Canadian Human Rights Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. H-6)

Act current to 2015-11-16 and last amended on 2014-11-01. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Equal wages
  •  (1) It is a discriminatory practice for an employer to establish or maintain differences in wages between male and female employees employed in the same establishment who are performing work of equal value.

  • Marginal note:Assessment of value of work

    (2) In assessing the value of work performed by employees employed in the same establishment, the criterion to be applied is the composite of the skill, effort and responsibility required in the performance of the work and the conditions under which the work is performed.

  • Marginal note:Separate establishments

    (3) Separate establishments established or maintained by an employer solely or principally for the purpose of establishing or maintaining differences in wages between male and female employees shall be deemed for the purposes of this section to be the same establishment.

  • Marginal note:Different wages based on prescribed reasonable factors

    (4) Notwithstanding subsection (1), it is not a discriminatory practice to pay to male and female employees different wages if the difference is based on a factor prescribed by guidelines, issued by the Canadian Human Rights Commission pursuant to subsection 27(2), to be a reasonable factor that justifies the difference.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (5) For greater certainty, sex does not constitute a reasonable factor justifying a difference in wages.

  • Marginal note:No reduction of wages

    (6) An employer shall not reduce wages in order to eliminate a discriminatory practice described in this section.

  • Definition of “wages”

    (7) For the purposes of this section, “wages” means any form of remuneration payable for work performed by an individual and includes

    • (a) salaries, commissions, vacation pay, dismissal wages and bonuses;

    • (b) reasonable value for board, rent, housing and lodging;

    • (c) payments in kind;

    • (d) employer contributions to pension funds or plans, long-term disability plans and all forms of health insurance plans; and

    • (e) any other advantage received directly or indirectly from the individual’s employer.

  • 1976-77, c. 33, s. 11.
Marginal note:Publication of discriminatory notices, etc.

 It is a discriminatory practice to publish or display before the public or to cause to be published or displayed before the public any notice, sign, symbol, emblem or other representation that

  • (a) expresses or implies discrimination or an intention to discriminate, or

  • (b) incites or is calculated to incite others to discriminate

if the discrimination expressed or implied, intended to be expressed or implied or incited or calculated to be incited would otherwise, if engaged in, be a discriminatory practice described in any of sections 5 to 11 or in section 14.

  • 1976-77, c. 33, s. 12;
  • 1980-81-82-83, c. 143, s. 6.