Canadian Human Rights Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. H-6)

Act current to 2017-11-06 and last amended on 2017-06-19. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Head office
  •  (1) The head office of the Commission shall be in the National Capital Region described in the schedule to the National Capital Act.

  • Marginal note:Other offices

    (2) The Commission may establish such regional or branch offices, not exceeding twelve, as it considers necessary to carry out its powers, duties and functions under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Meetings

    (3) The Commission may meet for the conduct of its affairs at such times and in such places as the Chief Commissioner considers necessary or desirable.

  • 1976-77, c. 33, s. 28.
Marginal note:Majority is a decision of the Commission

 A decision of the majority of the members present at a meeting of the Commission, if the members present constitute a quorum, is a decision of the Commission.

  • 1976-77, c. 33, s. 28.
Marginal note:Establishment of divisions
  •  (1) For the purposes of the affairs of the Commission, the Chief Commissioner may establish divisions of the Commission and all or any of the powers, duties and functions of the Commission, except the making of by-laws, may, as directed by the Commission, be exercised or performed by all or any of those divisions.

  • Marginal note:Designation of presiding officer

    (2) Where a division of the Commission has been established pursuant to subsection (1), the Chief Commissioner may designate one of the members of the division to act as the presiding officer of the division.

  • 1976-77, c. 33, s. 28.
Marginal note:By-laws
  •  (1) The Commission may make by-laws for the conduct of its affairs and, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, may make by-laws

    • (a) respecting the calling of meetings of the Commission or any division thereof and the fixing of quorums for the purposes of those meetings;

    • (b) respecting the conduct of business at meetings of the Commission or any division thereof;

    • (c) respecting the establishment of committees of the Commission, the delegation of powers, duties and functions to those committees and the fixing of quorums for meetings thereof;

    • (d) respecting the procedure to be followed in dealing with complaints under Part III that have arisen in Yukon, the Northwest Territories or Nunavut;

    • (e) prescribing the rates of remuneration to be paid to part-time members of the Commission and any person engaged under subsection 32(2); and

    • (f) prescribing reasonable rates of travel and living expenses to be paid to members of the Commission and any person engaged under subsection 32(2).

  • Marginal note:Treasury Board approval

    (2) No by-law made under paragraph (1)(e) or (f) has effect unless it is approved by the Treasury Board.

  • R.S., 1985, c. H-6, s. 37;
  • 1993, c. 28, s. 78;
  • 1998, c. 9, s. 21;
  • 2002, c. 7, s. 126.
Marginal note:Superannuation, etc.

 The full-time members of the Commission are deemed to be persons employed in the public service for the purposes of the Public Service Superannuation Act and to be employed in the federal public administration for the purposes of the Government Employees Compensation Act and any regulations made under section 9 of the Aeronautics Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. H-6, s. 38;
  • 2003, c. 22, s. 137(E).

PART IIIDiscriminatory Practices and General Provisions

Definition of discriminatory practice

 For the purposes of this Part, a discriminatory practice means any practice that is a discriminatory practice within the meaning of sections 5 to 14.1.

  • R.S., 1985, c. H-6, s. 39;
  • 1998, c. 9, s. 22.
Marginal note:Complaints
  •  (1) Subject to subsections (5) and (7), any individual or group of individuals having reasonable grounds for believing that a person is engaging or has engaged in a discriminatory practice may file with the Commission a complaint in a form acceptable to the Commission.

  • Marginal note:Consent of victim

    (2) If a complaint is made by someone other than the individual who is alleged to be the victim of the discriminatory practice to which the complaint relates, the Commission may refuse to deal with the complaint unless the alleged victim consents thereto.

  • Marginal note:Investigation commenced by Commission

    (3) Where the Commission has reasonable grounds for believing that a person is engaging or has engaged in a discriminatory practice, the Commission may initiate a complaint.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (3.1) No complaint may be initiated under subsection (3) as a result of information obtained by the Commission in the course of the administration of the Employment Equity Act.

  • Marginal note:Complaints may be dealt with together

    (4) If complaints are filed jointly or separately by more than one individual or group alleging that a particular person is engaging or has engaged in a discriminatory practice or a series of similar discriminatory practices and the Commission is satisfied that the complaints involve substantially the same issues of fact and law, it may deal with the complaints together under this Part and may request the Chairperson of the Tribunal to institute a single inquiry into the complaints under section 49.

  • Marginal note:No complaints to be considered in certain cases

    (5) No complaint in relation to a discriminatory practice may be dealt with by the Commission under this Part unless the act or omission that constitutes the practice

    • (a) occurred in Canada and the victim of the practice was at the time of the act or omission either lawfully present in Canada or, if temporarily absent from Canada, entitled to return to Canada;

    • (b) occurred in Canada and was a discriminatory practice within the meaning of section 5, 8, 10 or 12 in respect of which no particular individual is identifiable as the victim;

    • (c) occurred outside Canada and the victim of the practice was at the time of the act or omission a Canadian citizen or an individual lawfully admitted to Canada for permanent residence.

  • Marginal note:Determination of status

    (6) Where a question arises under subsection (5) as to the status of an individual in relation to a complaint, the Commission shall refer the question of status to the appropriate Minister and shall not proceed with the complaint unless the question of status is resolved thereby in favour of the complainant.

  • Marginal note:No complaints to be dealt with in certain cases

    (7) No complaint may be dealt with by the Commission pursuant to subsection (1) that relates to the terms and conditions of a superannuation or pension fund or plan, if the relief sought would require action to be taken that would deprive any contributor to, participant in or member of, the fund or plan of any rights acquired under the fund or plan before March 1, 1978 or of any pension or other benefits accrued under the fund or plan to that date, including

    • (a) any rights and benefits based on a particular age of retirement; and

    • (b) any accrued survivor’s benefits.

  • R.S., 1985, c. H-6, s. 40;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (1st Supp.), s. 62;
  • 1995, c. 44, s. 47;
  • 1998, c. 9, s. 23;
  • 2013, c. 37, s. 3.
Marginal note:Definitions
  •  (1) In this section,

    designated groups

    groupes désignés

    designated groups has the meaning assigned in section 3 of the Employment Equity Act; (groupes désignés)

    employer

    employeur

    employer means a person who or organization that discharges the obligations of an employer under the Employment Equity Act. (employeur)

  • Marginal note:Employment equity complaints

    (2) No complaint may be dealt with by the Commission pursuant to section 40 where

    • (a) the complaint is made against an employer alleging that the employer has engaged in a discriminatory practice set out in section 7 or paragraph 10(a); and

    • (b) the complaint is based solely on statistical information that purports to show that members of one or more designated groups are underrepresented in the employer’s workforce.

  • 1995, c. 44, s. 48.
 
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