Canada Wildlife Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. W-9)

Act current to 2016-11-21 and last amended on 2010-12-10. Previous Versions

Canada Wildlife Act

R.S.C., 1985, c. W-9

An Act respecting wildlife in Canada

Short Title

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Canada Wildlife Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. W-9, s. 1;
  • 1994, c. 23, s. 2(F).

Interpretation and Application

Marginal note:Definitions
  •  (1) In this Act,

    Chief Review Officer

    Chief Review Officer means the review officer appointed as Chief Review Officer under subsection 244(1) of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 and includes any review officer designated under subsection 244(3) of that Act to perform the functions of the Chief Review Officer; (réviseur-chef)

    conveyance

    conveyance means a vehicle, aircraft or water-borne craft or any other contrivance that is used to move persons or goods; (moyen de transport)

    Minister

    Minister means the Minister of the Environment or, in respect of any matter related to the Northern Pipeline referred to in the Northern Pipeline Act, the member of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada designated as the Minister for the purposes of that Act; (ministre)

    public lands

    public lands means lands belonging to Her Majesty in right of Canada and lands that the Government of Canada has power to dispose of, subject to the terms of any agreement between the Government of Canada and the government of the province in which the lands are situated, and includes

    • (a) any waters on or flowing through the lands and the natural resources of the lands, and

    • (b) the internal waters and the territorial sea of Canada. (terres domaniales)

    wildlife

    wildlife[Repealed, 1994, c. 23, s. 4]

  • Marginal note:Possession

    (2) For the purposes of this Act,

    • (a) a person has anything in possession when the person has it in their personal possession or knowingly

      • (i) has it in the actual possession or custody of another person, or

      • (ii) has it in any place, whether or not that place belongs to or is occupied by the person, for their own use or benefit or for the use or benefit of another person; and

    • (b) where a person has anything in their custody or possession with the knowledge and consent of another person or other persons, it is in the custody and possession of each and all of them.

  • Marginal note:Aboriginal and treaty rights

    (3) For greater certainty, nothing in this Act shall be construed so as to abrogate or derogate from any existing aboriginal or treaty rights of the aboriginal peoples of Canada under section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (4) The provisions of this Act respecting wildlife apply in respect of

    • (a) any animal, plant or other organism belonging to a species that is wild by nature or that is not easily distinguishable from such a species; and

    • (b) the habitat of any such animal, plant or other organism.

  • R.S., 1985, c. W-9, s. 2;
  • 1994, c. 23, s. 4;
  • 2004, c. 25, s. 114(F);
  • 2009, c. 14, s. 41.

Her Majesty

Marginal note:Binding on Her Majesty

 This Act is binding on Her Majesty in right of Canada or a province.

  • 1994, c. 23, s. 5.

Powers, Duties and Functions of the Minister

Marginal note:Powers of the Minister

 The Minister may

  • (a) undertake, promote and recommend measures for the encouragement of public cooperation in wildlife conservation and interpretation;

  • (b) initiate conferences and meetings respecting wildlife research, conservation and interpretation;

  • (c) undertake programs for wildlife research and investigation, and establish and maintain laboratories and other necessary facilities for that purpose;

  • (d) establish such advisory committees as the Minister deems necessary and appoint the members of those committees; and

  • (e) coordinate and implement wildlife policies and programs in cooperation with the government of any province having an interest therein.

  • R.S., 1985, c. W-9, s. 3;
  • 1994, c. 23, s. 6(F).
  •  (1) [Repealed, 1999, c. 31, s. 222]

  • Marginal note:Powers of Minister on public lands assigned

    (2) Where the administration of any public lands has been assigned to the Minister pursuant to any federal law by reason of being required for wildlife research, conservation or interpretation, the Minister may

    • (a) take charge of all wildlife research facilities operated on those lands;

    • (b) provide advice relating to any wildlife research, conservation and interpretation being carried out on those lands;

    • (c) subject to the regulations, carry out measures for the conservation of wildlife on those lands not inconsistent with any law respecting wildlife in the province in which the lands are situated; and

    • (d) subject to the regulations, establish facilities or construct, maintain and operate works for wildlife research, conservation and interpretation on those lands.

  • Marginal note:Powers in relation to lands administered by other ministers

    (3) If public lands under the administration of a minister of the Crown other than the Minister are, in the opinion of the Minister and the other minister, required for wildlife research, conservation or interpretation, the Governor in Council may, on the recommendation of both ministers, by order, authorize the Minister to exercise, with the concurrence of the other minister, the powers referred to in subsection (2) in relation to those lands or any portion of them specified in the order.

  • R.S., 1985, c. W-9, s. 4;
  • 1991, c. 50, s. 47;
  • 1994, c. 23, s. 7;
  • 1999, c. 31, s. 222;
  • 2002, c. 29, s. 134.
Marginal note:Protected marine areas
  •  (1) The Governor in Council may establish protected marine areas in any area of the sea that forms part of the internal waters of Canada, the territorial sea of Canada or the exclusive economic zone of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Advice and conservation measures

    (2) The Minister may provide advice relating to any wildlife research, conservation and interpretation carried out in protected marine areas and may carry out measures for the conservation of wildlife in those areas.

  • 1994, c. 23, s. 8;
  • 1996, c. 31, s. 107.
Marginal note:Delegation by Minister
  •  (1) The Minister may delegate to any minister of the Crown in right of Canada any power conferred on the Minister under this Act. The other minister may then exercise the power subject to any terms and conditions that the Minister specifies.

  • Marginal note:Sub-delegation

    (2) The other minister may delegate any power delegated under subsection (1) to any person employed in any department for which that other minister is responsible.

  • 2002, c. 29, s. 135.

Agreements

Marginal note:Agreements

 The Minister may, with the approval of the Governor in Council, enter into an agreement with the government of any province to provide for

  • (a) the undertaking of wildlife research, conservation and interpretation programs and measures, the administration of lands for those purposes or the construction, maintenance and operation of facilities and works related thereto; and

  • (b) the payment of contributions in respect of the costs of those programs and measures.

  • R.S., 1985, c. W-9, s. 5;
  • 1994, c. 23, s. 9(F).
Marginal note:Provisions to be included

 Any agreement entered into pursuant to section 5 shall

  • (a) specify the portions, if any, of the cost of any program or measure to which the agreement relates that are payable by the Government of Canada and the government of the province or the amount of any contribution in respect of the cost of any program or measure that is payable by the Government of Canada and the time or times at which any amounts under the agreement will be paid;

  • (b) specify the authority that will be responsible for the undertaking, operation and maintenance of any program or measure to which the agreement relates or any part thereof;

  • (c) specify the proportions of the revenues from any program or measure to which the agreement relates that are payable to the Government of Canada and the government of the province; and

  • (d) specify the terms and conditions governing the operation and maintenance of any program or measure to which the agreement relates and the charges, if any, to be charged to persons to whom any of the benefits of the program or measure are made available.

  • 1973-74, c. 21, s. 6.
 
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