Youth Criminal Justice Act (S.C. 2002, c. 1)

Act current to 2017-10-13 and last amended on 2015-07-19. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Designated place of temporary detention
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (7), a young person who is arrested and detained prior to being sentenced, or who is detained in accordance with a warrant issued under subsection 59(6) (compelling appearance for review of sentence), shall be detained in any place of temporary detention that may be designated by the lieutenant governor in council of the province or his or her delegate or in a place within a class of places so designated.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) A young person who is detained in a place of temporary detention under subsection (1) may, in the course of being transferred from that place to the court or from the court to that place, be held under the supervision and control of a peace officer.

  • Marginal note:Detention separate from adults

    (3) A young person referred to in subsection (1) shall be held separate and apart from any adult who is detained or held in custody unless a youth justice court judge or a justice is satisfied that, having regard to the best interests of the young person,

    • (a) the young person cannot, having regard to his or her own safety or the safety of others, be detained in a place of detention for young persons; or

    • (b) no place of detention for young persons is available within a reasonable distance.

  • Marginal note:Transfer to adult facility

    (4) When a young person is detained under subsection (1), the youth justice court may, on application of the provincial director made at any time after the young person attains the age of eighteen years, after giving the young person an opportunity to be heard, authorize the provincial director to direct, despite subsection (3), that the young person be temporarily detained in a provincial correctional facility for adults, if the court considers it to be in the best interests of the young person or in the public interest.

  • Marginal note:When young person is twenty years old or older

    (5) When a young person is twenty years old or older at the time his or her temporary detention under subsection (1) begins, the young person shall, despite subsection (3), be temporarily detained in a provincial correctional facility for adults.

  • Marginal note:Transfer by provincial director

    (6) A young person who is detained in custody under subsection (1) may, during the period of detention, be transferred by the provincial director from one place of temporary detention to another.

  • Marginal note:Exception relating to temporary detention

    (7) Subsections (1) and (3) do not apply in respect of any temporary restraint of a young person under the supervision and control of a peace officer after arrest, but a young person who is so restrained shall be transferred to a place of temporary detention referred to in subsection (1) as soon as is practicable, and in no case later than the first reasonable opportunity after the appearance of the young person before a youth justice court judge or a justice under section 503 of the Criminal Code.

  • Marginal note:Authorization of provincial authority for detention

    (8) In any province for which the lieutenant governor in council has designated a person or a group of persons whose authorization is required, either in all circumstances or in circumstances specified by the lieutenant governor in council, before a young person who has been arrested may be detained in accordance with this section, no young person shall be so detained unless the authorization is obtained.

  • Marginal note:Determination by provincial authority of place of detention

    (9) In any province for which the lieutenant governor in council has designated a person or a group of persons who may determine the place where a young person who has been arrested may be detained in accordance with this section, no young person may be so detained in a place other than the one so determined.

Marginal note:Placement of young person in care of responsible person
  •  (1) A young person who has been arrested may be placed in the care of a responsible person instead of being detained in custody if a youth justice court or a justice is satisfied that

    • (a) the young person would, but for this subsection, be detained in custody under section 515 (judicial interim release) of the Criminal Code;

    • (b) the person is willing and able to take care of and exercise control over the young person; and

    • (c) the young person is willing to be placed in the care of that person.

  • Marginal note:Inquiry as to availability of a responsible person

    (2) If a young person would, in the absence of a responsible person, be detained in custody, the youth justice court or the justice shall inquire as to the availability of a responsible person and whether the young person is willing to be placed in that person’s care.

  • Marginal note:Condition of placement

    (3) A young person shall not be placed in the care of a person under subsection (1) unless

    • (a) that person undertakes in writing to take care of and to be responsible for the attendance of the young person in court when required and to comply with any other conditions that the youth justice court judge or the justice may specify; and

    • (b) the young person undertakes in writing to comply with the arrangement and to comply with any other conditions that the youth justice court judge or the justice may specify.

  • Marginal note:Removing young person from care

    (4) A young person, a person in whose care a young person has been placed or any other person may, by application in writing to a youth justice court judge or a justice, apply for an order under subsection (5) if

    • (a) the person in whose care the young person has been placed is no longer willing or able to take care of or exercise control over the young person; or

    • (b) it is, for any other reason, no longer appropriate that the young person remain in the care of the person with whom he or she has been placed.

  • Marginal note:Order

    (5) When a youth justice court judge or a justice is satisfied that a young person should not remain in the custody of the person in whose care he or she was placed under subsection (1), the judge or justice shall

    • (a) make an order relieving the person and the young person of the obligations undertaken under subsection (3); and

    • (b) issue a warrant for the arrest of the young person.

  • Marginal note:Effect of arrest

    (6) If a young person is arrested in accordance with a warrant issued under paragraph (5)(b), the young person shall be taken before a youth justice court judge or a justice without delay and dealt with under this section and sections 28 to 30.

Appearance

Marginal note:Appearance before judge or justice
  •  (1) A young person against whom an information or indictment is laid must first appear before a youth justice court judge or a justice, and the judge or justice shall

    • (a) cause the information or indictment to be read to the young person;

    • (b) if the young person is not represented by counsel, inform the young person of the right to retain and instruct counsel; and

    • (c) if notified under subsection 64(2) (intention to seek adult sentence) or if section 16 (status of accused uncertain) applies, inform the young person that the youth justice court might, if the young person is found guilty, order that an adult sentence be imposed.

    • (d) [Repealed, 2012, c. 1, s. 170]

  • Marginal note:Waiver

    (2) A young person may waive the requirements of subsection (1) if the young person is represented by counsel and counsel advises the court that the young person has been informed of that provision.

  • Marginal note:Young person not represented by counsel

    (3) When a young person is not represented by counsel, the youth justice court, before accepting a plea, shall

    • (a) satisfy itself that the young person understands the charge;

    • (b) if the young person is liable to an adult sentence, explain to the young person the consequences of being liable to an adult sentence and the procedure by which the young person may apply for an order that a youth sentence be imposed; and

    • (c) explain that the young person may plead guilty or not guilty to the charge or, if subsection 67(1) (election of court for trial — adult sentence) or (3) (election of court for trial in Nunavut — adult sentence) applies, explain that the young person may elect to be tried by a youth justice court judge without a jury and without having a preliminary inquiry, or to have a preliminary inquiry and be tried by a judge without a jury, or to have a preliminary inquiry and be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury and, in either of the latter two cases, a preliminary inquiry will only be conducted if requested by the young person or the prosecutor.

  • Marginal note:If youth justice court not satisfied

    (4) If the youth justice court is not satisfied that a young person understands the charge, the court shall, unless the young person must be put to his or her election under subsection 67(1) (election of court for trial — adult sentence) or, with respect to Nunavut, subsection 67(3) (election of court for trial in Nunavut — adult sentence), enter a plea of not guilty on behalf of the young person and proceed with the trial in accordance with subsection 36(2) (young person pleads not guilty).

  • Marginal note:If youth justice court not satisfied

    (5) If the youth justice court is not satisfied that a young person understands the matters set out in subsection (3), the court shall direct that the young person be represented by counsel.

  • 2002, c. 1, s. 32, c. 13, s. 91;
  • 2012, c. 1, s. 170.
 
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