Feeds Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. F-9)

Act current to 2017-09-27 and last amended on 2015-02-27. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Establishments
  •  (1) The Minister may, on application, register an establishment as one where a prescribed activity may be conducted in respect of a prescribed feed that has been imported for sale or that is to be exported or to be sent or conveyed from one province to another.

  • Marginal note:Holder

    (2) The applicant in respect of an establishment is the holder of the registration.

  • Marginal note:Conditions — regulations

    (3) The registration is subject to the prescribed conditions.

  • Marginal note:Conditions — Minister

    (4) The Minister may make a registration subject to any additional conditions that he or she considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Obligation to comply

    (5) The holder of the registration must comply with all the conditions to which the registration is subject.

  • Marginal note:No transfer

    (6) The registration is not transferable.

  • 2015, c. 2, s. 57.
Marginal note:Amendment, suspension, cancellation and renewal

 Subject to the regulations, the Minister may amend, suspend, cancel or renew a registration made under subsection 5.2(1) or 5.3(1) or a licence issued under subsection 5.2(1).

  • 2015, c. 2, s. 57.

General

Marginal note:Export certificates

 The Minister may issue any certificate or other document setting out any information that he or she considers necessary to facilitate the export of any feed.

  • 2015, c. 2, s. 57.
Marginal note:Disposition of samples

 A sample taken by an inspector, or provided to the Minister or an inspector, under this Act may be disposed of in any manner that the Minister considers appropriate.

  • 2015, c. 2, s. 57.
Marginal note:Inspection marks

 Every inspection mark is a trade-mark and the exclusive property in the trade-mark and, subject to this Act, the right to its use are vested in Her Majesty in right of Canada.

  • 2015, c. 2, s. 57.
Marginal note:Consideration of information

 In considering an application made under the regulations in relation to a feed, the Minister may consider information that is available from a review or evaluation of a feed conducted by the government of a foreign state or of a subdivision of a foreign state or by an international organization, or association, of states.

  • 2015, c. 2, s. 57.

Enforcement

Marginal note:Designation of inspectors and analysts
  •  (1) The President of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency may designate under section 13 of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency Act the inspectors and analysts necessary for the administration and enforcement of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Designation

    (1.1) The President of the Canada Border Services Agency may designate inspectors under paragraph 9(2)(b) of the Canada Border Services Agency Act for the purposes of enforcing this Act.

  • Marginal note:Certificate to be produced

    (2) Inspectors shall be given certificates in a form established by the President of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency or the President of the Canada Border Services Agency, as the case may be, attesting to their designation and, on entering any place under subsection 7(1), an inspector shall, if so required, produce the certificate to the person in charge of that place.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-9, s. 6;
  • 1997, c. 6, s. 46;
  • 2005, c. 38, s. 112.
Marginal note:Powers of inspectors
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (1.1), an inspector may, for a purpose related to verifying compliance or preventing non-compliance with this Act,

    • (a) enter any place in which the inspector believes on reasonable grounds there is any feed to which this Act applies;

    • (b) open any package found in that place that the inspector believes on reasonable grounds contains any such feed;

    • (c) examine the feed and take samples thereof;

    • (d) require any person to produce for inspection or for the purpose of obtaining copies thereof or extracts therefrom any books, shipping bills, bills of lading, documents containing mixing instructions, or other documents or papers with respect to the administration of this Act or the regulations; and

    • (e) remove anything from that place for the purpose of examination, conducting tests or taking samples.

  • Marginal note:Warrant required to enter dwelling-house

    (1.1) Where any place referred to in paragraph (1)(a) is a dwelling-house, an inspector may not enter that dwelling-house without the consent of the occupant except under the authority of a warrant issued under subsection (1.2).

  • Marginal note:Authority to issue warrant

    (1.2) Where on ex parte application a justice of the peace is satisfied by information on oath

    • (a) that the conditions for entry described in paragraph (1)(a) exist in relation to a dwelling-house,

    • (b) that entry to the dwelling-house is necessary for any purpose relating to the administration or enforcement of this Act, and

    • (c) that entry to the dwelling-house has been refused or that there are reasonable grounds for believing that entry thereto will be refused,

    the justice of the peace may issue a warrant under his hand authorizing the inspector named therein to enter that dwelling-house subject to such conditions as may be specified in the warrant.

  • Marginal note:Use of force

    (1.3) In executing a warrant issued under subsection (1.2), the inspector named therein shall not use force unless the inspector is accompanied by a peace officer and the use of force has been specifically authorized in the warrant.

  • Marginal note:Assistance to inspectors

    (2) The owner or person in charge of any place described in subsection (1) and every person found in that place shall give an inspector all reasonable assistance to enable the inspector to carry out his duties and functions under this Act and shall furnish the inspector with any information he may reasonably require with respect to the administration of this Act and the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Provision of documents, information or samples

    (3) An inspector may, for a purpose related to verifying compliance or preventing non-compliance with this Act, order a person to provide, on the date, at the time and place and in the manner specified by the inspector, any document, information or sample specified by the inspector.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-9, s. 7;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (1st Supp.), s. 8;
  • 2015, c. 2, s. 58.
Marginal note:Obstruction of inspectors
  •  (1) No person shall obstruct or hinder an inspector in the carrying out of his duties or functions under this Act.

  • Marginal note:False statements

    (2) No person shall make a false or misleading statement either orally or in writing to an inspector or other officer engaged in carrying out his duties or functions under this Act.

  • R.S., c. F-7, s. 9.
Marginal note:Seizure
  •  (1) Where an inspector believes on reasonable grounds that this Act or the regulations have been contravened, the inspector may seize any article by means of or in relation to which the inspector believes on reasonable grounds the contravention was committed.

  • Marginal note:Release of seized article

    (2) If an inspector is satisfied that the provisions of this Act and the regulations that apply with respect to an article seized under this Act have been complied with, the article must be released.

  • Marginal note:Forfeiture

    (3) Where the Tribunal decides that a person has committed a violation, or a person is convicted of an offence under this Act, the Tribunal or the convicting court, as the case may be, may, in addition to any penalty or punishment imposed, order that any article by means of or in relation to which the violation or offence was committed, be forfeited to Her Majesty in right of Canada.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-9, s. 9;
  • 1995, c. 40, s. 47;
  • 2015, c. 2, s. 59.
Marginal note:Removal or destruction of unlawful imports
  •  (1) An inspector who has reasonable grounds to believe that an imported feed does not meet the requirements of the regulations or was imported in contravention of a provision of this Act or the regulations may, by notice, whether the feed is seized or not, order its owner or importer or the person having possession, care or control of it to remove it from Canada or, if removal is not possible, to destroy it.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (2) The notice must either be delivered personally to the owner or importer of the feed or to the person having possession, care or control of it or be sent by registered mail to the owner’s, importer’s or person’s address in Canada.

  • Marginal note:Forfeiture

    (3) If the feed is not removed from Canada or destroyed within the period specified in the notice — or, if no period was specified, within 90 days after the day on which the notice was delivered or sent — it is, despite subsection 9(2), forfeited to Her Majesty in right of Canada and may be disposed of as the Minister may direct.

  • Marginal note:Suspension of application of subsection (3)

    (4) An inspector may, for a period that he or she specifies, suspend the application of subsection (3) if he or she is satisfied that

    • (a) harm to human or animal health or the environment is unlikely to result;

    • (b) the feed will not be sold within that period;

    • (c) the measures that should have been taken for the feed not to have been imported in contravention of a provision of this Act or the regulations will be taken within that period; and

    • (d) if the feed does not meet the requirements of the regulations, it will be brought into compliance with the regulations within that period.

  • Marginal note:Cancellation

    (5) An inspector may cancel the notice if he or she is satisfied that

    • (a) harm to human or animal health or the environment is unlikely to result;

    • (b) the feed has not been sold within the period referred to in subsection (6);

    • (c) the measures referred to in paragraph (4)(c) were taken within that period; and

    • (d) if the feed did not meet the requirements of the regulations when it was imported, it was brought into compliance with the regulations within that period.

  • Marginal note:Period

    (6) The period for the purposes of subsection (5) is

    • (a) if the application of subsection (3) was suspended under subsection (4), the period of the suspension; and

    • (b) if the application of subsection (3) was not suspended, the period specified in the notice or, if no period was specified, the period that ends 90 days after the day on which the notice was delivered or sent.

  • Marginal note:Non-application of Statutory Instruments Act

    (7) The Statutory Instruments Act does not apply in respect of the notice.

  • 2015, c. 2, s. 60.
 
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