Official Languages Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. 31 (4th Supp.))

Act current to 2016-06-21 and last amended on 2015-06-23. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Commissioner may apply or appear
  •  (1) The Commissioner may

    • (a) within the time limits prescribed by paragraph 77(2)(a) or (b), apply to the Court for a remedy under this Part in relation to a complaint investigated by the Commissioner if the Commissioner has the consent of the complainant;

    • (b) appear before the Court on behalf of any person who has applied under section 77 for a remedy under this Part; or

    • (c) with leave of the Court, appear as a party to any proceedings under this Part.

  • Marginal note:Complainant may appear as party

    (2) Where the Commissioner makes an application under paragraph (1)(a), the complainant may appear as a party to any proceedings resulting from the application.

  • Marginal note:Capacity to intervene

    (3) Nothing in this section abrogates or derogates from the capacity of the Commissioner to seek leave to intervene in any adjudicative proceedings relating to the status or use of English or French.

Marginal note:Evidence relating to similar complaint

 In proceedings under this Part relating to a complaint against a federal institution, the Court may admit as evidence information relating to any similar complaint under this Act in respect of the same federal institution.

Marginal note:Hearing in summary manner

 An application made under section 77 shall be heard and determined in a summary manner in accordance with any special rules made in respect of such applications pursuant to section 46 of the Federal Courts Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (4th Supp.), s. 80;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 182.
Marginal note:Costs
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), the costs of and incidental to all proceedings in the Court under this Act shall be in the discretion of the Court and shall follow the event unless the Court orders otherwise.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) Where the Court is of the opinion that an application under section 77 has raised an important new principle in relation to this Act, the Court shall order that costs be awarded to the applicant even if the applicant has not been successful in the result.

PART XIGeneral

Marginal note:Primacy of Parts I to V
  •  (1) In the event of any inconsistency between the following Parts and any other Act of Parliament or regulation thereunder, the following Parts prevail to the extent of the inconsistency:

    • (a) Part I (Proceedings of Parliament);

    • (b) Part II (Legislative and other Instruments);

    • (c) Part III (Administration of Justice);

    • (d) Part IV (Communications with and Services to the Public); and

    • (e) Part V (Language of Work).

  • Marginal note:Canadian Human Rights Act excepted

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to the Canadian Human Rights Act or any regulation made thereunder.

Marginal note:Rights relating to other languages
  •  (1) Nothing in this Act abrogates or derogates from any legal or customary right acquired or enjoyed either before or after the coming into force of this Act with respect to any language that is not English or French.

  • Marginal note:Preservation and enhancement of other languages

    (2) Nothing in this Act shall be interpreted in a manner that is inconsistent with the preservation and enhancement of languages other than English or French.

Marginal note:Consultations

 The President of the Treasury Board, or such other minister of the Crown as may be designated by the Governor in Council, shall, at a time and in a manner appropriate to the circumstances, seek the views of members of the English and French linguistic minority communities and, where appropriate, members of the public generally on proposed regulations to be made under this Act.

Marginal note:Draft of proposed regulation to be tabled
  •  (1) The President of the Treasury Board, or such other minister of the Crown as may be designated by the Governor in Council, shall, where the Governor in Council proposes to make any regulation under this Act, lay a draft of the proposed regulation before the House of Commons at least thirty days before a copy of that regulation is published in the Canada Gazette under section 86.

  • Marginal note:Calculation of thirty day period

    (2) In calculating the thirty day period referred to in subsection (1), there shall not be counted any day on which the House of Commons does not sit.

Marginal note:Publication of proposed regulation
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), a copy of each regulation that the Governor in Council proposes to make under this Act shall be published in the Canada Gazette at least thirty days before the proposed effective date thereof, and a reasonable opportunity shall be afforded to interested persons to make representations to the President of the Treasury Board with respect thereto.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) No proposed regulation need be published under subsection (1) if it has previously been published pursuant to that subsection, whether or not it has been amended as a result of representations made pursuant to that subsection.

  • Marginal note:Calculation of thirty day period

    (3) In calculating the thirty day period referred to in subsection (1), there shall not be counted any day on which neither House of Parliament sits.

Marginal note:Tabling of regulation
  •  (1) A regulation that is proposed to be made under paragraph 38(2)(a) and prescribes any part or region of Canada for the purpose of paragraph 35(1)(a) shall be laid before each House of Parliament at least thirty sitting days before the proposed effective date thereof.

  • Marginal note:Motion to disapprove proposed regulation

    (2) Where, within twenty-five sitting days after a proposed regulation is laid before either House of Parliament under subsection (1), a motion for the consideration of that House to the effect that the proposed regulation not be approved, signed by no fewer than fifteen Senators or thirty Members of the House of Commons, as the case may be, is filed with the Speaker of that House, the Speaker shall, within five sitting days after the filing of the motion, without debate or amendment, put every question necessary for the disposition of the motion.

  • Marginal note:Where motion adopted

    (3) Where a motion referred to in subsection (2) is adopted by both Houses of Parliament, the proposed regulation to which the motion relates may not be made.

  • Marginal note:Prorogation or dissolution of Parliament

    (4) Where Parliament dissolves or prorogues earlier than twenty-five sitting days after a proposed regulation is laid before both Houses of Parliament under subsection (1) and a motion has not been disposed of under subsection (2) in relation to the proposed regulation in both Houses of Parliament, the proposed regulation may not be made.

  • Definition of sitting day

    (5) For the purposes of this section, sitting day means, in respect of either House of Parliament, a day on which that House sits.

Marginal note:Permanent review of Act, etc., by parliamentary committee

 The administration of this Act, any regulations and directives made under this Act and the reports of the Commissioner, the President of the Treasury Board and the Minister of Canadian Heritage made under this Act shall be reviewed on a permanent basis by such committee of the Senate, of the House of Commons or of both Houses of Parliament as may be designated or established for that purpose.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (4th Supp.), s. 88;
  • 1995, c. 11, s. 30.
Marginal note:Section 126 of Criminal Code not applicable

 For greater certainty, it is hereby declared that section 126 of the Criminal Code does not apply to or in respect of any contravention or alleged contravention of any provision of this Act.

Marginal note:Parliamentary and judicial powers, privileges and immunities saved

 Nothing in this Act abrogates or derogates from any powers, privileges or immunities of members of the Senate or the House of Commons in respect of their personal offices and staff or of judges of any Court.

Marginal note:Staffing generally

 Nothing in Part IV or V authorizes the application of official language requirements to a particular staffing action unless those requirements are objectively required to perform the functions for which the staffing action is undertaken.

 
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