Seeds Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1400)

Regulations are current to 2014-11-11 and last amended on 2014-05-16. Previous Versions

Seed Testing

  •  (1) For the purposes of determining whether the seed meets the standards set out in sections 6 and 7, the seed shall be subject to the following tests

    • (a) in the case of seed to be graded with a Canada pedigreed grade name, other than seed corn, an officially recognized test;

    • (b) in the case of corn to be graded with a Canada pedigreed grade name, non-pedigreed seed of the kinds or species set out in Tables VII to XII to Schedule I, and for the purposes of subsection 40(2), a recognized standard method by

      • (i) an officially recognized laboratory,

      • (ii) in the case of determinations of impurities in the kinds or species set out in Tables I to VI of Schedule I or seeds of a similar size, an accredited grader,

      • (iii) a seed testing laboratory operating under the supervision of a Senior or Associate member of the Commercial Seed Analysts’ Association of Canada,

      • (iv) a seed testing laboratory operating under the supervision of a Registered Seed Technologist registered by the Society of Commercial Seed Technologists,

      • (v) a seed testing laboratory operated by or under the authority of a national or state government of a foreign country, or

      • (vi) a seed testing laboratory accredited by the International Seed Testing Association (ISTA); or

    • (c) in the case of all other seed, a recognized standard method.

  • (2) Barley seed that has been labelled to indicate that it has been neither tested nor treated for true loose smut is exempt from being tested for true loose smut.

  • SOR/96-252, s. 2;
  • SOR/2003-6, s. 104;
  • SOR/2007-223, s. 6.

Sampling of Seed

  •  (1) Samples of seed for the testing referred to in section 11 shall be taken in conformity with recognized standard methods.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3), a sample of seed submitted for testing shall be:

    • (a) where one gram of the seed lot contains 5,000 or more seeds, not less than 10 g;

    • (b) where one gram of the seed lot contains more than 25 seeds but less than 5,000 seeds, not less than 50,000 seeds; and

    • (c) where one gram of the seed lot contains 25 or less seeds, not less than 2 kg.

  • (3) A working sample for determination of impurities shall be

    • (a) for the purpose of grading those kinds and species set out in Schedule I, the quantity indicated in Tables 1 and 2 of the Canadian Methods and Procedures for Testing Seed; and

    • (b) for all other purposes, one half of the quantity set out in subsection (2).

  • (4) Subsections (2) and (3) do not apply if the sample is required for the purpose of checking only the percentage of germination.

  • SOR/96-252, s. 2;
  • SOR/2003-6, s. 105;
  • SOR/2007-223, s. 7(E).

Grading of Seed

  •  (1) Except as provided in subsections (2) and (3), seed may be graded with a Canada pedigreed grade name only where

    • (a) the seed is of pedigreed status;

    • (b) the seed has been conditioned by the grower of the seed on the grower’s premises or by an approved conditioner registered pursuant to Part IV;

    • (c) the grower of the seed has completed and signed a declaration attesting that the seed is derived from a crop that has been issued a crop certificate and that the seed has not been contaminated by any other seed;

    • (d) the seed is graded by an accredited grader, based on

      • (i) the results of an officially recognized test, or

      • (ii) in the case of seed corn, a test done in accordance with paragraph 11(1)(b), and

    • (e) in the case of a varietal blend, the blend is a PPTM varietal blend of kinds or species set out in any of Tables I to II.1 and IV to VII of Schedule I.

  • (2) Where seeds are not conditioned on the grower’s premises and it can be determined that the services of an approved conditioner are not available, a grower may, under the supervision of an inspector, have seed conditioned by other than an approved conditioner.

  • (3) Imported seed may be graded with a Canada pedigreed grade name only where

    • (a) the seed meets the condition set out in paragraph 1(d); and

    • (b) the seed is imported in a package bearing a label that was issued or approved by an official certifying agency and that indicates that the seed is of pedigreed status.

  • SOR/78-314, s. 1;
  • SOR/86-850, s. 6;
  • SOR/88-242, s. 3;
  • SOR/93-162, s. 4;
  • SOR/96-252, s. 2;
  • SOR/2007-223, s. 8;
  • SOR/2012-13, s. 2.