Seeds Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1400)

Regulations are current to 2016-02-03 and last amended on 2015-02-27. Previous Versions

  •  (1) Every package containing 50 g or more of seed, other than tobacco seed, shall be marked with the net quantity of the seed contained in that package.

  • (2) Every package containing 25 g or more of tobacco seed shall be marked with the net quantity of the seed contained in that package.

  • (3) Subject to section 31, net quantity shall be declared by weight or by numerical count.

  • (4) Notwithstanding subsection (3), corn that is labelled to indicate numerical count shall also be labelled to indicate net weight or number of seeds per unit weight.

  • (5) Every package containing more than 5 kg of seed shall be marked with the lot designation of the seed.

  • SOR/86-849, s. 2;
  • SOR/86-850, s. 8;
  • SOR/88-242, s. 4;
  • SOR/93-162, s. 5;
  • SOR/96-252, s. 2.
  •  (1) In this section, pest control product has the same meaning as control product in section 2 of the Pest Control Products Act.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3), any seed treated with a pest control product shall be thoroughly stained with a conspicuous colour to show that the seed has been so treated.

  • (3) Seed that has been coated with any material that renders it conspicuous is exempt from the staining requirement.

  • (4) Where seed has been treated with a pest control product, the precautionary symbol and signal word prescribed by the regulations made under the Pest Control Products Act to indicate the nature and degree of risk inherent in that product, together with the following statement, shall be marked on the package of the seed or on a conspicuous label attached to the package:

    Do not use for food or feed. This seed has been treated with (common or chemical name of pest control product)

  • SOR/86-850, s. 9;
  • SOR/96-252, s. 2.

 Where the registration of a variety is made subject to any of the terms and conditions set out in section 68, the seed shall be labelled when sold to indicate that the registration of the variety is restricted.

  • SOR/86-850, s. 10;
  • SOR/96-252, s. 2.

Exemptions from Labelling

  •  (1) Non-pedigreed seeds grown, sold and delivered by a producer on the producer’s premises for seeding by a purchaser are exempt from the labelling requirements of sections 23 to 31 if the producer does not advertise the seed for sale.

  • (2) Seed may be imported into Canada without meeting the labelling requirements of section 15 to 19, 21 and 23 to 31, but must meet those requirements before it is subsequently sold.

  • SOR/96-252, s. 2.

Seeds of Field Crops

 Every package of seed of the kinds or species set out in Tables I to II.1 and IV to VII to Schedule I shall be labelled with the following information:

  • (a) the name and address of the seller, packager or labeller;

  • (b) the name of the kind or species of seed;

  • (c) the name of the grade of the seed;

  • (d) the variety name of the seed, if applicable;

  • (e) in the case of imported seed corn, the name of the country of origin of production and, if from the United States, the state of origin of production;

  • (f) in the case of seed corn that is a mixture of two or more varieties, except for PPTM varietal blends, the name and percentage of each of the component varieties and either the approximate Corn Heat Unit rating or the designation “early”, “medium” or “late”, as appropriate;

  • (g) in the case of hybrid seed of corn or hybrid seed of sunflower, sold or offered for sale as a Canada Foundation grade, the total number of seeds of other crops, per kilogram and the percentage of germination; and

  • (h) in the case of seed that is labelled as oilseed rape, rapeseed or canola and that is not labelled with a Canada pedigreed grade name, the name “Polish type” or “B. rapa”, “Argentine type” or “B. napus”, “B. juncea”, or the words “type not known”, as appropriate.

  • SOR/86-850, s. 12;
  • SOR/96-252, s. 2;
  • SOR/2007-223, s. 12;
  • SOR/2012-13, s. 4.

Mixtures of Cereals

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), every package of a mixture of cereal seeds of the kinds or species set out in Table III to Schedule I shall be labelled with the following information:

    • (a) the name and address of the seller, packager or labeller;

    • (b) the name of the grade of the seed;

    • (c) the name and percentage by weight of each kind or species of seed in the mixture; and

    • (d) the variety name of each variety of seed in the mixture, if applicable.

  • (2) No Common No. 1 Cereal Mixture or Common No. 2 Cereal Mixture shall be labelled with a variety name.

  • SOR/82-437, s. 5;
  • SOR/86-850, s. 13;
  • SOR/96-252, s. 2.

Forage Crop Seed

 Every package of seed of the kinds or species set out in Tables VIII to XII to Schedule I shall be labelled with the following information:

  • (a) the name and address of the seller, packager or labeller;

  • (b) the name of the kind or species of seed;

  • (c) the name of the grade of the seed;

  • (d) the variety name of the seed, if applicable;

  • (e) in the case of alfalfa and red clover seed that is imported, the country of origin of production and, if from the United States, the state of origin of production; and

  • (f) in the case of seed that is red clover or of a mixture containing five per cent or more of red clover, the words “double-cut” or “single-cut”, the letters “DC” or “SC”, or the words “type not known”, as appropriate.

  • SOR/82-437, s. 6;
  • SOR/86-850, s. 14;
  • SOR/89-368, ss. 2(F), 4(F);
  • SOR/91-609, s. 3;
  • SOR/93-162, s. 7;
  • SOR/96-252, s. 2.

Forage Seed Mixtures

  •  (1) Every package of a mixture of forage seeds of the kinds or species set out in Table XIII to Schedule I shall be labelled with the following information:

    • (a) the name and address of the seller, packager or labeller;

    • (b) the name of the grade of the seed;

    • (c) the name and percentage of each kind or species — and of each variety, if applicable — of seed that singly constitutes 3% or more by weight or, in the case of sweet clover, 1% or more by weight, of the mixture;

    • (d) the percentage by weight of the kinds or species of seed of the mixture not stated on the label pursuant to paragraph (c) preceded by the words “other kinds”; and

    • (e) in the case of alfalfa and red clover seed that is imported, the country of origin of production and, if from the United States, the state of origin of production, and the percentage included in the mixture.

  • (2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1)(d), the label may show the name and percentage of each kind or species of seed in a package that singly constitutes one per cent or more by weight of the mixture.

  • (3) The information to be labelled on a package pursuant to subsections (1) and (2) shall be

    • (a) on the principal display panel of the package if the labelling information is on the package, or on one side of the tag if the labelling information is on the tag; and

    • (b) of a consistent size of type.

  • SOR/79-367, s. 5;
  • SOR/96-252, s. 2;
  • SOR/2007-223, s. 13.

Lawn Grass and Turf Grass Seed

 Every package of seed of the kinds or species set out in Tables XI and XII to Schedule I and represented for use as lawn grass or turf grass shall be labelled with the following information:

  • (a) the name and address of the seller, packager or labeller;

  • (b) the name of the kind or species of seed;

  • (c) the name of the grade of the seed; and

  • (d) the variety name of the seed, if applicable.

  • SOR/79-367, s. 6;
  • SOR/82-898, s. 1;
  • SOR/96-252, s. 2.

Lawn Grass and Turf Grass Mixtures

  •  (1) Every package of seed that is a lawn grass mixture or turf grass mixture shall be labelled with the following information:

    • (a) the name and address of the seller, packager or labeller;

    • (b) the name of the grade of the seed; and

    • (c) if the package contains more than 5 kg of seed, the name of each kind or species — and of each variety, if applicable — of seed that constitutes

      • (i) five per cent or more by weight of the mixture,

      • (ii) three per cent or more by weight of the mixture, in the case of bentgrasses, or

      • (iii) two per cent or more by weight of the mixture, in the case of white clover.

  • (2) Where the name of any kind, species or variety of seed contained in a lawn grass mixture or turf grass mixture is stated on a label to the exclusion of the other kinds, species or varieties in the mixture, or in a manner to emphasize that name, the percentage by weight of that kind, species or variety in the mixture shall be stated on the label in the same size and colour of type as the name.

  • SOR/79-367, s. 7;
  • SOR/96-252, s. 2;
  • SOR/2007-223, s. 14;
  • SOR/2012-286, s. 4(F).
 
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