Criminal Proceedings Rules of the Manitoba Court of Queen’s Bench
The Manitoba Court of Queen’s Bench, pursuant to subsections 482(1)Footnote a and (3)Footnote b and section 482.1Footnote c of the Criminal CodeFootnote d, makes the annexed Criminal Proceedings Rules of the Manitoba Court of Queen’s Bench.
Return to footnote aS.C. 1994, c. 44, s. 35
Return to footnote bS.C. 2002, c. 13, s. 17(2)
Return to footnote cS.C. 2002, c. 13, s. 18
Return to footnote dR.S., c. C-46
Winnipeg, June 7, 2016
Le juge en chef,
Glenn D. Joyal
PART 1General Matters
Rule 1 — Definitions, Application and Interpretation
1.01 The following definitions apply in these rules.
appeal means an appeal from a decision of a summary conviction court under Part XXVII of the Code. (appel)
- assignment court
assignment court means the sitting of the Court when trial and pre-trial proceedings are scheduled for hearing. (audience de fixation du rôle)
Charter means the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. (Charte)
Code means the Criminal Code. (Code)
counsel means the counsel of record or counsel specifically authorized to act on behalf of the counsel of record. (avocat)
Court means the Court of Queen’s Bench of Manitoba. (Cour)
holiday includes any day that the Court office is closed. (jour férié)
judge means a judge of the Court. (juge)
- pre-trial conference
pre-trial conference has the same meaning as a pre-hearing conference referred to in section 625.1 of the Code. (conférence préparatoire)
proceeding includes a trial, application, appeal or other process arising from or incidental to the prosecution of an offence under the Code. (instance)
- summary conviction appeals assignment court
summary conviction appeals assignment court means the sitting of the Court when summary conviction appeals are scheduled for hearing. (audience de fixation du rôle des appels d’une déclaration de culpabilité par procédure sommaire)
Marginal note:Application of rules
1.02 These rules are enacted under subsection 482(1) of the Code and apply to proceedings that are within the jurisdiction of the Court.
Marginal note:General principle
1.03 (1) These rules are intended to provide for the just determination of every proceeding and must be construed to secure simplicity in procedure, fairness in administration and the elimination of unjustifiable expense and delay.
Marginal note:Matters not provided for
(2) If matters are not provided for in these rules, the practice must be determined by analogy to them.
Marginal note:Self-represented accused
(3) If an accused is self-represented, anything that these rules require or permit counsel to do must be done by the accused, except if these rules provide otherwise.
Marginal note:Application of Code provisions
1.04 The interpretation sections of the Code apply to these rules, except if these rules provide otherwise.
Rule 2 — Non-compliance with Rules
Marginal note:Dispensing with compliance
2.01 A judge may dispense with compliance with a rule only if it is, and to the extent that it is, necessary in the interests of justice.
Marginal note:Dismissal of motion or application
2.02 If an applicant has failed to comply with the rules respecting the filing of a document in support of a motion or application, the motion or application must not be heard unless the presiding judge grants leave, after taking into account all the circumstances of the case, including
(a) the nature of the applicant’s non-compliance with these rules;
(b) any explanation advanced for failing to comply with these rules;
(c) the apparent merits of the motion or application as reflected in any materials filed and any submissions made in the proceeding;
(d) any notice given to the other parties about the issues raised in the motion or application and the right of those parties to have a reasonable opportunity to respond to the issues raised by the applicant; and
(e) the history of the proceedings and the need for an expeditious determination of pre-trial motions and applications and the orderly conduct of trial proceedings.
Marginal note:Costs ordered if non-compliance
Marginal note:Costs payable to government
(2) If the Court orders that counsel pay costs for non-compliance, they are payable to the Minister of Finance for Manitoba.
Rule 3 — Time
Marginal note:Deemed undertaking by counsel and prosecutor
3.01 Counsel for the accused and the prosecutor assigned to a case are each deemed to undertake to comply with all time limits that are set by a pre-trial judge, case management judge or another judge.
Marginal note:Computation of time
3.02 Unless the context requires otherwise, the computation of a time limit prescribed by these rules or imposed by a judge is to be done in the following manner:
(a) if there is a reference to a number of clear days or “at least” a number of days between two events, both the day on which the first event happens and the day on which the second event happens are excluded;
(b) if a period of less than seven days is prescribed, any holidays that fall during that period are excluded; and
(c) if the time for the doing of an act expires on a holiday, the act may be done on the next day that is not a holiday.
Marginal note:General powers of Court
Marginal note:Application to extend time
(2) An application for an order extending a time limit may be made before or after the expiry of the time limit.
Rule 4 — Venue
Marginal note:Venue for commencement of proceeding
4.01 Subject to rule 4.02, a proceeding must be commenced in the judicial centre nearest to the place where the cause of the proceeding arose.
Marginal note:Ease of access to judicial centre
4.02 Ease of access from the place where the cause of the proceeding arose to a judicial centre is to be a factor in a decision as to which centre is the nearest.
Marginal note:Judicial centre for hearing
4.03 A proceeding must be heard in the judicial centre in which it is commenced unless the Court orders otherwise.
Marginal note:Application to change venue
4.04 An application to change the venue of a trial from the judicial centre where the proceeding was commenced to another judicial centre is to be governed by the change of venue provisions of the Code.
Marginal note:No effect on validity of proceeding
4.05 The validity of a proceeding is not affected solely by a failure to comply with rule 4.01 or 4.03, but the Court may, on an application or on its own motion, transfer the proceeding to the appropriate judicial centre or make any other order that it considers just.
Rule 5 — Court Documents
Filing of Documents
Marginal note:Place of filing
5.01 (1) All documents that are required to be filed in a proceeding must be filed with the court office in the judicial centre at which the proceeding was commenced, except if they are filed in the course of a hearing.
Marginal note:Manner of filing
(2) Any document may be filed by leaving it in, or mailing it to, the court office, accompanied by any prescribed fee.
Marginal note:Date of filing
(3) A document that is filed by mail is deemed to have been filed on the date of the court office’s filing stamp on it.
Marginal note:Refusal by registrar
Marginal note:Judge’s direction
(2) If the registrar refuses to accept a document for filing, the document must not be filed without a judge’s direction.
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