Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1038)

Regulations are current to 2017-05-11 and last amended on 2017-05-03. Previous Versions

Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations

C.R.C., c. 1038

MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY ACT

Regulations Respecting Safety for Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Components

Short Title

 These Regulations may be cited as the Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations.

Interpretation

  •  (1) In these Regulations,

    AATCC

    AATCC means the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists; (AATCC)

    accessory mass

    accessory mass[Repealed, SOR/2008-258, s. 1]

    Act

    Act means the Motor Vehicle Safety Act; (Loi)

    adjacent seat

    adjacent seat means a designated seating position so located that a portion of its occupant space is not more than 25.4 cm from an emergency exit for a distance of at least 38.1 cm measured horizontally and parallel to the emergency exit; (siège adjacent)

    adjustment hardware

    adjustment hardware means hardware designed for adjusting the size of a seat belt assembly to fit the user, including such hardware as may be integral with a buckle, a retractor or attachment hardware; (pièces de réglage)

    agricultural commodity trailer

    agricultural commodity trailer[Repealed, SOR/99-357, s. 1]

    aiming reference plane

    aiming reference plane[Repealed, SOR/96-366, s. 1]

    air bag

    air bag means an inflatable automatic occupant protection system that may be deployed when a collision occurs; (sac gonflable)

    air brake system

    air brake system means a brake system that uses air as a medium for transmitting pressure or force from the driver control to the service brake, including an air-over-hydraulic brake subsystem, but does not include a system that uses compressed air or vacuum only to assist the driver in applying muscular force to hydraulic or mechanical components; (système de freinage à air comprimé)

    all-terrain vehicle

    all-terrain vehicle means a wheeled or tracked vehicle, other than a snowmobile or work vehicle, designed primarily for recreational use or for the transportation of property or equipment exclusively on undeveloped road rights of way, marshland, open country or other unprepared surfaces; (véhicule tout terrain)

    ambient temperature

    ambient temperature means the surrounding air temperature measured at such a distance from a vehicle under test that the temperature is not significantly affected by heat from the vehicle; (température ambiante)

    American specifications vehicle

    American specifications vehicle[Repealed, SOR/95-147, s. 1]

    ANSI

    ANSI means the American National Standards Institute; (ANSI)

    ANS Z26

    ANS Z26[Repealed, SOR/94-717, s. 1]

    ANSI Z26 Safety Code — 1990

    ANSI Z26 Safety Code — 1990 means the American National Standard for Safety Glazing Materials for Glazing Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Equipment Operating on Land Highways — Safety Code, Standard ANSI/SAE Z26.1 — 1990, published November 1990 and reprinted February 1992; (code de sécurité ANSI Z26 — 1990)

    ANSI Z26 Safety Standard — 1996

    ANSI Z26 Safety Standard — 1996 means the American National Standard for Safety Glazing Materials for Glazing Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Equipment Operating on Land Highways — Safety Standard, Standard ANSI/SAE Z26.1-1996, published on August 11,1997; (norme de sécurité ANSI Z26 — 1996)

    anthropomorphic test device

    anthropomorphic test device means, except in section 202 of Schedule IV, a representation of a human being used in the measurement of the conditions that a human being would experience in a vehicle when the vehicle is subjected to approved test methods; (dispositif anthropomorphe d’essai)

    antilock brake system

    antilock brake system or ABS means the portion of a service brake system that automatically controls the degree of rotational wheel slip during braking by

    • (a) sensing the rate of angular rotation of the wheels,

    • (b) transmitting signals regarding the rate of wheel angular rotation to one or more controlling devices that interpret those signals and generate responsive controlling output signals, and

    • (c) transmitting those controlling signals to one or more modulators that adjust brake actuating forces in response to those signals; (dispositif de frein antiblocageouABS)

    antilock system

    antilock system[Repealed, SOR/97-200, s. 1]

    antique reproduction vehicle

    antique reproduction vehicle means a vehicle that is designed to be a scaled reproduction of an antique vehicle and

    • (a) may contain contemporary design components,

    • (b) has a motor that produces 8 kW (10.73 bhp) or less,

    • (c) is intended for use exclusively in parades, exhibitions and demonstrations, and

    • (d) bears a label, permanently affixed in a conspicuous position, stating that the vehicle is not to be used for public transportation, but is intended for use in parades, exhibitions and demonstrations; (réplique d’ancien modèle)

    antique vehicle

    antique vehicle means a vehicle more than 30 years old that, when restored to a condition comparable to that on the date of its manufacture, retains the original components or incorporates replacement components with original design characteristics; (ancien modèle)

    approved

    approved means approved by the Minister; (approuvé)

    armour

    armour[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    assembler

    assembler[Repealed, SOR/95-147, s. 1]

    ASTM

    ASTM means the American Society for Testing Materials; (ASTM)

    attachment hardware

    attachment hardware means the hardware designed for securing the webbing of a seat belt assembly to a vehicle; (pièces de fixation)

    automatic-locking retractor

    automatic-locking retractor means a retractor incorporating adjustment hardware that has a positive self-locking mechanism that is capable, when locked, of withstanding restraint forces; (rétracteur autobloquant)

    automatic occupant protection system

    automatic occupant protection system means a protective restraining system for an occupant of a vehicle that does not require any deliberate action on the part of the occupant to be activated where that occupant enters, occupies or leaves the vehicle; (dispositif automatique de protection de l’occupant)

    auto transporter

    auto transporter means a truck and a trailer designed for use in combination to transport motor vehicles where the truck is designed to carry cargo other than at the fifth wheel and that cargo is to be loaded only by means of the trailer; (porte-autos)

    back door

    back door means a door or door system on the back of a motor vehicle through which passengers can enter or leave the vehicle or cargo can be loaded or unloaded, but does not include

    • (a) a trunk lid, or

    • (b) a door or window that is composed entirely of glazing material and whose latches or hinge systems are attached directly to the glazing material; (porte arrière)

    backup system

    backup system means a portion of a service brake system, such as a pump, that automatically supplies energy in the event of a primary brake power source failure; (système de secours)

    battery charging indicator

    battery charging indicator means a device showing whether the battery is being charged or discharged; (indicateur de charge)

    battery charging tell-tale

    battery charging tell-tale means a signal that, when alight, indicates that the battery is not being charged; (témoin de charge)

    beam contributor

    beam contributor[Repealed, SOR/96-366, s. 1]

    blister

    blister[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    body type

    body type means the general configuration or shape of a vehicle distinguished by the number of doors or windows, cargo carrying features, the roofline (e.g., sedan, fastback, hatchback) or other characteristics; (type de carrosserie)

    bonded construction sealed beam headlamp

    bonded construction sealed beam headlamp[Repealed, SOR/96-366, s. 1]

    booster cushion

    booster cushion[Repealed, SOR/98-160, s. 1]

    booster seat

    booster seat has the same meaning as in subsection 100(1) of the Motor Vehicle Restraint Systems and Booster Seats Safety Regulations; (siège d’appoint)

    brake fluid

    brake fluid[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    brake hose

    brake hose[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    brake hose assembly

    brake hose assembly[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    brake hose end fitting

    brake hose end fitting[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    brake power assist unit

    brake power assist unit means a device installed in a hydraulic brake system that reduces the amount of muscular force that a driver must apply to actuate the system, and that, if inoperative, does not prevent the driver from braking the vehicle by a continued application of muscular force on the service brake control; (unité d’assistance de frein)

    brake power unit

    brake power unit means a device installed in a brake system that provides the energy required to actuate the brakes, either directly or indirectly, through an auxiliary device, with driver action consisting only of modulating the energy application level; (unité de servo-frein)

    braking interval

    braking interval means the distance measured from the point of initiation of one brake application to the point of initiation of the next brake application; (intervalle de freinage)

    buckle

    buckle means a quick-release connector that secures a person in a seat belt assembly or a built-in restraint system; (attache)

    built-in booster cushion

    built-in booster cushion[Repealed, SOR/2013-117, s. 1]

    built-in booster seat

    built-in booster seat means a device that

    • (a) is an integral part of a vehicle seat, and

    • (b) is designed to seat a person whose mass is at least 18 kg, to ensure that the seat belt assembly fits properly; (siège d’appoint intégré)

    built-in child restraint system

    built-in child restraint system[Repealed, SOR/2013-117, s. 1]

    built-in dual-purpose restraint system

    built-in dual-purpose restraint system[Repealed, SOR/2013-117, s. 1]

    built-in restraint system

    built-in restraint system means a device that

    • (a) is an integral part of a vehicle seat, and

    • (b) is designed to restrain only a person whose mass is more than 10 kg but not more than 41 kg; (ensemble intégré de retenue)

    bus

    bus means a vehicle having a designated seating capacity of more than 10, but does not include a trailer or a vehicle imported temporarily for special purposes; (autobus)

    bus trailer

    bus trailer means a vehicle having a designated seating capacity of more than 10 and designed primarily to be drawn behind another vehicle; (remorque-autobus)

    C-dolly

    C-dolly means a trailer converter dolly that is equipped with a single axle that is self-steering and with a coupling that is so designed that when the trailer converter dolly is coupled to a towing trailer, the trailer converter dolly cannot pivot horizontally with respect to the towing trailer; (chariot de conversion de type C)

    cable reel trailer

    cable reel trailer means a vehicle designed to be drawn behind another vehicle for the exclusive purpose of carrying a drum or reel of cable; (chariot dérouleur)

    cargo-carrying capacity

    cargo-carrying capacity means the mass that is equal to or less than the result obtained by subtracting from the gross vehicle weight rating the sum of

    • (a) the unloaded vehicle mass,

    • (b) the product obtained by multiplying the designated seating capacity by 54 kg, in the case of a school bus, or by 68 kg, in any other case, and

    • (c) in the case of a vehicle having living or sanitary accommodations, the mass of its fresh water, hot water and propane tanks, but not its waste water tanks, when full; (capacité de chargement)

    chassis-cab

    chassis-cab means an incomplete vehicle, other than an incomplete trailer, with a completed occupant compartment that requires only the addition of a cargo-carrying surface, work-performing equipment or a load-bearing component to perform its intended functions; (châssis-cabine)

    check digit

    check digit means a single number or the letter “X” used to verify the accuracy of the transcription of the vehicle identification number; (unité de contrôle)

    child

    child means a person whose mass is more than 10 kg and not more than 30 kg; (enfant)

    child restraint system

    child restraint system[Repealed, SOR/98-160, s. 1]

    chipping

    chipping[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    CMVSS

    CMVSS is an abbreviation for Canada Motor Vehicle Safety Standard; (NSVAC)

    competition car

    competition car[Repealed, SOR/2000-182, s. 1]

    competition motorcycle

    competition motorcycle[Repealed, SOR/2000-182, s. 1]

    competition snowmobile

    competition snowmobile[Repealed, SOR/2000-182, s. 1]

    competition vehicle

    competition vehicle means a vehicle that is designed for use exclusively in closed-course competition and

    • (a) bears a label affixed by the manufacturer stating, in both official languages, that the vehicle is a competition vehicle and is for use exclusively in closed-course competition, or

    • (b) is accompanied by a signed declaration clearly indicating that the vehicle is a competition vehicle and is for use exclusively in closed-course competition; (véhicule de compétition)

    completed vehicle

    completed vehicle means a vehicle that needs no further manufacturing operations to perform its intended function, other than the addition of readily attachable components, such as mirrors or tire and rim assemblies, or minor finishing operations such as painting; (véhicule complet)

    compliance label

    compliance label means the label required to be applied to a completed vehicle under section 6 or 6.6; (étiquette de conformité)

    compressed natural gas

    compressed natural gas or CNG means natural gas, composed predominantly of methane, compressed at pressures up to 20 680 kPa (3,000 psi); (gaz naturel compriméorGNC )

    contactable surface

    contactable surface[Repealed, SOR/98-160, s. 1]

    control

    control means the part of a device that enables the driver to bring about a change in the state or functioning of a vehicle or vehicle component; (commande)

    convertible

    convertible means a vehicle that has an A-pillar or windshield peripheral support, the upper portion of which is not joined by a fixed rigid structure to the B-pillar or other rear roof support to the rear of the B-pillar; (décapotable)

    CSA

    CSA means the Canadian Standards Association; (CSA)

    curb mass

    curb mass means the mass of a vehicle with standard equipment and carrying its maximum capacity of fuel, oil and coolant and includes the mass of any air-conditioning equipment on the vehicle and the amount by which the mass of any optional engine with which the vehicle is equipped exceeds the mass of the standard engine; (masse à vide)

    curb weight

    curb weight means the weight of a vehicle with standard equipment and carrying its maximum capacity of fuel, oil and coolant and includes the weight of any air-conditioning equipment on the vehicle and the amount by which the weight of any optional engine with which the vehicle is equipped exceeds the weight of the standard engine; (poids à vide)

    custom restraint system for disabled persons

    custom restraint system for disabled persons[Repealed, SOR/98-160, s. 1]

    cutaway chassis

    cutaway chassis means an incomplete vehicle that has the back of the cab cut out for the intended installation of a structure that permits access from the driver’s area to the back of the vehicle; (châssis tronqué)

    daytime running lamp

    daytime running lamp means, for the purposes of section 108 of Schedule IV, a lamp used to improve the visibility of a vehicle when the vehicle is viewed from the front in daylight; (feu de jour)

    demountable rim

    demountable rim means a supporting member for a tire or tire and tube assembly, that does not have a permanently attached centre component; (jante amovible)

    designated seating capacity

    designated seating capacity means the designated seating capacity determined in accordance with section 2.3; (nombre désigné de places assises)

    designated seating position

    designated seating position means a location in a vehicle that is likely to be used as a seating position and that has a seating surface width of at least 330 mm; (place assise désignée)

    disabled person

    disabled person means a person who, for orthopaedic reasons or because of the person’s build or other physical characteristics, requires a vehicle that has been adapted to accommodate their disability; (personne handicapée)

    disc wheel

    disc wheel means a supporting member for a tire or tire and tube assembly, comprising a rim with a dish-shaped component that is permanently attached to the inner circumference of the rim; (roue à disque)

    display

    display means, except in section 101 of Schedule IV, an indicator, a tell-tale or an alphanumeric readout, or a collection of indicators, tell-tales and alphanumeric readouts, on the instrument panel of a vehicle; (affichage)

    distributor

    distributor[Repealed, SOR/95-147, s. 1]

    driver

    driver means the occupant of a vehicle seated immediately behind the steering control system; (conducteur)

    driver-operated accelerator control system

    driver-operated accelerator control system means all components of a vehicle, except the fuel metering device, that regulate engine speed in direct response to movement of the driver-operated control and that return the throttle to the idle position upon release of the driver-operated control; (système de commande d’accélération actionné par le conducteur)

    ECE

    ECE means the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Inland Transport Committee; (CEE)

    effective projected luminous lens area

    effective projected luminous lens area[Repealed, SOR/96-366, s. 1]

    emergency brake

    emergency brake means a mechanism designed to stop a vehicle after a failure of the service brake system; (frein de secours)

    emergency-locking retractor

    emergency-locking retractor means a retractor incorporating adjustment hardware that has a locking mechanism that is activated by vehicle acceleration, webbing movement in relation to the vehicle or other automatic action during an emergency, and is capable, when locked, of withstanding restraint forces; (rétracteur à blocage d’urgence)

    emergency vehicle

    emergency vehicle means any fire-fighting vehicle, ambulance, police vehicle or other vehicle that is used for the purpose of an emergency; (véhicule de secours)

    enclosed motorcycle

    enclosed motorcycle means a motorcycle that

    • (a) has steering handlebars that are completely constrained from rotating in relation to the axle of only one wheel in contact with the ground,

    • (b) is designed to travel on two wheels in contact with the ground,

    • (c) has a minimum driver’s seat height, when the vehicle is unladen, of 650 mm, and

    • (d) has a structure partially or fully enclosing the driver and passenger that is an integral part of the vehicle chassis; (motocyclette à habitacle fermé)

    engine coolant temperature indicator

    engine coolant temperature indicator means a device that presents information concerning the temperature of the coolant; (indicateur de température du liquide de refroidissement)

    engine coolant temperature tell-tale

    engine coolant temperature tell-tale means a signal that, when alight, indicates that the temperature of the engine coolant is above the normal engine running temperature prescribed by the manufacturer; (témoin de température du liquide de refroidissement)

    engine type

    engine type means a power source distinguished by the fuel utilized, number of cylinders, displacement, net power or other characteristics; (type de moteur)

    ERBP

    ERBP[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    final-stage manufacturer

    final-stage manufacturer means a company that performs the manufacturing operations on an incomplete vehicle that turn the incomplete vehicle into a completed vehicle; (fabricant à l’étape finale)

    fixed collision barrier

    fixed collision barrier means a device that

    • (a) consists of

      • (i) a structure with a flat, vertical, unyielding impact surface that is of a size sufficient to ensure that no portion of a vehicle striking the surface projects or passes beyond the surface, and

      • (ii) a horizontal approach surface that does not impede vehicle motion during impact and that is of a size sufficient to ensure that a vehicle will be able to attain a stable attitude during its approach to the impact surface, and

    • (b) does not absorb any significant portion of the kinetic energy of a vehicle striking the impact surface; (barrière fixe pour essais de collision)

    flash

    flash means a cycle of automatic activation and deactivation of a lamp that continues until stopped either automatically or manually; (clignotement)

    forward control configuration

    forward control configuration means a configuration in which more than half of the engine length is rearward of the foremost point of the windshield base and the steering wheel hub is in the forward quarter of the vehicle length; (type à cabine avancée)

    free length

    free length[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    front outboard designated seating position

    front outboard designated seating position means the driver’s designated seating position and the forwardmost right outboard designated seating position, but does not include a school bus passenger designated seating position; (place assise désignée extérieure avant)

    fuel container

    fuel container means one or more fuel containers with integral valving, pressure relief devices, tubing, hoses and mounting brackets; (réservoir de carburant)

    fuel level indicator

    fuel level indicator means a device that presents information concerning the amount of fuel in the tank; (indicateur de niveau de carburant)

    fuel level tell-tale

    fuel level tell-tale means a signal that, when alight, indicates that the fuel level is close to zero or that the vehicle is running on its fuel reserve; (témoin de niveau de carburant)

    fuel metering device

    fuel metering device means the carburetor, fuel injector, fuel distributor or fuel injection pump; (dispositif de dosage du carburant)

    fuel spillage

    fuel spillage means the fall, flow or run of fuel from a vehicle but does not include wetness resulting from capillary action; (écoulement de carburant)

    fuel system

    fuel system means all components used to store fuel or supply fuel to a vehicle engine; (circuit d’alimentation en carburant)

    full trailer

    full trailer, for the purposes of Technical Standards Document No. 121, Air Brake Systems, means a trailer, except a pole trailer, that is equipped with two or more axles that support the entire weight of the trailer and its load; (remorque complète)

    gasoline

    gasoline[Repealed, SOR/2002-187, s. 1]

    glazing material manufacturer

    glazing material manufacturer means a person engaged in the business of fabricating, laminating or tempering glazing material; (fabricant de vitrages)

    grade

    grade[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    gross axle weight rating

    gross axle weight rating or GAWR means the value specified by the vehicle manufacturer as the load-carrying capacity of a single axle system, as measured at the tire-ground interfaces; (poids nominal brut sur l’essieuorPNBE )

    gross vehicle weight rating

    gross vehicle weight rating or GVWR means the value specified by the vehicle manufacturer as the loaded weight of a single vehicle; (poids nominal brut du véhiculeorPNBV )

    H-point

    H-point means the mechanically hinged hip point of a manikin that simulates the actual pivot centre of the human torso and thigh, described in SAE Standard J826, Devices for Use in Defining and Measuring Vehicle Seating Accommodation (July 1995); (point H)

    H-V axis

    H-V axis means the characteristic axis of the light pattern of a lamp, passing through the centre of the light source, used as the direction of reference (H = 0°, V = 0°) for photometric measurements and for the design of the installation of a lamp on a vehicle; (axe H-V)

    hardware

    hardware, when used in relation to a seat belt assembly, means any metal or rigid plastic part; (pièces)

    head impact area

    head impact area means the area described in subsection 201(1) of Schedule IV; (zone d’impact de la tête)

    headlamp

    headlamp means, for the purposes of sections 108 and 108.1 of Schedule IV, a lamp used to illuminate the road and objects on the road ahead of the vehicle, but does not include a fog lamp or a supplementary driving lamp; (projecteur)

    headlamp assembly

    headlamp assembly means an assembly that consists of one or more headlamps, aiming devices, headlamp retaining components, electrical connectors and mounting brackets, and which may include a housing and one or more bulbs; (montage de projecteur)

    head restraint

    head restraint means a device that limits rearward angular displacement of the occupant’s head relative to their torso line; (appuie-tête)

    hearse

    hearse means a vehicle that contains only one row of occupant seats, is designed exclusively for transporting a body and casket and is equipped with features to secure a casket in place during the operation of the vehicle; (corbillard)

    heavy duty vehicle

    heavy duty vehicle[Repealed, SOR/2001-35, s. 1]

    heavy hauler trailer

    heavy hauler trailer means a trailer that has

    • (a) brake lines designed to adapt to separation or extension of the vehicle frame, or

    • (b) a body that consists of only a platform the primary cargo-carrying surface of which is not more than 101.6 cm (40 inches) above the ground in an unloaded condition, but may include sides that are designed for easy removal and a permanent front end structure; (remorque lourde)

    high-pressure portion of the fuel system

    high-pressure portion of the fuel system means, for a vehicle that uses LPG or CNG as a source of energy for its propulsion, all the components of the fuel system from and including the fuel container to, but not including, the first stage regulator; (partie haute pression du circuit d’alimentation en carburant)

    hub

    hub means a rotating member that provides for mounting of disc wheels; (moyeu)

    hydraulic brake system

    hydraulic brake system means a system that uses hydraulic fluid as a medium for transmitting force from a service brake control to the service brake, and that may incorporate a brake power assist unit or a brake power unit; (système de freinage hydraulique)

    hydraulic system mineral oil

    hydraulic system mineral oil[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    idle position

    idle position means the position of the throttle at which it first comes in contact with an engine idle speed control appropriate for existing conditions according to the manufacturers’ recommendations respecting engine speed adjustments for a cold engine, air conditioning, emission control and throttle setting devices; (position de ralenti)

    imported used vehicle

    imported used vehicle[Repealed, SOR/92-173, s. 1]

    importer

    importer[Repealed, SOR/95-147, s. 1]

    incomplete trailer

    incomplete trailer means a vehicle, other than a vehicle imported temporarily for special purposes, that is capable of being drawn and that consists, at a minimum, of a chassis structure and suspension system but needs further manufacturing operations performed on it to become a completed vehicle; (remorque incomplète)

    incomplete vehicle

    incomplete vehicle means a vehicle

    • (a) other than a vehicle imported temporarily for special purposes, that is capable of being driven and that consists, at a minimum, of a chassis structure, power train, steering system, suspension system and braking system in the state in which those systems are to be part of the completed vehicle, but requires further manufacturing operations to become a completed vehicle, or

    • (b) that is an incomplete trailer; (véhicule incomplet)

    incomplete vehicle manufacturer

    incomplete vehicle manufacturer means a company that manufactures an incomplete vehicle by assembling components none of which, taken separately, constitutes an incomplete vehicle; (fabricant de véhicules incomplets)

    indicator

    indicator means the part of an instrument that shows the quantity of the physical characteristic that the instrument is designed to sense; (indicateur)

    infant

    infant means a person who is unable to walk unassisted and whose mass is not more than 10 kg; (bébé)

    infant restraint system

    infant restraint system[Repealed, SOR/98-160, s. 1]

    information label

    information label means the label required to be applied to an incomplete vehicle under section 6.2 or 6.4; (étiquette informative)

    information readout display

    information readout display[Repealed, SOR/93-31, s. 1]

    initial brake temperature

    initial brake temperature[Repealed, SOR/99-357, s. 1]

    inspector

    inspector[Repealed, SOR/95-147, s. 1]

    integral headlamp aiming device

    integral headlamp aiming device[Repealed, SOR/96-366, s. 1]

    intermediate manufacturer

    intermediate manufacturer means a company, other than an incomplete vehicle manufacturer or final-stage manufacturer, that performs manufacturing operations on an incomplete vehicle; (fabricant intermédiaire)

    IRHD

    IRHD[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    leaded gasoline

    leaded gasoline means gasoline that contains more than

    • (a) 0.06 grams of lead per Imperial gallon (0.013 grams per litre), or

    • (b) 0.006 grams of phosphorous per Imperial gallon (0.0013 grams per litre); (essence au plomb)

    light duty vehicle

    light duty vehicle[Repealed, SOR/2001-35, s. 1]

    lightly loaded vehicle weight

    lightly loaded vehicle weight[Repealed, SOR/99-357, s. 1]

    light source

    light source[Repealed, SOR/96-366, s. 1]

    light-truck tire

    light-truck tire or LT tire means a tire designated by its manufacturer as primarily intended for use on lightweight trucks or multi-purpose passenger vehicles; (pneu pour camion léger)

    limited-speed motorcycle

    limited-speed motorcycle means a motorcycle that

    • (a) has steering handlebars that are completely constrained from rotating in relation to the axle of only one wheel in contact with the ground,

    • (b) has a maximum speed of 70 km/h or less,

    • (c) has a minimum driver’s seat height, when the vehicle is unladen, of 650 mm, and

    • (d) does not have a structure partially or fully enclosing the driver and passenger, other than that part of the vehicle forward of the driver’s torso and the seat backrest; (motocyclette à vitesse limitée)

    line

    line means the name that a manufacturer applies to a family of vehicles within a make that have a degree of commonality of body, chassis, cab type or other features of construction; (ligne)

    liquefied petroleum gas

    liquefied petroleum gas or LPG means a hydrocarbon product that meets National Standard of Canada CAN/CGSB-3.14-M88, Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) (August 1988). (gaz de pétrole liquéfiéouGPL )

    load divider dolly

    load divider dolly means a trailer that consists of a trailer chassis and one or more axles, with no solid bed, body or container attached, and that is designed exclusively to support a portion of the load on a trailer or truck excluded from all the requirements of Technical Standards Document No. 121, Air Brake Systems; (chariot de répartition de charge)

    load-limiter

    load-limiter means a seat belt assembly component or seat belt assembly feature that controls tension on a seat belt to modulate the forces that are imparted to an occupant who is restrained by the seat belt assembly during a collision; (limiteur de charge)

    lower connector system

    lower connector system[Repealed, SOR/2013-117, s. 1]

    lower universal anchorage system

    lower universal anchorage system means a device, other than a vehicle seat belt, that is designed to secure the lower portion of a restraint system or booster seat to a vehicle and that transfers the load from the restraint system or booster seat and its occupant to the vehicle structure or a vehicle seat structure; (dispositif universel d’ancrages d’attaches inférieurs)

    low-speed vehicle

    low-speed vehicle means a vehicle, other than a restricted-use motorcycle or a vehicle imported temporarily for special purposes, that

    • (a) is designed for use primarily on streets and roads where access and the use of other classes of vehicles are controlled by law or agreement,

    • (b) travels on four wheels,

    • (c) is powered by an electric power train (an electric motor and, if present, a transmission) that is designed to allow the vehicle to attain a speed of 32 km/h but not more than 40 km/h in a distance of 1.6 km on a paved level surface,

    • (d) does not use fuel as an on-board source of energy, and

    • (e) has a GVWR of less than 1 361 kg; (véhicule à basse vitesse)

    make

    make means the name that a manufacturer applies to a group of vehicles; (marque)

    manual seat belt assembly

    manual seat belt assembly means, with respect to a Type 1 or Type 2 seat belt assembly, an assembly that requires a deliberate action on the part of the occupant of a vehicle to be activated; (ceinture de sécurité manuelle)

    manufacturer

    manufacturer[Repealed, SOR/95-147, s. 1]

    master lighting switch

    master lighting switch means a switch with one or more operational positions that controls the tail lamps, parking lamp, licence plate lamp, side marker lamps and headlamps and may control identification lamps and clearance lamps; (commutateur général d’éclairage)

    maximum load

    maximum load[Repealed, SOR/2008-258, s. 1]

    maximum loaded vehicle mass

    maximum loaded vehicle mass[Repealed, SOR/2008-258, s. 1]

    maximum speed

    maximum speed means, with respect to a motorcycle, the speed specified by the manufacturer as the highest speed that the motorcycle is capable of attaining, measured in accordance with section 5.3; (vitesse maximale)

    minibike

    minibike[Repealed, SOR/88-268, s. 1]

    Minister

    Minister means the Minister of Transport; (ministre)

    mobile home

    mobile home means a vehicle that is more than 102 inches in overall width and that is designed to be drawn behind another vehicle and to be used as a living or working accommodation unit; (maison roulante)

    mobility-impaired occupant

    mobility-impaired occupant[Repealed, SOR/2013-117, s. 1]

    model

    model means the name that a manufacturer applies to a family of vehicles of the same class, make, line, series and body type; (modèle)

    model year

    model year means the year used to designate a discrete vehicle model irrespective of the calendar year in which the vehicle was actually produced, so long as the period of such production is less than two years; (année de modèle)

    moped

    moped[Repealed, SOR/88-268, s. 1]

    motorcycle

    motorcycle means a vehicle that is of the subclasses enclosed motorcycle, open motorcycle, limited-speed motorcycle or motor tricycle, and

    • (a) is designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground,

    • (b) has a minimum wheel rim diameter of 250 mm, and

    • (c) has a minimum wheelbase of 1 016 mm,

    but does not include a power-assisted bicycle, a restricted-use motorcycle, a passenger car, a truck, a multi-purpose passenger vehicle, a competition vehicle, a vehicle imported temporarily for special purposes or a three-wheeled vehicle; (motocyclette)

    motor driven cycle

    motor driven cycle[Repealed, SOR/88-268, s. 1]

    motor home

    motor home means a multi-purpose passenger vehicle that is designed to provide temporary residential accommodations, as evidenced by the presence of at least four of the following:

    • (a) cooking facilities,

    • (b) a refrigerator or ice box,

    • (c) a self-contained toilet,

    • (d) a heating or air-conditioning system that can function independently of the vehicle engine,

    • (e) a potable water supply system that includes a faucet and sink, and

    • (f) a separate 110- to 125-V electric power supply or an LP gas supply; (autocaravane)

    motor tricycle

    motor tricycle means a motorcycle, other than an antique reproduction vehicle, that

    • (a) is designed to travel on three wheels that are in contact with the ground and symmetrically arranged in relation to the longitudinal median plane,

    • (b) has seating on which the driver and passenger must sit astride,

    • (c) has not more than four designated seating positions,

    • (d) has a GVWR of 1 000 kg or less,

    • (e) has a maximum speed of more than 70 km/h, and

    • (f) does not have a structure partially or fully enclosing the driver and passenger, other than that part of the vehicle forward of the driver’s torso and the seat backrest; (tricycle à moteur)

    Motor Vehicle Safety Test Methods

    Motor Vehicle Safety Test Methods[Repealed, SOR/97-141, s. 1]

    Motor Vehicle Safety Test Methods, section 106, “Brake Hoses”

    Motor Vehicle Safety Test Methods, section 106, “Brake Hoses”[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    Motor Vehicle Safety Test Methods, section 116, “Hydraulic Brake Fluid”

    Motor Vehicle Safety Test Methods, section 116, “Hydraulic Brake Fluid”[Repealed, SOR/95-536, s. 7]

    Motor Vehicle Safety Test Methods, section 116, “Hydraulic Brake Fluids”

    Motor Vehicle Safety Test Methods, section 116, “Hydraulic Brake Fluids”[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    multifunction school activity bus

    multifunction school activity bus means a school bus that is designed to pick up and drop off students under circumstances in which there is no need to control traffic; (autobus multifonction pour les activités scolaires)

    multiple compartment lamp

    multiple compartment lamp[Repealed, SOR/96-366, s. 1]

    multiple lamp arrangement

    multiple lamp arrangement[Repealed, SOR/96-366, s. 1]

    multi-purpose passenger vehicle

    multi-purpose passenger vehicle means a vehicle having a designated seating capacity of 10 or less that is constructed either on a truck chassis or with special features for occasional off-road operation, but does not include an air cushion vehicle, an all-terrain vehicle, a golf cart, a low-speed vehicle, a passenger car, a three-wheeled vehicle, a truck or a vehicle imported temporarily for special purposes; (véhicule de tourisme à usages multiples)

    non-locking retractor

    non-locking retractor means a retractor that does not have a locking mechanism, from which the webbing can be extended to substantially its full length by a small external force, that provides no adjustment for assembly length and that need not be capable of sustaining restraint forces at maximum webbing extension; (rétracteur sans blocage)

    normal load

    normal load[Repealed, SOR/2008-258, s. 1]

    normal occupants’ mass

    normal occupants’ mass[Repealed, SOR/2008-258, s. 1]

    occupant

    occupant means a person or manikin seated in a vehicle and, unless otherwise specified, means a person or manikin having the dimensions and weight of a 95th percentile adult male; (occupant)

    occupant compartment air space

    occupant compartment air space[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    occupant distribution

    occupant distribution[Repealed, SOR/2008-258, s. 1]

    occupant space

    occupant space means the space directly above the seat and footwell, bounded vertically by the ceiling and horizontally by the normally positioned seat back and the nearest obstruction of occupant motion in the direction the seat faces; (espace d’occupant)

    off-road motorcycle

    off-road motorcycle[Repealed, SOR/88-268, s. 1]

    oil pressure indicator

    oil pressure indicator means a device that presents information concerning the pressure of the oil in the engine lubrication circuit; (indicateur de pression d’huile)

    oil pressure tell-tale

    oil pressure tell-tale means a signal that, when alight, indicates that the oil pressure in the engine lubrication circuit is below the normal operating limit prescribed by the manufacturer; (témoin de pression d’huile)

    on-highway vehicle

    on-highway vehicle[Repealed, SOR/2004-250, s. 1]

    on-off-highway vehicle

    on-off-highway vehicle[Repealed, SOR/2004-250, s. 1]

    open-body type vehicle

    open-body type vehicle means a vehicle that has no top over the occupant compartment or that has a top over the occupant compartment that can be installed or removed by the operator of the vehicle; (véhicule de type ouvert)

    open motorcycle

    open motorcycle means a motorcycle that

    • (a) has steering handlebars that are completely constrained from rotating in relation to the axle of only one wheel in contact with the ground,

    • (b) is designed to travel on two wheels in contact with the ground or, if the wheels are asymmetrically arranged in relation to the longitudinal median plane, three wheels in contact with the ground,

    • (c) has a minimum driver’s seat height, when the vehicle is unladen, of 650 mm,

    • (d) has a maximum speed of more than 70 km/h, and

    • (e) does not have a structure partially or fully enclosing the driver and passenger, other than that part of the vehicle forward of the driver’s torso and the seat backrest; (motocyclette sans habitacle fermé)

    optically combined lamps

    optically combined lamps means, for the purposes of section 108 of Schedule IV, lamps that have

    • (a) two or more separate light sources or a single light source that operates in different ways,

    • (b) one lens totally or partly in common, and

    • (c) a common lamp body; (feux combinés optiquement)

    optional item

    optional item[Repealed, SOR/2008-258, s. 1]

    outboard designated seating position

    outboard designated seating position means a designated seating position where a longitudinal vertical plane tangent to the outboard side of the seat cushion is less than 305 mm from the innermost point on the inside surface of the vehicle, which point is located vertically between the seating reference point and the shoulder reference point and longitudinally between the front and rear edges of the seat cushion; (place assise désignée extérieure)

    overall width

    overall width means the nominal design dimension of the widest part of the vehicle with doors and windows closed and wheels in the straight ahead position, exclusive of signal lamps, marker lamps, outside rearview mirrors, flexible fender extensions and mud flaps; (largeur hors tout)

    parking brake

    parking brake means a mechanism designed to prevent the movement of a stationary vehicle; (frein de stationnement)

    parking mechanism

    parking mechanism[Repealed, SOR/99-357, s. 1]

    passenger car

    passenger car means a vehicle having a designated seating capacity of 10 or less, but does not include an all-terrain vehicle, a competition vehicle, a low-speed vehicle, a multi-purpose passenger vehicle, an antique reproduction vehicle, a motorcycle, a truck, a trailer, a vehicle imported temporarily for special purposes or a three-wheeled vehicle; (voiture de tourisme)

    passenger car tire

    passenger car tire means a tire intended for use on passenger cars, multi-purpose passenger vehicles and trucks with a GVWR of 4 536 kg or less; (pneu pour voiture de tourisme)

    passive occupant protection

    passive occupant protection[Repealed, SOR/93-5, s. 1]

    passive restraint system

    passive restraint system[Repealed, SOR/93-5, s. 1]

    pelvic restraint

    pelvic restraint means a seat belt assembly or portion thereof intended to restrain movement of the pelvis; (ceinture sous-abdominale)

    permanently attached hose end fitting

    permanently attached hose end fitting[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    plant of manufacture

    plant of manufacture means the plant at which the manufacturer affixes the vehicle identification number; (usine de construction)

    pole trailer

    pole trailer means a vehicle designed to be drawn behind another vehicle by means of a reach or pole, or by being boomed or otherwise secured to the towing vehicle, for the purpose of transporting poles, pipes, structural members or other long or irregularly shaped loads capable generally of sustaining themselves as beams between the supporting connections; (remorque pour charges longues)

    power-assisted bicycle

    power-assisted bicycle means a vehicle that:

    • (a) has steering handlebars and is equipped with pedals,

    • (b) is designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground,

    • (c) is capable of being propelled by muscular power,

    • (d) has one or more electric motors that have, singly or in combination, the following characteristics:

      • (i) it has a total continuous power output rating, measured at the shaft of each motor, of 500 W or less,

      • (ii) if it is engaged by the use of muscular power, power assistance immediately ceases when the muscular power ceases,

      • (iii) if it is engaged by the use of an accelerator controller, power assistance immediately ceases when the brakes are applied, and

      • (iv) it is incapable of providing further assistance when the bicycle attains a speed of 32 km/h on level ground,

    • (e) bears a label that is permanently affixed by the manufacturer and appears in a conspicuous location stating, in both official languages, that the vehicle is a power-assisted bicycle as defined in this subsection, and

    • (f) has one of the following safety features,

      • (i) an enabling mechanism to turn the electric motor on and off that is separate from the accelerator controller and fitted in such a manner that it is operable by the driver, or

      • (ii) a mechanism that prevents the motor from being engaged before the bicycle attains a speed of 3 km/h; (bicyclette assistée)

    power-operated roof panel

    power-operated roof panel[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    power-operated roof panel system

    power-operated roof panel system means a panel or panels in the roof of a vehicle that move on slides or hinges, the opening or closing of which is operated by a power source within the vehicle, but does not include a convertible top system; (système de toit ouvrant à commande électrique)

    prescribed class

    prescribed class means a class of vehicle listed in Schedule III or the class of incomplete vehicle prescribed under subsection 4(1.1); (catégorie réglementaire)

    prime glazing material manufacturer

    prime glazing material manufacturer[Repealed, SOR/2002-187, s. 1]

    production options mass

    production options mass[Repealed, SOR/2008-258, s. 1]

    production restraint system for disabled persons

    production restraint system for disabled persons[Repealed, SOR/98-160, s. 1]

    pulpwood trailer

    pulpwood trailer[Repealed, SOR/99-357, s. 1]

    push-out window

    push-out window means a vehicle window designed to open outward to provide for emergency egress; (fenêtre basculante)

    readily removable window

    readily removable window means a window that can be quickly and completely removed from a vehicle without tools and, in the case of a bus having a GVWR of more than 4 535.9 kg (10,000 pounds), shall include a push-out window and a window mounted in an emergency exit that can be manually pushed out of its location in the vehicle without the use of tools, regardless of whether the window remains hinged at one side to the vehicle; (fenêtre amovible)

    rear outboard designated seating position

    rear outboard designated seating position means any outboard designated seating position that is to the rear of a front outboard designated seating position, but does not include a designated seating position adjacent to a walkway located between the seat and the side of the vehicle interior that is designed to allow access to more rearward seating positions; (place assise désignée extérieure arrière)

    recreational trailer

    recreational trailer means a trailer designed to provide temporary living accommodation for travel, vacation or recreational use; (remorque de camping)

    replaceable bulb headlamp

    replaceable bulb headlamp[Repealed, SOR/96-366, s. 1]

    restraint system

    restraint system has the same meaning as in subsection 100(1) of the Motor Vehicle Restraint Systems and Booster Seats Safety Regulations; (ensemble de retenue)

    restraint system for disabled persons

    restraint system for disabled persons[Repealed, SOR/98-160, s. 1]

    restricted-use motorcycle

    restricted-use motorcycle means a vehicle, excluding a power-assisted bicycle, a competition vehicle and a vehicle imported temporarily for special purposes, but including an all-terrain vehicle designed primarily for recreational use, that:

    • (a) has steering handlebars,

    • (b) is designed to travel on not more than four wheels in contact with the ground,

    • (c) does not have as an integral part of the vehicle a structure to enclose the driver and passenger, other than that part of the vehicle forward of the driver’s torso and the seat backrest, and

    • (d) bears a label, permanently affixed in a conspicuous location, stating, in both official languages, that the vehicle is a restricted-use motorcycle or an all-terrain vehicle and is not intended for use on public highways; (motocyclette à usage restreint)

    retractor

    retractor means a device for storing part or all of the webbing in a seat belt assembly; (rétracteur)

    rim base

    rim base[Repealed, SOR/2008-258, s. 1]

    rim diameter

    rim diameter means the nominal diameter of the bead seat; (diamètre de jante)

    rim size designation

    rim size designation[Repealed, SOR/2008-258, s. 1]

    rim type designation

    rim type designation[Repealed, SOR/2008-258, s. 1]

    rim width

    rim width[Repealed, SOR/2008-258, s. 1]

    rupture

    rupture[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    SAE

    SAE means the Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc. (SAE International); (SAE)

    SAE Compatibility Fluid

    SAE Compatibility Fluid[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    school bus

    school bus means a bus designed or equipped primarily to carry students to and from school or to and from school-related events; (autobus scolaire)

    scuffing

    scuffing[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    sealed beam headlamp

    sealed beam headlamp means, for the purposes of sections 108 and 108.1 of Schedule IV, a headlamp comprising a reflector, a lens and one or more light sources, forming an integral whole which is indivisibly formed and cannot be dismantled without rendering the unit completely unusable; (projecteur scellé)

    seat anchorage

    seat anchorage means any component that transfers a vehicle seat load to the vehicle structure; (ancrage du siège)

    seat back retainer

    seat back retainer[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    seat belt anchorage

    seat belt anchorage means any component of a vehicle, other than the webbing or straps, involved in transferring seat belt loads to the vehicle structure, including the attachment hardware, seat frames, seat pedestals, the vehicle structure and any part of the vehicle whose failure causes separation of the belt from the vehicle structure; (ancrage de ceinture de sécurité)

    seat belt assembly

    seat belt assembly means any strap, webbing or similar device designed to secure a person in a vehicle in order to mitigate the results of any accident, and includes all necessary buckles and other fasteners and all attachment hardware but does not include any strap, webbing or similar device that is part of a built-in restraint system; (ceinture de sécurité)

    seating reference point

    seating reference point means the unique Design H-Point, as defined in section 3.11.1 of SAE Recommended Practice J1100, Motor Vehicle Dimensions (February 2001), that

    • (a) establishes the rearmost normal design driving or riding position of each designated seating position, taking into account all modes of adjustment — horizontal, vertical and tilt — in a vehicle,

    • (b) has X, Y and Z coordinates, as defined in section 3.3 of SAE Recommended Practice J1100, Motor Vehicle Dimensions (February 2001), established relative to the designed vehicle structure,

    • (c) simulates the position of the pivot centre of the human torso and thigh, and

    • (d) is the reference point employed to position the H-Point template with the 95th percentile leg, as described in section 4.1 of SAE Standard J826, Devices for Use in Defining and Measuring Vehicle Seating Accommodation (July 1995), or, if that template cannot be positioned, the reference point when the seat is in its rearmost adjustment position; (point de référence de position assise)

    seating surface width

    seating surface width means the maximum width of a seating surface when it is measured in a zone extending from a transverse vertical plane that is 150 mm behind the front leading surface of that seating surface to a transverse vertical plane that is 250 mm behind that front leading surface, measured horizontally and longitudinally; (largeur de la surface de siège)

    seat orientation reference line (SORL)

    seat orientation reference line (SORL)[Repealed, SOR/2013-117, s. 1]

    semi-trailer

    semi-trailer means a trailer constructed in such a manner that a substantial part of its weight rests upon or is carried by another vehicle by means of a fifth-wheel or similar coupling, but does not include a pole trailer, or any trailer designed to be drawn behind a passenger car or multi-purpose passenger vehicle; (semi-remorque)

    series

    series means the name that a manufacturer applies to a subdivision of a line denoting the price, size or weight identification and that is utilized by the manufacturer for marketing purposes; (série)

    service brake

    service brake means the primary mechanism designed to stop a vehicle; (frein de service)

    shoulder reference point

    shoulder reference point means the point 563 mm above the H-point along the torso line; (point de référence de l’épaule)

    sloughing

    sloughing[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    snowmobile

    snowmobile means a vehicle, excluding a competition vehicle and a vehicle imported temporarily for special purposes, but including a snowmobile conversion vehicle, that has a mass of not more than 450 kg, is designed primarily for travel on snow, has one or more steering skis and is driven by means of an endless belt or belts in contact with the ground; (motoneige)

    snowmobile conversion vehicle

    snowmobile conversion vehicle means a vehicle designed to be capable of conversion to a snowmobile by the repositioning or addition of parts; (véhicule convertible en motoneige)

    snowmobile cutter

    snowmobile cutter[Repealed, SOR/2016-318, s. 1]

    snowmobile trailer

    snowmobile trailer means a trailer designed primarily for the transportation of snowmobiles; (remorque pour motoneige)

    snub

    snub means the braking deceleration of a vehicle from a higher reference speed to a lower reference speed that is greater than zero; (ralentissement)

    special driver accommodation

    special driver accommodation includes a driver’s seat that is designed to be removable or that has extended adjustment capability to allow a person to transfer from a wheelchair to the driver’s seat; (place du conducteur particulière)

    speed attainable in 1.6 km (1 mile)

    speed attainable in 1.6 km (1 mile) means the speed attainable by accelerating at maximum rate from a standing start for 1.6 km on a level surface; (vitesse à 1,6 km (1 mille))

    speed attainable in 3.2 km (2 miles)

    speed attainable in 3.2 km (2 miles) means the speed attainable by accelerating at maximum rate from a standing start for 3.2 km on a level surface; (vitesse à 3,2 km (2 milles))

    spike stop

    spike stop means a stop resulting from the application of 889.6 N (200 pounds) of force on the service brake control in 0.08 second; (arrêt d’urgence)

    split service brake system

    split service brake system means a brake system consisting of two or more subsystems actuated by a single control, designed so that a single failure in any subsystem (such as a leakage-type failure of a pressure component of a hydraulic subsystem, except for the structural failure of a housing that is common to two or more subsystems, or an electrical failure in an electrical subsystem) does not impair the operation of any other subsystem; (système de frein de service partagé)

    spoke wheel

    spoke wheel means a rotating member that provides for mounting and support of demountable rims; (roue à rayons)

    steering column

    steering column means the structural housing that surrounds a steering shaft; (colonne de direction)

    steering control system

    steering control system means the basic steering mechanism and its associated trim hardware including any portion of a steering column assembly that provides energy absorption upon impact; (système de commande de la direction)

    steering shaft

    steering shaft means a component that transmits steering torque from the steering wheel to the steering gear; (arbre de direction)

    stickiness

    stickiness[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    stopping distance

    stopping distance means the distance travelled by a vehicle from the point at which force is applied to the brake control to the point at which the vehicle reaches a full stop; (distance d’arrêt)

    strap

    strap means a narrow band of non-woven material used in a seat belt assembly in place of webbing; (courroie)

    suspension spring

    suspension spring means a leaf, coil, torsion bar, rubber, air bag, and every other type of spring used in vehicular suspensions; (ressort de suspension)

    tell-tale

    tell-tale means an optical signal that, when alight, indicates the activation or deactivation of a device, its correct or defective functioning or condition, or its failure to function; (témoin)

    tether belt hook

    tether belt hook[Repealed, SOR/98-457, s. 1]

    tether strap

    tether strap means a device that is fitted with a tether strap hook and secured to the rigid structure of a restraint system or booster seat, and that transfers the load from the restraint system or booster seat and its occupant to the user-ready tether anchorage; (courroie d’attache)

    tether strap hook

    tether strap hook means a device that is used to attach a tether strap to a user-ready tether anchorage and that has an interface profile shown in Figure 1 of Schedule 7 to the Motor Vehicle Restraint Systems and Booster Seats Safety Regulations or, in the case of a device with integrated adjustment hardware, in Figure 2 of Schedule 7 to those Regulations; (crochet de la courroie d’attache)

    three-wheeled vehicle

    three-wheeled vehicle means a vehicle, other than a competition vehicle, an antique reproduction vehicle, a motorcycle, a restricted-use motorcycle, a trailer or a vehicle imported temporarily for special purposes, that

    • (a) is designed to travel on three wheels in contact with the ground,

    • (b) has no more than four designated seating positions, and

    • (c) has a GVWR of 1 000 kg or less; (véhicule à trois roues)

    throttle

    throttle means the component of the fuel metering device that

    • (a) connects to the driver-operated accelerator control system, and

    • (b) controls the engine speed; (papillon des gaz)

    torso line

    torso line means the line connecting the H-point and the shoulder reference point, described in SAE Standard J826, Devices for Use in Defining and Measuring Vehicle Seating Accommodation (July 1995); (ligne de torse)

    trailer

    trailer means a vehicle designed to carry or accommodate persons or property and to be drawn behind another vehicle, and includes a bus trailer, a pole trailer and a cable reel trailer, but does not include a mobile home, a trailer converter dolly or any earth-moving equipment, an implement of farm husbandry or a vehicle imported temporarily for special purposes; (remorque)

    trailer converter dolly

    trailer converter dolly means a conversion chassis that is equipped with one or more axles, a lower half of a fifth-wheel coupling and one or two drawbars, but does not include a vehicle imported temporarily for special purposes; (chariot de conversion)

    transparent cover

    transparent cover[Repealed, SOR/96-366, s. 1]

    truck

    truck means a vehicle designed primarily for the transportation of property or special-purpose equipment, but does not include a competition vehicle, a crawler-mounted vehicle, a three-wheeled vehicle, a trailer, a work vehicle, a vehicle imported temporarily for special purposes, a vehicle designed for operation exclusively off-road or a low-speed vehicle; (camion)

    truck tractor

    truck tractor means a truck designed primarily for drawing other vehicles and not constructed for carrying any load other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and load drawn, and includes a vehicle designed to accept a fifth-wheel coupling but does not include a crane-equipped breakdown vehicle; (camion-tracteur)

    Type 1

    Type 1[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    type 1 headlamp

    type 1 headlamp[Repealed, SOR/91-692, s. 1]

    Type 1 seat belt assembly

    Type 1 seat belt assembly means a pelvic restraint; (ceinture de sécurité de type 1)

    Type 2

    Type 2[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    type 2 headlamp

    type 2 headlamp[Repealed, SOR/91-692, s. 1]

    Type 2 seat belt assembly

    Type 2 seat belt assembly means a combination pelvic and upper torso restraint; (ceinture de sécurité de type 2)

    Type 2A

    Type 2A[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    Type 2A shoulder belt

    Type 2A shoulder belt[Repealed, SOR/2013-9, s. 1]

    unit magnification mirror

    unit magnification mirror means a plane or flat mirror with a reflective surface through which the angular height and width of the image of an object is equal to the angular height and width of the object when viewed directly at the same distance except for flaws that do not exceed normal manufacturing tolerances and includes a prismatic day-night adjustment rearview mirror that provides unit magnification in one of its positions; (miroir plan)

    unleaded gasoline

    unleaded gasoline means gasoline that contains not more than

    • (a) 0.06 grams of lead per Imperial gallon (0.013 grams per litre), or

    • (b) 0.006 grams of phosphorous per Imperial gallon (0.0013 grams per litre); (essence sans plomb)

    unloaded vehicle mass

    unloaded vehicle mass means the mass of a vehicle equipped with the containers for the fluids necessary for the operation of the vehicle filled to their maximum capacity but without cargo or occupants; (masse du véhicule sans charge)

    unloaded vehicle weight

    unloaded vehicle weight means the weight of a vehicle equipped with the containers for the fluids necessary for the operation of the vehicle filled to their maximum capacity, but without cargo or occupants; (poids du véhicule sans charge)

    upper torso restraint

    upper torso restraint means a portion of a seat belt assembly intended to restrain movement of the chest and shoulder regions; (ceinture-baudrier)

    used vehicle

    used vehicle[Repealed, SOR/91-425, s. 1]

    user-ready tether anchorage

    user-ready tether anchorage means a device that transfers the tether strap load from a restraint system or booster seat and its occupant to the vehicle structure or a vehicle seat structure and that is designed to accept a tether strap hook directly, without requiring the installation of any other device; (ancrage d’attache prêt à utiliser)

    vacuum tubing connector

    vacuum tubing connector[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    variable brake proportioning system

    variable brake proportioning system means a system that has one or more proportioning devices that automatically change the brake pressure ratio between any two or more wheels to compensate for changes in wheel loading resulting from static load changes or dynamic weight transfer, or from deceleration; (compensateur de freinage)

    variable proportioning brake system

    variable proportioning brake system[Repealed, SOR/97-200, s. 1]

    vehicle

    vehicle[Repealed, SOR/95-536, s. 7]

    vehicle capacity mass

    vehicle capacity mass[Repealed, SOR/2008-258, s. 1]

    vehicle fuel tank capacity

    vehicle fuel tank capacity means

    • (a) the volume of fuel left at the bottom of the tank when the fuel pump of the vehicle can no longer draw fuel from the tank

    plus

    • (b) the volume of fuel that can be pumped into the tank through the filler pipe when the vehicle is on a level surface and the volume of fuel referred to in paragraph (a) is already in the tank,

    except that the volume of fuel referred to in paragraph (b) does not include any volume of fuel that can be pumped into the fuel tank filler neck or into the space above the fuel tank filler neck; (capacité du réservoir de carburant du véhicule)

    vehicle identification number

    vehicle identification number means a number consisting of arabic numerals, roman letters, or both that the manufacturer assigns to the vehicle for identification purposes; (numéro d’identification du véhicule)

    vehicle imported temporarily for special purposes

    vehicle imported temporarily for special purposes means a vehicle imported into Canada for a period not longer than one year solely for the purpose of

    • (a) undergoing further manufacturing prior to export, or

    • (b) conducting works or operations that require a specially designed vehicle for entertainment industry productions, civil engineering projects or similar works or operations; (véhicule importé temporairement à des fins spéciales)

    vehicle manufactured for operation by persons with disabilities

    vehicle manufactured for operation by persons with disabilities[Repealed, SOR/2013-9, s. 1]

    walk-in van

    walk-in van means a van type of truck in which a person having a height of 1 700 mm can enter the occupant compartment in an upright position by a front door; (fourgon à accès en position debout)

    weather side

    weather side[Repealed, SOR/2008-258, s. 1]

    webbing

    webbing means a narrow band of fabric woven with continuous filling yarns and finished selvages; (sangle)

    wet ERBP

    wet ERBP[Repealed, SOR/2007-180, s. 1]

    wheelchair location

    wheelchair location means a location in a vehicle that is designed to be used to secure an occupied wheelchair; (emplacement pour fauteuil roulant)

    work vehicle

    work vehicle means a vehicle designed primarily for the performance of work in the construction of works of civil engineering and in maintenance, that is not constructed on a truck-chassis or truck-type chassis, but does not include a tractor or any vehicle designed primarily to be drawn behind another vehicle; (véhicule de travail)

    5th percentile adult female

    5th percentile adult female means a person having as physical characteristics a mass of 46.3 kg, height of 1499 mm, erect sitting height of 785 mm, normal sitting height of 752 mm, hip sitting breadth of 325 mm, hip sitting circumference of 925 mm, waist sitting circumference of 599 mm, chest depth of 191 mm, bust circumference of 775 mm, chest upper circumference of 757 mm, chest lower circumference of 676 mm, knee height of 455 mm, popliteal height of 356 mm, elbow rest height of 180 mm, thigh clearance height of 104 mm, buttock-to-knee length of 518 mm, buttock-to-poples length of 432 mm, elbow-to-elbow breadth of 312 mm and seat breadth of 312 mm; (5e percentile adulte du sexe féminin)

    50th percentile adult male

    50th percentile adult male means a person having as physical characteristics a mass of 74.4 kg plus or minus 1.4 kg, erect sitting height of 907 mm plus or minus 3 mm, hip sitting breadth of 373 mm plus or minus 18 mm, hip sitting circumference of 1067 mm, waist sitting circumference of 813 mm plus or minus 15 mm, chest depth of 236 mm plus or minus 5 mm and chest circumference of 950 mm plus or minus 15 mm; (50e percentile adulte du sexe masculin)

    50th percentile six-year-old child

    50th percentile six-year-old child means a person having as physical characteristics a mass of 21.5 kg, erect sitting height of 645 mm, hip sitting breadth of 213 mm, hip sitting circumference of 607 mm and waist sitting circumference of 528 mm; (50e percentile enfant de six ans)

    95th percentile adult male

    95th percentile adult male means a person having as physical characteristics a mass of 97.5 kg, height of 1849 mm, erect sitting height of 965 mm, normal sitting height of 930 mm, hip sitting breadth of 419 mm, hip sitting circumference of 1199 mm, waist sitting circumference of 1080 mm, chest depth of 267 mm, chest circumference of 1130 mm, knee height of 594 mm, popliteal height of 490 mm, elbow rest height of 295 mm, thigh clearance height of 175 mm, buttock-to-knee length of 640 mm, buttock-to-poples length of 549 mm, elbow-to-elbow breadth of 506 mm and seat breadth of 404 mm. (95e percentile adulte du sexe masculin)

  • (2) In these Regulations, if a document that is available in both official languages is incorporated by reference as amended from time to time, an amendment to one language version of that document is not incorporated until the corresponding amendment is made to the other language version.

  • SOR/78-257, s. 1;
  • SOR/78-351, s. 1;
  • SOR/78-525, s. 1;
  • SOR/79-306, s. 1;
  • SOR/79-339, s. 1;
  • SOR/79-340, s. 1;
  • SOR/79-374, s. 1;
  • SOR/79-677, s. 1;
  • SOR/79-719, s. 1;
  • SOR/79-940, s. 1;
  • SOR/80-161, s. 1;
  • SOR/80-282, s. 1;
  • SOR/80-439, s. 1;
  • SOR/80-440, s. 1;
  • SOR/80-636, s. 1;
  • SOR/80-638, s. 1;
  • SOR/80-782, s. 1;
  • SOR/81-88, s. 1;
  • SOR/81-1033, s. 1;
  • SOR/82-569, s. 1;
  • SOR/82-656, s. 1;
  • SOR/82-753, s. 1;
  • SOR/82-754, s. 1;
  • SOR/83-176, s. 1;
  • SOR/83-859, s. 1;
  • SOR/84-374, s. 1;
  • SOR/84-812, s. 1;
  • SOR/86-161, s. 1;
  • SOR/86-683, s. 1;
  • SOR/86-976, s. 1;
  • SOR/86-977, s. 1;
  • SOR/87-154, s. 1;
  • SOR/87-497, s. 1;
  • SOR/87-578, s. 1;
  • SOR/87-660, s. 1;
  • SOR/88-268, s. 1;
  • SOR/89-384, s. 1;
  • SOR/90-588, s. 1;
  • SOR/90-805, s. 1;
  • SOR/91-425, s. 1;
  • SOR/91-692, s. 1;
  • SOR/92-173, s. 1;
  • SOR/92-250, s. 1;
  • SOR/92-545, s. 1;
  • SOR/93-5, s. 1;
  • SOR/93-31, s. 1;
  • SOR/93-146, s. 1;
  • SOR/93-561, s. 1;
  • SOR/94-291, s. 1;
  • SOR/94-669, s. 1;
  • SOR/94-670, s. 2(F);
  • SOR/94-692, s. 2(F);
  • SOR/94-717, s. 1;
  • SOR/95-147, s. 1;
  • SOR/95-164, s. 1;
  • SOR/95-536, s. 7;
  • SOR/96-366, s. 1;
  • SOR/97-141, s. 1;
  • SOR/97-200, s. 1;
  • SOR/97-201, s. 1;
  • SOR/97-421, ss. 1, 17, 22(F);
  • SOR/97-447, s. 1;
  • SOR/98-125, s. 1;
  • SOR/98-160, s. 1;
  • SOR/98-457, s. 1;
  • SOR/98-524, s. 1(F);
  • SOR/99-357, s. 1;
  • SOR/2000-182, s. 1;
  • SOR/2000-304, s. 1;
  • SOR/2001-35, s. 1;
  • SOR/2001-117, s. 1;
  • SOR/2001-152, s. 1;
  • SOR/2002-15, s. 25(F);
  • SOR/2002-55, s. 1;
  • SOR/2002-187, s. 1;
  • SOR/2002-205, s. 1;
  • SOR/2003-57, s. 3(F);
  • SOR/2003-272, s. 1;
  • SOR/2004-250, s. 1;
  • SOR/2005-45, s. 1;
  • SOR/2006-94, s. 4(E);
  • SOR/2007-180, s. 1;
  • SOR/2008-72, s. 1;
  • SOR/2008-73, s. 1;
  • SOR/2008-104, s. 1;
  • SOR/2008-229, s. 1;
  • SOR/2008-258, s. 1;
  • SOR/2009-291, s. 1;
  • SOR/2009-318, s. 1;
  • SOR/2011-263, s. 1;
  • SOR/2011-264, s. 1;
  • SOR/2013-9, s. 1;
  • SOR/2013-117, s. 1;
  • SOR/2015-23, s. 1;
  • SOR/2015-24, s. 1;
  • SOR/2016-318, s. 1.

Metric or Imperial System

 If, in the application to a vehicle of a portion of a section of these Regulations or a portion of a provision of a technical standards document, either the metric or the imperial system of measurement is used, the same system of measurement shall be used in the application to the vehicle of any other portion of the section or provision.

  • SOR/79-263, s. 1;
  • SOR/82-482, s. 1;
  • SOR/96-366, s. 2;
  • SOR/2009-318, s. 2.

Number of Wheels

 For the purpose of determining the number of wheels on a motorcycle or a three-wheeled vehicle, two wheels are considered to be one wheel if they are mounted on the same axle and the distance between the centres of their areas of contact with the ground is less than 460 mm.

  • SOR/2003-272, s. 2;
  • SOR/2009-318, s. 2;
  • SOR/2011-264, s. 2.

Designated Seating Capacity

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), the designated seating capacity of a vehicle is the sum of the number of designated seating positions and wheelchair locations in the vehicle.

  • (2) The designated seating capacity of a motor home that has a GVWR greater than 4 536 kg may, at the option of the manufacturer, be the number of sleeping positions in the motor home.

  • (3) If a folding or removable seat is positioned at one or more wheelchair locations, the greater of the following shall be used for the purposes of subsection (1):

    • (a) the number of designated seating positions that the seat contains, and

    • (b) the number of wheelchair locations.

  • SOR/2009-318, s. 2;
  • SOR/2011-264, s. 2.

Number of Designated Seating Positions

  •  (1) In subsection (3), measurement zone means the zone extending from a transverse vertical plane that is 150 mm behind the front leading surface of a seating surface to a transverse vertical plane that is 250 mm behind that front leading surface, measured horizontally and longitudinally.

  • (2) If a location in a vehicle that is likely to be used as a seating position has a seating surface width of at least 700 mm, the number of designated seating positions at that location shall be determined by using whichever of the following formulae is applicable and rounding the quotient down to the nearest whole number:

    • (a) if the location has a seating surface width of less than 1 400 mm,

      N = W / X

      where

      N
      is the number of designated seating positions,
      W
      is the seating surface width in millimetres, and
      X
      is 350 or, at the option of the manufacturer, a number that is chosen by the manufacturer and is less than 350 but not less than 330; and
    • (b) if the location has a seating surface width of 1 400 mm or more,

      N = W / X

      where

      N
      is the number of designated seating positions,
      W
      is the seating surface width in millimetres, and
      X
      is 450 or, at the option of the manufacturer, a number that is chosen by the manufacturer and is less than 450 but not less than 330.
  • (3) Adjacent seating surfaces are considered to form a single seating surface, unless

    • (a) the seating surfaces are separated by a fixed trimmed surface that has an unpadded top surface and that has a width of not less than 140 mm in each transverse vertical plane, as measured in the measurement zone;

    • (b) the seating surfaces are separated by a void whose cross section in each transverse vertical plane within the measurement zone is a rectangle that is not less than 140 mm wide and not less than 140 mm deep, and the top edge of the cross section in each of those planes is congruent with the transverse horizontal line that intersects the lowest point on the portion of the top profile of the seating surfaces that lie within the plane;

    • (c) interior trim interrupts a line drawn between the H-points of adjacent seating surfaces; or

    • (d) the seating surfaces are adjacent outboard seats, and the lateral distance between each point on the seat cushion of one seat and each point on the seat cushion of the other seat is not less than 140 mm.

  • (4) Folding, removable and adjustable seats must be measured in the configuration that results in the largest seating surface width.

  • (5) The number of designated seating positions in a bench type seat in a school bus shall be the number of seating positions determined in accordance with subsection 222(5) of Schedule IV.

  • SOR/2009-318, s. 2;
  • SOR/2011-264, s. 2.

Prescribed Class of a Vehicle

  •  (1) For the purpose of determining the prescribed class of a vehicle, any wheelchair location is considered to be equivalent to four locations for the purpose of determining the designated seating capacity if

    • (a) the vehicle was designed to have a designated seating capacity of more than 10; and

    • (b) any of the intended designated seating positions are replaced by a wheelchair location.

  • (2) For the purpose of determining the prescribed class of a vehicle resulting from the alteration of a bus by the replacement of any designated seating position with a wheelchair location, the location may, at the option of the manufacturer, be considered to be equivalent to four locations for the purpose of determining the designated seating capacity.

  • SOR/2011-264, s. 2.

National Safety Marks

 For the purposes of subsection 3(2) of the Act, on request from a company, the Minister may authorize, in the form set out in Schedule II, the company to apply the national safety mark.

  • SOR/79-491, s. 1;
  • SOR/82-482, s. 2;
  • SOR/95-147, s. 2;
  • SOR/2017-57, s. 1.

Prescribed Classes of Vehicles

  •  (1) The classes of vehicles set out in Schedule III are prescribed as classes of vehicles in respect of which these Regulations apply.

  • (1.1) An incomplete vehicle is prescribed as a class of vehicle in respect of which these Regulations apply.

  • (2) The prescribed classes referred to in subsections (1) and (1.1) do not include a vehicle that was manufactured 15 years or more before the date of its importation into Canada, except for a bus.

  • SOR/82-482, s. 3;
  • SOR/88-268, s. 2;
  • SOR/95-147, s. 2;
  • SOR/2002-55, s. 2.

Safety and Emission Requirements

[SOR/97-376, s. 1]
  •  (1) Each requirement set out in Schedules IV to VI is prescribed as a Canada Motor Vehicle Safety Standard for vehicles of prescribed classes.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (2.1), every vehicle of a prescribed class that is a completed vehicle shall conform to

    • (a) each standard referred to by number in column I of Schedule III, opposite which there is set out the letter “X” in the subcolumn designating that class or subclass of vehicle.

    • (b) [Repealed, SOR/2003-2, s. 46]

  • (2.1) [Repealed, SOR/2003-2, s. 46]

  • (3) Every incomplete vehicle shall conform to each standard set out in Schedules IV, V.1 and VI for completed vehicles to the extent that the standard governs the components that are fitted on the incomplete vehicle.

  • SOR/95-147, s. 2;
  • SOR/97-376, s. 2;
  • SOR/2002-55, s. 3;
  • SOR/2003-2, s. 46;
  • SOR/2003-272, s. 3.

Interprovincial Shipments

  •  (1) Notwithstanding section 4 of the Act, a manufacturer may ship from one province to another, or deliver to any person for the purpose of so shipping, a vehicle of a prescribed class manufactured in Canada that does not bear the national safety mark if

    • (a) the manufacturer files with the Minister a declaration, signed by that person or that person’s duly authorized representative, setting out the information referred to in subsection (2);

    • (b) the vehicle is being shipped or delivered for the purpose of exhibition, demonstration, evaluation or testing; and

    • (c) the vehicle is destroyed or returned to the province of origin within one year.

  • (2) A declaration made pursuant to subsection (1) shall set out the following information:

    • (a) the name and address of the manufacturer of the vehicle;

    • (b) the month and year the vehicle was manufactured;

    • (c) the class, make, model and vehicle identification number of the vehicle;

    • (d) the use to be made of the vehicle;

    • (e) the estimated period of time the vehicle will be used on public roads;

    • (f) whether the vehicle will be destroyed or returned to the province of origin after completion of the purpose for which it was shipped or delivered; and

    • (g) the date the vehicle will be destroyed or returned to the province of origin.

  • (3) The declarations made in accordance with subsection (2)

    • (a) shall be filed prior to shipping or delivering the vehicle; or

    • (b) in the case of a company whose world production of vehicles is 2,500 or more a year, may be filed with the Minister quarterly.

  • SOR/95-494, s. 1.

Gross Vehicle Weight Rating

 The gross vehicle weight rating of a vehicle shall be not less than the sum of

  • (a) the unloaded vehicle mass,

  • (b) the cargo-carrying capacity,

  • (c) the product obtained by multiplying the designated seating capacity by 54 kg, in the case of a school bus, or by 68 kg, in any other case, and

  • (d) in the case of a vehicle having living or sanitary accommodations, the mass of its fresh water, hot water and propane tanks, but not its waste water tanks, when full.

  • SOR/98-125, s. 2;
  • SOR/2008-258, s. 2.

Maximum Speed

  •  (1) The maximum speed of a motorcycle shall be measured in accordance with International Organization for Standardization standard ISO 7117:1995, Motorcycles — Measurement of Maximum Speed.

  • (2) Wherever the term motorcycle is used in International Organization for Standardization standard ISO 7117:1995, Motorcycles — Measurement of Maximum Speed, it shall have the same meaning as motorcycle in subsection 2(1) of these Regulations.

  • SOR/2011-263, s. 2.

Compliance Label

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (1.1) and 6.6(1), a company that manufactures a vehicle of a prescribed class that is a completed vehicle and that meets the requirements of these Regulations shall ensure that the vehicle, unless it is a vehicle imported temporarily for special purposes, bears a compliance label displaying at least

    • (a) the name of the manufacturer of the completed vehicle;

    • (b) the month and year the manufacture of the completed vehicle was complete;

    • (c) a drawing at least 13 mm in diameter depicting the national safety mark, as set out in Schedule I, and showing in its centre, in figures at least 2 mm in height, the authorization number assigned by the Minister to the company pursuant to section 3;

    • (d) the vehicle identification number;

    • (e) in the case of a passenger car, multi-purpose passenger vehicle, low-speed vehicle, three-wheeled vehicle, truck, bus, trailer, trailer converter dolly or motorcycle,

      • (i) the gross vehicle weight rating, expressed in kilograms, clearly identified by the words “Gross Vehicle Weight Rating” and “Poids nominal brut du véhicule” or the abbreviations “GVWR” and “PNBV”, and

      • (ii) the gross axle weight rating, expressed in kilograms, for each axle of the vehicle listed in order from front to rear and clearly identified by the words “Gross Axle Weight Ratings” and “Poids nominal brut sur l’essieu” or the abbreviations “GAWR” and “PNBE”, unless the information is set out on the vehicle placard or on the tire inflation pressure label referred to in section S4.3 of Technical Standards Document No. 110, Tire Selection and Rims for Motor Vehicles With a GVWR of 4,536 kg or Less, or on the tire information label referred to in section S5.3(b) of Technical Standards Document No. 120, Tire Selection and Rims for Motor Vehicles With a GVWR of More Than 4,536 kg;

    • (f) the type of vehicle, in both official languages, or the word “TYPE” along with one of the following abbreviations, namely,

      • (i) “AMB” to refer to an ambulance,

      • (i.1) “AT/PA” to refer to an auto transporter,

      • (ii) “ATV/VTT” to refer to an all-terrain vehicle,

      • (iii) “B/A” to refer to a bus,

      • (iv) “BT/RA” to refer to a bus trailer,

      • (v) “CD/CCC” to refer to a C-dolly,

      • (vi) “EMC/MCH” to refer to an enclosed motorcycle,

      • (vii) “HHT/RL” to refer to a heavy hauler trailer,

      • (viii) “LSM/MVL” to refer to a limited-speed motorcycle,

      • (ix) “LDD/CRC” to refer to a load divider dolly,

      • (ix.1) “LSV/VBV” to refer to a low-speed vehicle,

      • (x) “MH/AC” to refer to a motor home,

      • (xi) “MC” to refer to an open motorcycle,

      • (xii) “MPV/VTUM” to refer to a multi-purpose passenger vehicle,

      • (xiii) “PC/VT” to refer to a passenger car,

      • (xiv) “RUM/MUR” to refer to a restricted-use motorcycle,

      • (xv) “SB/AS” to refer to a school bus,

      • (xvi) “TRA/REM” to refer to a trailer,

      • (xvii) “TCD/CDC” to refer to a trailer converter dolly,

      • (xviii) “TRI” to refer to a motor tricycle,

      • (xix) “TRU/CAM” to refer to a truck,

      • (xx) “TT/CT” to refer to a truck tractor,

      • (xxi) “TWV/VTR” to refer to a three-wheeled vehicle,

      • (xxii) ”SNO/MNG” to refer to a snowmobile, and

      • (xxiii) “MFSAB/AMAS” to refer to a multifunction school activity bus;

    • (g) in the case of a C-dolly, the mounting height, expressed in both official languages, of the coupling when the C-dolly is not loaded; and

    • (h) in the case of a trailer that is designed to tow a C-dolly, the mounting height, expressed in both official languages, of the coupling when the trailer is not loaded;

    • (i) [Repealed, SOR/2002-55, s. 4]

  • (1.1) If an incomplete vehicle manufacturer or an intermediate manufacturer assumes legal responsibility for the completed vehicle’s conformity to the requirements of these Regulations, the incomplete vehicle manufacturer or the intermediate manufacturer, as the case may be, shall ensure that a compliance label is applied to the completed vehicle in accordance with this section, except that

    • (a) the name of the incomplete vehicle manufacturer or the intermediate manufacturer, as the case may be, shall appear on the compliance label instead of the name of the manufacturer referred to in paragraph (1)(a); and

    • (b) the date of manufacture of the completed vehicle may be no earlier than the date on which manufacturing operations on the vehicle are completed by the incomplete vehicle manufacturer and no later than the date on which manufacturing operations on the vehicle are completed by the final-stage manufacturer.

  • (1.2) If an incomplete vehicle manufacturer assumes legal responsibility for the completed vehicle’s conformity to the requirements of these Regulations, the provisions related to vehicles manufactured in stages set out in sections 6.1 to 6.6 do not apply.

  • (1.3) If an intermediate manufacturer assumes legal responsibility for the completed vehicle’s conformity to the requirements of these Regulations, the provisions related to vehicles manufactured in stages set out in sections 6.3 to 6.6 do not apply.

  • (2) The drawing referred to in paragraph (1)(c)

    • (a) may be displayed on a label applied to the vehicle beside the compliance label; or

    • (b) in the case of an imported vehicle, may be replaced by the following statement indicating that the vehicle conforms to the applicable standards prescribed under these Regulations at the time the main assembly of the vehicle was completed:

      “THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE STANDARDS PRESCRIBED UNDER THE CANADIAN MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY REGULATIONS IN EFFECT ON THE DATE OF MANUFACTURE / CE VÉHICULE EST CONFORME À TOUTES LES NORMES QUI LUI SONT APPLICABLES EN VERTU DU RÈGLEMENT SUR LA SÉCURITÉ DES VÉHICULES AUTOMOBILES DU CANADA EN VIGUEUR À LA DATE DE SA FABRICATION”.

  • (3) The compliance label shall be applied

    • (a) in the case of a bus, multi-purpose passenger vehicle, three-wheeled vehicle, passenger car, truck or low-speed vehicle,

      • (i) to the hinge pillar, door latch post or the door edge that meets the door latch post next to the driver’s seating position,

      • (ii) to the left side of the instrument panel or the inward-facing surface of the door next to the driver’s seating position, where it is impracticable to apply the label in accordance with subparagraph (i), or

      • (iii) to a conspicuous and readily accessible location, where it is impracticable to apply the label in accordance with subparagraph (i) or (ii);

    • (b) in the case of a trailer, to the forward half of the left side of the trailer so that it is easily readable from outside the trailer without moving any part of the trailer;

    • (c) in the case of a motorcycle or a restricted-use motorcycle, to a permanent part of the motorcycle as close as is practicable to the intersection of the steering post and the handlebars so that it is easily readable without moving any part of the motorcycle except the steering system; or

    • (d) in the case of a snowmobile, to the rear half of the right side of the vehicle so that it is easily readable from outside the vehicle without moving any part of the vehicle.

  • (4) to (7) [Repealed, SOR/2002-55, s. 4]

  • (8) In the case of a multi-purpose passenger vehicle or bus manufactured from a cutaway chassis, a motor home or a recreational trailer, the compliance label shall display the following information in both official languages:

    • (a) the cargo-carrying capacity of the vehicle;

    • (b) the designated seating capacity, except in the case of a recreational trailer;

    • (c) in the case of a motor home, the total mass of the occupants, which is obtained by multiplying the designated seating capacity by 68 kg; and

    • (d) in the case of a motor home or a recreational trailer,

      • (i) the mass of the fresh water, hot water and waste water tanks when full, and

      • (ii) a statement that the displayed cargo-carrying capacity is determined with the fresh water and hot water tanks full and the waste water tanks empty.

  • (8.1) The information referred to in subsection (8) may be displayed on a separate label applied to the vehicle beside the compliance label or in a conspicuous or readily accessible location.

  • (9) In the case of a limited-speed motorcycle and a low-speed vehicle, a statement in both official languages that the use of the vehicle may be restricted by provincial authorities to certain roads shall appear on the compliance label or on a separate label permanently applied to the vehicle in a conspicuous location.

  • (10) [Repealed, SOR/2000-182, s. 2]

  • (11) In the case of a model of vehicle in respect of which the Governor in Council has made an exemption order pursuant to section 9 of the Act, the compliance label or information label applied to the vehicle, as the case may be, shall also specify, in both official languages,

    • (a) the number and title of the standard in respect of which the exemption has been granted; and

    • (b) the short title of the exemption order.

  • (12) and (13) [Repealed, SOR/2000-182, s. 2]

  • SOR/79-940, s. 2;
  • SOR/81-455, s. 1;
  • SOR/82-482, s. 4;
  • SOR/87-660, s. 2;
  • SOR/88-268, s. 3;
  • SOR/91-528, s. 1;
  • SOR/93-146, s. 2;
  • SOR/95-147, s. 2;
  • SOR/98-125, s. 3;
  • SOR/2000-182, s. 2;
  • SOR/2000-304, s. 2;
  • SOR/2002-55, ss. 4, 21;
  • SOR/2003-272, s. 4;
  • SOR/2004-250, s. 2;
  • SOR/2005-342, s. 1;
  • SOR/2006-94, s. 4(E);
  • SOR/2008-258, s. 3;
  • SOR/2015-23, s. 2;
  • SOR/2016-318, s. 2.

Vehicles Manufactured in Stages

Incomplete Vehicle Manufacturer’s Document

  •  (1) An incomplete vehicle manufacturer shall, at or before the time of delivery of an incomplete vehicle, provide to the intermediate manufacturer, the final-stage manufacturer or other purchaser, as the case may be, an incomplete vehicle document that contains the following information:

    • (a) the name and mailing address of the incomplete vehicle manufacturer;

    • (b) the month and year the incomplete vehicle manufacturer performed its last manufacturing operation on the incomplete vehicle;

    • (c) the vehicle identification number;

    • (d) the GVWR, expressed in kilograms, intended for the vehicle when it is a completed vehicle;

    • (e) the GAWR, expressed in kilograms, intended for each axle of the vehicle when it is a completed vehicle, listed in order from front to rear, except that the GAWR for consecutive axles that have identical GAWRs when equipped with tires that have the same designated tire size may be stated once followed by the words “each” and “chacun”;

    • (f) a list of the types of vehicles referred to in paragraph 6(1)(f) into which the incomplete vehicle is designed to be manufactured; and

    • (g) the numbers of the prescribed standards that apply, at the date specified in paragraph (b), in respect of each type of vehicle listed, followed in each case by one or more of the following statements, as applicable:

      • (i) a statement that the completed vehicle will conform to the standard if no alterations are made to the components of the incomplete vehicle that are identified by the incomplete vehicle manufacturer (for example, CMVSS 104 — This vehicle, when completed, will conform to Standard 104, Windshield Wiping and Washing System, if no alterations are made to the windshield or the windshield wiping and washing system),

      • (ii) a statement that the completed vehicle will conform to the standard if the vehicle is manufactured in accordance with the conditions specified by the incomplete vehicle manufacturer (for example, CMVSS 121 — This vehicle, when completed, will conform to Standard 121, Air Brake Systems, if it does not exceed any of the GAWRs, if the centre of gravity at GVWR is not higher than 2.75 m above the ground and if no alterations are made in any brake system component), and

      • (iii) a statement that conformity to the standard cannot be determined based upon the components that are fitted on the incomplete vehicle and that the incomplete vehicle manufacturer makes no representation as to conformity with the standard.

  • (2) The document shall be kept in a weather-resistant container that is attached to the vehicle in a conspicuous and readily accessible location, or it may be sent directly to an intermediate manufacturer, a final-stage manufacturer or other purchaser, as the case may be.

  • SOR/2002-55, s. 5.

Incomplete Vehicle Manufacturer’s Information Label

  •  (1) Every incomplete vehicle manufacturer shall apply to every incomplete vehicle it manufactures an information label that displays the following:

    • (a) a statement, in both official languages, that the vehicle is an incomplete vehicle;

    • (b) the name of the incomplete vehicle manufacturer;

    • (c) the month and year the incomplete vehicle manufacturer performed its last manufacturing operation on the incomplete vehicle;

    • (d) the vehicle identification number;

    • (e) the GVWR intended for the vehicle when it is a completed vehicle, expressed in kilograms, clearly identified by the words “Gross Vehicle Weight Rating” and “Poids nominal brut du véhicule” or the abbreviations “GVWR” and “PNBV”;

    • (f) the GAWR, expressed in kilograms, intended for each axle of the vehicle when it is a completed vehicle, listed in order from front to rear and clearly identified by the words “Gross Axle Weight Ratings” and “Poids nominal brut sur l’essieu” or the abbreviations “GAWR” and “PNBE”, except that

      • (i) the GAWR for consecutive axles that have identical GAWRs when equipped with tires that have the same designated tire size may be stated once followed by the words “each” and “chacun”, and

      • (ii) the information need not appear on the label if it is set out on the vehicle placard or the tire inflation pressure label referred to in section S4.3 of Technical Standards Document No. 110, Tire Selection and Rims for Motor Vehicles With a GVWR of 4,536 kg or Less, or on the tire information label referred to in section S5.3(b) of Technical Standards Document No. 120, Tire Selection and Rims for Motor Vehicles With a GVWR of More Than 4,536 kg; and

    • (g) in the case of a vehicle manufactured in Canada for sale in Canada, a drawing of at least 20 mm in diameter depicting the national safety mark set out in Schedule I and showing in its centre, in figures of at least 2 mm in height, the authorization number assigned by the Minister to the company under section 3.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3), the information label shall be applied

    • (a) to the hinge pillar, door latch post or the door edge that meets the door latch post next to the driver’s seating position;

    • (b) to the left side of the instrument panel or the inward-facing surface of the door next to the driver’s seating position, if it is impracticable to apply the label in accordance with paragraph (a); or

    • (c) to a conspicuous and readily accessible location, if it is impracticable to apply the label in accordance with paragraph (a) or (b) or if the vehicle does not have the components described in paragraph (a) or (b).

  • (3) In the case of a stripped or cowl chassis, the information label may be applied to a conspicuous and readily accessible location on the steering column.

  • (4) The drawing referred to in paragraph (1)(g) may be displayed on a label applied to the vehicle beside the incomplete vehicle manufacturer’s information label.

  • SOR/2002-55, s. 5;
  • SOR/2005-342, s. 2;
  • SOR/2008-258, s. 4.

Intermediate Manufacturer’s Document

  •  (1) Every intermediate manufacturer of an incomplete vehicle shall, at or before the time of delivery of the incomplete vehicle to the subsequent manufacturer, provide to the subsequent manufacturer, in the manner specified in subsection 6.1(2), the incomplete vehicle document that was provided by the previous manufacturer.

  • (2) An intermediate manufacturer shall, before complying with subsection (1), make an addendum to the incomplete vehicle document that contains the following information:

    • (a) its name and mailing address;

    • (b) a clear and precise description of all the changes it has made to the incomplete vehicle; and

    • (c) if any of the changes affect the validity of a statement made by the incomplete vehicle manufacturer in accordance with paragraph 6.1(1)(g), an indication of the amendments that must be made to those statements to reflect the changes made by the intermediate manufacturer.

  • SOR/2002-55, s. 5.

Intermediate Manufacturer’s Information Label

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (3), an intermediate manufacturer shall apply to every incomplete vehicle, beside the information label of the previous manufacturer, an information label that displays the following information:

    • (a) a statement, in both official languages, that the vehicle is an incomplete vehicle;

    • (b) the name of the intermediate manufacturer;

    • (c) a statement, in both official languages, that the company is an intermediate manufacturer;

    • (d) the month and year in which the intermediate manufacturer performed its last manufacturing operation on the incomplete vehicle; and

    • (e) in the case of a vehicle manufactured in Canada for sale in Canada, a drawing of at least 20 mm in diameter depicting the national safety mark set out in Schedule I and showing in its centre, in figures of at least 2 mm in height, the authorization number assigned by the Minister to the company under section 3.

  • (2) The drawing referred to in paragraph (1)(e) may be displayed on a label applied to the vehicle beside the intermediate manufacturer’s information label.

  • (3) If the information label applied to an incomplete vehicle by the previous manufacturer is not in a location described in paragraph 6.2(2)(a) or (b),

    • (a) the information label shall be applied in a location specified in paragraph 6.2(2)(a) or (b), or in a conspicuous and readily accessible location if it is impracticable to conform to paragraph 6.2(2)(a) or (b); and

    • (b) subject to subsection (4), the information label shall display the GVWR and GAWRs set out on the label applied by the previous manufacturer.

  • (4) If an intermediate manufacturer increases the GVWR or the GAWRs above those referred to in paragraphs 6.1(1)(d) and (e), the intermediate manufacturer shall ensure that the new ratings are displayed on that intermediate manufacturer’s information label and

    • (a) are increased in accordance with the written recommendations of the incomplete vehicle manufacturer or, if applicable, of another previous manufacturer; or

    • (b) are within the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle’s components when the vehicle is loaded for its intended use as a completed vehicle.

  • SOR/2002-55, s. 5.

Final-stage Manufacturer’s Document

  •  (1) A final-stage manufacturer shall make an addendum to the incomplete vehicle document that contains the following information:

    • (a) its name and mailing address; and

    • (b) a clear and precise description of all the changes that it has made to the incomplete vehicle.

  • (2) The final-stage manufacturer shall retain and make available to the Minister, on request, the incomplete vehicle documentation referred to in subsection (1) and sections 6.1 and 6.3, for a period of no less than five years after the date manufacturing operations on the vehicle are completed by the final-stage manufacturer.

  • SOR/2002-55, s. 5.

Final-stage Manufacturer’s Compliance Label

  •  (1) Every final-stage manufacturer shall choose a date of manufacture for a completed vehicle that may be no earlier than the date specified by the incomplete vehicle manufacturer on its information label but no later than the date manufacturing operations on the vehicle are completed by the final-stage manufacturer and shall

    • (a) complete the incomplete vehicle in such a manner that the completed vehicle conforms to the standards prescribed for a completed vehicle of that class as of the date chosen by the final-stage manufacturer; and

    • (b) apply to the completed vehicle a compliance label in accordance with section 6, except that

      • (i) the date of manufacture referred to in paragraph 6(1)(b) is the date of manufacture chosen by the final-stage manufacturer, and

      • (ii) subject to subsection (2), the GVWR and GAWRs shall be those set out on the label applied by the previous manufacturer.

  • (2) If a final-stage manufacturer increases the GVWR or the GAWRs above those referred to in paragraphs 6.1(1)(d) and (e) and subsection 6.4(4) or new ratings have been displayed on an intermediate manufacturer’s information label, the final-stage manufacturer shall ensure that the new ratings are displayed on the compliance label for the completed vehicle and

    • (a) are increased in accordance with the written recommendations of the incomplete vehicle manufacturer or, if applicable, of another previous manufacturer; or

    • (b) are within the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle’s components when the vehicle is loaded for its intended use as a completed vehicle.

  • SOR/2002-55, s. 5.

 All the labels applied to a vehicle under sections 6, 6.2, 6.4 and 6.6 shall

  • (a) be permanently attached to the vehicle;

  • (b) be resistant to or protected against any weather condition to which the label may be exposed;

  • (c) have lettering that is

    • (i) clear and indelible,

    • (ii) indented, embossed or in a colour that contrasts with the background colour of the label, and

    • (iii) in block capitals and numerals not less than 2 mm in height; and

  • (d) have metric units identified by the appropriate name or symbol.

  • SOR/82-482, s. 5;
  • SOR/95-147, s. 2;
  • SOR/2002-55, s. 6.

 [Repealed, SOR/2002-55, s. 7]

Altered Vehicle

  •  (1) If a company alters a vehicle, other than an incomplete vehicle or a truck tractor not fitted with a fifth wheel coupling, that was in conformity with these Regulations in such a manner that its stated GVWR and GAWR are no longer accurate, or if the company alters the vehicle otherwise than by the addition, substitution or removal of readily attachable components such as mirrors or tire and rim assemblies or by minor finishing operations, the company shall

    • (a) ensure that the compliance label and information label, if applicable, remain on the vehicle;

    • (a.1) respect the gross axle weight ratings and gross vehicle weight rating of the vehicle recommended by the original manufacturer or, where the company increases the ratings, ensure that they are

      • (i) increased in accordance with the original manufacturer’s written recommendations, or

      • (ii) within the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle’s components when the altered vehicle is loaded for its intended use;

    • (b) ensure that the vehicle conforms to the standards referred to in subsection 5(2), in respect of the work carried out by the company to alter the vehicle; and

    • (c) subject to subsection (2), apply to the vehicle an additional label displaying

      • (i) the words “THIS VEHICLE WAS ALTERED BY / CE VÉHICULE A ÉTÉ MODIFIÉ PAR” followed by the name of the company that altered the vehicle,

      • (ii) the month and year during which the alteration of the vehicle was completed,

      • (iii) the drawing referred to in paragraph 6(1)(c),

      • (iv) in accordance with paragraph 6(1)(e), the new gross vehicle weight rating and gross axle weight ratings of the vehicle as altered, where they differ from those shown on the original compliance label,

      • (v) in accordance with paragraph 6(1)(f), the type of vehicle, where it differs from the type shown on the original compliance label, and

      • (vi) in the case of a multi-purpose passenger vehicle or bus manufactured from a cutaway chassis, a motor home or a recreational trailer, the information referred to in subsection 6(8).

  • (2) The drawing referred to in paragraph (1)(c) may be displayed on a label applied to the vehicle beside the compliance label.

  • (3) In the case of a motor home or a recreational trailer, the information referred to in subparagraph (1)(c)(vi) may be displayed on a separate label applied to the vehicle beside the compliance label or in a conspicuous or readily accessible location.

  • SOR/90-805, s. 2;
  • SOR/91-425, s. 3;
  • SOR/92-173, ss. 2, 5;
  • SOR/95-147, s. 2;
  • SOR/98-125, s. 5;
  • SOR/2002-55, s. 8;
  • SOR/2006-94, s. 4(E).

Records

  •  (1) For each vehicle to which the national safety mark is applied or that is imported into Canada, a company shall maintain in writing or in readily readable electronic or optical form the records referred to in paragraph 5(1)(g) of the Act that show that the vehicle conforms to all prescribed standards applicable to it and retain those records for at least five years after the date of manufacture or importation.

  • (2) If the records referred to in subsection (1) are maintained by a person on behalf of a company, the company shall keep the name and address of that person.

  • (3) On request in writing from an inspector, a company shall send to that inspector a copy, in either official language, of the records referred to in subsection (1) within

    • (a) 30 working days after the mailing of the request; or

    • (b) where the records must be translated, 45 working days after the mailing of the request.

  • SOR/79-940, s. 3;
  • SOR/87-450, s. 1;
  • SOR/88-536, s. 1;
  • SOR/95-147, s. 2;
  • SOR/98-524, s. 2;
  • SOR/2008-104, s. 2;
  • SOR/2009-32, s. 1;
  • SOR/2013-117, s. 2.

Importation Document

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (4) to (6), any person importing into Canada a vehicle of a prescribed class shall, at the nearest customs office that is open for business, make a declaration, signed by that person or that person’s duly authorized representative, setting out

    • (a) the name and address of the company or individual importing the vehicle;

    • (b) the name of the manufacturer of the vehicle;

    • (c) the date the vehicle is presented for importation;

    • (d) the class, make, model and vehicle identification number of the vehicle;

    • (e) a statement that the vehicle bears an information label or compliance label, as the case may be, or, where the importer is an individual, a statement from the manufacturer or the duly authorized representative of that manufacturer that the vehicle described in the document conformed to the applicable standards prescribed under these Regulations at the time the main assembly of the vehicle was completed;

    • (f) a statement that on the date of its importation the vehicle conformed to the applicable standards prescribed under these Regulations at the time the main assembly of the vehicle was completed;

    • (f.1) [Repealed, SOR/2003-2, s. 47]

    • (g) where the importer is an individual, the month and year the main assembly of the vehicle was completed.

  • (2) The declaration that a person or the person’s duly authorized representative must make prior to importation, pursuant to paragraph 7(1)(a) of the Act, shall be signed and contain the information set out in Schedule VII.

  • (3) The declarations made in accordance with subsection (2)

    • (a) shall be filed with the Minister prior to importation of the vehicle; or

    • (b) in the case of a company whose world production of vehicles is 2,500 or more a year, may be filed with the Minister quarterly.

  • (4) For the purposes of paragraph 5(1)(b) of the Act, any company that imports 2,500 vehicles or more a year into Canada may provide the information referred to in subsection (1) in another form and manner that is satisfactory to the Minister.

  • (5) Any company importing a vehicle into Canada pursuant to subsection 5(3) of the Act shall, at the nearest customs office that is open for business, make a declaration, signed by that person or that person’s duly authorized representative, setting out

    • (a) the name of the company importing the vehicle;

    • (b) the name of the company that completed the main assembly of the vehicle;

    • (c) the name of the company that will be completing the vehicle;

    • (d) the class, make, model and vehicle identification number of the vehicle;

    • (e) the date the vehicle is presented for importation;

    • (f) a statement from the company that completed the main assembly of the vehicle that the vehicle, when completed in accordance with the provided instructions, will conform to the applicable standards prescribed under these Regulations at the time the main assembly of the vehicle was completed; and

    • (g) a statement that the vehicle will be completed in accordance with the provided instructions.

  • (6) Any person importing a vehicle imported temporarily into Canada for special purposes shall file with the Minister, prior to importation, a declaration signed by the person or the person’s duly authorized representative, containing the information set out in Schedule VII.

  • SOR/79-940, s. 4;
  • SOR/88-536, s. 1;
  • SOR/94-670, s. 2(F);
  • SOR/95-147, s. 2;
  • SOR/97-376, s. 3;
  • SOR/2000-182, s. 3;
  • SOR/2002-55, s. 9;
  • SOR/2003-2, s. 47.

Importation of a Vehicle Purchased in the United States

  •  (1) The company contracted to the Department of Transport to establish and operate the national program of vehicle inspection, certification and registration, to be known as the registrar of imported vehicles, is the person designated for the purposes of subsection 7(2) of the Act.

  • (2) Subsection 7(2) of the Act does not apply to a person who is a company referred to in paragraph (a) or (b) of the definition company in section 2 of the Act.

  • (3) For the purposes of subsection 7(2) of the Act, a person may import into Canada a vehicle referred to in that subsection where the following conditions are met:

    • (a) in the case of a vehicle other than a restricted-use motorcycle or a snowmobile, the vehicle was manufactured by a company to conform to the applicable United States federal laws on the date of manufacture, as shown on the American compliance labels on the vehicle or on a written statement from each company that manufactured the vehicle;

    • (a.1) in the case of a snowmobile, the vehicle was manufactured by a company to conform, on the date of manufacture, to the applicable safety standards of the Snowmobile Safety and Certification Committee, Inc., as shown on the certification label on the snowmobile or on a written statement from the company that manufactured the snowmobile;

    • (b) any defect in the vehicle’s construction, design or functioning, or in the construction, design or functioning of its components, that was the subject of a notice of defect or nonconformity under United States federal laws was corrected;

    • (c) in the case of an incomplete vehicle, truck, enclosed motorcycle, multi-purpose passenger vehicle, three-wheeled vehicle, passenger car or bus, the vehicle was manufactured by the company that completed the main assembly of the vehicle to conform to section 210 of Schedule IV;

    • (d) in the case of a school bus, the vehicle was manufactured by the company that completed the main assembly of the vehicle to conform to section 222 of Schedule IV;

    • (d.1) in the case of a restricted-use motorcycle, the vehicle is designed to travel on two or four wheels;

    • (e) where the person is importing the vehicle for sale or for any commercial, industrial, occupational, institutional or other like use, the vehicle is imported at a customs office designated in Schedule VIII; and

    • (f) the person registers the vehicle with the registrar of imported vehicles, and makes a declaration, in the manner set out in subsection (6).

  • (4) Notwithstanding paragraph (3)(c) a person may import a vehicle that does not comply with section 210 of Schedule IV if, before being certified by the registrar of imported vehicles, the vehicle can be made to conform to that section by changing a seat or the seat tracks for a seat or seat tracks that are used in vehicles of the same make and model that are manufactured for the Canadian market.

  • (4.1) For the purposes of subsection 7(2) of the Act, a vehicle that has been sold at the retail level in the United States and that has not been certified by the manufacturer as conforming to subsection 114(4) of Schedule IV to these Regulations may be imported into Canada despite not being certified to conform to subsection 114(4) if

    • (a) the vehicle was fitted at the time of manufacture with an electronic immobilization system; or

    • (b) the person importing the vehicle states in their declaration that the vehicle

      • (i) will be fitted with an immobilization system that conforms to National Standard of Canada CAN/ULC-S338-98, entitled Automobile Theft Deterrent Equipment and Systems: Electronic Immobilization (May 1998), published by the Underwriters’ Laboratories of Canada, before it is presented for registration under the laws of a province, and

      • (ii) will be taken, within 45 days after its importation, to an inspection station authorized by the registrar of imported vehicles to carry out an inspection function to determine that the vehicle has been made to conform to the standard.

  • (5) The declaration referred to in paragraph (3)(f) shall be signed by the person importing the vehicle or that person’s duly authorized representative and set out

    • (a) the class, make, model and vehicle identification number of the vehicle;

    • (b) the date the vehicle is presented for importation;

    • (c) the name and address of the company or individual importing the vehicle;

    • (d) in the case of a vehicle other than a restricted-use motorcycle or a snowmobile, where the vehicle bears the compliance labels referred to in paragraph (3)(a), a statement that the vehicle bears those labels and, where required by United States federal laws, the vehicle emission control label applied by the company that manufactured the vehicle;

    • (d.1) in the case of a snowmobile, where the snowmobile bears the certification label referred to in paragraph (3)(a.1), a statement that the vehicle bears that label;

    • (e) where a vehicle referred to in paragraph (d) does not bear the labels referred to in that paragraph, a statement from each company that manufactured the vehicle or its duly authorized representative that, on the date of manufacture, the vehicle conformed to the applicable United States federal laws;

    • (e.1) where a snowmobile does not bear the certification label referred to in paragraph (d.1), a statement from the company that manufactured the vehicle or its duly authorized representative that, on the date of manufacture, the vehicle conformed to the applicable safety standards of the Snowmobile Safety and Certification Committee, Inc.;

    • (f) where an American compliance label is applied to the vehicle, the name of the company that manufactured the vehicle, as shown on the label;

    • (g) the month and year during which the main assembly of the vehicle was completed, as shown on the American compliance label applied to the vehicle or on the statement by the company that completed the main assembly of the vehicle or by its duly authorized representative; and

    • (h) a statement that the vehicle will be made to conform to all applicable standards prescribed under these Regulations for that class of vehicle and will be taken, within 45 days after its importation, to an inspection station authorized by the registrar of imported vehicles to carry out an inspection function to determine that a vehicle has been made to conform to the Canada motor vehicle safety standards.

  • (6) A declaration and registration shall be made using the form provided by the Minister:

    • (a) in the case of a person referred to in paragraph (3)(e), at a designated customs office; and

    • (b) in any other case, at the nearest customs office that is open for business.

  • (7) An authorized inspection station shall determine that a vehicle referred to in subsection 7(2) of the Act has been made to conform to the Canada motor vehicle safety standards.

  • (8) A vehicle that has been determined to conform to the standards prescribed under these Regulations and in respect of which a certificate of conformity has been issued by the registrar of imported vehicles, shall bear a label in both official languages that displays at least the following information:

    • (a) the name and address of

      • (i) the company or individual that imported the vehicle, and

      • (ii) the company or individual that altered the vehicle;

    • (b) the month and year during which the alteration of the vehicle was completed;

    • (c) a statement that all the necessary alterations have been made to make the vehicle conform to the applicable standards prescribed under these Regulations at the time the main assembly of the vehicle was completed;

    • (d) the vehicle identification number; and

    • (e) in the case of a passenger car, truck, multi-purpose passenger vehicle, low-speed vehicle, bus, trailer, trailer converter dolly, motorcycle or three-wheeled vehicle,

      • (i) the gross vehicle weight rating of the vehicle expressed in kilograms, and

      • (ii) the gross axle weight rating for each axle of the vehicle, expressed in kilograms and listed in order from front to rear.

  • (9) The label referred to in subsection (8) shall

    • (a) be permanently applied

      • (i) to the same surface as that to which a compliance label referred to in paragraph (3)(a) is applied, or

      • (ii) where none of the compliance labels referred to in paragraph (3)(a) is applied to the vehicle, in the appropriate location referred to in subsection 6(3);

    • (b) be resistant to or protected against any weather condition to which the label may be exposed; and

    • (c) have lettering that is

      • (i) clear and indelible,

      • (ii) indented, embossed or in a colour that contrasts with the background colour of the label, and

      • (iii) in block capitals and numerals not less than 2 mm in height.

  • (10) Where any compliance label referred to in paragraph (3)(a) is not applied to the vehicle, a statement that indicates that the vehicle was manufactured to conform to the applicable United States federal laws on the date of manufacture shall be displayed on the label referred to in subsection (8) or on a label applied beside that compliance label.

  • SOR/80-441, s. 1;
  • SOR/95-147, s. 2;
  • SOR/96-90, s. 1;
  • SOR/2000-304, s. 3;
  • SOR/2002-55, s. 10;
  • SOR/2003-272, s. 5;
  • SOR/2006-94, s. 4(E);
  • SOR/2007-307, s. 1;
  • SOR/2016-318, s. 3.

Applications for Exemption

  •  (1) Any company applying for an exemption pursuant to section 9 of the Act shall submit in writing to the Minister

    • (a) its name and address;

    • (b) the province or country under the laws of which it is established;

    • (c) the number, title and text or substance of the standards from which exemption is sought and the duration of that exemption;

    • (d) the reason for requesting an exemption;

    • (e) if applicable, the reasons for withholding from public disclosure any specific part of the information and data found in the application; and

    • (f) the reasons why the granting of the exemption would be in the public interest and consistent with the objectives of the Act.

  • (2) Where the basis of an application for an exemption is substantial financial hardship, the applicant shall include in the submission to the Minister

    • (a) technical and financial information demonstrating in detail why conformity to the standards referred to in paragraph (1)(c) would create substantial financial hardship, including

      • (i) a list of each of the items that would have to be altered in order to achieve conformity,

      • (ii) the itemized estimated cost of making the alterations referred to in subparagraph (i)

        • (A) at the end of one year from the date the application is submitted, if the application is for an exemption for one year or more but less than two years,

        • (B) at the end of two years from the date the application is submitted, if the application is for an exemption for two years or more but less than three years, or

        • (C) at the end of three years from the date the application is submitted, if the application is for an exemption for three years,

      • (iii) the estimated price increase per vehicle to counter the total costs incurred pursuant to subparagraph (ii) and a statement of the anticipated effect of each such price increase,

      • (iv) corporate balance sheets and income statements for the three fiscal years immediately preceding the filing of the application,

      • (v) a projected balance sheet and income statement for the fiscal year following a denial of the application, and

      • (vi) a discussion of any other hardship to be considered; and

    • (b) a description of the applicant’s efforts to conform to the standards from which exemption is sought, including

      • (i) a discussion of other means of conformity that were considered and the reasons for rejecting each of them,

      • (ii) a description of the steps to be taken while the exemption is in effect and the estimated date by which conformity will be achieved through design changes or the termination of the production of non-conforming vehicles,

      • (iii) the world production of vehicles manufactured by the company or by the manufacturer of the model that is the subject of the application in the 12 month period beginning two years before the beginning of the period in respect of which the exemption is applied for, and

      • (iv) the total number of vehicles manufactured for, or imported into, the Canadian market in the 12 month period beginning two years before the beginning of the period in respect of which the exemption is applied for.

  • (3) Where the basis of an application for exemption is the development of new safety or emission control features that are equivalent to or superior to those that conform to the prescribed standards, the applicant shall include in the submission to the Minister

    • (a) a description of the new features;

    • (b) a copy of the research, development and testing documentation establishing the innovative nature of the new features;

    • (c) an analysis of how the level of performance of the new features is equivalent to or superior to the level of performance established by the prescribed standards, including

      • (i) a detailed description of how a vehicle equipped with the new features would, if exempted, differ from one that conforms to the prescribed standards, and

      • (ii) the results of tests conducted on the new features that demonstrate a level of performance that is equivalent to or superior to that required by the prescribed standards;

    • (d) evidence that an exemption would facilitate the development or the field evaluation of the vehicle; and

    • (e) a statement as to whether the manufacturer intends, at the end of the exemption period,

      • (i) to conform to the prescribed standards,

      • (ii) to apply for a further exemption, or

      • (iii) to request that the prescribed standards be amended to incorporate the new features.

  • (4) Where the basis of an application for exemption is the development of new kinds of vehicles, vehicle systems or components, the applicant shall include in the submission to the Minister

    • (a) a copy of the research, development and testing documentation establishing that an exemption would not substantially diminish the safe performance of the vehicle, including

      • (i) a detailed description of how the vehicle equipped with the new kinds of vehicle systems or components would, if exempted, differ from one that conforms to the prescribed standards,

      • (ii) the reasons why not conforming to the prescribed standards does not substantially diminish the safe performance of the vehicle, and

      • (iii) a discussion of other means of conformity that were considered and the reasons for rejecting each of them;

    • (b) the reasons why an exemption would facilitate the development or the field evaluation of the vehicle; and

    • (c) a statement as to whether the company intends, at the end of the exemption period, the vehicle to conform to the prescribed standards.

  • (5) Where the Governor in Council has made an exemption order pursuant to section 9 of the Act for a model of vehicle, a label shall be securely applied by the company to the windshield or side window of every vehicle of that model, specifying

    • (a) the features of the vehicle and the standards, by number and title, in respect of which the exemption has been granted; and

    • (b) the short title of the exemption order.

  • SOR/86-995, s. 1;
  • SOR/89-481, s. 1;
  • SOR/90-805, s. 3;
  • SOR/95-147, s. 2.
  •  (1) Where a company wishes, on the expiration of the period of an exemption referred to in subsection 13(3), to obtain a new exemption, the company shall submit, in writing, to the Minister

    • (a) the information required pursuant to that subsection; and

    • (b) a statement of the total number of vehicles sold in Canada under the expiring exemption.

  • (2) Where a company wishes, on the expiration of the period of an exemption referred to in subsection 13(4), to obtain a new exemption, the company shall submit, in writing, to the Minister

    • (a) the information required pursuant to that subsection; and

    • (b) a statement of the total number of vehicles sold in Canada under the expiring exemption.

  • SOR/95-147, s. 2.

Defect Information

  •  (1) A notice of defect required to be given under section 10 of the Act shall contain the following information:

    • (a) the name of the company giving the notice of defect;

    • (b) the prescribed class of each vehicle for which the notice of defect is given, the make, model, model year and vehicle identification number of the vehicle, the period during which it was manufactured and any other information necessary to permit its identification;

    • (c) the estimated percentage of the vehicles that potentially contain the defect;

    • (d) a description of the defect;

    • (e) an evaluation of the risk to the safety of persons that arises from the defect; and

    • (f) a statement of the measures to be taken to correct the defect.

  • (2) The notice of defect shall be given in writing and, when it is to be given to a person other than the Minister, shall be

    • (a) in both official languages; or

    • (b) in the person’s official language of choice, if it is known.

  • (3) For the purposes of subsection 10(1) of the Act, the person who obtained the vehicle from the company is a prescribed person.

  • (4) The notice of defect shall be given to the current owner and to the person who obtained the vehicle from the company as soon as possible after the company becomes aware of the defect, but no later than 60 days after the day on which the company becomes aware of it.

  • (5) A company shall, within 60 days after the day on which it gives a notice of defect to the Minister under paragraph 10(1)(a) of the Act, submit to the Minister a report containing, in addition to the information required by subsection (1), the following information:

    • (a) the number of vehicles for which the notice of defect was given and the number of those vehicles in each prescribed class;

    • (b) a chronology of the principal events that led to the determination of the existence of the defect;

    • (c) copies of all notices, bulletins and other circulars issued by the company in respect of the defect; and

    • (d) a detailed description of the nature of the defect and of its location, with any related diagrams or illustrations.

  • (6) After submitting the report referred to in subsection (5), a company shall, for a period of two years after the day on which it gives the notice of defect to the Minister, submit to the Minister quarterly reports containing the following information:

    • (a) the number, title or other identification assigned by the company to the notice of defect;

    • (b) the revised number of vehicles for which the notice of defect was given, if applicable;

    • (c) the dates on which notices of defect were given to the current owners of the affected vehicles; and

    • (d) the total number or percentage of vehicles that had the defect corrected, including vehicles that required only an inspection.

  • SOR/95-147, s. 2;
  • SOR/98-524, s. 3;
  • SOR/2008-104, s. 3;
  • SOR/2009-318, s. 3;
  • SOR/2013-117, s. 3;
  • SOR/2015-111, s. 1.

Test Methods

  •  (1) Documents that contain motor vehicle safety test methods shall be published by the Department of Transport under the main title Test Method, followed by an identification number, a descriptive title and the publication date.

  • (2) [Repealed, SOR/2008-104, s. 4]

  • SOR/97-141, s. 2;
  • SOR/97-421, s. 16;
  • SOR/2008-104, s. 4.

Technical Standards Documents

  •  (1) For the purposes of section 12 of the Act, every technical standards document, including all of the amendments to it, shall be published by the Department of Transport and have the main title Technical Standards Document, followed by an identification number, a descriptive title and the publication date.

  • (2) [Repealed, SOR/2008-104, s. 5]

  • SOR/96-366, s. 3;
  • SOR/97-421, s. 16;
  • SOR/2008-104, s. 5.

 The Department of Transport shall publish a notice in the Canada Gazette Part I each time the Department amends a technical standards document.

  • SOR/96-366, s. 3.