Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (S.C. 2001, c. 27)

Act current to 2015-11-16 and last amended on 2015-07-01. Previous Versions

Claimant Without Identification

Marginal note:Credibility

 The Refugee Protection Division must take into account, with respect to the credibility of a claimant, whether the claimant possesses acceptable documentation establishing identity, and if not, whether they have provided a reasonable explanation for the lack of documentation or have taken reasonable steps to obtain the documentation.

Decision on Claim for Refugee Protection

Marginal note:Decision
  •  (1) The Refugee Protection Division shall accept a claim for refugee protection if it determines that the claimant is a Convention refugee or person in need of protection, and shall otherwise reject the claim.

  • Marginal note:No credible basis

    (2) If the Refugee Protection Division is of the opinion, in rejecting a claim, that there was no credible or trustworthy evidence on which it could have made a favourable decision, it shall state in its reasons for the decision that there is no credible basis for the claim.

Marginal note:Manifestly unfounded

 If the Refugee Protection Division rejects a claim for refugee protection, it must state in its reasons for the decision that the claim is manifestly unfounded if it is of the opinion that the claim is clearly fraudulent.

  • 2010, c. 8, s. 11.1;
  • 2012, c. 17, s. 57.

Cessation of Refugee Protection

Marginal note:Rejection
  •  (1) A claim for refugee protection shall be rejected, and a person is not a Convention refugee or a person in need of protection, in any of the following circumstances:

    • (a) the person has voluntarily reavailed themself of the protection of their country of nationality;

    • (b) the person has voluntarily reacquired their nationality;

    • (c) the person has acquired a new nationality and enjoys the protection of the country of that new nationality;

    • (d) the person has voluntarily become re-established in the country that the person left or remained outside of and in respect of which the person claimed refugee protection in Canada; or

    • (e) the reasons for which the person sought refugee protection have ceased to exist.

  • Marginal note:Cessation of refugee protection

    (2) On application by the Minister, the Refugee Protection Division may determine that refugee protection referred to in subsection 95(1) has ceased for any of the reasons described in subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Effect of decision

    (3) If the application is allowed, the claim of the person is deemed to be rejected.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (4) Paragraph (1)(e) does not apply to a person who establishes that there are compelling reasons arising out of previous persecution, torture, treatment or punishment for refusing to avail themselves of the protection of the country which they left, or outside of which they remained, due to such previous persecution, torture, treatment or punishment.