Automatic Fire Alarm and Fire Detection Systems (Methods I and III)
54. (1) In every ship in which Method I or Method III of fire protection has been adopted, a fire alarm and fire detection system complying with section 57 shall be installed which will detect the presence of fire in any accommodation space or service space and will indicate the presence and position of the fire by a signal given at one or more points in the ship so as to come rapidly to the notice of the master and crew of the ship.
(2) The Board may exempt any ship from the requirements of this section to the extent that it is satisfied that the accommodation spaces and service spaces afford no substantial fire risk.
Automatic Sprinkler, Fire Alarm and Fire Detection Systems (Method II)
55. (1) In every ship in which Method II of fire protection has been adopted, an automatic sprinkler and fire alarm and fire detection system complying with Schedule VI of the Fire Detection and Extinguishing Equipment Regulations shall be installed and so arranged as to protect all accommodation spaces and service spaces in the ship.
(2) The Board may exempt any ship from the requirements of this section
(a) to the extent that it is satisfied that the accommodation spaces and service spaces afford no substantial fire risk; and
(b) in respect of any baggage room or store room that it is satisfied is provided with adequate arrangements for the detection of fire or for the smothering of fire by gas or steam.
Restriction of Combustible Material (Methods I and III)
56. (1) In every ship in which Method I of fire protection has been adopted,
(a) all linings, grounds, ceilings and insulation shall consist of incombustible material except in cargo spaces, mail rooms, bullion rooms, baggage rooms and refrigerated store rooms, provided that the linings, grounds and ceilings in ships carrying not more than 100 passengers may be constructed of combustible material having the same fire-resisting properties as the material of the bulkheads enclosing the spaces in which they are situated; and
(b) the total volume of combustible materials installed as facings, mouldings, decorations or veneers in any accommodation space or service space in a ship in which Method I of fire protection has been adopted, being a ship carrying more than 100 passengers, shall not exceed a volume equal to that of veneer of 2.5 mm on the combined area of the walls and ceiling of such space; any facings, mouldings, decorations or veneers installed in the corridors or stairway enclosures in such a ship shall consist of incombustible materials.
(2) In every ship in which Method III of fire protection has been adopted, the provision of combustible materials for linings, grounds, ceilings, fittings and furnishings in any space in the accommodation spaces or service spaces shall be restricted to the minimum compatible with the use for which that space is appropriated; in the public rooms in such a ship the grounds and supports for the linings and ceilings shall be constructed of steel or other material equally effective in resisting fire; all exposed surfaces and their coatings in the accommodation spaces of such a ship shall be surfaces of low flame spread.
- SOR/95-254, s. 32.
57. (1) For the purposes of the fire alarm and detection systems required by section 39 to be fitted in certain ships carrying not more than 36 passengers, the accommodation and service spaces shall be divided into groups; a group shall be confined to one deck and shall not be split by a main vertical zone bulkhead or a watertight bulkhead; at least one detector head shall be fitted in each cabin or other small space but more than one detector head may be required in large spaces; all detector heads in a group shall be connected to an indicator for that group and to an audible alarm common to all groups at each central control station.
(2) For purposes of the fire alarm and detection systems required by section 54, the provisions of subsection (1) of this section apply and in addition the following:
(a) in ships in which Method I of fire protection is adopted the spaces on the starboard side shall be grouped separately from those on the port side and no group shall extend more than 19.8 m of the length of the ship; and
(b) in ships in which Method III of fire protection is adopted, each public room shall generally be treated as comprising one group; other accommodation and service spaces shall be grouped so that the spaces within each compartment formed by the network of “A” and “B” Class divisions referred to in paragraph 53(2)(a) form one group; so far as is practicable no group shall consist of more than 15 cabins.
(3) Automatic fire alarm and detection systems referred to in this section shall comply with the following:
(a) they shall be so constructed as to give indication at the central control station of any failure of power supply to the system;
(b) there shall be not less than two sources of power each capable of operating the system;
(c) means shall be provided by push button or other suitable arrangement for testing the operation of the indicators and alarm signal;
(d) detector heads shall generally be fitted on the deck heads of the spaces and shall be set to operate at a temperature of 68°C ± 6.7°C except in drying rooms and similar spaces where a higher setting is allowed;
(e) there shall not be an excessive time lag in the operation of the alarm signal and steamship inspectors shall satisfy themselves that the time lag is within reasonable limits;
(f) spare detector heads shall be carried in the proportion of not less than one for each 50 heads fitted in the installation with a minimum of six heads;
(g) a list shall be posted up adjacent to the indicating cabinet at the control station showing the actual cabinet numbers, public rooms and other spaces included in each group, and the deck on which each group is situated;
(h) with each fire alarm and detection system there shall be carried in the ship full instructions as to the operation, maintenance and testing of the system; and
(i) in addition to the fire alarm and detection system specified in paragraph (h), passenger ships over 38.1 m in length, except open deck vessels, shall be fitted with general alarm bells or a klaxon to the satisfaction of a steamship inspector.
- SOR/95-254, s. 32.
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