Income Tax Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. 1 (5th Supp.))

Act current to 2015-08-04 and last amended on 2015-08-01. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Application of ss. 223(1) to (8) and (12)
  •  (1) Subsections 223(1) to 223(8) and 223(12) are applicable with respect to certificates made under section 223 or section 223 of the Income Tax Act, chapter 148 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1952, after 1971 and documents evidencing such certificates that were issued by the Federal Court and that were filed, registered or otherwise recorded after 1977 under the laws of a province, except that, where any such certificate or document was the subject of an action pending in a court on February 10, 1988 or the subject of a court decision given on or before that date, section 223 shall be read, for the purposes of applying it with respect to that certificate or document, as section 223 of the Income Tax Act, chapter 148 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1952, read at the time the certificate was registered or the document was issued, as the case may be.

  • Marginal note:Application of ss. 223(9) to (11)

    (2) Subsections 223(9) to 223(11) are applicable with respect to certificates made under section 223, or section 223 of the Income Tax Act, chapter 148 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1952, after September 13, 1988.

  • NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text;
  • see relevant amending Acts. 1988, c. 55, s. 168.
Marginal note:Garnishment
  •  (1) Where the Minister has knowledge or suspects that a person is, or will be within one year, liable to make a payment to another person who is liable to make a payment under this Act (in this subsection and subsections 224(1.1) and 224(3) referred to as the “tax debtor”), the Minister may in writing require the person to pay forthwith, where the moneys are immediately payable, and in any other case as and when the moneys become payable, the moneys otherwise payable to the tax debtor in whole or in part to the Receiver General on account of the tax debtor’s liability under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (1.1) Without limiting the generality of subsection 224(1), where the Minister has knowledge or suspects that within 90 days

    • (a) a bank, credit union, trust company or other similar person (in this section referred to as the “institution”) will lend or advance moneys to, or make a payment on behalf of, or make a payment in respect of a negotiable instrument issued by, a tax debtor who is indebted to the institution and who has granted security in respect of the indebtedness, or

    • (b) a person, other than an institution, will lend or advance moneys to, or make a payment on behalf of, a tax debtor who the Minister knows or suspects

      • (i) is employed by, or is engaged in providing services or property to, that person or was or will be, within 90 days, so employed or engaged, or

      • (ii) where that person is a corporation, is not dealing at arm’s length with that person,

    the Minister may in writing require the institution or person, as the case may be, to pay in whole or in part to the Receiver General on account of the tax debtor’s liability under this Act the moneys that would otherwise be so lent, advanced or paid and any moneys so paid to the Receiver General shall be deemed to have been lent, advanced or paid, as the case may be, to the tax debtor.

  • Marginal note:Garnishment

    (1.2) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act, any other enactment of Canada, any enactment of a province or any law, but subject to subsections 69(1) and 69.1(1) of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act and section 11.09 of the Companies’ Creditors Arrangement Act, if the Minister has knowledge or suspects that a particular person is, or will become within one year, liable to make a payment

    • (a) to another person (in this subsection referred to as the “tax debtor”) who is liable to pay an amount assessed under subsection 227(10.1) or a similar provision, or

    • (b) to a secured creditor who has a right to receive the payment that, but for a security interest in favour of the secured creditor, would be payable to the tax debtor,

    the Minister may in writing require the particular person to pay forthwith, where the moneys are immediately payable, and in any other case as and when the moneys become payable, the moneys otherwise payable to the tax debtor or the secured creditor in whole or in part to the Receiver General on account of the tax debtor’s liability under subsection 227(10.1) or the similar provision, and on receipt of that requirement by the particular person, the amount of those moneys that is so required to be paid to the Receiver General shall, notwithstanding any security interest in those moneys, become the property of Her Majesty to the extent of that liability as assessed by the Minister and shall be paid to the Receiver General in priority to any such security interest.

  • Marginal note:Definitions

    (1.3) In subsection 224(1.2),

    “secured creditor”

    « créancier garanti »

    “secured creditor” means a person who has a security interest in the property of another person or who acts for or on behalf of that person with respect to the security interest and includes a trustee appointed under a trust deed relating to a security interest, a receiver or receiver-manager appointed by a secured creditor or by a court on the application of a secured creditor, a sequestrator or any other person performing a similar function;

    “security interest”

    « garantie »

    “security interest” means any interest in, or for civil law any right in, property that secures payment or performance of an obligation and includes an interest, or for civil law a right, created by or arising out of a debenture, mortgage, hypothec, lien, pledge, charge, deemed or actual trust, assignment or encumbrance of any kind whatever, however or whenever arising, created, deemed to arise or otherwise provided for;

    “similar provision”

    « disposition semblable »

    “similar provision” means a provision, similar to subsection 227(10.1), of any Act of a province that imposes a tax similar to the tax imposed under this Act, where the province has entered into an agreement with the Minister of Finance for the collection of the taxes payable to the province under that Act.

  • Marginal note:Garnishment

    (1.4) Provisions of this Act that provide that a person who has been required to do so by the Minister must pay to the Receiver General an amount that would otherwise be lent, advanced or paid to a taxpayer who is liable to make a payment under this Act, or to that taxpayer’s secured creditor, apply to Her Majesty in right of Canada or a province.

  • Marginal note:Minister’s receipt discharges original liability

    (2) The receipt of the Minister for moneys paid as required under this section is a good and sufficient discharge of the original liability to the extent of the payment.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (3) Where the Minister has, under this section, required a person to pay to the Receiver General on account of a liability under this Act of a tax debtor moneys otherwise payable by the person to the tax debtor as interest, rent, remuneration, a dividend, an annuity or other periodic payment, the requirement applies to all such payments to be made by the person to the tax debtor until the liability under this Act is satisfied and operates to require payments to the Receiver General out of each such payment of such amount as is stipulated by the Minister in the requirement.

  • Marginal note:Failure to comply with s. (1), (1.2) or (3) requirement

    (4) Every person who fails to comply with a requirement under subsection 224(1), 224(1.2) or 224(3) is liable to pay to Her Majesty an amount equal to the amount that the person was required under subsection 224(1), 224(1.2) or 224(3), as the case may be, to pay to the Receiver General.

  • Marginal note:Failure to comply with s. (1.1) requirement

    (4.1) Every institution or person that fails to comply with a requirement under subsection 224(1.1) with respect to moneys to be lent, advanced or paid is liable to pay to Her Majesty an amount equal to the lesser of

    • (a) the total of moneys so lent, advanced or paid, and

    • (b) the amount that the institution or person was required under that subsection to pay to the Receiver General.

  • Marginal note:Service of garnishee

    (5) Where a person carries on business under a name or style other than the person’s own name, notification to the person of a requirement under subsection 224(1), 224(1.1) or 224(1.2) may be addressed to the name or style under which the person carries on business and, in the case of personal service, shall be deemed to be validly served if it is left with an adult person employed at the place of business of the addressee.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (6) Where persons carry on business in partnership, notification to the persons of a requirement under subsection 224(1), 224(1.1) or 224(1.2) may be addressed to the partnership name and, in the case of personal service, shall be deemed to be validly served if it is served on one of the partners or left with an adult person employed at the place of business of the partnership.

  • NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text;
  • see relevant amending Acts. R.S., 1985, c. 1 (5th Supp.), s. 224;
  • 1994, c. 7, Sch. V, s. 91, Sch. VIII, s. 130, c. 21, s. 101;
  • 1997, c. 12, s. 128;
  • 2001, c. 17, s. 228(E);
  • 2005, c. 47, s. 139;
  • 2007, c. 36, s. 108;
  • 2013, c. 34, s. 161.