Hull Construction Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1431)

Regulations are current to 2016-05-12 and last amended on 2007-07-01. Previous Versions

 Every closing appliance fitted in a watertight boundary bulkhead of a watertight compartment referred to in section 104 or in any bulkhead referred to in section 109 shall

  • (a) when the ship is underway except when the appliance is in use, be kept closed and fully secured;

  • (b) unless it is a tank manhole closure, be provided with a notice on each side of the appliance stating that the appliance is to be kept closed and fully secured when the ship is underway except when the appliance is in use; and

  • (c) be provided with a notice, adjacent to the position indicator light in the wheelhouse, stating that every closing appliance fitted in a watertight boundary bulkhead of a watertight compartment referred to in section 104 or in any bulkhead referred to in section 109 shall be kept closed and fully secured when the ship is underway except when the appliance is in use.

  • SOR/78-45, s. 2.

Crew Access Openings

  •  (1) In the case of a new ship of 13.7 m in length or over, every crew access opening that gives direct access to a space below the main deck shall be an interior opening.

  • (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), a crew access opening provided for emergency escape or any other crew access opening not used in the usual daily routine of the ship may be an exterior opening.

  • SOR/95-254, s. 32.
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (3), every space usually occupied by crew when a ship is under way,

    • (a) in the case of a compartment below the main deck of the ship shall be provided with two crew access openings, or

    • (b) in the case of a structure on or above the main deck where the ship is a new ship, shall be provided with two exterior crew access openings,

    and to both of such crew access openings there shall be ready access from anywhere inside the compartment or structure.

  • (2) The openings referred to in subsection (1) shall be so located that

    • (a) a single incident occurring inside or outside the compartment or structure, or

    • (b) a list to either side of the ship

    will not prevent the use of both openings at the same time.

  • (3) Where the provision of two exterior crew access openings for a structure on or above the main deck of a new ship is impracticable because of the structure’s small size, the structure may, subject to approval, be provided with a single exterior crew access opening.

  •  (1) Every crew access opening that gives access to a space usually occupied by crew when a ship is under way shall

    • (a) have a clear opening of not less than 560 mm;

    • (b) be free of any projections that could catch in clothing or lifejackets; and

    • (c) where the opening is a hatch, be provided with a fixed ladder or other means of easy access.

  • (2) No hatch to which this section applies shall be located where heavy towing equipment can fall across the hatch cover.

  • SOR/95-254, s. 32.

Closing Appliances for Crew Access Openings

 For the purposes of sections 119 and 120,

  • (a) type ‘A’ closing appliance means a gasketed closing appliance of approved construction that

    • (i) is fitted in an opening adequately stiffened to provide strength equivalent to that of the unpierced bulkhead or deck in which it is fitted,

    • (ii) is attached by hinges or some other approved method,

    • (iii) is capable of being,

      • (A) in the case of a door, closed securely by clamps all around the perimeter of the door or opening, spaced a mean distance of not more than 762 mm apart, or

      • (B) in the case of a hatch cover, closed securely by not less than two clamps, and

    • (iv) provides the same weathertight integrity as the unpierced bulkhead or deck in which it is fitted; and

  • (b) type ‘B’ closing appliance means a close fitting closing appliance of approved construction that

    • (i) is fitted in an opening adequately stiffened to provide strength equivalent to that of the unpierced bulkhead or deck in which it is fitted,

    • (ii) is attached by hinges or some other approved method, and

    • (iii) is capable of being closed securely by not less than two clamps.

  • SOR/95-254, s. 32.
  •  (1) No sliding closing appliance for a crew access opening shall be set athwartships.

  • (2) No closing appliance for an opening that gives access to a space usually occupied by crew when a ship is under way shall be fitted with a hasp and staple.

  • (3) Every closing appliance for a crew access opening that is fitted with a locking device shall be capable of being readily unlocked from inside without the use of a key.

  • (4) Every closing appliance for a crew access hatch shall be

    • (a) balanced by a spring, except where the weight of the appliance makes this provision unnecessary; and

    • (b) in the case of a closing appliance fitted to an opening provided for emergency escape, painted a bright orange colour inside and out and clearly marked to indicate that it is to be opened only during drills and emergencies.

  • (5) Every closing appliance for a crew access opening shall be capable of being secured and unsecured from both inside and outside the space to which it gives access.

  • (6) Where the space referred to in subsection (5) is usually occupied by crew when the ship is under way, the means for securing and unsecuring the closing appliance shall be a single action mechanism that requires only one hand to operate.

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (4), every exterior crew access opening

    • (a) in the main deck or in a forecastle deck in the bow section, or

    • (b) in a structure, other than a wheelhouse, set on a deck referred to in paragraph (a) and through which flooding could occur into a space below the main deck,

    shall be fitted with a type ‘A’ closing appliance.

  • (2) Every exterior crew access opening in a wheelhouse shall be fitted with a close fitting closing appliance of substantial construction, framing and attachment.

  • (3) Every hinged exterior door shall be hinged on the forward side and open outwards.

  • (4) In the case of an existing ship, if a type ‘B’ closing appliance is fitted to every crew access opening that gives direct access to space below the main deck from inside a structure described in subsection (1), any exterior crew access opening in that structure may be fitted with a type ‘B’ closing appliance, but, where major alterations or repairs are being made to the structure, every exterior crew access opening therein shall be fitted with a type ‘A’ closing appliance.

  •  (1) Every interior crew access opening that gives direct access to a space below the main deck from inside a wheelhouse shall be fitted with a type ‘A’ closing appliance.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3), every interior crew access opening that gives direct access to a space below the main deck, other than an opening described in subsection (1), shall be fitted with a closing appliance that

    • (a) in association with the reinforcing of the opening is of equivalent strength to the unpierced structure in which it is set;

    • (b) is close fitting and supported around the perimeter against external pressure;

    • (c) if hinged, opens outwards from the space below the main deck;

    • (d) if it gives access to the engine room, is self-closing and is provided with a fire protective sheathing on the engine room side; and

    • (e) if it gives access from an accommodation space to the engine room, is gastight.

  • (3) An interior crew access opening that gives direct access to a watertight accommodation space below the main deck is not required to be fitted with a closing appliance where

    • (a) the opening is located inside a structure in which every exterior crew access opening is fitted with a type ‘A’ closing appliance; and

    • (b) no part of the main deck is submerged when that accommodation space is completely flooded.

  • (4) Every interior door that gives access to an accommodation space and that is not required by these Regulations to be fitted with a type ‘A’ closing appliance, a type ‘B’ closing appliance or a closing appliance described in subsection (2) shall be fitted with a kick-out panel in the lower half of the door.

 
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