Plant Protection Act (S.C. 1990, c. 22)

Act current to 2017-12-11 and last amended on 2015-02-27. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Possessing or using misleading mark, label, tag, seal or device

 No person shall have in their possession or use

  • (a) any mark, label, tag or seal that so closely resembles one required under this Act that it is likely to be mistaken for it; or

  • (b) any device that is designed or adapted to create a mark that so closely resembles a mark required under this Act that it is likely to be mistaken for it.

  • 2015, c. 2, s. 106.

Samples

Marginal note:Disposition of samples
  •  (1) A sample taken under this Act or the regulations may be disposed of in such manner as the Minister considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Her Majesty not liable

    (2) Her Majesty is not liable for any costs, loss or damage resulting from the taking or disposition of a sample under this Act or the regulations.

Limitation on Liability

Marginal note:Her Majesty not liable

 If a person must, under this Act, do anything or permit an inspector to do anything, Her Majesty in right of Canada is not liable

  • (a) for any costs, loss or damage resulting from the compliance; or

  • (b) to pay any fee, including any rent or charge, for what is done or permitted to be done.

  • 1990, c. 22, s. 38;
  • 2015, c. 2, s. 107.
Marginal note:No liability

 No person who exercises powers or performs duties or functions under this Act is liable in respect of anything done or omitted to be done in good faith in the exercise of those powers or the performance of those duties or functions.

  • 2015, c. 2, s. 107.

Compensation

Marginal note:Compensation for treatment, etc.
  •  (1) The Minister may, in accordance with the regulations, order compensation to be paid from the Consolidated Revenue Fund in respect of

    • (a) any treatment of a place or any treatment, storage or disposition of a thing required under this Act or the regulations;

    • (b) any prohibition or restriction on the use of a place or on the movement of persons or things within, into or out of a place imposed under this Act or the regulations; or

    • (c) any prohibition or restriction on the use of a thing or on the sale or other disposition of a thing imposed under this Act or the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (2) No compensation is payable under subsection (1) in respect of

    • (a) a thing that is imported into Canada or exported from Canada in contravention of this Act or the regulations or a thing that is found to be a pest, to be infested with a pest or to constitute a biological obstacle to the control of a pest when it is inspected on importation or exportation; or

    • (b) the prohibition or restriction of the sale or movement of a thing where the sale or movement is prohibited or restricted as a result of an amendment, suspension or revocation of, or a refusal to issue or renew, a permit, certificate or other document that is required under this Act or the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (3) No compensation is payable to a person who commits a violation, or an offence under this Act, and claims compensation in respect of any place or thing by means of or in relation to which the violation or offence was committed.

  • 1990, c. 22, s. 39;
  • 1995, c. 40, s. 81;
  • 1997, c. 6, s. 83.
Marginal note:Appeal
  •  (1) A person who claims compensation and is dissatisfied with the Minister’s disposition of the claim may bring an appeal to the Assessor, but the only grounds of appeal are that the failure to award compensation was unreasonable or that the amount awarded was unreasonable.

  • Marginal note:Time limit for bringing appeal

    (2) An appeal shall be brought within three months after the claimant receives notification of the Minister’s disposition of the claim, or within such longer period as the Assessor may in any case for special reasons allow.

Marginal note:Powers of Assessor
  •  (1) On hearing an appeal, the Assessor may confirm or vary the Minister’s disposition of the claim or refer the matter back to the Minister for such further action as the Assessor may direct.

  • Marginal note:Costs

    (2) Costs may be awarded to or against the Minister in an appeal.

  • Marginal note:Decisions final

    (3) The decision of the Assessor on an appeal is final and conclusive and not subject to appeal to or review by any court.

Marginal note:Sittings and hearings
  •  (1) The Assessor may sit and hear appeals at any place or places and shall arrange for sittings and hearings as may be required.

  • Marginal note:Travel allowances

    (2) The Assessor is entitled to be paid such travel allowances as are payable for the attendances of a judge of the Federal Court under the Judges Act.

Marginal note:Procedure
  •  (1) Subject to the approval of the Governor in Council, the Assessor may make rules respecting the conduct of appeals and the procedure for the bringing of appeals.

  • Marginal note:Transitional

    (2) Subject to any rules made under subsection (1), all rules respecting the conduct of appeals and the procedure for bringing appeals to the Assessor made under section 18 of the Pesticide Residue Compensation Act that are in force at the time this section comes into force shall, to the extent that they are not inconsistent with sections 40 to 42, apply in respect of appeals brought under section 40.

  • Marginal note:Registrar

    (3) The functions of the registrar of appeals and any other person necessary to carry out the purposes of sections 40 to 42 shall be carried out by the persons who carry out similar functions under Part II of the Pesticide Residue Compensation Act.

  • 1990, c. 22, s. 43;
  • 2001, c. 4, s. 173(F).

Fees, Charges and Costs

Marginal note:Fees, charges and costs for inspections, etc.
  •  (1) Her Majesty may recover from any person referred to in subsection (2) any prescribed fees or charges and any costs incurred by Her Majesty in relation to anything required or authorized under this Act or the regulations, including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing,

    • (a) the inspection, treatment, testing or analysis of a place or thing, or the quarantine, storage, removal, disposal or return of a thing, required or authorized under this Act or the regulations; and

    • (b) the seizure, confiscation, forfeiture, detention or disposal of a thing under this Act or the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Persons liable

    (2) The fees, charges and costs are recoverable jointly and severally from the owner or occupier of the place or owner of the thing and from the person having the possession, care or control of it immediately before its inspection, treatment, testing, analysis, quarantine, storage, removal, return or disposal or, in the case of a thing seized, confiscated, forfeited, detained or disposed of under this Act or the regulations, immediately before its seizure, confiscation, forfeiture, detention or disposal.

Marginal note:Fees, charges and costs for requested services, etc.

 Her Majesty may recover from any person who requests a service or the issue, renewal or amendment of a permit, certificate or other document under this Act or the regulations any prescribed fee or charge and any costs incurred by Her Majesty in relation to rendering the service or issuing, renewing or amending the document.

Marginal note:Unpaid fees, charges or costs

 Any fees, charges or costs that are recoverable by Her Majesty under this Act or the regulations may be recovered as a debt due to Her Majesty.

  • 1990, c. 22, s. 46;
  • 1993, c. 34, s. 102.

Regulations

Marginal note:Regulations
  •  (1) The Governor in Council may make regulations for carrying out the purposes and provisions of this Act and prescribing anything that is to be prescribed under this Act, including regulations

    • (a) prohibiting or regulating the carrying out of any activity in respect of pests and of other things that are or could be infested with pests or that constitute or could constitute biological obstacles to the control of pests, including their importation and admission into Canada, their exportation from Canada and their movement within Canada;

    • (a.1) for the purposes of paragraph 7(b),

      • (i) respecting the circumstances in which a thing must be presented to an inspector, and

      • (ii) imposing conditions on an inspector’s authority to require that a thing be presented;

    • (b) governing the issue, renewal, amendment, suspension and revocation of permits, certificates or other documents on such terms and conditions as may be required for the purposes of this Act;

    • (b.1) respecting authorizations provided for in section 47.2, including the conditions to which they may be subject and their amendment, suspension or revocation;

    • (c) prohibiting or regulating the importation of food or garbage into Canada;

    • (d) regulating any activity referred to in section 6;

    • (e) designating places of entry where things may be presented for inspection and admittance into Canada;

    • (f) governing investigations and surveys to detect pests and to identify areas of infestation;

    • (g) respecting the declaration of things infested with pests and things free of infestation;

    • (h) respecting the declaration under sections 11, 12 and 15 of places that are infested;

    • (i) prohibiting or regulating the use of places that are, or are suspected of being, infested with pests and of things that are, or are suspected of being, pests or infested with pests or that constitute or could constitute biological obstacles to the control of pests;

    • (j) governing the quarantine of things;

    • (k) for the establishment of inspection and treatment centres and quarantine stations;

    • (l) governing the disposition of things that are, or are suspected of being, pests or infested with pests or that constitute or could constitute biological obstacles to the control of pests;

    • (m) respecting the detention or disposition of things seized, forfeited or confiscated under this Act;

    • (n) governing the treatment or manner of treatment to be administered to places or things and requiring persons to administer or to arrange the administration of the treatment;

    • (o) governing the removal from places where treatment is administered of persons or things that present obstacles to the treatment or that may be adversely affected by it;

    • (p) requiring things to be marked or identified or to have affixed to them labels, tags, seals or other devices and prohibiting the removal, breaking, tampering with or altering of those marks, labels, tags, seals or other devices;

    • (q) prescribing the terms and conditions on which compensation may be ordered under section 39 and the maximum levels of compensation;

    • (r) requiring documents to be furnished by inspectors;

    • (r.1) requiring persons to prepare, keep or maintain documents and to provide the Minister or an inspector with, or with access to, those documents, and respecting

      • (i) the information in those documents,

      • (ii) the manner in which they are to be prepared, kept or maintained,

      • (iii) the place where they are to be kept or maintained, and

      • (iv) the manner in which they are to be provided or access to them is to be provided;

    • (r.2) requiring persons to take or keep samples of any thing and to provide the Minister or an inspector with, or with access to, those samples, and respecting the manner in which those samples are to be taken or kept and the manner in which they are to be provided or access to them is to be provided;

    • (s) prescribing any fees or charges, or the manner of calculating any fees or charges, required for carrying out the purposes and provisions of this Act or the regulations; and

    • (t) exempting, with or without conditions, any thing, or a person or activity in respect of a thing, from the application of this Act or the regulations or a provision of this Act or the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Paragraph (1)(a) — importation

    (2) Regulations made under paragraph (1)(a) may, among other things, establish preclearance or in-transit requirements for any imported thing or anything imported with it.

  • Marginal note:Paragraph (1)(a) — prohibiting or restricting activities

    (3) Regulations made under paragraph (1)(a) may, among other things, authorize the Minister or an inspector to prohibit or restrict the carrying out of any activity in respect of a thing if the Minister or inspector has reasonable grounds to believe that the thing is a pest, is infested with a pest or constitutes a biological obstacle to the control of a pest, and prescribe conditions for the exercise of the authority.

  • Marginal note:Paragraph (1)(i)

    (4) Regulations made under paragraph (1)(i) may, among other things, authorize the Minister or an inspector to prohibit or restrict the use of a place or a thing if the Minister or inspector has reasonable grounds to believe that the place is infested with a pest or that the thing is a pest, is infested with a pest or constitutes a biological obstacle to the control of a pest, and prescribe conditions for the exercise of the authority.

  • Marginal note:Paragraph (1)(r.1)

    (5) Regulations made under paragraph (1)(r.1) may, among other things, require persons who conduct any activity regulated under this Act and who become aware that a thing that is a pest, that is or could be infested with a pest or that constitutes or could constitute a biological obstacle to the control of a pest presents a risk of harm to human, animal or plant health or the environment or does not meet the requirements of the regulations to provide written notice to that effect to the Minister or an inspector.

  • 1990, c. 22, s. 47;
  • 1993, c. 34, s. 103;
  • 2015, c. 2, s. 108.
 
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