Aeronautics Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. A-2)

Act current to 2017-11-20 and last amended on 2017-06-22. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Interim report
  •  (1) The Authority shall, on a confidential basis, provide an interim report on the progress and findings of an investigation

    • (a) to any minister responsible for a department that has a direct interest in the subject matter of the investigation, on written request made in respect of that investigation; and

    • (b) to any coroner investigating the military-civilian occurrence, if it involved a death and significant progress has been made in the investigation.

  • Marginal note:Limited purpose only

    (2) A person, other than a minister, who is provided with an interim report under subsection (1) shall not use the report, or permit its use, for any purpose not strictly necessary to its examination.

  • R.S., 1985, c. A-2, s. 19;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 28 (3rd Supp.), s. 276;
  • 2014, c. 29, s. 19.
Marginal note:Power to reconsider
  •  (1) The Authority may, at any time, reconsider any findings and recommendations made on the basis of an investigation of a military-civilian occurrence under this Part.

  • Marginal note:Duty to reconsider

    (2) The Authority shall reconsider the findings and recommendations made on the basis of an investigation under this Part if, in his or her opinion, new material facts appear.

  • R.S., 1985, c. A-2, s. 20;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 28 (3rd Supp.), s. 276;
  • 2014, c. 29, s. 19.
Marginal note:Power to authorize
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), the Authority may authorize any person, subject to any limitations specified in the authorization, to exercise or perform any of the powers, duties or functions conferred or imposed on the Authority under this Part, other than the power of authorization under this subsection.

  • Marginal note:Revocation

    (2) The authorization may be revoked by the Authority in writing.

  • R.S., 1985, c. A-2, s. 21;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 33 (1st Supp.), s. 3, c. 28 (3rd Supp.), s. 276;
  • 2014, c. 29, s. 19.

Privilege

Definition of on-board recording

  •  (1) In this section and in section 23, on-board recording means the whole or any part of either a recording of voice communications originating from an aircraft, or received on or in the flight deck of an aircraft, or a video recording of the activities of the operating personnel of an aircraft, that is made, using recording equipment that is intended not to be controlled by the operating personnel, on the flight deck of the aircraft, and includes a transcript or substantial summary of such a recording.

  • Marginal note:Privilege for on-board recordings

    (2) Every on-board recording in respect of an aircraft is privileged whether or not that aircraft has been involved in a military-civilian occurrence and, except as provided by this section and section 23, no person, including any person to whom access is provided under those sections, shall knowingly communicate an on-board recording or permit one to be communicated to any person.

  • Marginal note:Legal proceedings

    (3) Except as provided by this section and section 23, no person is to be required to produce an on-board recording or to give evidence relating to one in any legal, disciplinary or other proceedings.

  • Marginal note:Use authorized by Authority

    (4) The Authority may, subject to any restrictions or conditions that he or she specifies, authorize any person or class of persons to make use of any on-board recording in the interests of aviation safety.

  • Marginal note:Access by investigator

    (5) Any on-board recording that relates to a military-civilian occurrence being investigated under this Part shall be released to an investigator who requests it for the purposes of the investigation.

  • Marginal note:Use by Authority

    (6) The Authority may make any use that he or she considers necessary in the interests of aviation safety of any on-board recording obtained by an investigator under this Part but, subject to subsections (7) and 23(1), (4) and (6), shall not knowingly communicate or permit to be communicated to anyone any portion of it that is unrelated to the causes or contributing factors of the military-civilian occurrence under investigation or to the identification of safety deficiencies.

  • Marginal note:Access by coroners and other investigators

    (7) The Authority shall make available any on-board recording obtained in the course of an investigation of a military-civilian occurrence

  • Marginal note:Power of court or coroner

    (8) Despite anything in this section, if, in any proceedings before a court or coroner, a request for the production and discovery of an on-board recording is made, the court or coroner shall

    • (a) cause notice of the request to be given to the Authority, if the Authority is not a party to the proceedings;

    • (b) examine the on-board recording in camera and give the Authority a reasonable opportunity to make representations with respect to it; and

    • (c) if the court or coroner concludes in the circumstances of the case that the public interest in the proper administration of justice outweighs in importance the privilege attached to the on-board recording by virtue of this section, order the production and discovery of the on-board recording, subject to any restrictions or conditions that the court or coroner considers appropriate, and may require any person to give evidence that relates to it.

  • Marginal note:Restriction

    (9) An on-board recording is not to be used against any of the following persons in disciplinary proceedings, in proceedings relating to their capacity or competence to perform their functions, or in legal or other proceedings: air traffic controllers, aircraft crew members, airport vehicle operators, flight service station specialists and persons who relay messages respecting air traffic control or related matters.

  • Definition of court

    (10) For the purposes of subsection (8), court includes any person appointed or designated to conduct a public inquiry into a military-civilian occurrence under the Inquiries Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. A-2, s. 22;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 28 (3rd Supp.), s. 276;
  • 2014, c. 29, s. 19.
Marginal note:On-board recording — board of inquiry
  •  (1) The Authority shall make available to a board of inquiry convened under section 45 of the National Defence Act any on-board recording in respect of an aircraft, whether or not that aircraft has been involved in a military-civilian occurrence, if

    • (a) the president of that board makes a written request, together with reasons, for access to the on-board recording; and

    • (b) after considering the reasons, the Authority determines that

      • (i) the aircraft was operated by or on behalf of the Canadian Forces when the on-board recording was made, and

      • (ii) the public interest in the proper administration of the Canadian Forces outweighs in importance the privilege attached to the on-board recording by virtue of section 22.

  • Marginal note:Notice of refusal

    (2) If the Authority refuses the request, he or she shall give written notice of the refusal to the president and reasons for it.

  • Marginal note:Request to Minister

    (3) On receipt of the notice of refusal, the president may make a written request to the Minister for access to the on-board recording. If the president makes such a request, he or she shall include the written reasons originally submitted to the Authority, along with the Authority’s reasons for refusal, and may include additional written representations, a copy of which is to be provided to the Authority.

  • Marginal note:Determination by Authority — additional representations

    (4) The Authority shall, on receipt of any additional representations, consider them and,

    • (a) if he or she determines that the representations raise a new issue and makes the determinations listed in paragraph (1)(b), he or she shall so notify the Minister and make available the on-board recording to the board of inquiry; or

    • (b) if he or she determines that the representations do not raise a new issue or determines that the representations do raise a new issue but does not make the determinations listed in paragraph (1)(b), he or she shall not make available the on-board recording to the board of inquiry, shall give written notice to the Minister of the determination and the reasons for it, and shall provide a copy to the president.

  • Marginal note:Consideration by Minister

    (5) On receipt of a request under subsection (3) without any additional written representations, the Minister shall consider the reasons included with the president’s request. If a request under subsection (3) includes additional written representations, the Minister shall, on receipt of notice of the Authority’s refusal under paragraph (4)(b) to make available the on-board recording to the board of inquiry, consider the reasons included with the president’s request together with the additional written representations and the Authority’s written reasons for the refusal in response to those representations. The Minister may, in consideration of the request, examine the on-board recording in camera.

  • Marginal note:Determination by Minister

    (6) The Minister shall

    • (a) direct the Authority to make the on-board recording available to the board of inquiry, subject to any restrictions or conditions that the Minister considers appropriate, if the Minister makes the determinations listed in paragraph (1)(b); or

    • (b) so notify the president and the Authority if the Minister does not make the determinations listed in paragraph (1)(b).

  • Marginal note:Decision final

    (7) The Minister’s decision is final and binding and not subject to appeal or review by any court.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (8) Despite subsection 22(9), an on-board recording that is made available to a board of inquiry under this section may be used in other proceedings relating to the capacity or competence of any person who is subject to the Code of Service Discipline set out in Part III of the National Defence Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. A-2, s. 23;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 28 (3rd Supp.), s. 276;
  • 2014, c. 29, s. 19.
 
Date modified: