Marginal note:Offences by employees or agents
227. In any prosecution for an offence under this Act, it is sufficient proof of the offence to establish that it was committed by an employee or agent of the accused, whether or not the employee or agent is identified or has been prosecuted for the offence, unless the accused establishes that the offence was committed without the knowledge or consent of the accused and that the accused exercised all due diligence to prevent its commission.
Marginal note:Power to decrease punishment
228. Despite the Criminal Code or any other law, the court has, in any prosecution or proceeding under this Act, neither the power to impose less than the minimum fine fixed under this Act nor the power to suspend sentence.
Marginal note:Information or complaint
229. (1) An information or complaint under this Act may be laid or made by any officer. If an information or complaint is purported to have been laid or made under this Act, it is deemed to have been laid or made by an officer and shall not be called into question for lack of authority of the officer except by the Minister or a person acting for the Minister or for Her Majesty.
Marginal note:Two or more offences
(2) An information or complaint in respect of an offence under this Act may be for one or more offences and no information, complaint, warrant, conviction or other proceeding in a prosecution under this Act is objectionable or insufficient by reason of the fact that it relates to two or more offences.
Marginal note:Limitation of prosecutions
(3) Despite subsection 786(2) of the Criminal Code, an information or complaint in respect of an offence under this Act that is to be prosecuted by way of summary conviction proceedings may be laid or made within two years after the day on which the matter of the information or complaint arose.
Proceeds of Crime
Marginal note:Property obtained from offences
230. (1) No person shall possess any property or any proceeds of any property knowing that all or any part of it was obtained or derived directly or indirectly as a result of
(a) the commission of an offence under section 214 or subsection 216(1), 218(1) or 231(1); or
(b) a conspiracy or an attempt to commit, being a party to, being an accessory after the fact in relation to, or any counselling in relation to, an offence referred to in paragraph (a).
(2) Every person who contravenes subsection (1)
(a) is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to a fine of not more than $500,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years, or to both; or
(b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to a fine of not more than $100,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than 18 months, or to both.
(3) A peace officer or a person acting under the direction of a peace officer is not guilty of an offence under this section by reason only that the peace officer or person possesses property or the proceeds of property mentioned in subsection (1) for the purposes of an investigation or otherwise in the execution of the peace officer’s duties.
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