Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2014-06-12 and last amended on 2014-06-01. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Punishment of seditious offences

 Every one who

  • (a) speaks seditious words,

  • (b) publishes a seditious libel, or

  • (c) is a party to a seditious conspiracy,

is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding fourteen years.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 62.
Marginal note:Offences in relation to military forces
  •  (1) Every one who wilfully

    • (a) interferes with, impairs or influences the loyalty or discipline of a member of a force,

    • (b) publishes, edits, issues, circulates or distributes a writing that advises, counsels or urges insubordination, disloyalty, mutiny or refusal of duty by a member of a force, or

    • (c) advises, counsels, urges or in any manner causes insubordination, disloyalty, mutiny or refusal of duty by a member of a force,

    is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.

  • Definition of “member of a force”

    (2) In this section, “member of a force” means a member of

    • (a) the Canadian Forces; or

    • (b) the naval, army or air forces of a state other than Canada that are lawfully present in Canada.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 63.

Unlawful Assemblies and Riots

Marginal note:Unlawful assembly
  •  (1) An unlawful assembly is an assembly of three or more persons who, with intent to carry out any common purpose, assemble in such a manner or so conduct themselves when they are assembled as to cause persons in the neighbourhood of the assembly to fear, on reasonable grounds, that they

    • (a) will disturb the peace tumultuously; or

    • (b) will by that assembly needlessly and without reasonable cause provoke other persons to disturb the peace tumultuously.

  • Marginal note:Lawful assembly becoming unlawful

    (2) Persons who are lawfully assembled may become an unlawful assembly if they conduct themselves with a common purpose in a manner that would have made the assembly unlawful if they had assembled in that manner for that purpose.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) Persons are not unlawfully assembled by reason only that they are assembled to protect the dwelling-house of any one of them against persons who are threatening to break and enter it for the purpose of committing an indictable offence therein.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 64.
Marginal note:Riot

 A riot is an unlawful assembly that has begun to disturb the peace tumultuously.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 65.