Food and Drugs Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. F-27)

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Act current to 2018-07-05 and last amended on 2018-05-23. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Unclaimed seized articles
  •  (1) An article seized under this Part is, at the election of the Minister or the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food, forfeited to Her Majesty in right of Canada if

    • (a) within 60 days after the seizure, no person is identified in accordance with the regulations, if any, as its owner or as the person entitled to possess it; or

    • (b) its owner or the person having possession, care or control of it at the time of its seizure does not claim it within 60 days after the day on which they are notified that an inspector has released it.

  • Marginal note:Disposal

    (2) A seized article that is forfeited under subsection (1) may be disposed of, as the Minister or the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food may direct, at the expense of its owner or the person having possession, care or control of it at the time of its seizure.

  • 2016, c. 9, s. 6.
Marginal note:Forfeiture with consent
  •  (1) If an inspector has seized an article under this Part and its owner or the person having possession, care or control of it at the time of its seizure consents to its forfeiture, the article is forfeited to Her Majesty in right of Canada and may be disposed of as the Minister or the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food may direct, at the expense of its owner or the person having possession, care or control of the article at the time of its seizure.

  • Marginal note:Forfeiture — offence

    (2) If a person has been convicted of a contravention of this Act or the regulations, the court or judge may, in addition to any punishment imposed, order that any article by means of or in relation to which the offence was committed, and any thing of a similar nature belonging to or in the possession, care or control of the person or found with the article, be forfeited. On the making of the order, the article and thing are forfeited to Her Majesty in right of Canada and may be disposed of as the Minister or the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food may direct, at the expense of the person who has been convicted.

  • Marginal note:Order for forfeiture on application of inspector

    (3) Without prejudice to subsection (2), a judge of a superior court of the province in which any article is seized under this Part may, on the application of an inspector and on any notice to those persons that the judge directs, order that the article and any thing of a similar nature found with it be forfeited to Her Majesty in right of Canada, if the judge finds, after making any inquiry that the judge considers necessary, that the article is one by means of or in relation to which a provision of this Act or the regulations has been contravened. On the making of the order, the article or thing may be disposed of as the Minister or the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food may direct, at the expense of the owner of the article or the person having possession, care or control of it at the time of its seizure.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-27, s. 27;
  • 1992, c. 1, s. 145(F);
  • 1994, c. 38, s. 19;
  • 1995, c. 1, s. 62;
  • 1996, c. 8, s. 23.2;
  • 1997, c. 6, s. 64;
  • 2016, c. 9, s. 6.

Removal, Forfeiture or Destruction of Unlawful Imports

Marginal note:Unlawful imports
  •  (1) An inspector who has reasonable grounds to believe that an imported food, drug, cosmetic or device does not meet the requirements of the regulations or was imported in contravention of a provision of this Act or the regulations may decide whether to give the owner or importer, or the person having possession, care or control of the food, drug, cosmetic or device, the opportunity to take a measure in respect of it.

  • Marginal note:Factors

    (2) In making a decision under subsection (1), the inspector shall consider, among other factors:

    • (a) whether the food, drug, cosmetic or device presents a risk of injury to health or safety; and

    • (b) any other prescribed factors.

  • Marginal note:Duty of inspector

    (3) If the inspector decides under subsection (1) not to give the owner or importer, or the person having possession, care or control of the food, drug, cosmetic or device the opportunity to take a measure in respect of it, the inspector shall exercise, in respect of the food, drug, cosmetic or device, any of the powers conferred by the provisions of this Act, other than this section, or of the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Measures that may be taken and notice

    (4) However, if the inspector decides under subsection (1) to give the owner or importer, or the person having possession, care or control of the food, drug, cosmetic or device the opportunity to take a measure in respect of it, the inspector, or any other inspector who is informed of the decision, shall decide whether the owner or importer, or the person having possession, care or control of it may remove it from Canada at their expense, consent to its forfeiture or take either of these measures, and shall notify or cause to be notified the owner or importer, or the person having possession, care or control of the food, drug, cosmetic or device that they may take that measure within the period specified by the inspector or other inspector, as the case may be.

  • Marginal note:Forfeiture

    (5) If a person is notified under subsection (4) that they may consent to the forfeiture of the food, drug, cosmetic or device and the person consents to its forfeiture, the food, drug, cosmetic or device is forfeited to Her Majesty in right of Canada and may be disposed of, as the Minister may direct, at the person’s expense.

  • 2016, c. 9, s. 6.
Marginal note:Removal or destruction
  •  (1) An inspector who has reasonable grounds to believe that an imported food, drug, cosmetic or device does not meet the requirements of the regulations or was imported in contravention of a provision of this Act or the regulations may, by notice, whether the food, drug, cosmetic or device is seized or not, order its owner or importer, or the person having possession, care or control of it, to remove it from Canada at their expense or, if removal is not possible, to destroy it at their expense.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (2) The notice must be delivered personally to the owner or importer of the food, drug, cosmetic or device, or the person having possession, care or control of it, or sent to the owner, importer or person by any method that provides proof of delivery or by any prescribed method.

  • Marginal note:Forfeiture

    (3) If the food, drug, cosmetic or device is not removed from Canada, or destroyed, within the period specified in the notice — or, if no period is specified, within 90 days after the day on which the notice was delivered or sent — it is, despite section 26, forfeited to Her Majesty in right of Canada and may be disposed of, as the Minister may direct, at the expense of the person to whom the notice was delivered or sent.

  • Marginal note:Suspension of application of subsection (3)

    (4) An inspector may, for the period specified by the inspector, suspend the application of subsection (3) if the inspector is satisfied that

    • (a) the food, drug, cosmetic or device does not present a risk of injury to health;

    • (b) the food, drug, cosmetic or device will not be sold within that period;

    • (c) the measures that should have been taken for the food, drug, cosmetic or device not to have been imported in contravention of a provision of this Act or the regulations will be taken within that period; and

    • (d) if the food, drug, cosmetic or device does not meet the requirements of the regulations, it will be brought into compliance with those requirements within that period.

  • Marginal note:Cancellation

    (5) An inspector may cancel the notice if the inspector is satisfied that

    • (a) the food, drug, cosmetic or device does not present a risk of injury to health;

    • (b) the food, drug, cosmetic or device has not been sold within the period referred to in subsection (6);

    • (c) the measures referred to in paragraph (4)(c) were taken within that period; and

    • (d) if the food, drug, cosmetic or device did not meet the requirements of the regulations when it was imported, it was brought into compliance with those requirements within that period.

  • Marginal note:Period

    (6) The period for the purposes of subsection (5) is

    • (a) if the application of subsection (3) was suspended under subsection (4), the period of the suspension; and

    • (b) if the application of subsection (3) was not suspended, the period specified in the notice or, if no period was specified, the period of 90 days after the day on which the notice was delivered or sent.

  • Marginal note:Non-application of Statutory Instruments Act

    (7) The Statutory Instruments Act does not apply to the notice.

  • 2016, c. 9, s. 6.

Analysis

Marginal note:Analysts

 The Minister may designate any individual as an analyst for the purposes of the administration and enforcement of this Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-27, s. 28;
  • 2016, c. 9, s. 6.
Marginal note:Analysis and examination
  •  (1) An inspector may submit to an analyst, for analysis or examination, any article seized by the inspector, any sample therefrom or any sample taken by the inspector.

  • Marginal note:Costs

    (1.1) The analysis or examination of any article seized, or of any sample, shall be at the expense of

    • (a) in respect of an article seized or a sample taken from it, the owner of the article or the person having possession, care or control of the article at the time of its seizure; or

    • (b) in respect of a sample taken by the inspector, the owner of the article from which the sample was taken or the person having possession, care or control of it at the time the sample was taken.

  • Marginal note:Certificate or report

    (2) An analyst who has made an analysis or examination may issue a certificate or report setting out the results of the analysis or examination.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-27, s. 29;
  • 2016, c. 9, s. 7.
 
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