Canadian Human Rights Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. H-6)

Act current to 2017-11-06 and last amended on 2017-06-19. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Commission to deal with complaint
  •  (1) Subject to section 40, the Commission shall deal with any complaint filed with it unless in respect of that complaint it appears to the Commission that

    • (a) the alleged victim of the discriminatory practice to which the complaint relates ought to exhaust grievance or review procedures otherwise reasonably available;

    • (b) the complaint is one that could more appropriately be dealt with, initially or completely, according to a procedure provided for under an Act of Parliament other than this Act;

    • (c) the complaint is beyond the jurisdiction of the Commission;

    • (d) the complaint is trivial, frivolous, vexatious or made in bad faith; or

    • (e) the complaint is based on acts or omissions the last of which occurred more than one year, or such longer period of time as the Commission considers appropriate in the circumstances, before receipt of the complaint.

  • Marginal note:Commission may decline to deal with complaint

    (2) The Commission may decline to deal with a complaint referred to in paragraph 10(a) in respect of an employer where it is of the opinion that the matter has been adequately dealt with in the employer’s employment equity plan prepared pursuant to section 10 of the Employment Equity Act.

  • Meaning of employer

    (3) In this section, employer means a person who or organization that discharges the obligations of an employer under the Employment Equity Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. H-6, s. 41;
  • 1994, c. 26, s. 34(F);
  • 1995, c. 44, s. 49.
Marginal note:Notice
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), when the Commission decides not to deal with a complaint, it shall send a written notice of its decision to the complainant setting out the reason for its decision.

  • Marginal note:Attributing fault for delay

    (2) Before deciding that a complaint will not be dealt with because a procedure referred to in paragraph 41(a) has not been exhausted, the Commission shall satisfy itself that the failure to exhaust the procedure was attributable to the complainant and not to another.

  • 1976-77, c. 33, s. 34.

Investigation

Marginal note:Designation of investigator
  •  (1) The Commission may designate a person, in this Part referred to as an “investigator”, to investigate a complaint.

  • Marginal note:Manner of investigation

    (2) An investigator shall investigate a complaint in a manner authorized by regulations made pursuant to subsection (4).

  • Marginal note:Power to enter

    (2.1) Subject to such limitations as the Governor in Council may prescribe in the interests of national defence or security, an investigator with a warrant issued under subsection (2.2) may, at any reasonable time, enter and search any premises in order to carry out such inquiries as are reasonably necessary for the investigation of a complaint.

  • Marginal note:Authority to issue warrant

    (2.2) Where on ex parte application a judge of the Federal Court is satisfied by information on oath that there are reasonable grounds to believe that there is in any premises any evidence relevant to the investigation of a complaint, the judge may issue a warrant under the judge’s hand authorizing the investigator named therein to enter and search those premises for any such evidence subject to such conditions as may be specified in the warrant.

  • Marginal note:Use of force

    (2.3) In executing a warrant issued under subsection (2.2), the investigator named therein shall not use force unless the investigator is accompanied by a peace officer and the use of force has been specifically authorized in the warrant.

  • Marginal note:Production of books

    (2.4) An investigator may require any individual found in any premises entered pursuant to this section to produce for inspection or for the purpose of obtaining copies thereof or extracts therefrom any books or other documents containing any matter relevant to the investigation being conducted by the investigator.

  • Marginal note:Obstruction

    (3) No person shall obstruct an investigator in the investigation of a complaint.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (4) The Governor in Council may make regulations

    • (a) prescribing procedures to be followed by investigators;

    • (b) authorizing the manner in which complaints are to be investigated pursuant to this Part; and

    • (c) prescribing limitations for the purpose of subsection (2.1).

  • R.S., 1985, c. H-6, s. 43;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (1st Supp.), s. 63.
Marginal note:Report
  •  (1) An investigator shall, as soon as possible after the conclusion of an investigation, submit to the Commission a report of the findings of the investigation.

  • Marginal note:Action on receipt of report

    (2) If, on receipt of a report referred to in subsection (1), the Commission is satisfied

    • (a) that the complainant ought to exhaust grievance or review procedures otherwise reasonably available, or

    • (b) that the complaint could more appropriately be dealt with, initially or completely, by means of a procedure provided for under an Act of Parliament other than this Act,

    it shall refer the complainant to the appropriate authority.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (3) On receipt of a report referred to in subsection (1), the Commission

    • (a) may request the Chairperson of the Tribunal to institute an inquiry under section 49 into the complaint to which the report relates if the Commission is satisfied

      • (i) that, having regard to all the circumstances of the complaint, an inquiry into the complaint is warranted, and

      • (ii) that the complaint to which the report relates should not be referred pursuant to subsection (2) or dismissed on any ground mentioned in paragraphs 41(c) to (e); or

    • (b) shall dismiss the complaint to which the report relates if it is satisfied

      • (i) that, having regard to all the circumstances of the complaint, an inquiry into the complaint is not warranted, or

      • (ii) that the complaint should be dismissed on any ground mentioned in paragraphs 41(c) to (e).

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (4) After receipt of a report referred to in subsection (1), the Commission

    • (a) shall notify in writing the complainant and the person against whom the complaint was made of its action under subsection (2) or (3); and

    • (b) may, in such manner as it sees fit, notify any other person whom it considers necessary to notify of its action under subsection (2) or (3).

  • R.S., 1985, c. H-6, s. 44;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (1st Supp.), s. 64;
  • 1998, c. 9, s. 24.

Definition of Review Committee

  •  (1) In this section and section 46, Review Committee has the meaning assigned to that expression by the Canadian Security Intelligence Service Act.

  • Marginal note:Complaint involving security considerations

    (2) When, at any stage after the filing of a complaint and before the commencement of a hearing before a member or panel in respect of the complaint, the Commission receives written notice from a minister of the Crown that the practice to which the complaint relates was based on considerations relating to the security of Canada, the Commission may

    • (a) dismiss the complaint; or

    • (b) refer the matter to the Review Committee.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (3) After receipt of a notice mentioned in subsection (2), the Commission

    • (a) shall notify in writing the complainant and the person against whom the complaint was made of its action under paragraph (2)(a) or (b); and

    • (b) may, in such manner as it sees fit, notify any other person whom it considers necessary to notify of its action under paragraph 2(a) or (b).

  • Marginal note:Stay of procedures

    (4) Where the Commission has referred the matter to the Review Committee pursuant to paragraph (2)(b), it shall not deal with the complaint until the Review Committee has, pursuant to subsection 46(1), provided it with a report in relation to the matter.

  • Marginal note:Application of the Canadian Security Intelligence Service Act

    (5) Where a matter is referred to the Review Committee pursuant to paragraph (2)(b), subsections 39(2) and (3) and sections 43, 44 and 47 to 51 of the Canadian Security Intelligence Service Act apply, with such modifications as the circumstances require, to the matter as if the referral were a complaint made pursuant to section 42 of that Act except that a reference in any of those provisions to “deputy head” shall be read as a reference to the minister referred to in subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Statement to be sent to person affected

    (6) The Review Committee shall, as soon as practicable after a matter in relation to a complaint is referred to it pursuant to paragraph (2)(b), send to the complainant a statement summarizing such information available to it as will enable the complainant to be as fully informed as possible of the circumstances giving rise to the referral.

  • R.S., 1985, c. H-6, s. 45;
  • 1998, c. 9, s. 25.
 
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