Customs Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. 1 (2nd Supp.))

Act current to 2014-09-29 and last amended on 2014-06-19. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Custody of goods subject to seizure but not seized
  •  (1) An officer may, instead of seizing any goods or conveyances that he is authorized by or pursuant to this Act to seize, leave them in the custody of the person from whom he would otherwise have seized them or any other person satisfactory to the officer.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (2) Where an officer leaves goods or a conveyance in the custody of any person pursuant to subsection (1), the officer shall give notice to the person from whom he would otherwise have seized them that he is doing so, and the goods or conveyance shall, for the purposes of this Act, be deemed to have been seized on the day the notice is given.

  • Marginal note:Conditions of custody

    (3) Every person who has the custody of goods or a conveyance pursuant to subsection (1) shall hold them in safe-keeping, without charge to Her Majesty, until their forfeiture is final or a final decision is taken as to whether or not they are forfeit, and shall make them available to an officer on request, and shall not dispose of them in any manner or remove them from Canada, while he has custody of them pursuant to subsection (1), unless he is authorized to do so by an officer.

  • Marginal note:When officer to take custody

    (4) An officer may at any time take custody of goods or a conveyance left in the custody of any person pursuant to subsection (1) and shall, where the forfeiture of the goods or conveyance is final, take custody thereof.

Marginal note:Power to call in aid

 An officer may call on other persons to assist him in exercising any power of search, seizure or detention that he is authorized under this Act to exercise, and any person so called on is authorized to exercise any such power.

Marginal note:Carrying out agreements

 Where the Government of Canada has entered into an agreement with the government of another country pursuant to which powers, duties or functions relating to the importation of goods into Canada may be exercised or performed in that other country and powers, duties or functions relating to the importation of goods into that other country may be exercised or performed in Canada, any officer or peace officer designated for the purpose by the Minister may exercise in Canada any powers of inspection, examination, search or detention on behalf of that other country that are specified in the agreement.

Limitation of Actions or Proceedings

Marginal note:Limitation of action against officer or person assisting
  •  (1) No action or judicial proceeding shall be commenced against an officer for anything done in the performance of his duties under this or any other Act of Parliament or a person called on to assist an officer in the performance of such duties more than three months after the time when the cause of action or the subject-matter of the proceeding arose.

  • Marginal note:Limitation of action to recover goods

    (2) No action or judicial proceeding shall be commenced against the Crown, an officer or any person in possession of goods under the authority of an officer for the recovery of anything seized, detained or held in custody or safe-keeping under this Act more than three months after the later of

    • (a) the time when the cause of action or the subject-matter of the proceeding arose, and

    • (b) the final determination of the outcome of any action or proceeding taken under this Act in respect of the thing seized, detained or held in custody or safe-keeping.

  • Marginal note:Stay of action or judicial proceeding

    (3) Where, in any action or judicial proceeding taken otherwise than under this Act, substantially the same facts are at issue as those that are at issue in an action or proceeding under this Act, the Minister may file a stay of proceedings with the body before whom that action or judicial proceeding is taken, and thereupon the proceedings before that body are stayed pending final determination of the outcome of the action or proceeding under this Act.