Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (S.C. 1999, c. 33)

Act current to 2015-11-16 and last amended on 2015-02-26. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Civil remedies not affected
  •  (1) No civil remedy for any conduct is suspended or affected by reason only that the conduct is an offence under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Remedies not repealed, etc.

    (2) Nothing in this Act shall be interpreted so as to repeal, remove or reduce any remedy available to any person under any law in force in Canada.

  • Marginal note:Damages caused by a ship

    (3) No claim for damage caused by a ship may be made under this Act to the extent that a claim for that damage may be made under the Marine Liability Act or the Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act.

  • 1999, c. 33, s. 42;
  • 2001, c. 6, s. 112.



Marginal note:Definitions

 The definitions in this section apply in this Part.


« poissons »

“fish” has the meaning assigned by section 2 of the Fisheries Act.

“hormone disrupting substance”

« substance hormonoperturbante »

“hormone disrupting substance” means a substance having the ability to disrupt the synthesis, secretion, transport, binding, action or elimination of natural hormones in an organism, or its progeny, that are responsible for the maintenance of homeostasis, reproduction, development or behaviour of the organism.

Environmental Data and Research

Marginal note:Monitoring, research and publication
  •  (1) The Minister shall

    • (a) establish, operate and maintain a system for monitoring environmental quality;

    • (b) conduct research and studies relating to pollution prevention, the nature, transportation, dispersion, effects, control and abatement of pollution and the effects of pollution on environmental quality, and provide advisory and technical services and information related to that research and those studies;

    • (c) conduct research and studies relating to

      • (i) environmental contamination arising from disturbances of ecosystems by human activity,

      • (ii) changes in the normal geochemical cycling of toxic substances that are naturally present in the environment, and

      • (iii) detection and damage to ecosystems;

    • (d) collect, process, correlate, interpret, create an inventory of and publish on a periodic basis data on environmental quality in Canada from monitoring systems, research, studies and any other sources;

    • (e) formulate plans for pollution prevention and the control and abatement of pollution, including plans respecting the prevention of, preparedness for and response to an environmental emergency and for restoring any part of the environment damaged by or during an emergency, and establish, operate and publicize demonstration projects and make them available for demonstration; and

    • (f) publish, arrange for the publication of or distribute through an information clearing-house

      • (i) information respecting pollution prevention,

      • (i) pertinent information in respect of all aspects of environmental quality, and

      • (ii) a periodic report on the state of the Canadian environment.

  • Marginal note:Cooperation and agreements

    (2) The Minister may

    • (a) in establishing a system referred to in paragraph (1)(a), cooperate with governments, foreign governments and aboriginal people and with any person who has established or proposes to establish any such system; and

    • (b) with the approval of the Governor in Council, enter into agreements for the operation or maintenance of a system referred to in paragraph (1)(a) by the Minister on behalf of any government, aboriginal people or any person or for the operation or maintenance of any such system by the government or any person on behalf of the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Cooperation with other bodies

    (3) The Minister may, in exercising the powers conferred by paragraphs (1)(b) to (e), act in cooperation with any government, foreign government, government department or agency, institution, aboriginal people or any person and may sponsor or assist in any of their research, studies, planning or activities in relation to environmental quality, pollution prevention, environmental emergencies or the control or abatement of pollution.

  • Marginal note:Hormone disrupting substances

    (4) The Ministers shall conduct research or studies relating to hormone disrupting substances, methods related to their detection, methods to determine their actual or likely short-term or long-term effect on the environment and human health, and preventive, control and abatement measures to deal with those substances to protect the environment and human health.