Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. B-3)

Act current to 2017-11-20 and last amended on 2017-09-21. Previous Versions

Partnership Property

Marginal note:Application to limited partnerships
  •  (1) This Act applies to limited partnerships in like manner as if limited partnerships were ordinary partnerships, and, on all the general partners of a limited partnership becoming bankrupt, the property of the limited partnership vests in the trustee.

  • Marginal note:Actions by trustee and bankrupt’s partner

    (2) If a member of a partnership becomes bankrupt, the court may authorize the trustee to commence and prosecute any action in the names of the trustee and of the bankrupt’s partner, and any release by the partner of the debt or demand to which the action relates is void or, in the Province of Quebec, null.

  • Marginal note:Notice to partner

    (3) Notice of the application for authority to commence an action under subsection (2) shall be given to the bankrupt’s partner, who may show cause against it, and on his application the court may, if it thinks fit, direct that he shall receive his proper share of the proceeds of the action, and, if he does not claim any benefit therefrom, he shall be indemnified against costs in respect thereof as the court directs.

  • R.S., 1985, c. B-3, s. 85;
  • 2004, c. 25, s. 52.

Crown Interests

Marginal note:Status of Crown claims
  •  (1) In relation to a bankruptcy or proposal, all provable claims, including secured claims, of Her Majesty in right of Canada or a province or of any body under an Act respecting workers’ compensation, in this section and in section 87 called a “workers’ compensation body”, rank as unsecured claims.

  • Marginal note:Exceptions

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply

    • (a) to claims that are secured by a security or charge of a kind that can be obtained by persons other than Her Majesty or a workers’ compensation body

      • (i) pursuant to any law, or

      • (ii) pursuant to provisions of federal or provincial legislation, where those provisions do not have as their sole or principal purpose the establishment of a means of securing claims of Her Majesty or of a workers’ compensation body; and

    • (b) to the extent provided in subsection 87(2), to claims that are secured by a security referred to in subsection 87(1), if the security is registered in accordance with that subsection.

  • Marginal note:Exceptions

    (3) Subsection (1) does not affect the operation of

    • (a) subsections 224(1.2) and (1.3) of the Income Tax Act;

    • (b) any provision of the Canada Pension Plan or of the Employment Insurance Act that refers to subsection 224(1.2) of the Income Tax Act and provides for the collection of a contribution, as defined in the Canada Pension Plan, an employee’s premium, or employer’s premium, as defined in the Employment Insurance Act, or a premium under Part VII.1 of that Act, and of any related interest, penalties or other amounts; or

    • (c) any provision of provincial legislation that has a similar purpose to subsection 224(1.2) of the Income Tax Act, or that refers to that subsection, to the extent that it provides for the collection of a sum, and of any related interest, penalties or other amounts, where the sum

      • (i) has been withheld or deducted by a person from a payment to another person and is in respect of a tax similar in nature to the income tax imposed on individuals under the Income Tax Act, or

      • (ii) is of the same nature as a contribution under the Canada Pension Plan if the province is a province providing a comprehensive pension plan as defined in subsection 3(1) of the Canada Pension Plan and the provincial legislation establishes a provincial pension plan as defined in that subsection,

    and for the purpose of paragraph (c), the provision of provincial legislation is, despite any Act of Canada or of a province or any other law, deemed to have the same effect and scope against any creditor, however secured, as subsection 224(1.2) of the Income Tax Act in respect of a sum referred to in subparagraph (c)(i), or as subsection 23(2) of the Canada Pension Plan in respect of a sum referred to in subparagraph (c)(ii), and in respect of any related interest, penalties or other amounts.

  • R.S., 1985, c. B-3, s. 86;
  • 1992, c. 27, s. 39;
  • 1997, c. 12, s. 73;
  • 2000, c. 30, s. 148;
  • 2005, c. 47, s. 69;
  • 2009, c. 33, s. 25.
Marginal note:Statutory Crown securities
  •  (1) A security provided for in federal or provincial legislation for the sole or principal purpose of securing a claim of Her Majesty in right of Canada or of a province or of a workers’ compensation body is valid in relation to a bankruptcy or proposal only if the security is registered under a prescribed system of registration before the date of the initial bankruptcy event.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) In relation to a bankruptcy or proposal, a security referred to in subsection (1) that is registered in accordance with that subsection

    • (a) is subordinate to securities in respect of which all steps necessary to make them effective against other creditors were taken before that registration; and

    • (b) is valid only in respect of amounts owing to Her Majesty or a workers’ compensation body at the time of that registration, plus any interest subsequently accruing on those amounts.

  • R.S., 1985, c. B-3, s. 87;
  • 1992, c. 27, s. 39;
  • 1997, c. 12, s. 74;
  • 2004, c. 25, s. 53;
  • 2005, c. 47, s. 70.

Priority of Financial Collateral

Marginal note:Priority

 In relation to a bankruptcy or proposal, no order may be made under this Act if the order would have the effect of subordinating financial collateral.

  • R.S., 1985, c. B-3, s. 88;
  • 1992, c. 27, s. 39;
  • 1994, c. 26, s. 6;
  • 2007, c. 29, s. 99, c. 36, s. 112;
  • 2009, c. 31, s. 65.

 [Repealed, 1992, c. 27, s. 39]

Preferences and Transfers at Undervalue

 [Repealed, 2005, c. 47, s. 71]

 [Repealed, 2000, c. 12, s. 12]

 [Repealed, 2005, c. 47, s. 72]

Marginal note:Preferences
  •  (1) A transfer of property made, a provision of services made, a charge on property made, a payment made, an obligation incurred or a judicial proceeding taken or suffered by an insolvent person

    • (a) in favour of a creditor who is dealing at arm’s length with the insolvent person, or a person in trust for that creditor, with a view to giving that creditor a preference over another creditor is void as against — or, in Quebec, may not be set up against — the trustee if it is made, incurred, taken or suffered, as the case may be, during the period beginning on the day that is three months before the date of the initial bankruptcy event and ending on the date of the bankruptcy; and

    • (b) in favour of a creditor who is not dealing at arm’s length with the insolvent person, or a person in trust for that creditor, that has the effect of giving that creditor a preference over another creditor is void as against — or, in Quebec, may not be set up against — the trustee if it is made, incurred, taken or suffered, as the case may be, during the period beginning on the day that is 12 months before the date of the initial bankruptcy event and ending on the date of the bankruptcy.

  • Marginal note:Preference presumed

    (2) If the transfer, charge, payment, obligation or judicial proceeding referred to in paragraph (1)(a) has the effect of giving the creditor a preference, it is, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, presumed to have been made, incurred, taken or suffered with a view to giving the creditor the preference — even if it was made, incurred, taken or suffered, as the case may be, under pressure — and evidence of pressure is not admissible to support the transaction.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2.1) Subsection (2) does not apply, and the parties are deemed to be dealing with each other at arm’s length, in respect of the following:

    • (a) a margin deposit made by a clearing member with a clearing house; or

    • (b) a transfer, charge or payment made in connection with financial collateral and in accordance with the provisions of an eligible financial contract.

  • Marginal note:Definitions

    (3) In this section,

    clearing house

    chambre de compensation

    clearing house means a body that acts as an intermediary for its clearing members in effecting securities transactions; (chambre de compensation)

    clearing member

    membre

    clearing member means a person engaged in the business of effecting securities transactions who uses a clearing house as intermediary; (membre)

    creditor

    créancier

    creditor includes a surety or guarantor for the debt due to the creditor; (créancier)

    margin deposit

    dépôt de couverture

    margin deposit means a payment, deposit or transfer to a clearing house under the rules of the clearing house to assure the performance of the obligations of a clearing member in connection with security transactions, including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, transactions respecting futures, options or other derivatives or to fulfil any of those obligations. (dépôt de couverture)

  • R.S., 1985, c. B-3, s. 95;
  • 1997, c. 12, s. 78;
  • 2004, c. 25, s. 56;
  • 2007, c. 29, s. 100, c. 36, ss. 42, 112.
 
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