Telecommunications Act (S.C. 1993, c. 38)

Act current to 2017-12-11 and last amended on 2015-09-30. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Technical standards
  •  (1) The Minister may, where the Minister is satisfied that to do so will further the Canadian telecommunications policy objectives, by order made after consultation with the Commission, establish standards in respect of the technical aspects of telecommunications and require the Commission to give effect to them.

  • Marginal note:Incorporation by reference

    (2) An order that incorporates a standard by reference may incorporate it as amended from time to time.

  • Marginal note:Publication of proposed orders

    (3) Any order proposed to be made under this section shall be published in the Canada Gazette at least sixty days before its proposed effective date, and a reasonable opportunity shall be given to interested persons to make representations to the Minister with respect to the proposed order.

  • Marginal note:Modification after publication

    (4) A proposed order that is modified after publication need not be published again under subsection (3).

PART IIEligibility to Operate

Canadian Ownership and Control

Marginal note:Definitions
  •  (1) The following definitions apply in this section.

    entity

    entité

    entity means a corporation, partnership, trust or joint venture. (entité)

    joint venture

    coentreprise

    joint venture means an association of two or more entities, if the relationship among those associated entities does not, under the laws in Canada, constitute a corporation, a partnership or a trust and if all the undivided ownership interests in the assets of the Canadian carrier or in the voting interests of the Canadian carrier are or will be owned by all the entities that are so associated. (coentreprise)

    voting interest

    intérêt avec droit de vote

    voting interest, with respect to

    • (a) a corporation with share capital, means a voting share;

    • (b) a corporation without share capital, means an ownership interest in the assets of the corporation that entitles the owner to rights similar to those enjoyed by the owner of a voting share; and

    • (c) a partnership, trust or joint venture, means an ownership interest in the assets of the partnership, trust or joint venture that entitles the owner to receive a share of the profits and to share in the assets on dissolution. (intérêt avec droit de vote)

  • Marginal note:Eligibility

    (2) A Canadian carrier is eligible to operate as a telecommunications common carrier if

    • (a) it is an entity incorporated, organized or continued under the laws of Canada or a province and is Canadian-owned and controlled;

    • (b) it owns or operates only a transmission facility that is referred to in subsection (5); or

    • (c) it has annual revenues from the provision of telecommunications services in Canada that represent less than 10% of the total annual revenues, as determined by the Commission, from the provision of telecommunications services in Canada.

  • Marginal note:Canadian ownership and control

    (3) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(a), an entity is Canadian-owned and controlled if

    • (a) in the case of a corporation, not less than 80% of the members of the board of directors are individual Canadians;

    • (b) Canadians beneficially own, directly or indirectly, in the aggregate and otherwise than by way of security only, not less than 80% of the entity’s voting interests; and

    • (c) the entity is not otherwise controlled by persons that are not Canadians.

  • Marginal note:Prohibition

    (4) No Canadian carrier shall operate as a telecommunications common carrier unless it is eligible under this section to operate as such.

  • Marginal note:Exemption

    (5) Paragraph (2)(a) and subsection (4) do not apply in respect of the ownership or operation of

    • (a) international submarine cables;

    • (b) earth stations that provide telecommunications services by means of satellites; or

    • (c) satellites.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (6) A Canadian carrier that is eligible to operate under paragraph (2)(c) remains eligible to operate even if it has annual revenues from the provision of telecommunications services in Canada that represent 10% or more of the total annual revenues from the provision of telecommunications services in Canada as long as the increase in its annual revenues from the provision of telecommunications services in Canada to 10% or more of the total annual revenues from the provision of telecommunications services in Canada did not result from the acquisition of control of another Canadian carrier or from the acquisition of assets used by another Canadian carrier to provide telecommunications services.

  • Marginal note:Acquisition

    (7) A Canadian carrier to which subsection (6) applies is not authorized to acquire control of a Canadian carrier or acquire assets used by another Canadian carrier to provide telecommunications services.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (8) A Canadian carrier that is eligible to operate under paragraph (2)(c) shall notify the Commission when it acquires control of another Canadian carrier or acquires assets used by another Canadian carrier to provide telecommunications services.

  • Marginal note:Affiliates

    (9) For the purposes of determining annual revenues from the provision of telecommunications services in Canada under this section, the annual revenues of a Canadian carrier include the annual revenues from the provision of telecommunications services in Canada of its affiliates as defined in subsection 35(3).

  • 1993, c. 38, s. 16;
  • 1998, c. 8, s. 2;
  • 2010, c. 12, s. 2184;
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 595.

International Telecommunications Services Licences

Marginal note:Licence required — classes of telecommunications service providers
  •  (1) No telecommunications service provider that is of a class specified by the Commission shall provide international telecommunications services except in accordance with an international telecommunications service licence.

  • Marginal note:Licence required — classes of service

    (2) No telecommunications service provider shall, except in accordance with an international telecommunications service licence, provide international telecommunications services that are within a class of telecommunications services specified by the Commission.

  • 1998, c. 8, s. 3.
Marginal note:Application

 An application for the issuance, renewal or amendment of an international telecommunications service licence must be made in the form and manner and with the information specified by the Commission, and be accompanied by the fee prescribed under subsection 68(1).

  • 1998, c. 8, s. 3.
Marginal note:Issuance of licences
  •  (1) The Commission may, on application, issue an international telecommunications service licence.

  • Marginal note:Conditions

    (2) The Commission may, in respect of international telecommunications services,

    • (a) establish licence conditions in respect of classes of telecommunications service providers or classes of international telecommunications services; and

    • (b) include in a licence conditions that are related to the circumstances of the licensee and that the Commission considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Amendment

    (3) The Commission may, on application by any interested person or on its own motion, amend any conditions of a licence.

  • Marginal note:Term

    (4) The term of a licence may not exceed ten years on its issuance or renewal.

  • Marginal note:Renewal

    (5) A licence may be renewed on application by the licensee.

  • Marginal note:Transfer

    (6) A licence is not transferable except with the consent of the Commission.

  • 1998, c. 8, s. 3.
Marginal note:Suspension and revocation of telecommunications service licences
  •  (1) The Commission may suspend or revoke an international telecommunications service licence whenever the Commission believes on reasonable grounds that the licensee has contravened this Act, the regulations or any condition of the licence, but the licensee must first be given notice in writing of the reasons for the suspension or revocation and a reasonable opportunity to make representations to the Commission.

  • Marginal note:Consent of licensee

    (2) The Commission may suspend or revoke a licence with the consent of, or on application by, the licensee.

  • 1998, c. 8, s. 3.
 
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