Trade-marks Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. T-13)

Act current to 2014-09-29 and last amended on 2014-06-19. Previous Versions

VALIDITY AND EFFECT OF REGISTRATION

Marginal note:Effect of registration in relation to previous use, etc.
  •  (1) No application for registration of a trade-mark that has been advertised in accordance with section 37 shall be refused and no registration of a trade-mark shall be expunged or amended or held invalid on the ground of any previous use or making known of a confusing trade-mark or trade-name by a person other than the applicant for that registration or his predecessor in title, except at the instance of that other person or his successor in title, and the burden lies on that other person or his successor to establish that he had not abandoned the confusing trade-mark or trade-name at the date of advertisement of the applicant’s application.

  • Marginal note:When registration incontestable

    (2) In proceedings commenced after the expiration of five years from the date of registration of a trade-mark or from July 1, 1954, whichever is the later, no registration shall be expunged or amended or held invalid on the ground of the previous use or making known referred to in subsection (1), unless it is established that the person who adopted the registered trade-mark in Canada did so with knowledge of that previous use or making known.

  • R.S., c. T-10, s. 17.
Marginal note:When registration invalid
  •  (1) The registration of a trade-mark is invalid if

    • (a) the trade-mark was not registrable at the date of registration,

    • (b) the trade-mark is not distinctive at the time proceedings bringing the validity of the registration into question are commenced, or

    • (c) the trade-mark has been abandoned,

    and subject to section 17, it is invalid if the applicant for registration was not the person entitled to secure the registration.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) No registration of a trade-mark that had been so used in Canada by the registrant or his predecessor in title as to have become distinctive at the date of registration shall be held invalid merely on the ground that evidence of the distinctiveness was not submitted to the competent authority or tribunal before the grant of the registration.

  • R.S., c. T-10, s. 18.
Marginal note:Rights conferred by registration

 Subject to sections 21, 32 and 67, the registration of a trade-mark in respect of any wares or services, unless shown to be invalid, gives to the owner of the trade-mark the exclusive right to the use throughout Canada of the trade-mark in respect of those wares or services.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-13, s. 19;
  • 1993, c. 15, s. 60.
Marginal note:Infringement
  •  (1) The right of the owner of a registered trade-mark to its exclusive use shall be deemed to be infringed by a person not entitled to its use under this Act who sells, distributes or advertises wares or services in association with a confusing trade-mark or trade-name, but no registration of a trade-mark prevents a person from making

    • (a) any bona fide use of his personal name as a trade-name, or

    • (b) any bona fide use, other than as a trade-mark,

      • (i) of the geographical name of his place of business, or

      • (ii) of any accurate description of the character or quality of his wares or services,

    in such a manner as is not likely to have the effect of depreciating the value of the goodwill attaching to the trade-mark.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) No registration of a trade-mark prevents a person from making any use of any of the indications mentioned in subsection 11.18(3) in association with a wine or any of the indications mentioned in subsection 11.18(4) in association with a spirit.

  • R.S., 1985, c. T-13, s. 20;
  • 1994, c. 47, s. 196.