Income Tax Regulations (C.R.C., c. 945)

Regulations are current to 2015-06-22 and last amended on 2015-06-19. Previous Versions

Net Cost of Pure Insurance and Mortality Gains And Losses

  •   (1) For the purposes of subparagraph 20(1)(e.2)(ii) and paragraph (a) of the description of L in the definition “adjusted cost basis” in subsection 148(9) of the Act, the net cost of pure insurance for a year in respect of a taxpayer’s interest in a life insurance policy is

    • (a) if, determined at the end of the year, the policy was issued before 2017, the amount determined by the formula

      A × (B – C)

      where

      A 
      is the probability, computed on the basis of the rates of mortality under the 1969–75 mortality tables of the Canadian Institute of Actuaries published in Volume XVI of the Proceedings of the Canadian Institute of Actuaries, or on the basis described in subsection (1.1), that an individual who has the same relevant characteristics as the individual whose life is insured will die in the year,
      B 
      is the benefit on death in respect of the interest at the end of the year, and
      C 
      is the accumulating fund (determined without regard to any amount payable in respect of the policy loan) in respect of the interest at the end of the year or the interest’s cash surrender value at the end of the year, depending on the method regularly followed by the life insurer in computing amounts under this subsection; and
    • (b) if, determined at the end of the year, the policy was issued after 2016, the total of all amounts each of which is an amount determined in respect of a coverage in respect of the interest by the formula

      A × (B – C)

      where

      A 
      is the probability, computed on the basis of the rates of mortality determined in accordance with paragraph 1401(4)(b), or on the basis described in subsection (1.2), that an individual whose life is insured under the coverage will die in the year,
      B 
      is the benefit on death under the coverage in respect of the interest at the end of the year, and
      C 
      is the amount determined by the formula

      D + E

      where

      D 
      is the portion, in respect of the coverage in respect of the interest, of the amount that would be the present value, determined for the purposes of section 307, on the last policy anniversary that is on or before the last day of the year, of the fund value of the coverage if the fund value of the coverage were equal to the fund value of the coverage at the end of the year, and
      E 
      is the portion, in respect of the coverage in respect of the interest, of the amount that would be determined, on that policy anniversary, for paragraph (a) of the description of C in the definition “net premium reserve” in subsection 1401(3) in respect of the coverage, if the benefit on death under the coverage, and the fund value of the coverage, on that policy anniversary were equal to the benefit on death under the coverage and the fund value of the coverage, respectively, at the end of the year.
  • (1.1) If premiums for a life insurance policy do not depend directly on smoking or sex classification, the probability referred to in paragraph (1)(a) may be determined using rates of mortality otherwise determined, provided that for each age for the policy, the expected value of the aggregate net cost of pure insurance, calculated using those rates of mortality, is equal to the expected value of the aggregate net cost of pure insurance, calculated using the rates of mortality under the 1969–75 mortality tables of the Canadian Institute of Actuaries published in Volume XVI of the Proceedings of the Canadian Institute of Actuaries.

  • (1.2) If premiums or costs of insurance charges for a coverage under a life insurance policy do not depend directly on smoking or sex classification, the probability referred to in paragraph (1)(b) may be determined using rates of mortality otherwise determined, provided that for each age for the coverage, the expected value of the aggregate net cost of pure insurance, calculated using those rates of mortality, is equal to the expected value of the aggregate net cost of pure insurance, calculated using the rates of mortality that would be calculated under paragraph (1)(b) in respect of the coverage using the mortality tables described in paragraph 1401(4)(b).

  • (2) Subject to subsection (4), for the purposes of this section and of the description of G in the definition “adjusted cost basis” in subsection 148(9) of the Act, a “mortality gain” immediately before the end of any calendar year after 1982 in respect of a taxpayer’s interest in a life annuity contract means such reasonable amount in respect of the taxpayer’s interest in the life annuity contract at that time that the life insurer determines to be the increase to the accumulating fund in respect of the interest that occurred during that year as a consequence of the survival to the end of the year of one or more of the annuitants under the life annuity contract.

  • (3) Subject to subsection (4), for the purposes of this section and of paragraph (c) of the description of L in the definition “adjusted cost basis” in subsection 148(9) of the Act, a “mortality loss” immediately before a particular time after 1982 in respect of an interest in a life annuity contract disposed of immediately after that particular time as a consequence of the death of an annuitant under the life annuity contract means such reasonable amount that the life insurer determines to be the decrease, as a consequence of the death, in the accumulating fund in respect of the interest assuming that, in determining such decrease, the accumulating fund immediately after the death is determined in the manner described in subparagraph 307(1)(b)(i).

  • (4) In determining an amount for a year in respect of an interest in a life annuity contract under subsection (2) or (3), the expected value of the mortality gains in respect of the interest for the year shall be equal to the expected value of the mortality losses in respect of the interest for the year and the mortality rates for the year used in computing those expected values shall be those that would be relevant to the interest and that are specified under such of paragraphs 1403(1)(c), (d) and (e) as are applicable.

  • NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text;
  • see relevant amending Acts and regulations. SOR/83-865, s. 5;
  • SOR/91-290, s. 2;
  • SOR/94-415, s. 3;
  • SOR/94-686, s. 55(F);
  • SOR/2011-188, s. 11;
  • 2014, c. 39, s. 83.