Food and Drug Regulations (C.R.C., c. 870)

Regulations are current to 2016-09-18 and last amended on 2016-08-26. Previous Versions

 No person shall sell a food, other than a synthetic colour, mixture, preparation or flavouring preparation, that contains, when prepared for consumption according to label directions, more than

  • (a) 300 parts per million of Allura Red, Amaranth, Erythrosine, Indigotine, Sunset Yellow FCF or Tartrazine or any combination of those colours unless a higher maximum level of use is specified in column III of item 3 of Table III to section B.16.100;

  • (b) 100 parts per million of Fast Green FCF or Brilliant Blue FCF or any combination of those colours;

  • (c) 300 parts per million of any combination of the synthetic colours named in paragraphs (a) and (b) within the limits set by those paragraphs; or

  • (d) 150 parts per million of Ponceau SX.

  • SOR/80-500, s. 2;
  • SOR/84-440, s. 2;
  • SOR/86-178, s. 1(F);
  • SOR/2007-75, s. 1.

 No person shall sell a colour for use in or upon food that contains more than

  • (a) three parts per million of arsenic, calculated as arsenic, as determined by official method FO-4, Determination of Arsenic in Food Colours, October 15, 1981;

  • (b) 10 parts per million of lead, calculated as lead, as determined by official method FO-5, Determination of Lead in Food Colours, October 15, 1981; or

  • (c) 40 parts per million of heavy metals, except in the case of iron oxide, titanium dioxide, aluminum metal and silver metal.

  • SOR/80-500, s. 2;
  • SOR/82-768, s. 7.

 No person shall sell a synthetic colour for use in or upon food unless

  • (a) the label carries the lot number and common name of the synthetic colour and the words “Food Colour”;

  • (b) the Director, or an agency acceptable to the Director, has certified that each lot meets the requirements of section B.06.003 and the standard for such colour as prescribed in sections B.06.041 to B.06.053; and

  • (c) where the synthetic colour is certified by an agency, a copy of the certificate has been submitted to and accepted by the Director.

  • SOR/80-500, s. 2.

 No person shall import a synthetic colour for use in or upon food unless

  • (a) the Director, or an agency acceptable to the Director, has certified that each lot meets the requirements of section B.06.003 and the standard for such colour as prescribed in sections B.06.041 to B.06.053; and

  • (b) where the synthetic colour is certified by an agency, a copy of the certificate has been submitted to and accepted by the Director.

  • SOR/80-500, s. 2.

 No person shall sell a mixture for use in or upon food unless the label carries the lot number of the mixture and the words “Food Colour”.

  • SOR/80-500, s. 2.

 No person shall sell a preparation for use in or upon food unless

  • (a) the label carries the words “Food Colour Preparation” on its principal display panel; and

  • (b) in the case of a liquid preparation, the container has a capacity of 60 ml or less and will permit dropwise discharge only.

  • SOR/80-500, s. 2.

 No person shall import or sell a mixture or preparation for use in or upon food unless

  • (a) the Director, or an agency acceptable to the Director, has certified that any synthetic colour contained therein meets the requirements of section B.06.003 and the standard for such colour as prescribed in sections B.06.041 to B.06.053; or

  • (b) any synthetic colour contained therein has been previously certified and the certificate has been accepted as required by sections B.06.004 and B.06.005.

  • SOR/80-500, s. 2.

 [Repealed, SOR/80-500, s. 2]

Natural Colours

 [S]. Oil-soluble Annatto, Annatto Butter Colour, or Annatto Margarine Colour

  • (a) shall be the extractives of Bixa orellana seeds

    • (i) dissolved in vegetable oil, castor oil, monoglycerides and diglycerides, propylene glycol or propylene glycol monoesters and diesters of fat-forming fatty acids, with or without one per cent potassium hydroxide, or

    • (ii) suspended upon sugar, lactose, starch or hydrated calcium silicate, with or without calcium phosphate, potassium aluminum sulphate, sodium bicarbonate or salt; and

  • (b) shall contain not less than 0.30 per cent total pigments calculated as natural (cis-) bixin, which pigments shall consist of not less than 40 per cent natural (cis-) bixin.

 [S]. ß-Carotene shall be the food colour chemically known as ß-carotene that is manufactured synthetically and shall conform to the following specifications:

  • (a) one per cent solution in chloroform clear;

  • (b) loss of weight on drying not more than 0.2 per cent;

  • (c) residue on ignition not more than 0.2 per cent; and

  • (d) assay (spectrophotometric) 96 to 101 per cent.

 [S]. ß-Apo-8′-Carotenal shall be the food colour chemically known as ß-apo-8′-carotenal and shall conform to the following specifications:

  • (a) one per cent solution in chloroform clear;

  • (b) melting point (decomposition) 136°C. to 140°C (corrected);

  • (c) loss of weight on drying not more than 0.2 per cent;

  • (d) residue on ignition not more than 0.2 per cent; and

  • (e) assay (spectrophotometric) 96 to 101 per cent.

 [S]. Canthaxanthin shall be the food colour chemically known as canthaxanthin and shall conform to the following specifications:

  • (a) one per cent solution in chloroform clear;

  • (b) loss of weight on drying not more than 0.2 per cent;

  • (c) assay (spectrophotometric) 96 to 101 per cent.

 [S]. Ethyl ß-apo-8′-carotenoate shall be the food colour chemically known as ethyl ß-apo-8′-carotenoate and shall conform to the following specifications:

  • (a) one per cent solution in chloroform clear

  • (b) loss of weight on drying not more than 0.2 per cent, and

  • (c) assay (spectrophotometric) 96 to 101 per cent.

  • SOR/84-300, s. 19(F).

Inorganic Colours

 [S]. Carbon black shall be carbon prepared from natural gas by the “channel” or “impingement” process and shall contain no higher aromatic hydrocarbons or tarry materials as determined by official method FO-6, Determination of Higher Aromatic Hydrocarbons or Tarry Materials in Carbon Black and Charcoal, October 15, 1981.

  • SOR/82-768, s. 8.

 [S]. Charcoal shall be carbon prepared by the incomplete combustion of vegetable matter and shall contain no higher aromatic hydrocarbons or tarry materials as determined by official method FO-6, Determination of Higher Aromatic Hydrocarbons or Tarry Materials in Carbon Black and Charcoal, October 15, 1981.

  • SOR/82-768, s. 8.
 
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