registrar is vacant, his powers shall be exercised and his duties and functions performed in the capacity of acting registrar by such other officer as may be designated by the Minister of Industry.

  • Marginal note:Assistants

    (3) The Registrar may, after consultation with the Minister, delegate to any person he deems qualified any of his powers, duties and functions under this Act, except the power to delegate under this subsection.

  • Marginal note:Appeal

    (4) Any decision under this Act of a person authorized to make the decision pursuant to subsection (3) may be appealed in the like manner and subject to the like conditions as a decision of the Registrar under this Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-13, s. 63;
  • 1992, c. 1, s. 145(F);
  • 1995, c. 1, s. 62;
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 370.
Marginal note:Publication of registrations

 The Registrar shall cause to be published periodically particulars of the registrations made and extended from time to time under this Act, and shall in such publication give particulars of any rulings made by him that are intended to serve as precedents for the determination of similar questions thereafter arising.

  • R.S., c. T-10, s. 64.
Marginal note:Regulations

 The Governor in Council may make regulations for carrying into effect the purposes and provisions of this Act and, in particular, may make regulations with respect to the following matters:

  • (a) the form of the register and of the indexes to be maintained pursuant to this Act, and of the entries to be made therein;

  • (b) the form of applications to the Registrar;

  • (c) the registration of transfers, licences, disclaimers, judgments or other documents relating to any trade-mark;

  • (c.1) the maintenance of the list of trade-mark agents and the entry and removal of the names of persons and firms on the list, including the qualifications that must be met and the conditions that must be fulfilled to have a name entered on the list and to maintain the name on the list;

  • (d) the form and contents of certificates of registration;

  • (d.1) the procedure by and form in which an application may be made to the Minister, as defined in section 11.11, requesting the Minister to publish a statement referred to in subsection 11.12(2); and

  • (e) the payment of fees to the Registrar and the amount thereof.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-13, s. 65;
  • 1993, c. 15, s. 70;
  • 1994, c. 47, s. 201.
Marginal note:Regulations

 The Governor in Council may make regulations

  • (a) respecting the list to be kept under subsection 11.12(1), including information relating to the listed geographical indications and translations to be included on the list; and

  • (b) respecting proceedings under section 11.13, including documents relating to those proceedings.

  • 2017, c. 6, s. 75.
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