National Defence Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. N-5)

Act current to 2016-09-18 and last amended on 2015-06-01. Previous Versions

Personal Effects of Absentees

Marginal note:Vesting and disposal

 The personal belongings and decorations of an officer or non-commissioned member who is absent without leave that are found in camp, quarters or otherwise in the care or custody of the Canadian Forces vest in Her Majesty and shall be disposed of in accordance with regulations made by the Governor in Council.

  • R.S., 1985, c. N-5, s. 44;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (1st Supp.), s. 60.

Boards of Inquiry

Marginal note:Convening boards
  •  (1) The Minister, and such other authorities as the Minister may prescribe or appoint for that purpose, may, where it is expedient that the Minister or any such other authority should be informed on any matter connected with the government, discipline, administration or functions of the Canadian Forces or affecting any officer or non-commissioned member, convene a board of inquiry for the purpose of investigating and reporting on that matter.

  • Marginal note:Powers

    (2) A board of inquiry has, in relation to the matter before it, power

    • (a) to summon any person before the board and compel the person to give oral or written evidence on oath and to produce any documents and things under the person’s control that it considers necessary for the full investigation and consideration of that matter;

    • (b) to administer oaths;

    • (c) to receive and accept, on oath or by affidavit or otherwise, any evidence and other information the board sees fit, whether or not the evidence or information is or would be admissible in a court of law; and

    • (d) to examine any record and make any inquiry that the board considers necessary.

  • Marginal note:Access to on-board recordings

    (3) For greater certainty, a board of inquiry may have access to an on-board recording, as defined in subsection 22(1) of the Aeronautics Act, only if it is made available under that Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. N-5, s. 45;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (1st Supp.), s. 60;
  • 1998, c. 35, s. 13;
  • 2014, c. 29, s. 22.
Marginal note:Witness not excused from testifying
  •  (1) No witness shall be excused from answering any question relating to a matter before a board of inquiry when required to do so by the board of inquiry on the ground that the answer to the question may tend to criminate the witness or subject the witness to any proceeding or penalty.

  • Marginal note:Answer not receivable

    (2) No answer given or statement made by a witness in response to a question described in subsection (1) may be used or receivable against the witness in any disciplinary, criminal or civil proceeding, other than a hearing or proceeding in respect of an allegation that the witness gave the answer or made the statement knowing it to be false.

  • 1998, c. 35, s. 14.

Cadet Organizations

Marginal note:Formation
  •  (1) The Minister may authorize the formation of cadet organizations under the control and supervision of the Canadian Forces to consist of persons of not less than twelve years of age who have not attained the age of nineteen years.

  • Marginal note:Training, administration, provision and command

    (2) The cadet organizations referred to in subsection (1) shall be trained for such periods, administered in such manner and provided with materiel and accommodation under such conditions, and shall be subject to the authority and command of such officers, as the Minister may direct.

  • Marginal note:Not part of Canadian Forces

    (3) The cadet organizations referred to in subsection (1) are not comprised in the Canadian Forces.

  • R.S., c. N-4, s. 43;
  • 1974-75-76, c. 36, Sch. (DND) vote 1d, c. 66, s. 21.

Educational Institutions

Marginal note:Establishment
  •  (1) The Governor in Council, and any other authorities that are prescribed or appointed by the Governor in Council for that purpose, may in the interests of national defence establish institutions for the training and education of officers and non-commissioned members, officers and employees of the Department, candidates for enrolment in the Canadian Forces or for employment in the Department and other persons whose attendance has been authorized by or on behalf of the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Control and administration

    (2) The institutions referred to in subsection (1) shall be governed and administered in the manner prescribed by the Minister.

  • R.S., 1985, c. N-5, s. 47;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (1st Supp.), s. 60;
  • 1998, c. 35, s. 15.

Service Associations

Marginal note:Establishment
  •  (1) The Governor in Council may establish associations and organizations for purposes designed to further the defence of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Accommodation, materiel and facilities

    (2) The Minister may authorize the provision of accommodation, materiel and facilities for the training, practice and use of the associations and organizations mentioned in subsection (1) and other associations and organizations designed to further the defence of Canada, whether or not the members of such associations and organizations are officers or non-commissioned members.

  • R.S., 1985, c. N-5, s. 48;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (1st Supp.), s. 60.

Exercise of Authority

Marginal note:Exercise of authority of officer or non-commissioned member by another

 Any power or jurisdiction given to, and any act or thing to be done by, to or before any officer or non-commissioned member may be exercised by, or done by, to or before any other officer or non-commissioned member for the time being authorized in that behalf by regulations or according to the custom of the service.

  • R.S., 1985, c. N-5, s. 49;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (1st Supp.), s. 60.
Marginal note:Method of signifying orders

 Orders made under this Act may be signified by an order, instruction or letter under the hand of any officer whom the authority that made those orders has authorized to issue orders on its behalf, and any order, instruction or letter purporting to be signed by any officer appearing therein to be so authorized is evidence that the officer is so authorized.

  • R.S., c. N-4, s. 47.

Notification of Orders

Marginal note:Publication
  •  (1) All regulations and all orders and instructions issued to the Canadian Forces shall be held to be sufficiently notified to any person whom they may concern by their publication, in the manner prescribed in regulations made by the Governor in Council, in the unit or other element in which that person is serving.

  • Marginal note:Registered mail

    (2) All regulations and all orders and instructions relating to or in any way affecting an officer or non-commissioned member of the reserve force who is not serving with a unit or other element shall, when sent to the officer or non-commissioned member by registered mail, addressed to the latest known place of abode or business of the officer or non-commissioned member, be held to be sufficiently notified.

  • Marginal note:Saving provision

    (3) Notwithstanding subsections (1) and (2), all regulations and all orders and instructions referred to in those subsections shall be held to be sufficiently notified to any person whom they may concern by their publication in the Canada Gazette.

  • R.S., 1985, c. N-5, s. 51;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (1st Supp.), s. 60(E).

Validity of Documents

Marginal note:Authenticity of documents

 A commission, appointment, warrant, order or instruction in writing purported to be granted, made or issued under this Act is evidence of its authenticity without proof of the signature or seal affixed thereto or the authority of the person granting, making or issuing it.

  • R.S., c. N-4, s. 49.
Marginal note:Signature on commissions
  •  (1) The Governor General may cause the signature of the Governor General to be affixed to a commission granted to an officer of the Canadian Forces by stamping the signature on the commission with a stamp approved by, and used for the purpose by authority of, the Governor General.

  • Marginal note:Validity of signature

    (2) A signature affixed in accordance with subsection (1) is as valid and effectual as if it were in the handwriting of the Governor General, and neither its authenticity nor the authority of the person by whom it was affixed shall be called in question, except on behalf of Her Majesty.

  • R.S., c. N-4, s. 50.
Marginal note:Validity of bonds

 Every bond to Her Majesty entered into by any person before a judge, a justice of the peace or an officer of the Canadian Forces, including a military judge, for the purpose of securing the payment of a sum of money or the performance of a duty or act required or authorized by this Act or by regulations is valid and may be enforced accordingly.

  • R.S., 1985, c. N-5, s. 54;
  • 1998, c. 35, s. 16.

PART IIICode of Service Discipline

DIVISION 1Disciplinary Jurisdiction of the Canadian Forces

Application

 [Repealed, 1998, c. 35, s. 17]

Marginal note:Persons subject to Code of Service Discipline
  •  (1) The following persons are subject to the Code of Service Discipline:

    • (a) an officer or non-commissioned member of the regular force;

    • (b) an officer or non-commissioned member of the special force;

    • (c) an officer or non-commissioned member of the reserve force when the officer or non-commissioned member is

      • (i) undergoing drill or training, whether in uniform or not,

      • (ii) in uniform,

      • (iii) on duty,

      • (iv) [Repealed, 1998, c. 35, s. 19]

      • (v) called out under Part VI in aid of the civil power,

      • (vi) called out on service,

      • (vii) placed on active service,

      • (viii) in or on any vessel, vehicle or aircraft of the Canadian Forces or in or on any defence establishment or work for defence,

      • (ix) serving with any unit or other element of the regular force or the special force, or

      • (x) present, whether in uniform or not, at any drill or training of a unit or other element of the Canadian Forces;

    • (d) subject to such exceptions, adaptations and modifications as the Governor in Council may by regulations prescribe, a person who, pursuant to law or pursuant to an agreement between Canada and the state in whose armed forces the person is serving, is attached or seconded as an officer or non-commissioned member to the Canadian Forces;

    • (e) a person, not otherwise subject to the Code of Service Discipline, who is serving in the position of an officer or non-commissioned member of any force raised and maintained outside Canada by Her Majesty in right of Canada and commanded by an officer of the Canadian Forces;

    • (f) a person, not otherwise subject to the Code of Service Discipline, who accompanies any unit or other element of the Canadian Forces that is on service or active service in any place;

    • (g) subject to such exceptions, adaptations and modifications as the Governor in Council may by regulations prescribe, a person attending an institution established under section 47;

    • (h) an alleged spy for the enemy;

    • (i) a person, not otherwise subject to the Code of Service Discipline, who, in respect of any service offence committed or alleged to have been committed by the person, is in civil custody or in service custody; and

    • (j) a person, not otherwise subject to the Code of Service Discipline, while serving with the Canadian Forces under an engagement with the Minister whereby the person agreed to be subject to that Code.

  • Marginal note:Continuing liability

    (2) Every person subject to the Code of Service Discipline under subsection (1) at the time of the alleged commission by the person of a service offence continues to be liable to be charged, dealt with and tried in respect of that offence under the Code of Service Discipline notwithstanding that the person may have, since the commission of that offence, ceased to be a person described in subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Retention of status and rank

    (3) Every person who, since allegedly committing a service offence, has ceased to be a person described in subsection (1), shall for the purposes of the Code of Service Discipline be deemed, for the period during which under that Code he is liable to be charged, dealt with and tried, to have the same status and rank that he held immediately before so ceasing to be a person described in subsection (1).

  • R.S., 1985, c. N-5, s. 60;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (1st Supp.), s. 60;
  • 1998, c. 35, s. 19.
 
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