Seeds Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1400)

Regulations are current to 2015-06-09 and last amended on 2015-02-27. Previous Versions

Crop Inspection

  •  (1) At the time of inspection of a crop, an inspector shall inspect the crop to determine whether it meets the applicable standards stated in sections 47.11 to 47.8 and 61.1.

  • (2) Before the first inspection of the crop, the grower shall submit for examination by an inspector all seed potato tags and other documents pertaining to the source of the seed potatoes planted on the farm unit.

  • SOR/91-526, s. 3;
  • SOR/97-118, s. 9;
  • SOR/2002-198, s. 7.

Crop Certificate

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) to (4), if an inspector has inspected crops on a farm unit and finds that they meet the applicable standards set out in sections 47.11 to 47.8 and 61.1, the inspector shall issue to the grower a crop certificate.

  • (1.1) In the case of Breeder’s Selection seed potatoes, the crop certificate shall specify for each crop

    • (a) the information by which the crop is identified on the application made under section 49;

    • (b) the number of plants or the number of hectares that passed inspection; and

    • (c) the certificate number.

  • (1.2) In the case of seed potatoes of a class and variety, the crop certificate shall specify for each crop

    • (a) the class and variety of the seed potatoes;

    • (b) the number of plants or the number of hectares that passed inspection; and

    • (c) the certificate number.

  • (2) An inspector shall not issue a crop certificate in respect of a particular crop where

    • (a) the crop was not top-killed as directed by an inspector;

    • (b) the crop has been treated with a sprout inhibitor; or

    • (c) the inspector determines that the crop has been exposed to a sprout inhibitor from any source.

  • (3) An inspector shall not issue a crop certificate in respect of any crop of a grower if

    • (a) the inspector determines, based on crop inspection and laboratory verification, that any crop under production by the grower is infected with Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus; or

    • (b) any common or custom equipment was used in cutting tubers infected with Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus, or in planting, spraying or cultivating a crop infected with Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus unless the equipment, each time prior to entering a field of a farm unit, has been thoroughly cleaned and disinfected in such a way as to destroy the contamination and the grower demonstrates to the inspector that the clean-up and disinfection has been completed.

  • (4) An inspector shall not issue a crop certificate in respect of a crop if the inspector determines that the crop has been infected with the potato spindle tuber viroid or that pathogen was present in the source of seed potatoes used to plant that crop.

  • (5) An inspector shall revoke a crop certificate issued pursuant to subsection (1) in respect of a particular crop at any time if the inspector determines that the corresponding lot

    • (a) has been exposed to sprout inhibitors or other harmful chemicals;

    • (b) has lost its identity;

    • (c) has lost its ability to propagate;

    • (d) is infested with a pest as defined in section 3 of the Plant Protection Act; or

    • (e) is infected with potato spindle tuber viroid or was produced from a source of seed potatoes infected with that pathogen.

  • (6) An inspector shall revoke all crop certificates issued pursuant to subsection (1) in respect of the crops of a farm unit where

    • (a) the inspector determines that any one of the lots is infected with Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus; or

    • (b) any one of the lots came in contact with any common or custom equipment used on a potato operation that was infected with Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus unless the inspector has verified that a clean-up and disinfection of the equipment had been completed before the use of the equipment on the crops.

  • (7) An inspector shall revoke a crop certificate issued pursuant to subsection (1) where the inspector determines that non-certified potatoes from another farm unit are stored with the certified seed potatoes or that the certified seed potatoes were stored, graded or handled with common equipment.

  • (8) After a crop certificate has been issued, an inspector shall, if requested by a certification authority, issue a North American Certified Seed Potato Health Certificate to substantiate the health status of a seed potato lot to which the crop certificate applies.

  • SOR/80-517, s. 2;
  • SOR/91-526, s. 3;
  • SOR/95-179, s. 11;
  • SOR/97-118, ss. 10, 18;
  • SOR/2002-198, s. 8.