Food and Drug Regulations (C.R.C., c. 870)

Regulations are current to 2016-11-21 and last amended on 2016-10-31. Previous Versions

 Except as provided in these Regulations, a dairy product that contains a fat other than milk fat is adulterated.

 Sections B.08.003 to B.08.028 do not apply to a lacteal secretion obtained from the mammary gland of any animal other than a cow, genus Bos, or a product or derivative of such secretion.

  • SOR/85-623, s. 1.
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), no person shall sell the normal lacteal secretion obtained from the mammary gland of the cow, genus Bos, or of any other animal, or sell a dairy product made with any such secretion, unless the secretion or dairy product has been pasteurized by being held at a temperature and for a period that ensure the reduction of the alkaline phosphatase activity so as to meet the tolerances specified in official method MFO-3, Determination of Phosphatase Activity in Dairy Products, dated November 30, 1981.

  • (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to

    • (a) cheese; or

    • (b) any food that is sold for further manufacturing or processing in order to pasteurize it in the manner described in subsection (1).

  • SOR/91-549, s. 1;
  • SOR/95-499, s. 1.

Milk

 [S]. Milk or Whole Milk

  • (a) shall be the normal lacteal secretion obtained from the mammary gland of the cow, genus Bos; and

  • (b) shall contain added vitamin D in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 300 International Units and not more than 400 International Units of vitamin D.

  • SOR/95-499, s. 2.

 [S]. Skim Milk

  • (a) shall be milk that contains not more than 0.3 per cent milk fat;

  • (b) shall, notwithstanding sections D.01.009 and D.01.010, contain added vitamin A in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 1,200 International Units and not more than 2,500 International Units of vitamin A; and

  • (c) shall contain vitamin D in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 300 International Units and not more than 400 International Units of vitamin D.

  • SOR/78-656, s. 1.

 [S]. Partly Skimmed Milk or Partially Skimmed Milk

  • (a) shall be derived from milk that has had its fat content reduced by mechanical separation or adjusted by the addition of cream, milk, partly skimmed milk or skim milk, either singly or in combination;

  • (b) shall, notwithstanding sections D.01.009 and D.01.010, contain added vitamin A in such an amount that a reasonable intake of the milk contains not less than 1,200 International Units and not more than 2,500 International Units of vitamin A; and

  • (c) shall contain vitamin D in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 300 International Units and not more than 400 International Units of vitamin D.

  • SOR/78-656, s. 2.

 [S]. Milk Fat or Butter Fat shall be the fat of cow’s milk, and shall have

  • (a) a specific gravity of not less than 0.905 at a temperature of 40°,

  • (b) a tocopherol content not greater than 50 micrograms per gram, as determined by official method FO-16, Determination of Tocopherol in Milk Fat or Butter Fat, October 15, 1981,

  • (c) a Reichert-Meissl number not less than 24, and

  • (d) a Polenske number not exceeding 10 per cent of the Reichert-Meissl number and in no case shall the Polenske number exceed 3.5, and

where the tocopherol content is greater than 50 micrograms per gram or the Polenske number exceeds 10 per cent of the Reichert-Meissl number, there shall be deemed to have been an addition to the milk fat of fat other than that of cow’s milk.

  • SOR/82-768, s. 14.

 [S]. Sterilized Milk

  • (a) and (b) [Repealed, SOR/97-148, s. 1]

  • (c) shall contain not less than

    • (i) 11.75 per cent milk solids, and

    • (ii) 3.25 per cent milk fat; and

  • (d) shall contain added vitamin D in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 300 International Units and not more than 400 International Units of vitamin D.

  • SOR/97-148, s. 1.

 The percentage of milk fat contained in

  • (a) partly skimmed milk or partially skimmed milk,

  • (b) partly skimmed milk with added milk solids or partially skimmed milk with added milk solids, or

  • (c) evaporated partly skimmed milk or concentrated partly skimmed milk

shall be shown on the principal display panel followed by the words “milk fat” or the abbreviation “B.F.” or “M.F.”.

 [S]. Condensed Milk or Sweetened Condensed Milk shall be milk from which water has been evaporated and to which has been added sugar, dextrose, glucose, glucose solids or lactose, or any combination thereof, may contain added vitamin D and shall contain not less than

  • (a) 28 per cent milk solids; and

  • (b) eight per cent milk fat.

 [S]. Evaporated Milk

  • (a) shall be milk from which water has been evaporated;

  • (b) shall contain not less than

    • (i) 25.0 per cent milk solids, and

    • (ii) 7.5 per cent milk fat;

  • (c) shall, notwithstanding sections D.01.009 to D.01.011, contain added vitamin C in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 60 milligrams and not more than 75 milligrams of vitamin C;

  • (d) shall contain vitamin D in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 300 International Units and not more than 400 International Units of vitamin D; and

  • (e) may contain

    • (i) added disodium phosphate or sodium citrate, or both, and

    • (ii) an emulsifying agent.

  • SOR/78-656, s. 3;
  • SOR/92-400, s. 2.

 [S]. Evaporated Skim Milk or Concentrated Skim Milk

  • (a) shall be milk that has been concentrated to at least one-half of its original volume by the removal of water;

  • (b) shall contain

    • (i) not more than 0.3 per cent milk fat, and

    • (ii) not less than 17.0 per cent milk solids other than fat;

  • (c) shall, notwithstanding sections D.01.009 and D.01.010, contain added vitamin A in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 1,200 International Units and not more than 2,500 International Units of vitamin A;

  • (d) shall, notwithstanding sections D.01.009 to D.01.011, contain added vitamin C in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 60 milligrams and not more than 75 milligrams of vitamin C;

  • (e) shall contain added vitamin D in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 300 International Units and not more than 400 International Units of vitamin D; and

  • (f) may contain added disodium phosphate or sodium citrate, or both.

 [S]. Evaporated Partly Skimmed Milk or Concentrated Partly Skimmed Milk

  • (a) shall be milk from which part of the milk fat has been removed;

  • (b) shall be concentrated to at least one-half its original volume by the removal of water;

  • (c) shall contain not less than 17.0 per cent milk solids other than fat; and

  • (d) shall, notwithstanding sections D.01.009 and D.01.010, contain added vitamin A in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 1,200 International Units and not more than 2,500 International Units of vitamin A;

  • (e) shall, notwithstanding sections D.01.009 to D.01.011, contain added vitamin C in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 60 milligrams and not more than 75 milligrams of vitamin C;

  • (f) shall contain added vitamin D in such an amount that a reasonable daily intake of the milk contains not less than 300 International Units and not more than 400 International Units of vitamin D; and

  • (g) may contain

    • (i) an emulsifying agent, and

    • (ii) added disodium phosphate or sodium citrate, or both.

 
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