Canada National Parks Act (S.C. 2000, c. 32)

Act current to 2017-12-11 and last amended on 2017-06-19. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Custody of things seized
  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3) and sections 28 and 29, where a park warden or enforcement officer seizes a thing under this Act or under a warrant issued pursuant to the Criminal Code,

    • (a) sections 489.1 and 490 of the Criminal Code apply; and

    • (b) the warden or officer, or any person that the warden or officer may designate, shall retain custody of the thing, subject to any order made under section 490 of the Criminal Code.

  • Marginal note:Forfeiture where ownership not ascertainable

    (2) If the lawful ownership of or entitlement to a seized thing cannot be ascertained within 30 days after its seizure, the thing or any proceeds of its disposition are forfeited to Her Majesty in right of Canada, if the thing was seized by a park warden or by an enforcement officer employed in the federal public administration, or to Her Majesty in right of a province, if the thing was seized by an enforcement officer employed by a provincial, municipal or local authority or an aboriginal government.

  • Marginal note:Perishable things

    (3) If a seized thing is perishable, the park warden or enforcement officer may dispose of it or destroy it, and any proceeds of its disposition shall be paid to the lawful owner or person lawfully entitled to possession of the thing, unless proceedings under this Act are commenced within 90 days after its seizure, or shall be retained by the warden or officer pending the outcome of those proceedings.

  • 2000, c. 32, s. 23;
  • 2002, c. 18, s. 31.4;
  • 2003, c. 22, s. 224(E);
  • 2009, c. 14, s. 31(F).
Marginal note:Liability for costs

 If a thing is seized under this Act, the person who owned the thing at the time that it was seized, the person who had charge or control of the thing immediately before it was seized and the person who possessed it immediately before it was seized are jointly and severally, or solidarily, liable for all the costs of seizure, detention, maintenance and forfeiture, including any destruction or disposal costs, incurred by Her Majesty in right of Canada in relation to the thing in excess of any proceeds of its disposition, if any.

  • 2009, c. 14, s. 32.

Offences and Punishment

Marginal note:Offence
  •  (1) Every person who contravenes section 13, subsection 32(1) or a provision of the regulations designated by regulations made under paragraph 16(1)(y) is guilty of an offence and liable

    • (a) on conviction on indictment,

      • (i) in the case of an individual,

        • (A) for a first offence, to a fine of not less than $15,000 and not more than $1,000,000, and

        • (B) for a second or subsequent offence, to a fine of not less than $30,000 and not more than $2,000,000,

      • (ii) in the case of a person, other than an individual or a corporation referred to in subparagraph (iii),

        • (A) for a first offence, to a fine of not less than $500,000 and not more than $6,000,000, and

        • (B) for a second or subsequent offence, to a fine of not less than $1,000,000 and not more than $12,000,000, and

      • (iii) in the case of a corporation that the court has determined under section 27.1 to be a small revenue corporation,

        • (A) for a first offence, to a fine of not less than $75,000 and not more than $4,000,000, and

        • (B) for a second or subsequent offence, to a fine of not less than $150,000 and not more than $8,000,000; or

    • (b) on summary conviction,

      • (i) in the case of an individual,

        • (A) for a first offence, to a fine of not less than $5,000 and not more than $300,000, and

        • (B) for a second or subsequent offence, to a fine of not less than $10,000 and not more than $600,000,

      • (ii) in the case of a person, other than an individual or a corporation referred to in subparagraph (iii),

        • (A) for a first offence, to a fine of not less than $100,000 and not more than $4,000,000, and

        • (B) for a second or subsequent offence, to a fine of not less than $200,000 and not more than $8,000,000, and

      • (iii) in the case of a corporation that the court has determined under section 27.1 to be a small revenue corporation,

        • (A) for a first offence, to a fine of not less than $25,000 and not more than $2,000,000, and

        • (B) for a second or subsequent offence, to a fine of not less than $50,000 and not more than $4,000,000.

  • Marginal note:Offence

    (2) Every person who contravenes any provision of the regulations other than a provision designated by regulations made under paragraph 16(1)(y), any condition of a permit, licence or other authorizing instrument issued under the regulations or under subsection 41.1(3) or (4) or 41.4(2) or (3) or any order or direction given by a superintendent, park warden or enforcement officer under subsection 41.1(3) or (4) or 41.4(2) or (3) is guilty of an offence and liable

    • (a) on conviction on indictment,

      • (i) in the case of an individual,

        • (A) for a first offence, to a fine of not more than $100,000, and

        • (B) for a second or subsequent offence, to a fine of not more than $200,000,

      • (ii) in the case of a person, other than an individual or a corporation referred to in subparagraph (iii),

        • (A) for a first offence, to a fine of not more than $500,000, and

        • (B) for a second or subsequent offence, to a fine of not more than $1,000,000, and

      • (iii) in the case of a corporation that the court has determined under section 27.1 to be a small revenue corporation,

        • (A) for a first offence, to a fine of not more than $250,000, and

        • (B) for a second or subsequent offence, to a fine of not more than $500,000; or

    • (b) on summary conviction,

      • (i) in the case of an individual,

        • (A) for a first offence, to a fine of not more than $25,000, and

        • (B) for a second or subsequent offence, to a fine of not more than $50,000,

      • (ii) in the case of a person, other than an individual or a corporation referred to in subparagraph (iii),

        • (A) for a first offence, to a fine of not more than $250,000, and

        • (B) for a second or subsequent offence, to a fine of not more than $500,000, and

      • (iii) in the case of a corporation that the court has determined under section 27.1 to be a small revenue corporation,

        • (A) for a first offence, to a fine of not more than $50,000, and

        • (B) for a second or subsequent offence, to a fine of not more than $100,000.

  • 2000, c. 32, s. 24;
  • 2009, c. 14, s. 33, c. 17, ss. 3, 12;
  • 2014, c. 35, s. 2.
Marginal note:Trafficking in wild animals, etc.
  •  (1) Except as permitted by this Act or the regulations, no person shall traffic in any wild animal, whether living or dead, at any developmental stage, in any part of or any derivative of, or in any egg or embryo of, a wild animal — or in any plant or part of a plant or in any other naturally occurring object or product of natural phenomena — taken in or from a park.

  • Marginal note:Offence

    (2) Every person who contravenes subsection (1) is guilty of an offence and liable

    • (a) on conviction on indictment,

      • (i) in the case of an individual,

        • (A) for a first offence, to a fine of not less than $7,500 and not more than $500,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than one year, or to both, and

        • (B) for a second or subsequent offence, to a fine of not less than $15,000 and not more than $1,000,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than one year, or to both,

      • (ii) in the case of a person, other than an individual or a corporation referred to in subparagraph (iii),

        • (A) for a first offence, to a fine of not less than $400,000 and not more than $5,000,000, and

        • (B) for a second or subsequent offence, to a fine of not less than $800,000 and not more than $10,000,000, and

      • (iii) in the case of a corporation that the court has determined under section 27.1 to be a small revenue corporation,

        • (A) for a first offence, to a fine of not less than $25,000 and not more than $3,000,000, and

        • (B) for a second or subsequent offence, to a fine of not less than $50,000 and not more than $6,000,000; or

    • (b) on summary conviction,

      • (i) in the case of an individual,

        • (A) for a first offence, to a fine of not less than $4,000 and not more than $225,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than six months, or to both, and

        • (B) for a second or subsequent offence, to a fine of not less than $8,000 and not more than $450,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than six months, or to both,

      • (ii) in the case of a person, other than an individual or a corporation referred to in subparagraph (iii),

        • (A) for a first offence, to a fine of not less than $50,000 and not more than $3,000,000, and

        • (B) for a second or subsequent offence, to a fine of not less than $100,000 and not more than $6,000,000, and

      • (iii) in the case of a corporation that the court has determined under section 27.1 to be a small revenue corporation,

        • (A) for a first offence, to a fine of not less than $15,000 and not more than $1,250,000, and

        • (B) for a second or subsequent offence, to a fine of not less than $30,000 and not more than $2,500,000.

  • Definition of traffic

    (3) In this section and section 26, traffic means to sell, offer for sale, expose for sale, buy, offer to buy, solicit, barter, exchange, give, send, transport or deliver.

  • 2000, c. 32, s. 25;
  • 2009, c. 14, s. 34, c. 17, ss. 4, 12.
 
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