Seeds Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1400)

Regulations are current to 2014-11-11 and last amended on 2014-05-16. Previous Versions

SCHEDULE I(Sections 2, 5 to 7, 11 and 12, 18, 23 to 27, 30 and 40)

TABLE I

Applicable to:

  • (a) Wheat, common — Triticum aestivum L.

  • (b) Wheat, durum — Triticum turgidum L. subsp. durum (Desf.) Husn. (= T. durum Desf.)

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Maximum Number of Seeds per kg
Noxious WeedsMinimum Percentage of Germination
Grade NamePrimaryPrimary Plus SecondaryTotal WeedsTotal Barley, Rye & TriticaleOther Crops Including Total Barley, Rye & TriticaleAdditional Common Wheat in Durum Wheat & Durum Wheat in Common WheatMaximum Number of Ergot Bodies per kgCommon WheatDurum Wheat
1. Canada Foundation No. 100200018580
2. Canada Foundation No. 200412087570
3. Canada Registered No. 100301018580
4. Canada Registered No. 200612087570
5. Canada Certified No. 100312528580
6. Canada Certified No. 2006251087570
7. Common No. 1021010101228580
8. Common No. 2242020202487070

TABLE II

Applicable to:

  • (a) Barley, six-row, two-row, hulless — Hordeum vulgare L. subsp. vulgare

  • (b) Bean, mung — Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek var. radiata

  • (c) Buckwheat, common — Fagopyrum esculentum Moench

  • (d) Buckwheat, tartarian — Fagopyrum tataricum (L.) Gaertn.

  • (e) Emmer — Triticum turgidum L. subsp. dicoccum (Schrank ex Schübl.) Thell. (= T. dicoccum Schrank ex Schübl.)

  • (f) Lentil — Lens culinaris Medik.

  • (g) Lupine, lupin (grain and forage) — Lupinus spp.

  • (h) Oats including hulless — Avena sativa L., A. nuda L.

  • (i) Rye — Secale cereale L.

  • (j) Spelt — Triticum aestivum L. subsp. spelta (L.) Thell. (= T. spelta L.)

  • (k) Triticale — × Triticosecale spp.

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Maximum Number of Seeds per kg
Noxious WeedsMaximum Number of Ergot Bodies per kgMinimum Percentage of Germination
Primary Plus Secondary
Grade NamePrimaryIn OatsIn Other KindsTotal WeedsOther CropsIn Barley & OatsIn Triticale & RyeMaximum Percentage of True Loose Smut in BarleyRye, Triticale, Hulless Barley & Hulless OatsOther Kinds
1. Canada Foundation No. 1000211227585
2. Canada Foundation No. 20004281046575
3. Canada Registered No. 1000321227585
4. Canada Registered No. 20006481046575
5. Canada Certified No. 1000342427585
6. Canada Certified No. 201161081546575
7. Common No. 102210252447585
8. Common No. 2244205081566575

TABLE II.1

Applicable to:

  • (a) Sainfoin — Onobrychis viciifolia Scop.

  • (b) Vetch, hairy — Vicia villosa Roth. subsp. villosa

  • (c) Vetch, Hungarian — Vicia pannonica Crantz

  • (d) Vetch, common — Vicia sativa L. subsp. sativa

123456
Maximum Number of Seeds per kg
Noxious Weeds
Grade NamePrimaryPrimary Plus SecondaryTotal WeedsOther CropsMinimum Percentage of Germination
1. Canada Foundation No. 101201075
2. Canada Foundation No. 202402065
3. Canada Registered No. 101201075
4. Canada Registered No. 202402065
5. Canada Certified No. 105404075
6. Canada Certified No. 2020808065
7. Common No. 1020505070
8. Common No. 2204010010060

TABLE III

Applicable to:

Cereal mixtures composed of seeds of two or more kinds listed in Tables I to II.1, including Phaseolus vulgaris L., Vicia faba L. and Pisum sativum L.

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Maximum Number of Seeds per kg
Noxious Weeds
Grade NamePrimaryPrimary Plus SecondaryTotal WeedsOther CropsMaximum Percentage of True Loose Smut in BarleyMaximum Number of Ergot Bodies per kg
1. Canada Certified No. 1 Cereal Mixture003523
2. Canada Certified No. 2 Cereal Mixture01620412
3. Common No. 1 Cereal Mixture02103043
4. Common No. 2 Cereal Mixture242060612

TABLE IV

Applicable to:

  • (a) Canarygrass — Phalaris canariensis L.

  • (b) Flax, oilseed and fibre — Linum usitatissimum L.

  • (c) Sorghum — Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench

  • (d) Sorghum Sudan grass hybrids — Sorghum ×drummondi (Steud.) Millsp. & Chase

  • (e) Sudan grass — Sorghum ×drummondi (Steud.) Millsp. & Chase (= S. sudanese (Piper) Stapf)

  • (f) Hemp — Cannabis sativa L. subsp. sativa

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Maximum Number of Seeds per 25 g
Noxious WeedsOther CropsMinimum Percentage of Germination
Grade NamePrimaryPrimary Plus SecondaryTotal WeedsIn Sorghum, Sudan Grass, Sorghum Sudan Grass Hybrids & CanarygrassIn Other KindsSorghumOther Kinds
1. Canada Foundation No. 1002007085
2. Canada Foundation No. 2003117070
3. Canada Registered No. 1002017085
4. Canada Registered No. 2003127070
5. Canada Certified No. 1003117085
6. Canada Certified No. 2025227070
7. Common No. 10262527085
8. Common No. 226105087070

TABLE V

Applicable to seed of the following kinds when intended for agricultural field production:

  • (a) Bean, field — Phaseolus vulgaris L.

  • (b) Bean, broad, horse, tick and faba — Vicia faba L.

  • (c) Chickpea — Cicer arietinum L.

  • (d) Corn (open-pollinated, synthetic) — Zea mays L. subsp. mays

  • (e) Cowpea — Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walpers subsp. unguiculata

  • (f) Pea, field — Pisum sativum L.

  • (g) Safflower — Carthamus tinctorius L.

  • (h) Soybean — Glycine max (L.) Merr.

  • (i) Sunflower (open-pollinated) — Helianthus annuus L.

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Maximum Number of Seeds per kgMinimum Percentage of Germination
Grade NameTotal WeedsOther CropsMaximum Number of Sclerotia Bodies in Sunflower per kgPea, Chickpea, Cowpea & SafflowerBeans & SoybeanCorn & Sunflower
1. Canada Foundation No. 1001808590
2. Canada Foundation No. 2008707580
3. Canada Registered No. 1001808590
4. Canada Registered No. 2018707580
5. Canada Certified No. 1011808590
6. Canada Certified No. 2038707580
7. Common No. 1144758090
8. Common No. 23108656575

TABLE VI

Applicable to seed of the following kinds when intended for agricultural field production:

  • (a) Corn, hybrid — Zea mays L. subsp. mays

  • (b) Sunflower, hybrid — Helianthus annuus L.

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Maximum Number of Seeds per kg
Grade NameTotal WeedsOther CropsMaximum Number of Sclerotia Bodies per kg in SunflowerMinimum Percentage of Germination
1. Canada Foundation0N/A8N/A
2. Canada Certified No. 101190
3. Canada Certified No. 205880
4. Common410875

TABLE VII

Applicable to:

  • (a) Mustard, black — Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J. Koch

  • (b) Mustard, oriental, Indian or brown — Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.

  • (c) Mustard, white (= yellow) — Sinapis alba L.

  • (d) Rapeseed, oilseed rape, canola

    • - Argentine type — Brassica napus L. var. napus (= B. napus L. var. oleifera Delile)
    • - Polish type — Brassica rapa L. subsp. campestris (L.) A.R. Clapham
    • - Brassica juncea type — Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.
  • (e) Radish, oilseed or forage — Raphanus sativus L. var. oleiformis Pers.

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Maximum Number of Seeds per 25 g
Noxious Weeds
Grade NamePrimaryPrimary Plus SecondaryTotal WeedsB. rapa in B. napus or B. napus in B. rapaOther Brassica Crops Including S. albaOther Non-brassica CropsMaximum Number of Sclerotia Bodies per 50 gMinimum Percentage of Germination
1. Canada Foundation No. 1005001190
2. Canada Foundation No. 20010212280
3. Canada Registered No. 1005001190
4. Canada Registered No. 20010212280
5. Canada Certified No. 1015511190
6. Canada Certified No. 202101052280
7. Common131520152290

TABLE VIII

Applicable to:

  • (a) Alfalfa — Medicago sativa L.

  • (b) Clover, crimson — Trifolium incarnatum L.

  • (c) Clover, red — Trifolium pratense L.

  • (d) Clover, subterranean — Trifolium subterraneum L.

  • (e) Clover, sweet

    • - white blossom — Melilotus albus Medik.
    • - yellow blossom — Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam.
  • (f) Lespedeza, common or Kobe — Kummerowia striata (Thunb.) Schindl. (= Lespedeza striata (Thunb.) Hook. & Arn.)

  • (g) Lespedeza, Korean — Kummerowia stipulacia (Maxim.) Makino (= Lespedeza stipulacea Maxim.)

  • (h) Lespedeza, sericea or Chinese — Lespedeza cuneata (Dum.-Cours.) G. Don

  • (i) Millet, foxtail or Italian — Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. subsp. italica

  • (j) Millet, Japanese — Echinochloa frumentacea Link or E. esculenta (A. Brown) H. Scholz. (=Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv. var. frumentacea (Link) E.G. Camus & A. Camus)

  • (k) Millet, pearl — Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br. (= P. americanum L. Leeke)

  • (l) Millet, proso — Panicum miliaceum L. subsp. miliaceum

  • (m) Vetch, crown — Securigera varia (L.) Lassen (= Coronilla varia L.)

  • (n) Vetch, kidney — Anthyllis vulneraria L.

  • (o) Milk-vetch, cicer — Astragalus cicer L.

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Maximum Number of Seeds per 25 g Except Where Otherwise Stated
Noxious WeedsOther Crops
Grade NamePrimaryPrimary Plus SecondaryTotal WeedsSweet CloverBrassica Crops Including S. albaOther Non-brassica CropsMinimum Percentage of Germination
1. Canada Foundation No. 100510585
2. Canada Foundation No. 20230222070
3. Canada Registered No. 100510585
4. Canada Registered No. 20230222070
5. Canada Certified No. 105502041% by weight80
6. Canada Certified No. 2010753062% by weight70
7. Varietal Blend No. 105502041% by weight80
8. Varietal Blend No. 2010753062% by weight70
9. Common No. 105752582% by weight80
10. Common No. 251010050103% by weight70

TABLE IX

Applicable to:

  • (a) Clover, alsike — Trifolium hybridum L.

  • (b) Clover, hop or yellow — Trifolium aureum Pollich

  • (c) Clover, hop, large — Trifolium campestre Schreb.

  • (d) Clover, hop, small (suckling) — Trifolium dubium Sibth.

  • (e) Clover, Persian — Trifolium resupinatum L.

  • (f) Clover, strawberry — Trifolium fragiferum L.

  • (g) Clover, white — Trifolium repens L.

  • (h) Medick, black — Medicago lupulina L.

  • (i) Timothy

    • - common — Phleum pratense L.
    • - dwarf — Phleum bertolonii DC.
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Maximum Number of Seeds per 25 g Except Where Otherwise Stated
Noxious WeedsOther Crops
Grade NamePrimaryPrimary Plus SecondaryTotal WeedsSweet CloverBrassica Crops Including S. albaOther Non-brassica CropsMaximum Percentage of Ergot or Sclerotia BodiesMinimum Percentage of Germination
1. Canada Foundation No. 1008005180
2. Canada Foundation No. 202401230270
3. Canada Registered No. 1008005180
4. Canada Registered No. 202401230270
5. Canada Certified No. 105501041% by weight180
6. Canada Certified No. 2010752562% by weight270
7. Varietal Blend No. 105501041% by weight180
8. Varietal Blend No. 2010752562% by weight270
9. Common No. 1010752582% by weight180
10. Common No. 252012550103% by weight270

TABLE X

Applicable to:

Trefoil, bird’s-foot — Lotus corniculatus L.

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Maximum Number of Seeds per 25 g Except Where Otherwise Stated
Noxious WeedsOther Crops
Grade NamePrimaryPrimary Plus SecondaryTotal WeedsSweet CloverBrassica Crops Including S. albaOther Non-brassica CropsMinimum Percentage of Germination
1. Canada Foundation No. 10110105075
2. Canada Foundation No. 202501230065
3. Canada Registered No. 10110105075
4. Canada Registered No. 202501230065
5. Canada Certified No. 105502042% by weight75
6. Canada Certified No. 20101003065% by weight65
7. Varietal Blend No. 105502042% by weight75
8. Varietal Blend No. 20101003065% by weight65
9. Common No. 10101002583% by weight75
10. Common No. 2520200100105% by weight65

TABLE XI

Applicable to:

  • (a) Bromegrass, meadow — Bromus riparius Rehmann

  • (b) Bromegrass, smooth — Bromus inermis Leyss.

  • (c) Bromegrass, sweet — Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn.

  • (d) Canarygrass, reed — Phalaris arundinacea L.

  • (e) Fescue, Chewing’s — Festuca rubra L. subsp. fallax (Thuill.) Nyman (= F. rubra L. var. commutata Gaudin)

  • (f) Fescue, fine-leaved — Festuca filiformis Pourr. (= F. tenuifolia Sibth.)

  • (g) Fescue, hard — Festuca brevipila R. Tracey (= F. longifolia auct. pl.)

  • (h) Fescue, meadow — Festuca pratensis Huds.

  • (i) Fescue, red and creeping red — Festuca rubra L. subsp. rubra

  • (j) Fescue, sheep — Festuca ovina L.

  • (k) Fescue, tall — Festuca arundinacea Schreb.

  • (l) Fescue, various-leaved — Festuca heterophylla Lam.

  • (m) Foxtail, creeping — Alopecurus arundinaceus Poir.

  • (n) Foxtail, meadow — Alopecurus pratensis L.

  • (o) Oatgrass, tall — Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) P. Beauv. ex J.Presl & C. Presl

  • (p) Orchardgrass — Dactylis glomerata L.

  • (q) Ryegrass, annual — Lolium multiflorum Lam.

  • (r) Ryegrass, intermediate — Lolium×hybridum Hausskn.

  • (s) Ryegrass, perennial — Lolium perenne L.

  • (t) Wheatgrass, beardless — Pseudoroegneria spicata (Pursh) Á. Löve (= Agropyron spicatum (Pursh) Scribn. & J.G. Smith f. inerme (Scribn. & J.G. Smith) Beetle)

  • (u) Wheatgrass, crested — Agropyron cristatum (L.) Gaertn. or A. desertorum (Fisch. ex Link) Schult.

  • (v) Wheatgrass, intermediate — Elytrigia intermedia (Host) Nevski subsp. intermedia (= Agropyron intermedium (Host) Beauv.)

  • (w) Wheatgrass, northern — Elymus lanceolatus (Scribn. & J.G. Sm.) Gould subsp. lanceolatus (= Agropyron dasystachyum (Hook.) Scribn.)

  • (x) Wheatgrass, pubescent — Elytrigia intermedia (Host) Nevski subsp. intermedia (= Agropyron trichophorum (Link) Richter)

  • (y) Wheatgrass, Siberian — Agropyron fragile (Roth) P. Candargy subsp. sibiricum (Willd.) Melderis (= Agropyron sibiricum (Willd.) Beauv.)

  • (z) Wheatgrass, slender — Elymus trachycaulus (Link) Gould ex Shinners (= Agropyron trachycaulum (Link) Malte ex H.F. Lewis)

  • (z.1) Wheatgrass, streambank — Elymus lanceolatus (Scribn. & J.G. Sm.) Gould subsp. lanceolatus (= Agropyron riparium Scribn. & Smith)

  • (z.2) Wheatgrass, tall — Elytrigia elongata (Host) Nevski (= Agropyron elongatum (Host) P. Beauv.)

  • (z.3) Wheatgrass, western — Pascopyrum smithii (Rydb.) Á. Löve (= Agropyron smithii Rydb.)

  • (z.4) Wildrye, Altai — Leymus angustus (Trin.) Pilg. (= Elymus angustus Trin.)

  • (z.5) Wildrye, Dahurian — Elymus dahuricus Turcz ex Griseb.

  • (z.6) Wildrye, Russian — Psathyrostachys juncea (Fisch.) Nevski (= Elymus junceus Fisch.)

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Maximum Number of Seeds per 25 g Except Where Otherwise Stated
Noxious WeedsOther Crops
Grade NamePrimaryPrimary Plus SecondaryTotal WeedsBrassica Crops Including S. albaSweet CloverIn Meadow Foxtail, Ryegrasses, Orchardgrass & Tall FescueIn Other KindsMaximum Percentage of Ergot BodiesMinimum Percentage of Pure Living SeedMinimum Percentage of Pure Seed by Weight
123412
1. Canada Foundation No. 101500221807570559590
2. Canada Foundation No. 202252220202706560509080
3. Canada Registered No. 101500221807570559590
4. Canada Registered No. 202252220202706560509080
5. Canada Certified No. 10450452% by weight1% by weight1807570559590
6. Canada Certified No. 2010756203% by weight2% by weight2706560509080
7. Varietal Blend No. 10450452% by weight1% by weight1807570559590
8. Varietal Blend No. 2010756203% by weight2% by weight2706560509080
9. Common No. 105758253% by weight2% by weight1807570559590
10. Common No. 241510010505% by weight3% by weight2706560509080

TABLE XII

Applicable to:

  • (a) Alkaligrass, weeping — Puccinellia distans (L.) (Jacq.) Parl.

  • (b) Bentgrass, colonial (browntop) — Agrostis capillaris L.

  • (c) Bentgrass, creeping — Agrostis stolonifera L.

  • (d) Bentgrass, velvet — Agrostis canina L.

  • (e) Bluegrass, annual — Poa annua L.

  • (f) Bluegrass, Canada — Poa compressa L.

  • (g) Bluegrass, fowl — Poa palustris L.

  • (h) Bluegrass, Kentucky — Poa pratensis L.

  • (i) Bluegrass, rough — Poa trivialis L.

  • (j) Bluegrass, supina — Poa supina Schrad.

  • (k) Bluegrass, wood — Poa nemoralis L.

  • (l) Crested dogtail — Cynosurus cristatus L.

  • (m) Redtop — Agrostis gigantea Roth

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Maximum Number of Noxious Weed Seeds per 25 gMaximum Percentage by WeightMinimum Percentage of Pure Living Seed
Grade NamePrimaryPrimary Plus SecondaryTotal WeedsOther CropsMaximum Percentage of Ergot BodiesMinimum Percentage of Pure Seed by WeightKentucky Bluegrass & Canada BluegrassOther Kinds
1. Canada Foundation No. 1050.212857075
2. Canada Foundation No. 21200.523756065
3. Canada Registered No. 1050.212857075
4. Canada Registered No. 21200.523756065
5. Canada Certified No. 12200.522856575
6. Canada Certified No. 24500.843755565
7. Varietal Blend No. 12200.522856575
8. Varietal Blend No. 24500.843755565
9. Common No. 14200.532856575
10. Common No. 28100153755565

TABLE XIII

Applicable to:

Mixtures of forage seeds composed of seeds of two or more kinds listed in Tables VIII to XII, except mixtures of seeds designated by the seller as lawn or turf mixtures or ground cover mixtures.

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Maximum Number of Seeds per 25 g Except Where Otherwise Stated
Noxious WeedsMinimum Percentage of Germination
Grade NamePrimaryPrimary Plus SecondaryTotal WeedsSweet CloverOther CropsBrassica Including S. albaMaximum Percentage of Ergot BodiesReed CanarygrassKentucky Bluegrass & Canada BluegrassEach Other Component
1. Canada Certified No. 1 Forage Mixture010100252% by weight41557075
2. Canada Certified No. 2 Forage Mixture020200503% by weight62506065
3. Common No. 1 Forage Mixture010100503% by weight81557075
4. Common No. 2 Forage Mixture5202001005% by weight102506065

TABLE XIV

PART I

Applicable to:

Lawn or turf mixtures of two or more kinds of seeds listed in Part 2.

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Maximum Number of Noxious Weed Seeds per 25 gMaximum Percentage by Weight
Grade NameNoxious Weeds Excluding CouchgrassCouchgrassTotal WeedsWhite CloverBromegrass, Orchardgrass & Tall FescueOther CropsMaximum Percentage of Ergot BodiesMinimum Percentage of Pure Seed by WeightMinimum Percentage of Germination of Each Component
1. Canada Certified No. 1 Lawn Mixture20100.551229070
2. Canada Certified No. 2 Lawn Mixture7520152338060
3. Canada No. 1 Lawn Mixture20100.551229070
4. Canada No. 2 Lawn Mixture7520152338060

PART II

12
1. Group AKentucky bluegrass, creeping red fescue, Chewing’s fescue, hard fescue, colonial bentgrass, creeping bentgrass, velvet bentgrass, rough bluegrass, Canada bluegrass, sheep fescue, turf-type tall fescue varieties and turf-type perennial ryegrass varieties
2. Group BRedtop, crested wheatgrass, timothy (dwarf-type) and annual ryegrass provided none of those species constitutes more than 30% by weight singly and no more than 40% by weight combined of the total mixture
3. Group CAll other kinds of grass not listed in this Schedule, if those kinds are indicated on the label

TABLE XV

Applicable to:

Ground cover mixtures composed of seed of two or more kinds, other than cereal mixtures, forage mixtures and lawn or turf mixtures.

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Maximum Percentage by Weight
Grade NameMaximum Number of Noxious Weed Seeds per 25 gTotal WeedsOther CropsMinimum Percentage of Pure Seed by Weight
1. Canada No. 1 Ground Cover Mixture250.5385
2. Canada No. 2 Ground Cover Mixture751575

TABLE XVI

Applicable to:

  • (a) Beet — Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris

  • (b) Beet, sugar — Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris

  • (c) Mangel — Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris

  • (d) Swiss chard — Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris

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Maximum Number of Seeds per 500 g
Noxious Weeds
Grade NamePrimaryPrimary Plus SecondaryTotal WeedsOther CropsMaximum Number of Heads of Mayweed per 500 gMinimum Percentage of Germination
1. Canada Foundation No. 102105175
2. Canada Foundation No. 22103020165
3. Canada Registered No. 102105175
4. Canada Registered No. 22103020165
5. Canada Certified No. 1052010175
6. Canada Certified No. 22205020165
7. Canada No. 11102010175
8. Canada No. 223010030165

TABLE XVII

Applicable to:

  • (a) Cantaloupe, melon — Cucumis melo L. subsp. melo

  • (b) Citron — Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai var. citroides L. (L.H. Bailey) Mansf.

  • (c) Cucumber — Cucumis sativus L.

  • (d) Gherkin — Cucumis anguria L.

  • (e) Pumpkin, squash (summer or winter) — Cucurbita spp.

  • (f) Watermelon — Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai var. lanatus

123456
Maximum Number of Seeds per 25 g
Noxious Weeds
Grade NamePrimaryPrimary Plus SecondaryTotal WeedsOther CropsMinimum Percentage of Germination
1. Canada Foundation No. 1000080
2. Canada Foundation No. 2000060
3. Canada Registered No. 1000080
4. Canada Registered No. 2000060
5. Canada Certified No. 1011180
6. Canada Certified No. 2012275
7. Canada No. 1011180
8. Canada No. 2025570

TABLE XVIII

Applicable to seed of the following kinds when not intended for agricultural field crop production:

  • (a) Bean, garden — Phaseolus vulgaris L.

  • (b) Bean, broad — Vicia faba L.

  • (c) Bean, lima — Phaseolus lunatus L.

  • (d) Bean, runner — Phaseolus coccineus L.

  • (e) Chickpea — Cicer arietinum L.

  • (f) Corn, pop or sweet — Zea mays L. subsp. mays

  • (g) Pea, garden — Pisum sativum L.

  • (h) Soybean — Glycine max (L.) Merr.

  • (i) Sunflower — Helianthus annuus L.

  • (j) Safflower — Carthamus tinctorius L.

123456
Maximum Number of Seeds per kgMinimum Percentage of Germination
Grade NameTotal WeedsOther CropsPea, Chickpea, Sunflower & SafflowerBeans & SoybeanCorn
1. Canada Foundation No. 100808585
2. Canada Foundation No. 200707575
3. Canada Registered No. 100808585
4. Canada Registered No. 201707575
5. Canada Certified No. 101808585
6. Canada Certified No. 203707575
7. Canada No. 114758085
8. Canada No. 2310656570

TABLE XIX

Applicable to:

  • (a) Broccoli — Brassica oleracea L. var. italica Plenck

  • (b) Brussels sprouts — Brassica oleracea L. var. gemmifera Zenker

  • (c) Cabbage — Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata L.

  • (d) Cabbage, Chinese — Brassica rapa L. subsp. chinensis (L.) Hanelt or B. rapa L. subsp. pekinensis (Lour.) Hanelt

  • (e) Cauliflower — Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L.

  • (f) Collards — Brassica oleracea L. var. viridis L.

  • (g) Kale — Brassica oleracea L. var. sabellica L. or B. oleracea L. var. viridis

  • (h) Kohlrabi — Brassica oleracea L. var. gongylodes L.

  • (i) Mustard greens — Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.

  • (j) Radish — Raphanus sativus L.

  • (k) Rape, forage — Brassica napus L. var. napus or B. rapa L. subsp. campestris (L.) A.R. Clapham

  • (l) Rutabaga (swede) — Brassica napus L. var. napobrassica (L.) Reichb.

  • (m) Spinach mustard — Brassica rapa L. var. perviridis L.H. Bailey

  • (n) Turnip — Brassica rapa L. subsp. rapa

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Maximum Number of Seeds per 25 g
Noxious Weeds
Primary
Grade NameIn Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage & CauliflowerIn Other KindsPrimary Plus SecondaryTotal WeedsOther CropsMinimum Percentage of Germination
1. Canada Foundation No. 10025580
2. Canada Foundation No. 22210252060
3. Canada Registered No. 10025580
4. Canada Registered No. 22210252060
5. Canada Certified No. 1005201080
6. Canada Certified No. 22220502070
7. Canada No. 13110301080
8. Canada No. 252501003070

TABLE XX

Applicable to:Minimum Percentage of Germination
(a) ArtichokeCynara cardunculus L. (= C. scolymus L.)75
(b) AsparagusAsparagus officinalis L.75
(c) CardoonCynara cardunculus L.55
(d) Carrot (cultivated)Daucus carota L. subsp. sativus (Hoffm.) Arcang.60
(e) CeleriacApium graveolens L. var. rapaceum (Mill.) Gaudin60
(f) CeleryApium graveolens L. var. dulce (Mill.) Pers.55
(g) Celtuce/celtusLactuca sativa L. var. angustana L.H. Bailey75
(h) ChervilAnthriscus cerefolium (L.) Hoffm.75
(i) Chicory (cultivated)Cichorium intybus L.65
(j) ChivesAllium schoenoprasum L.65
(k) CornsaladValerianella locusta (L.) Laterr. (= V. olitoria (L.) Poll.)75
(l) Cress, gardenLepidium sativum L.75
(m) Cress, waterNasturtium officinale R. Br.35
(n) Dandelion (cultivated)Taraxacum officinale F.H. Wigg.55
(o) DillAnethum graveolens L.50
(p) EggplantSolanum melongena L.65
(q) EndiveCichorium endivia L.65
(r) LeekAllium porrum L.65
(s) Lettuce — cos (romaine)Lactuca sativa L. var. longifolia Lam.70
(t) Lettuce — headLactuca sativa L. var. capitata L.70
(u) Lettuce — leafLactuca sativa L. var. crispa L.70
(v) OkraAbelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench (= Hibiscus esculentus L.)55
(w) OnionAllium cepa L.75
(x) ParsleyPetroselinum crispum (Mill.) Nyman ex A.W. Hill55
(y) ParsnipPastinaca sativa L. subsp. sativa60
(z) PepperCapsicum annuum L.65
(z.1) RampionCampanula rapunculus L.55
(z.11) RhubarbRheum × hybridum Murray (= R. rhaponticum L. auct.)65
(z.12) SageSalvia officinalis L.50
(z.13) SalsifyTragopogon porrifolius L.75
(z.14) SavorySatureja hortensis L. or S. montana L.50
(z.15) Sorrel (cultivated)Rumex acetosa L.65
(z.16) SpinachSpinacia oleracea L.65
(z.17) Spinach, New ZealandTetragonia tetragonoides (Pall.) Kuntze50
(z.18) ThymeThymus vulgaris L.50
(z.19) Tobacco (flue-cured and burley types)Nicotiana tabacum L.75
(z.2) TomatoLycopersicon esculentum Mill. (= L. lycopersicum (L.) Karsten ex Farwell)75
12345
Maximum Number of Seeds per 25 g
Noxious Weeds
Grade NamePrimaryPrimary Plus SecondaryTotal WeedsOther Crops
1. Canada Foundation No. 103105
2. Canada Foundation No. 22102520
3. Canada Registered No. 103105
4. Canada Registered No. 22102520
5. Canada Certified No. 1052010
6. Canada Certified No. 22205020
7. Canada No. 11102510
8. Canada No. 225010030

TABLE XXI

Applicable to:

Onion sets and multiplier onions.

1234
Grade NameDiameter of Sets (cm)Percentage of One Variety and ColourGeneral Quality
1. Canada No. 11 to 2.5Not less than 98(1) Mature, well cured, sound and dry.
(2) Practically free from tops, dirt, leaves or other foreign matter, from disease, decay and moulds and from insect, mechanical, frost or other damage.
(3) Practically free from sprouted bulbs and from soft bulbs when graded.
2. Canada No. 1 (Large)2.5 to 3.5Not less than 98(1) Mature, well cured, sound and dry.
(2) Practically free from tops, dirt, leaves or other foreign matter, from disease, decay and moulds and from insect, mechanical, frost or other damage.
(3) Practically free from sprouted bulbs and from soft bulbs when graded.
3. Canada No. 21 to 2.5Not less than 90(1) Mature, well cured, sound and reasonably dry.
(2) Reasonably free from tops, dirt, leaves or other foreign matter, from disease, decay and moulds and from insect, mechanical, frost or other damage.
(3) Reasonably free from soft bulbs and containing not more than 5% sprouts for yellow and 10% for white, red and globe.
4. Canada No. 2 (Large)2.5 to 3.5Not less than 90(1) Mature, well cured, sound and reasonably dry.
(2) Reasonably free from tops, dirt, leaves or other foreign matter, from disease, decay and moulds and from insect, mechanical, frost or other damage.
(3) Reasonably free from soft bulbs and containing not more than 5% sprouts for yellow and 10% for white, red and globe.

Definition of Terms Used in Column 4

“Mature, well cured”

“Mature, well cured” means that the sets have necks that are well dried out and have not more than 1% and 2% thick necks in Canada No. 1 and Canada No. 2 sets, respectively.

“Sound”

“Sound” means that the set is firm and neat and will yield only slightly to moderate pressure.

“Practically free from tops, dirt, leaves or other foreign matter”

“Practically free from tops, dirt, leaves or other foreign matter” means free for all intents and purposes. Tops, dirt, leaves or other foreign matter should not exceed 1% by weight and not more that 25% of the sets should have tops 6.5 cm long or longer.

“Practically free from disease, decay and moulds and from insect, mechanical, frost or other damage”

“Practically free from disease, decay and moulds and from insect, mechanical, frost or other damage” means that not more than 3% combined of the bulbs should be so affected.

“Practically free from sprouted bulbs”

“Practically free from sprouted bulbs” means that, for yellow sets, not more than 3% have visible sprouts and that, for red, white and globe sets, not more than 6% have visible sprouts.

“Practically free from soft bulbs”

“Practically free from soft bulbs” means that soft bulbs should not be in excess of 3%.

“Reasonably free from tops, dirt, leaves or other foreign matter”

“Reasonably free from tops, dirt, leaves or other foreign matter” means that not more than 35% of the bulbs should have tops over 6.5 cm long and dirt, leaves or other foreign matter should not exceed 2% by weight.

“Reasonably free from disease, decay and moulds and from insect, mechanical, frost or other damage”

“Reasonably free from disease, decay and moulds and from insect, mechanical, frost or other damage” means that not more than 4% combined of the bulbs should be so affected.

“Reasonably free from soft bulbs”

“Reasonably free from soft bulbs” means that not more than 5% combined of the bulbs should be so affected.

“Sprouted bulbs”

“Sprouted bulbs” means those bulbs with sprouts exceeding 0.6 cm in length.

TABLE XXII

Applicable to all kinds of seeds referred to in Tables I to XX except those referred to in Tables III and XIII to XV:

  • 1.  Canada Foundation Substandard seed is seed of Foundation status that meets the standards for purity for Canada Foundation No. 2 grade seed.

  • 2.  Canada Registered Substandard seed is seed of Registered status that meets the standards for purity for Canada Registered No. 2 grade seed.

  • 3.  Canada Certified Substandard seed is seed of Certified status that meets the standards for purity for Canada Certified No. 2 grade seed.

  • 4.  Canada Foundation Substandard (Purity) seed is seed of Foundation status that meets the standards for purity for common grade seed.

  • SOR/78-314, s. 2;
  • SOR/79-917, s. 1;
  • SOR/82-437, ss. 8 to 10;
  • SOR/86-850, s. 17;
  • SOR/89-368, ss. 3, 4(F);
  • SOR/91-609, s. 4;
  • SOR/93-162, s. 12;
  • SOR/96-252, ss. 4, 5, 6(F), 7 to 9;
  • SOR/2007-223, s. 25, err., Vol. 143, No. 13;
  • SOR/2012-286, ss. 6(F), 7(E), 8 to 10(F), 11, 12, 13(F), 14.