Version of document from 2009-06-04 to 2011-06-19:

Consumer Chemicals and Containers Regulations, 2001

SOR/2001-269

CANADA CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT

HAZARDOUS PRODUCTS ACT

Registration 2001-08-01

Consumer Chemicals and Containers Regulations, 2001

P.C. 2001-1343  2001-08-01

Her Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Health, pursuant to section 5Footnote a of the Hazardous Products Act, hereby makes the annexed Consumer Chemicals and Containers Regulations, 2001.

INTERPRETATION

Marginal note:Definitions
  •  (1) The definitions in this subsection apply in these Regulations.

    “acid reserve”

    « réserve acide »

    “acid reserve” means the quantity of an alkali, expressed in grams of sodium hydroxide, that is required to bring 100 mL of a liquid acidic product, or 100 g of an acidic product in the form of a solid, paste or gel, to a pH of 4.00 ± 0.05.

    “Act”

    « Loi »

    “Act” means the Hazardous Products Act.

    “alkali reserve”

    « réserve alcaline »

    “alkali reserve” means the quantity of an alkali, expressed in grams of sodium hydroxide, that is neutralized when 100 mL of a liquid basic product, or 100 g of a basic product in the form of a solid, paste or gel, is brought to a pH of 10.00 ± 0.05 by the addition of hydrochloric acid or its equivalent.

    “aspiration”

    « aspiration »

    “aspiration” means the entry of a liquid or solid chemical product directly through the oral or nasal cavity, or indirectly from vomiting, into the trachea or lower respiratory system.

    “chemical product”

    « produit chimique »

    “chemical product” means a product used by a consumer that has the properties of one or more of the following:

    • (a) a toxic product;

    • (b) a corrosive product;

    • (c) a flammable product; or

    • (d) a quick skin-bonding adhesive.

    It does not include any of the following:

    • (e) a product described in any of paragraphs (a) to (d) if it is not possible for a user to be exposed to the product or to any of its hazardous ingredients during reasonably foreseeable use;

    • (f) a portable petroleum container that conforms with CSA B306 or CSA B376;

    • (g) a lighter;

    • (h) a fire extinguisher that conforms with ULC-S503, ULC-S504, ULC-S507 or ULC-S512; or

    • (i) a container of fuel, such as gasoline, ethanol or propane, if the container is permanently attached to an internal combustion engine, a gas turbine or an appliance that uses the fuel.

    “complex mixture”

    « mélange complexe »

    “complex mixture” means a combination of chemicals that has a generic name that is not a trade name and is

    • (a) a substance of natural origin;

    • (b) a fraction obtained by a physical separation process from a substance of a natural origin; or

    • (c) a chemical modification of a substance of natural origin or of a fraction obtained by a physical separation process from a substance of natural origin.

    “container”

    « contenant »

    “container” means

    • (a) a Category 5 pressurized container that is or is likely to be used by a consumer, including an empty container, as described in Part 5;

    • (b) an empty container that is destined for use by a consumer to store or dispense a chemical product; or

    • (c) any other container that is or is likely to be used by a consumer to store or dispense a chemical product.

    “corrosive product”

    « produit corrosif »

    “corrosive product” means a chemical product that

    • (a) is capable of inducing necrosis or ulceration of epithelial tissue;

    • (b) is capable of causing an erythema or edema of the skin, corneal or iris damage or conjunctival swelling or redness; or

    • (c) is identified in Part 2 as a Category 2 corrosive product.

    “display surface”

    « aire d’affichage »

    “display surface” means the portion of the surface area of a container on which the information required by these Regulations can be displayed. It does not include the surface area of the bottom, of any seam or of any concave or convex surface near the top or the bottom of a container.

    “dust”

    « poussière »

    “dust” means solid airborne particles that are mechanically generated.

    “first aid statement”

    « énoncé de premiers soins »

    “first aid statement” means

    • (a) a list of the hazardous ingredients in the chemical product; and

    • (b) a statement of the first aid treatment to be administered to anyone who has come into contact with a chemical product, such as through ingestion, absorption or inhalation, or information that may be helpful to someone who is assisting that individual.

    “flame projection”

    « projection de la flamme »

    “flame projection” means the flame resulting from the ignition of a chemical product discharged from a spray container when tested in accordance with the procedure set out in Schedule 1.

    “flammable product”

    « produit inflammable »

    “flammable product” means a chemical product that is capable of

    • (a) spontaneous combustion;

    • (b) becoming flammable when in contact with air; or

    • (c) having a flash point below 60oC or a flame projection greater than 15 cm or exhibiting a flashback.

    “flashback”

    « retour de flamme »

    “flashback” means the part of a flame projection that extends from the point of ignition back towards the spray container when a chemical product is tested in accordance with the procedure set out in Schedule 1.

    “flash point”

    « point d’éclair »

    “flash point” means the minimum temperature at which a substance gives off a vapour in sufficient concentration to ignite under test conditions.

    “fume”

    « fumée »

    “fume” means solid particles in the air that are generated by condensation from the vapour of a solid material.

    “fumes”

    « émanations »

    “fumes”, in the context of the information that must be displayed on a container, means a vapour or a fume or both that may be given off by a chemical product under normal conditions of use or storage.

    “good scientific practices”

    « bonnes pratiques scientifiques »

    “good scientific practices” means

    • (a) for the development of test data, conditions and procedures similar to those set out in the OECD Test Guidelines;

    • (b) for laboratory practices, practices similar to those set out in the OECD Principles of Good Laboratory Practice; and

    • (c) for human experience data, a peer-reviewed study of clinical cases.

    “hazard category”

    « catégorie de danger »

    “hazard category” means a category into which a chemical product or container is classified, in particular:

    • (a) Category 1, toxic products set out in Part 1;

    • (b) Category 2, corrosive products set out in Part 2;

    • (c) Category 3, flammable products set out in Part 3;

    • (d) Category 4, quick skin-bonding adhesives set out in Part 4; and

    • (e) Category 5, pressurized containers set out in Part 5.

    “hazard symbol”

    « pictogramme de danger »

    “hazard symbol” means a pictograph and its frame as set out in Schedule 2.

    “hazardous ingredient”

    « ingrédient dangereux »

    “hazardous ingredient” means

    • (a) a pure chemical product;

    • (b) an ingredient present in a chemical product in a concentration of 1% or more that is taken into consideration when classifying the product and that

      • (i) is a chemical product,

      • (ii) the supplier believes on reasonable grounds may be harmful to humans,

      • (iii) has toxicological properties that are not known to the supplier, or

      • (iv) derives from a reaction between precursor constituents and the hazards associated with the chemical product are not known to the supplier; or

    • (c) a complex mixture present in a chemical product in a concentration of 1% or more that is taken into consideration when classifying the product and that

      • (i) is a chemical product,

      • (ii) the supplier believes on reasonable grounds may be harmful to humans, or

      • (iii) has toxicological properties that are not known to the supplier.

    “human experience data”

    « données de l’expérience humaine »

    “human experience data” means data, collected in accordance with good scientific practices, that demonstrates that injury to or poisoning of a human has or has not resulted from

    • (a) exposure to a chemical product; or

    • (b) the reasonably foreseeable use of a chemical product or container by a consumer, including, in particular, the consumption of the product by a child.

    “LC50

    « CL50 »

    “LC50 means the concentration of a substance in air that, when administered by means of inhalation over a specified length of time in an animal assay, is expected to cause the death of at least 50% of a defined population of animals.

    “LD50

    « DL50 »

    “LD50 means the single dose of a substance that, when administered by a defined route in an animal assay, is expected to cause the death of at least 50% of a defined population of animals.

    “main display panel”

    « aire d’affichage principale »

    “main display panel” means the part of the display surface that is displayed or visible under normal conditions of sale to the consumer. It includes

    • (a) in the case of a rectangular container, the largest side of the display surface;

    • (b) in the case of a cylindrical container, the larger of

      • (i) the area of the top, or

      • (ii) 40% of the area obtained by multiplying the circumference of the container by the height of the display surface;

    • (c) in the case of a bag, the largest side of the bag; and

    • (d) in the case of any other container, the largest surface of the container that is not less than 40% of the display surface.

    “manufacturer”

    « fabricant »

    “manufacturer” includes a packager and a labeller.

    “mist”

    « brouillard »

    “mist” means droplets of liquid suspended in air that are produced by the condensation of a vapourized liquid or by the dispersion of a liquid by a spray container.

    “mixture”

    « mélange »

    “mixture” means a combination of two or more products, materials or substances that do not undergo a chemical change as a result of their interaction.

    “National Standard”

    « norme nationale »

    “National Standard” means a standard recognized by the National Standards System of the Standards Council of Canada.

    “normal atmospheric pressure”

    « pression atmosphérique normale »

    “normal atmospheric pressure” means an absolute pressure of 101.324 kPa at 20°C.

    “official languages”

    « langues officielles »

    “official languages” means the English and French languages.

    “person responsible”

    « responsable »

    “person responsible”, in respect of a chemical product or container, means, if the product or container is

    • (a) manufactured in Canada, the manufacturer who sells or advertises it; or

    • (b) imported into Canada, the importer.

    “quick skin-bonding adhesive”

    « adhésif qui colle rapidement la peau »

    “quick skin-bonding adhesive” means a Category 4 adhesive set out in Part 4 that has properties similar to an alkyl cyanoacrylate adhesive and that is capable of bonding skin with skin instantly or nearly instantly.

    “single-use container”

    « contenant à usage unique »

    “single-use container” means a non-reclosable container whose contents are to be used in their entirety immediately after the container is opened.

    “spray container”

    « contenant pulvérisateur »

    “spray container” means a container that permits the dispersal of its contents in the form of a mist and includes a pressurized container and a pump-spray container.

    “sub-category”

    « sous-catégorie »

    “sub-category” means one of the following classifications within a hazard category in which a chemical product may be classified, in particular:

    • (a) in the case of a Category 1 toxic product, “very toxic”, “toxic” and “harmful”;

    • (b) in the case of a Category 2 corrosive product, “very corrosive”, “corrosive” and “irritant”; and

    • (c) in the case of a Category 3 flammable product, “spontaneously combustible”, “very flammable”, “flammable” and “combustible”.

    “toxic product”

    « produit toxique »

    “toxic product” means a chemical product that

    • (a) is capable of causing a lethal effect on a human;

    • (b) is capable of causing a serious and irreversible but non-lethal effect on a human, such as a depressed level of consciousness, muscular weakness or paralysis, acute renal or hepatic failure, arrhythmia, hypotension, dyspnea, respiratory depression, pulmonary edema or optic neuritis; or

    • (c) is identified in Part 1 as a Category 1 toxic product.

    “vapour”

    « vapeur »

    “vapour” means the gaseous form of a substance that is found in a solid or liquid state at normal atmospheric pressure.

  • Marginal note:Table of standards and tests

    (2) A standard or test set out in column 2 of the table to this subsection is referenced in these Regulations, in the provision set out in column 3, by means of the short form set out in column 1.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 1(2)

    STANDARDS AND TESTS REFERENCED IN THESE REGULATIONS

    Column 1Column 2Column 3
    ItemFootnote for

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 1(2)

    STANDARDS AND TESTS REFERENCED IN THESE REGULATIONS

    *
    Short formStandard or testProvision of Regulations
    1.

    (1)

    ASTM D 56ASTM Standard D 56‑05, entitled Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester, approved May 1, 2005, published May 200550(a); 51
    2.

    (2)

    ASTM D 93ASTM Standard D 93‑02a, entitled Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester, approved December 10, 2002, published March 200350(b)
    3.

    (3)

    ASTM D 323ASTM Standard D 323‑06, entitled Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method), approved August 1, 200658(1)(a)
    4.

    (4)

    ASTM D 1293ASTM Standard D 1293‑99, entitled Standard Test Methods for pH of Water, approved December 10, 199944(1)
    5.

    (5)

    ASTM D 3828ASTM Standard D 3828‑05, entitled Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Cup Tester, approved May 1, 2005, published May 200550(a)
    6.

    (6)

    16 CFR 1700.20U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 16: Commercial Practices, section 1700.20, entitled “Testing procedure for special packaging”, revised January 1, 20089(b)
    7.

    (7)

    CSA B306CSA Standard B306‑M1977, entitled Portable Fuel Tanks for Marine Use, as amended April 19881(1) “chemical product”
    8.

    (8)

    CSA B339CAN/CSA Standard B339‑02, entitled Cylinders, Spheres, and Tubes for the Transportation of Dangerous Goods, as amended February 200558(2)
    9.

    (9)

    CSA B376CSA Standard B376‑M1980, entitled Portable Containers for Gasoline and Other Petroleum Fuels, published July 1980 (reaffirmed 1992)1(1) “chemical product”
    10.

    (10)

    CSA Z76.1CSA Standard Z76.1‑06, entitled Reclosable child-resistant packages, published March 2006 in the English version and July 2006 in the French version9(b)
    11.

    (12)

    Draize TestDraize Test, described in Methods for the Study of Irritation and Toxicity of Substances Applied Topically to the Skin and Mucous Membranes, Volume 82, The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 1944, pages 377 to 39043(2)(a)
    12.

    (13)

    ISO 8317ISO Standard 8317, entitled Child-resistant packaging — Requirements and testing procedures for reclosable packages, Second edition, dated April 15, 20039(b)
    13.

    (15)

    OECD No. 404OECD Guideline for the Testing of Chemicals No. 404, entitled Acute Dermal Irritation/Corrosion, adopted April 24, 200243(2)(b)
    14.

    (16)

    OECD No. 405OECD Guideline for the Testing of Chemicals No. 405, entitled Acute Eye Irritation/Corrosion, adopted April 24, 200243(2)(c)
    15.

    (17)

    OECD Principles of Good Laboratory PracticeNumber 1 of the OECD Series on Principles of Good Laboratory Practice and Compliance Monitoring, ENV/MC/CHEM(98)17, dated January 21, 19981(1) “good scientific practices”; 44(2)(a)
    16.

    (14)

    OECD Test GuidelinesAnnex 1, entitled OECD Test Guidelines, of the Decision of the Council Concerning the Mutual Acceptance of Data in the Assessment of Chemicals, C(81)30(Final), adopted by the Council of the OECD on May 12, 19811(1) “good scientific practices; 6(1)(b) and (c); 35(1)(a) and (b)
    17.

    (11)

    Test L.2“Test L.2: Sustained combustibility test” set out in section 32.5.2 of the Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Manual of Tests and Criteria, Fourth Revised Edition, 2003, United Nations (UN)Footnote for

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 1(2)

    STANDARDS AND TESTS REFERENCED IN THESE REGULATIONS

    **
    48(2)(b)
    18.

    (18)

    ULC‑S503CAN/ULC‑S503, Fourth Edition, entitled Carbon-Dioxide Fire Extinguishers, published February 28, 20051(1) “chemical product”
    19.

    (19)

    ULC‑S504CAN/ULC‑S504, Second Edition, entitled Dry Chemical Fire Extinguishers, published August 14, 20021(1) “chemical product”
    20.

    (20)

    ULC‑S507CAN/ULC‑S507, Fourth Edition, entitled Water Fire Extinguishers, published February 28, 20051(1) “chemical product”
    21.

    (21)

    ULC-S512CAN/ULC‑S512‑M87, entitled Standard for Halogenated Agent Hand and Wheeled Fire Extinguishers, as amended April 19991(1) “chemical product”
    Legend:
    ASTMAmerican Society for Testing and Materials
    CSACanadian Standards Association
    ISOInternational Organization for Standardization
    OECDOrganization for Economic Cooperation and Development
    ULCUnderwriters’ Laboratories of Canada
    • Return to footnote *The numbers in parentheses that follow the item numbers indicate the corresponding item number in the French version of the table.

    • Return to footnote **Test L.2 in the Fourth Revised Edition, published in 2003 and available in English only, is identical to Test L.2 in the Second Revised Edition, published in 1996.

  • Marginal note:Interpretation of “should”

    (3) Where the word “should” is used in a standard or test referenced in these Regulations it is to be read as imperative, unless the context requires otherwise.

  • Marginal note:Units of measure

    (4) The symbol set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection represents the unit of measure set out in column 2.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 1(4)

    UNITS OF MEASURE

    Column 1Column 2
    ItemSymbolUnit of measure
    1.°Cdegree Celsius
    2.cmcentimetre
    3.cm2square centimetre
    4.ggram
    5.g/m2grams per square metre
    6.kgkilogram
    7.kPakilopascal
    8.Llitre
    9.mg/kgmilligrams per kilogram
    10.mg/Lmilligrams per litre
    11.mL/m3millilitres per cubic metre
    12.mmmillimetre
    13.mm2/ssquare millimetres per second
    14.Nnewton
  • Marginal note:Concentration

    (5) In these Regulations, unless otherwise specified, when a concentration of a substance is expressed as a percentage, the percentage represents the ratio of the weight of the substance to the weight of the chemical product.

  • SOR/2009-165, s. 1.

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Marginal note:Authorized advertising, sale and importation

 Subject to section 3, the advertising, sale and importation of a chemical product or a container is permitted only if it meets the applicable requirements of these Regulations.

  • SOR/2009-165, s. 2.
Marginal note:Exceptions — importation to bring into compliance or to export
  •  (1) A person may import a chemical product or container that does not comply with a requirement of these Regulations for the purpose of

    • (a) bringing the product or container into compliance with the requirement;

    • (b) reselling the product or container to a manufacturer in Canada who will bring it into compliance with the requirement; or

    • (c) exporting the product or container to another country.

  • Marginal note:Credible evidence

    (2) A person who imports a chemical product or a container for a purpose described in subsection (1) must, on the request of an inspector, provide credible evidence to the inspector that it is being brought into compliance with these Regulations or is being exported, as the case may be.

  • (3) [Repealed, SOR/2009-165, s. 3]

  • SOR/2009-165, s. 3.

REQUIREMENTS

Hazard Category, Container and Information

Marginal note:Determination by person responsible
  •  (1) The person responsible, using one or more of the applicable properties, data sources or test procedures set out in section 6 or Parts 1 to 5, must determine

    • (a) the hazard categories of the chemical product or container and, if applicable, its appropriate sub-categories;

    • (b) the type of container that is required; and

    • (c) the information that is required to be displayed on the container.

  • Marginal note:Multiple hazard categories

    (2) If a chemical product and its container fall into more than one hazard category, its container must display the information that is required for every applicable hazard category.

  • Marginal note:Multiple sub-categories

    (3) Subject to subsection (4), if a chemical product falls into more than one sub-category within a hazard category, the person responsible must classify the product in the sub-category that represents the greatest hazard within each applicable hazard category.

  • Marginal note:Multiple sub-categories — flammable products

    (4) If a chemical product falls into both the sub-category “spontaneously combustible” and another sub-category in the hazard category “Category 3, flammable product”, it must be classified in both sub-categories.

  • Marginal note:Multiple routes of exposure

    (5) The container of a chemical product to which an individual may be exposed by more than one route of exposure must display the required information for each route of exposure.

Marginal note:Record keeping and provision

 The person responsible must

  • (a) keep or cause to be kept, for a period of at least three years after the date of manufacture or importation of a chemical product or container, all records relating to the determinations required under subsection 4(1); and

  • (b) within 15 days after receipt of a request from an inspector, provide the records referred to in paragraph (a) to the inspector.

Data Sources

Marginal note:Precedence of data sources
  •  (1) The person responsible must determine the hazards arising from the reasonably foreseeable use of the chemical product or container from one or more of the following data sources in the following order of precedence:

    • (a) human experience data pertaining to the product or container;

    • (b) data, set out in peer-reviewed, scientific literature, from tests conducted using the product in accordance with the OECD Test Guidelines;

    • (c) if tests using the product have not been conducted in accordance with the OECD Test Guidelines,

      • (i) the peer-reviewed results of tests conducted with the product in accordance with

        • (A) these Regulations,

        • (B) a National Standard or an international standard recognized by the Standards Council of Canada, or

        • (C) a generally accepted procedure that accorded with good scientific practices at the time the tests were conducted,

      • (ii) the peer-reviewed results of tests conducted with a chemical product that has properties similar to those of the product under examination, in accordance with

        • (A) OECD Test Guidelines,

        • (B) a National Standard or an international standard recognized by the Standards Council of Canada, or

        • (C) a generally accepted procedure that accorded with good scientific practices at the time the tests were conducted, or

      • (iii) other current, peer-reviewed information about the product;

    • (d) if the hazards associated with the product cannot be estimated from information referred to in paragraphs (a) to (c), data with respect to the hazards associated with

      • (i) the hazardous ingredients, or

      • (ii) a chemical product that has properties similar to those of the product under examination; or

    • (e) the results of tests conducted by the person responsible in accordance with a test methodology that conforms with good scientific practices.

  • Marginal note:Differing data sources

    (2) In the case of differing data sources,

    • (a) an original literature source must be used in preference to literature that refers to the original study; and

    • (b) a source that reports test results that conform with good scientific practices and that disclose the greatest hazard must be used.

Containers

Marginal note:Leakage test

 A container of a liquid chemical product must pass the leakage test described in Schedule 3 or an equivalent test.

Marginal note:Single-use containers

 A single-use container must display, in the manner set out in sections 17 to 20, subsections 24(1) and (3) and sections 25 and 26, the following primary hazard statement:

“USE ENTIRE CONTENTS ON OPENING.”

UTILISER LA TOTALITÉ DU CONTENU APRÈS OUVERTURE.”

Child-resistant Containers

Marginal note:Applicable standard

 A child-resistant container must

  • (a) be constructed so that it can be opened only by operating, puncturing or removing one of its functional and necessary parts using a tool that is not supplied with the container; or

  • (b) meet the child test protocol requirements of one of CSA-Z76.1, ISO 8317 or 16 CFR 1700.20 or a standard that is at least equivalent.

Marginal note:Maintain characteristics
  •  (1) A child-resistant container must, when in contact with a chemical product, maintain its child-resistant characteristics throughout the useful life of the product.

  • Marginal note:Evaluation

    (2) The person responsible, using good scientific practices, must evaluate

    • (a) the compatibility of the chemical product with its child-resistant container, to determine that the chemical or physical properties of the product will not compromise or interfere with the proper functioning of the container; and

    • (b) the physical wear and stress factors and the force required for opening and closing the container, to determine that the proper functioning of the container will be maintained for the number of openings and closings reasonably foreseeable for the size and contents of the container.

Marginal note:Directions to open and close
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), a child-resistant container that meets the requirements of paragraph 9(b) must display directions explaining how to open and, if applicable, to close the container

    • (a) on the closure, using either or both of

      • (i) words that comply with sections 17 to 19, or

      • (ii) a diagram or self-explanatory symbol that complies with paragraph 17(b) and section 18; or

    • (b) on the container, located after the positive instructions for the chemical product and set out in a manner that complies with requirements for a positive instruction in sections 17 to 19, subsection 24(1) and sections 25, 29 and 30.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) The directions for opening and, if applicable, closing a child-resistant container may be set out on the closure in only one official language if they are repeated on the container in the other official language in the manner set out in paragraph (1)(b).

Marginal note:Record keeping
  •  (1) The person responsible must keep or cause to be kept, for a period of at least three years after the date of manufacture or importation, the following information:

    • (a) for a container that comes into direct contact with the chemical product, the specifications critical to the child-resistant characteristics of the container, which specifications must include

      • (i) the physical measurements within which the container retains its child-resistant characteristics,

      • (ii) if applicable, the torque that must be applied to open or close the container, and

      • (iii) the compatibility of the container and its closure system with the chemical product that is to be put into it; and

    • (b) the test results that demonstrate that the container and its closure system comply with the requirements of a standard set out in paragraph 9(b).

  • Marginal note:Provision of information to inspector

    (2) Within 15 days after receipt of a request from an inspector, the person responsible for a chemical product that is required by these Regulations to be packaged in a child-resistant container must provide the information referred to in subsection (1) to the inspector.

Marginal note:Child-resistant, single-use containers

 A child-resistant, single-use container must display, in the manner set out in sections 17 to 20, subsections 24(1) and (3) and sections 25 and 26, the following primary hazard statement:

“USE ENTIRE CONTENTS ON OPENING. THIS CONTAINER IS NOT CHILD-RESISTANT ONCE OPENED.”

UTILISER LA TOTALITÉ DU CONTENU APRÈS OUVERTURE. UNE FOIS OUVERT, LE CONTENANT N’EST PLUS UN CONTENANT PROTÈGE-ENFANTS.”

Marginal note:Exception — large container

 The requirements for child-resistant containers set out in sections 9 to 13 do not apply to a container with a capacity greater than 5 L, other than the container for a chemical product that is classified in one of the following:

  • (a) the hazard category “Category 4, quick skin-bonding adhesives”;

  • (b) the sub-category “very toxic”; or

  • (c) the sub-category “very corrosive”.

  • SOR/2009-165, s. 4(F).

Required Information

Marginal note:Containers and packaging
  •  (1) Subject to section 16, the information required by these Regulations must be displayed in the manner set out in these Regulations

    • (a) on each container that is displayed to the consumer, other than in an advertisement; and

    • (b) on any packaging of a container that is displayed to the consumer, including a display card to which a container may be fixed.

  • Marginal note:Adaptation

    (1.1) For the purpose of the application of paragraph (1)(b), the requirements for the display of information on a container apply to the display of information on the container’s package having regard to the size of the package.

  • Marginal note:Additional information

    (2) Information in addition to that required by these Regulations may be displayed on a container if it does not disclaim or contradict the required information.

  • SOR/2009-165, s. 5.
Marginal note:Exemption — packaging
  •  (1) Packaging is exempt from the requirements of paragraph 15(1)(b) if the packaging

    • (a) is transparent and

      • (i) the required information displayed on the container is legible through the packaging, and

      • (ii) the transparent packaging does not obscure any of the required information on the container; or

    • (b) is not transparent and

      • (i) encloses

        • (A) a container and a product that is not subject to these Regulations, or

        • (B) two or more containers that have different information requirements, and

      • (ii) displays the following signal word and primary hazard statement, or a statement to the same effect, in the manner set out in sections 17 to 20 and 23, subsections 24(1) and (3) and sections 25, 26 and 28:

        “CAUTION. CONTAINS PRODUCTS THAT MAY BE HARMFUL. READ WARNINGS ON EACH CONTAINER.”

        ATTENTION. CONTIENT DES PRODUITS QUI PEUVENT ÊTRE NOCIFS. LIRE LES MISES EN GARDE SUR CHAQUE CONTENANT.”

  • Marginal note:Exemption — packaging not customarily displayed

    (2) Packaging that is not customarily displayed to the consumer, such as a shipping carton, is exempt from the requirements of paragraph 15(1)(b).

Presentation of Information — Technical Specifications

Marginal note:Languages, legibility and durability

 The information required by these Regulations to be displayed on a container must be

  • (a) displayed in both official languages; and

  • (b) clear and legible and remain so throughout the useful life of the chemical product, or in the case of a refillable container, throughout its useful life, under normal conditions of transportation, storage, sale and use.

  • SOR/2009-165, s. 6.
Marginal note:Colour contrast

 The colour contrast between the information and the background must be equivalent to at least a 70% screen of black on white.

Marginal note:Print — general rules
  •  (1) If the information is set out in words, they must be printed in a standard sans serif type that

    • (a) is not compressed, expanded or decorative; and

    • (b) as illustrated in Schedule 4, has a large “x-Height” relative to the ascender or descender of the type.

  • Marginal note:Measurement of height of type

    (2) The height of the type referred to in subsection (1) is determined by measuring an upper-case letter or a lower-case letter that has an ascender or descender, such as “b” or “p”.

  • SOR/2009-165, s. 7(E).
Marginal note:Print — upper-case letters

 The following information must be printed

  • (a) in upper-case letters

    • (i) the signal word,

    • (ii) the primary hazard statement, and

    • (iii) the specific hazard statement; and

  • (b) in bold-faced, upper-case letters, the titles “FIRST AID TREATMENT” and “PREMIERS SOINS”.

Marginal note:Hazard symbol — reproduction

 The hazard symbol must be an exact reproduction of the applicable symbol depicted in Schedule 2, except with respect to size and colour.

Marginal note:Hazard symbol — minimum diameter

 The hazard symbol must, when the main display panel has the area set out in column 1 of the table to this section, have a diameter at least as large as that set out in column 2.

TABLE TO SECTION 22

MINIMUM DIAMETER OF THE HAZARD SYMBOL

Column 1Column 2
ItemArea of the main display panelMinimum diameter of the hazard symbol
1.less than 9.5 cm26 mm
2.9.5 cm2 or more but less than 655 cm2the diameter of an imaginary circle that has an area equal to 3% of the main display panelFootnote for

TABLE TO SECTION 22

MINIMUM DIAMETER OF THE HAZARD SYMBOL

*
3.655 cm2 or more50 mm
  • Return to footnote *Alternatively, this diameter may be calculated by multiplying the square root of the area in cm2 of the main display panel by 1.95.

Marginal note:Signal word — height

 The height of the signal word must be at least one quarter of the minimum diameter of a hazard symbol determined in accordance with section 22.

Marginal note:Other information — height and body size
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (3), when the main display panel has an area set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection, the following information must be in type that is at least the height set out in column 2 and at least the body size set out in column 3:

    • (a) the primary hazard statement;

    • (b) the specific hazard statement;

    • (c) the negative and positive instructions; and

    • (d) the titles “FIRST AID TREATMENT” and “PREMIERS SOINS”.

      TABLE TO SUBSECTION 24(1)

      MINIMUM HEIGHT AND BODY SIZE OF TYPE

      Column 1Column 2Column 3
      ItemArea of the main display panelMinimum height of typeMinimum body size of type
      1.less than 100 cm22 mm6 point
      2.100 cm2 or more but less than 330 cm23 mm8 point
      3.330 cm2 or more4 mm12 point
  • Marginal note:First aid statement — height and body size

    (2) Subject to subsection (3), the first aid statement, except for the titles “FIRST AID TREATMENT” and “PREMIERS SOINS”, must be in type that has a minimum height of 2 mm and a minimum body size of 6 points.

  • Marginal note:Exception — quick skin-bonding adhesive

    (3) In the case of a quick skin-bonding adhesive referred to in Part 4, when the main display panel of the container has an area set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection, the primary hazard statement, the titles “FIRST AID TREATMENT” and “PREMIERS SOINS” and the first aid statement must be in type that is at least the height set out in column 2 and at least the body size set out in column 3.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 24(3)

    MINIMUM HEIGHT AND BODY SIZE OF TYPE — QUICK SKIN-BONDING ADHESIVE

    Column 1Column 2Column 3
    ItemArea of the main display panelMinimum height of typeMinimum body size of type
    1.less than 10 cm21.5 mm4.5 point
    2.10 cm2 or more but less than 35 cm22 mm6 point
  • SOR/2009-165, s. 8.

Location and Order — General Rule

Marginal note:Location and order
  •  (1) The information required by these Regulations must be displayed on the container at the following locations and in the following order:

    • (a) on the main display panel,

      • (i) a hazard symbol,

      • (ii) the signal word “EXTREME DANGER”, “DANGER” or “CAUTION”, as the case may be, and

      • (iii) the primary hazard statement; and

    • (b) on any part of the display surface,

      • (i) the specific hazard statement,

      • (ii) negative instructions,

      • (iii) positive instructions, and

      • (iv) the first aid statement.

  • Marginal note:Exemption — small container

    (2) Despite subsection (1) and subject to Part 4, if the main display panel of a container has an area of

    • (a) less than 35 cm2, only the hazard symbol and the signal word need be displayed; or

    • (b) 35 cm2 or more but less than 70 cm2 and more than one hazard symbol is required, the required negative and positive instructions, other than the positive instructions referred to in subsection 11(2), may be omitted.

Location on Main Display Panel

Marginal note:Location of hazard symbol, signal word and primary hazard statement
  •  (1) The information referred to in paragraph 25(1)(a) must be located as follows:

    • (a) below the common name or brand name of the chemical product;

    • (b) centred parallel to and near the base of the main display panel; and

    • (c) subject to subsection (3), immediately below one another.

  • Marginal note:Base of collapsible tube

    (2) For the purpose of paragraph (1)(b), the base of the main display panel of a collapsible tube is the end from which the chemical product is discharged.

  • Marginal note:Exception — short, wide containers

    (3) If the main display panel has a height that is less than 10 cm and a width that is at least twice the height, the signal word may be located immediately beside the hazard symbol instead of below it.

Marginal note:Multiple hazard symbols

 If more than one hazard symbol is required, the symbols must be grouped immediately beside each other in a row parallel to the base of the container.

Marginal note:Precedence among signal words

 If these Regulations require that more than one signal word be displayed on a container, only the signal word that discloses the greatest hazard must be displayed on the container.

Location of Other Hazard Information

Marginal note:Location of specific hazard statement, instructions and first aid statement

 The information referred to in paragraph 25(1)(b) must be

  • (a) left justified; and

  • (b) enclosed within a border that demarcates the information from other information displayed on the display surface.

Marginal note:Border

 The border referred to in paragraph 29(b)

  • (a) may include a series of dots or hatched lines, a difference in colour or shading of the background or some other graphic device;

  • (b) must be different from the label border described in Schedule III to the Controlled Products Regulations and from any other border on the label; and

  • (c) must comply with paragraph 17(b) and section 18.

Marginal note:First aid statement — order of information

 The first aid statement must set out the following information in the following order:

  • (a) the title “FIRST AID TREATMENT” and “PREMIERS SOINS”;

  • (b) the words “Contains” and “Contient”;

  • (c) a list of the hazardous ingredients in the chemical product, in the manner set out in section 32, in descending order of their proportions; and

  • (d) the required statements of first aid treatment.

Marginal note:Hazardous ingredients

 A hazardous ingredient referred to in paragraph 31(c) must be identified

  • (a) by its chemical identity; or

  • (b) in the case of a complex mixture, by its generic name.

PART 1TOXIC PRODUCTS

Classification of Toxic Products

Marginal note:Data sources

 The person responsible for a toxic product must determine the appropriate sub-category for the product from one or more of the following data sources in the following order of precedence:

  • (a) human experience data pertaining to the toxic product;

  • (b) in the case of a toxic product that contains a substance of special concern, the table to subsection 34(1);

  • (c) in the case of a toxic product that poses a risk of exposure through an oral, a dermal or an inhalation route, the LD50 or LC50 or both, as the case may be, of the product as determined in accordance with the applicable table to subsections 34(2) to (4) and the data sources and formulas set out in sections 35 to 37; or

  • (d) in the case of a toxic product that poses an aspiration hazard, the properties set out in subsection 34(5).

Marginal note:Sub-categories — substance of special concern
  •  (1) A chemical product that contains a substance of special concern set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection in a concentration set out in column 2 must, when introduced through a route of exposure set out in column 3, be classified in the sub-category set out in column 4.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 34(1)

    SUB-CATEGORIES — SUBSTANCE OF SPECIAL CONCERN

    Column 1Column 2Column 3Column 4
    ItemSubstance of special concernFootnote for

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 34(1)

    SUB-CATEGORIES — SUBSTANCE OF SPECIAL CONCERN

    *
    ConcentrationRoute of exposureSub-category
    1.Carbon tetrachlorideAny concentrationOral, inhalation or aspirationVery Toxic
    2.Diethylene glycol5% or moreOralHarmful
    3.Ethyl acetate5% or moreOralHarmful
    4.Ethylene glycol(a) 5% or more but less than 10%OralHarmful
    (b) 10% or moreOralToxic
    5.Hydrocyanic acid or its saltsAny concentrationOral, dermal or inhalationVery Toxic
    6.Methyl alcohol1% or more and a total quantity of 5 mL or moreOral or inhalationToxic
    7.Nitrobenzene5 mg/kg or moreOral, dermal or inhalationVery Toxic
    8.1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethaneAny concentrationOral, dermal or inhalationVery Toxic
    9.1,2-dichloroethane(a) 5% or more but less than 10%Oral or inhalationHarmful
    (b) 10% or moreOral or inhalationToxic
    10.1,1,1-trichloroethane5% or moreOral or inhalationHarmful
    • Return to footnote *These substances are of special concern because standard animal tests may not reflect the actual hazard they pose to humans.

  • Marginal note:Sub-categories — oral exposure

    (2) A chemical product that poses a risk to a consumer through an oral route and has an LD50 set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection must be classified in the sub-category set out in column 2.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 34(2)

    SUB-CATEGORIES — ORAL EXPOSURE

    Column 1Column 2
    ItemLD50Sub-category
    1.not more than 50 mg/kgVery Toxic
    2.more than 50 mg/kg but not more than 500 mg/kgToxic
    3.more than 500 mg/kg but not more than 2 000 mg/kgHarmful
  • Marginal note:Sub-categories — dermal exposure

    (3) A chemical product that poses a risk to a consumer through a dermal route and has an LD50 set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection must be classified in the sub-category set out in column 2.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 34(3)

    SUB-CATEGORIES — DERMAL EXPOSURE

    Column 1Column 2
    ItemLD50Sub-category
    1.not more than 200 mg/kgVery Toxic
    2.more than 200 mg/kg but not more than 1 000 mg/kgToxic
    3.more than 1 000 mg/kg but not more than 2 000 mg/kgHarmful
  • Marginal note:Sub-categories — inhalation exposure

    (4) A chemical product that poses a risk to a consumer through inhalation, is in the state set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection and has a 4-hour LC50 set out in column 2 must be classified in the sub-category set out in column 3.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 34(4)

    SUB-CATEGORIES — INHALATION EXPOSURE

    Column 1Column 2Column 3
    ItemState of the chemical product4-hour LC50Sub-category
    1.Gas(a) not more than 2 500 mL/m3Very Toxic
    (b) more than 2 500 mL/m3 but not more than 5 000 mL/m3Harmful
    2.Vapour(a) not more than 1 500 mL/m3Very Toxic
    (b) more than 1 500 mL/m3 but not more than 2 500 mL/m3Toxic
    (c) more than 2 500 mL/m3 but not more than 10 000 mL/m3Harmful
    3.Dust, mist or fume(a) not more than 0.5 mg/LVery Toxic
    (b) more than 0.5 mg/L but not more than 2.5 mg/LToxic
    (c) more than 2.5 mg/L but not more than 5.0 mg/LHarmful
  • Marginal note:Sub-category — aspiration hazard

    (5) A chemical product must be classified in the sub-category “toxic” if it has a viscosity of 14 mm2/s or less at 40°C and 10% or more of the product is composed of hazardous ingredients that pose an aspiration hazard, including, in particular, any of the following substances:

    • (a) an n-primary alcohol with a composition of at least 3 carbon atoms but not more than 13;

    • (b) an isobutyl alcohol;

    • (c) a terpene alcohol;

    • (d) a ketone with a composition of at least 3 carbon atoms but not more than 13;

    • (e) a hydrocarbon with a composition of at least 3 carbon atoms but not more than 13; or

    • (f) a substance that has been determined to be an aspiration hazard based on its viscosity, surface tension and water solubility through the application of generally accepted standards of good scientific practices.

  • SOR/2009-165, s. 9.

Determination of Toxicity

Marginal note:Data sources
  •  (1) The person responsible for a toxic product must determine, from one or more of the following data sources in the following order of precedence, its toxicity or, in the case of a mixture that separates, the toxicity of each layer of the mixture:

    • (a) the LD50 or LC50 or both, as the case may be, of the product or of the layer as determined by the peer-reviewed results of acute toxicity tests using the product on animals, which tests were conducted in accordance with the OECD Test Guidelines for acute toxicity testing;

    • (b) if tests on animals using the product have not been conducted in accordance with the OECD Test Guidelines for acute toxicity testing, the LD50 or LC50 or both, as the case may be, of the product or of the layer as determined by

      • (i) peer-reviewed results of acute toxicity tests of the product or the layer, which tests were conducted on animals in accordance with

        • (A) a National Standard or an international standard recognized by the Standards Council of Canada, or

        • (B) a generally accepted procedure that conformed with good scientific practices at the time the tests were conducted,

      • (ii) if the product is a mixture that does not separate, section 36,

      • (iii) peer-reviewed results of tests of a chemical product or a substance that has similar properties to those of the product or of the layer under examination, which tests were conducted on animals in accordance with

        • (A) OECD Test Guidelines for acute toxicity testing,

        • (B) a National Standard or an international standard recognized by the Standards Council of Canada, or

        • (C) a generally accepted procedure that conformed with good scientific practices at the time the tests were conducted, or

      • (iv) other current, peer-reviewed information about the product or the layer; or

    • (c) the LD50 or LC50 or both, as the case may be, of the product or of the layer as determined by the results of tests conducted with the toxic product by the person responsible in accordance with a test methodology that conforms with good scientific practices.

  • Marginal note:Differing data sources

    (2) In the case of differing data sources,

    • (a) an original literature source must be used in preference to a literature source that refers to the original study; and

    • (b) a source that reports test results that conform with good scientific practices and that disclose the greatest hazard must be used.

  • Marginal note:Mixture that separates

    (3) In the case of a mixture that separates, the toxic product must be assigned the LD50 or LC50 or both, as the case may be, of the most toxic layer.

  • Definition of “mixture that separates”

    (4) In this section, “mixture that separates” means a chemical product in a liquid or semi-liquid state that separates into two or more distinct layers if left standing undisturbed for a period of 30 days at 20oC.

  • SOR/2009-165, s. 10.
Marginal note:Additivity formulas — LD50 or LC50 of mixtures
  •  (1) The LD50 or LC50 of a mixture may be determined from the LD50 or LC50 of its ingredients that are present in a concentration of 1% or more, using one of the following additivity formulas, as the case may be:

    • (a) for a solid or a liquid

      LD50 = 1/[(Pa/LD50a)+(Pb/LD50b)+...+(Pn/LD50n)]

      where

      LD50 
      represents the LD50 of the mixture,
      LD50a to LD50n 
      represent the LD50 of each ingredient that is present in a concentration of 1% or more, and
      Pa to Pn 
      represent the proportion by weight of each ingredient that is present in a concentration of 1% or more; or
    • (b) for a gas, vapour, dust, mist or fume

      LC50 = 1/[(Pa/LC50a)+(Pb/LC50b)+...+(Pn/LC50n)]

      where

      LC50 
      represents the LC50 of the mixture,
      LC50a to LC50n 
      represent the LC50 of each ingredient that is present in a concentration of 1% or more, and
      Pa to Pn 
      represent the proportion by weight of each ingredient that is present in a concentration of 1% or more.
  • Marginal note:Complex mixture

    (2) For the purposes of the additivity formulas set out in subsection (1), “ingredient” includes a complex mixture.

  • Marginal note:When LD50 or LC50 of ingredient is not known but can be estimated

    (3) When the LD50 or LC50 of one or more ingredients present in a chemical product in a concentration of 1% or more is not known, the person responsible may, in the additivity formulas set out in subsection (1), use an estimated LD50 or LC50 determined in accordance with good scientific practices.

  • Marginal note:When LD50 or LC50 of ingredient is not known and cannot be estimated

    (4) When the LD50 or LC50 of one or more ingredients present in a chemical product is not known and cannot be estimated from information referred to in paragraph 35(1)(b) or (c), the person responsible, in the additivity formulas set out in subsection (1), must substitute for the LD50 or LC50 of the ingredient, the LD50 or LC50 of the most toxic known ingredient that is present in the product at a concentration of 1% or more.

Marginal note:Conversion to a 4-hour LC50

 An LC50 obtained during a duration of exposure of other than four hours must be converted to an LC50 equivalent to a duration of exposure of four hours by using one of the following formulas, as the case may be:

  • (a) for a gas or vapour

    LC50 of 4 hours = (LC50y)(y½/2)

    where

    LC50 of 4 hours 
    represents the LC50 of the mixture for a duration of exposure of four hours,
    LC50y 
    represents the LC50 of the mixture for a duration of exposure of y hours, and
    y 
    represents the actual duration of exposure expressed in hours and must be no greater than 10 hours; or
  • (b) for a dust, mist or fume

    LC50 of 4 hours = (LC50y)(y/4)

    where

    LC50 of 4 hours 
    represents the LC50 of the mixture for a duration of exposure of four hours,
    LC50y 
    represents the LC50 of the mixture for a duration of exposure of y hours, and
    y 
    represents the actual duration of exposure expressed in hours and must be no greater than 10 hours.

 [Repealed, SOR/2009-165, s. 11]

Required Information

Marginal note:Required information — sub-category “toxic”
  •  (1) The container of a chemical product that is classified in the sub-category “toxic” under section 33 must display, for each type of information set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection, and for each applicable route of exposure set out in column 2, the information set out in columns 3 and 4, other than the instructions set out in italics.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 39(1)

    REQUIRED INFORMATION — SUB-CATEGORY “TOXIC”

    Column 1Column 2Column 3Column 4
    ItemType of informationApplicable route of exposureEnglish informationFrench information
    1.Hazard symbolAll
    A symbol for a poisonous substance, described by an octagonal border encompassing a skull and crossbones.
    Un symbole pour un poison, décrit par un contour octogonal contenant un crâne et des os.
    2.Signal wordAllDANGERDANGER
    3.Primary hazard statementAllPOISONPOISON
    4.Specific hazard statement
    • (a) Oral or aspiration

    CONTENTS HARMFULCONTENU NOCIF
    • (b) Dermal

    CONTENTS HARMFULCONTENU NOCIF
    • (c) Inhalation

    CONTENTS HARMFUL

    or, if only the vapour or fume poses a hazard:

    FUMES HARMFUL

    CONTENU NOCIF

    or, if only the vapour or fume poses a hazard:

    ÉMANATIONS NOCIVES

    5.Negative instructions
    • (a) Oral or aspiration

    Do not swallow.Ne pas avaler.
    • (b) Oral and contains 1% or more methyl alcohol and a total quantity of 5 mL or more

    May cause blindness if swallowed.L’ingestion peut causer la cécité.
    • (c) Dermal

    Do not get in eyes or on skin or clothing.Éviter tout contact avec les yeux, la peau et les vêtements.
    • (d) Inhalation

    Do not breathe fumes.Ne pas respirer les émanations.
    6.Positive instructions
    • (a) All

    Keep out of reach of children.Tenir hors de la portée des enfants.
    • (b) Oral or aspiration

    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., a mask.].Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., un masque.].
    • (c) Dermal

    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., rubber gloves, safety glasses.].Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., des gants de caoutchouc, des lunettes de sécurité.].
    • (d) Inhalation

    Use only in a well-ventilated area.

    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., a mask, a respirator.].

    N’utiliser que dans un endroit bien aéré.

    Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., un masque, un respirateur.].

    7.First aid statement
    • (a) All

    FIRST AID TREATMENT

    Contains [name of hazardous ingredients in descending order of proportion].

    If swallowed, call a Poison Control Centre or doctor immediately.

    PREMIERS SOINS

    Contient [name of hazardous ingredients in descending order of proportion].

    En cas d’ingestion, appeler immédiatement un centre antipoison ou un médecin.

    • (b) Oral or aspiration

    When appropriate, [Insert instructions for administering first aid, e.g., Do not induce vomiting.].When appropriate, [Insert instructions for administering first aid, e.g., Ne pas provoquer le vomissement.].
    • (c) Dermal

    If in eyes or on skin, rinse well with water.

    If on clothes, remove clothes.

    En cas de contact avec les yeux ou la peau, bien rincer avec de l’eau.

    En cas de contact avec les vêtements, enlever ceux-ci.

    • (d) Inhalation

    If breathed in, move person into fresh air.En cas d’inhalation, transporter à l’air frais la personne exposée.
  • Marginal note:Required information — sub-category “harmful”

    (2) The container of a chemical product that is classified in the sub-category “harmful” under section 33 must display, for each type of information set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection, and for each applicable route of exposure set out in column 2, the information set out in columns 3 and 4, other than the instructions set out in italics.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 39(2)

    REQUIRED INFORMATION — SUB-CATEGORY “HARMFUL”

    Column 1Column 2Column 3Column 4
    ItemType of informationApplicable route of exposureEnglish informationFrench information
    1.Hazard symbolAll
    A symbol for a poisonous substance, described by an octagonal border encompassing a skull and crossbones.
    Un symbole pour un poison, décrit par un contour octogonal contenant un crâne et des os.
    2.Signal wordAllCAUTIONATTENTION
    3.Primary hazard statementAllPOISONPOISON
    4.Specific hazard statement(a) Oral or aspirationCONTENTS MAY BE HARMFULLE CONTENU PEUT ÊTRE NOCIF
    • (b) Dermal

    CONTENTS MAY BE HARMFULLE CONTENU PEUT ÊTRE NOCIF
    • (c) Inhalation

    CONTENTS MAY BE HARMFUL

    or, if only the vapour or fume poses a hazard:

    FUMES MAY BE HARMFUL

    LE CONTENU PEUT ÊTRE NOCIF

    or, if only the vapour or fume poses a hazard:

    LES ÉMANATIONS PEUVENT ÊTRE NOCIVES

    5.Negative instructions
    • (a) Oral or aspiration

    Do not swallow.Ne pas avaler.
    • (b) Dermal

    Do not get in eyes or on skin or clothing.Éviter tout contact avec les yeux, la peau et les vêtements.
    • (c) Inhalation

    Do not breathe fumes.Ne pas respirer les émanations.
    6.Positive instructions
    • (a) All

    Keep out of reach of children.Tenir hors de la portée des enfants.
    • (b) Oral or aspiration

    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., a mask.].Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., un masque.].
    • (c) Dermal

    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., rubber gloves, safety glasses.].Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., des gants de caoutchouc, des lunettes de sécurité.].
    • (d) Inhalation

    Use only in a well-ventilated area.

    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., a mask, a respirator.].

    N’utiliser que dans un endroit bien aéré.

    Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., un masque, un respirateur.].

    7.First aid statement
    • (a) All

    FIRST AID TREATMENT

    Contains [name of hazardous ingredients in descending order of proportion].

    If swallowed, call a Poison Control Centre or doctor immediately.

    PREMIERS SOINS

    Contient [name of hazardous ingredients in descending order of proportion].

    En cas d’ingestion, appeler immédiatement un centre antipoison ou un médecin.

    • (b) Oral or aspiration

    When appropriate, [Insert instructions for administering first aid, e.g., Do not induce vomiting.].When appropriate, [Insert instructions for administering first aid, e.g., Ne pas provoquer le vomissement.].
    • (c) Dermal

    If in eyes or on skin, rinse well with water.

    If on clothes, remove clothes.

    En cas de contact avec les yeux ou la peau, bien rincer avec de l’eau.

    En cas de contact avec les vêtements, enlever ceux-ci.

    • (d) Inhalation

    If breathed in, move person into fresh air.En cas d’inhalation, transporter à l’air frais la personne exposée.
  • (3) [Repealed, SOR/2009-165, s. 12]

  • SOR/2009-165, s. 12.

Child-resistant Containers

Marginal note:Sub-category “toxic”
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2) and section 14, a chemical product that is classified under section 33 in the sub-category “toxic” must be in a child-resistant container that complies with sections 9 to 13.

  • Marginal note:Exceptions — spray container and single-drop dispenser

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a chemical product classified under section 33 in the sub-category “toxic” that is in

    • (a) a spray container that cannot be opened and that disperses the product as a mist; or

    • (b) a container that

      • (i) dispenses only one drop of the product at a time, and

      • (ii) displays the following primary hazard statement in the manner set out in sections 17 to 20, subsections 24(1) and (3) and sections 25 and 26:

        “THIS CONTAINER IS NOT CHILD-RESISTANT. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.”

        « CE CONTENANT N’EST PAS UN CONTENANT PROTÈGE-ENFANTS. TENIR HORS DE LA PORTÉE DES ENFANTS. »

PART 2CORROSIVE PRODUCTS

Classification of Corrosive Products

Marginal note:Data sources
  •  (1) The person responsible for a corrosive product must determine the appropriate sub-category for the product from one or more of the following data sources in the following order of precedence:

    • (a) subject to subsection (2), human experience data for the corrosive product;

    • (b) the table to subsection 42(1), in the case of a corrosive product that contains a substance of special concern;

    • (c) one or more of the following sources in the following order of precedence, in the case of a corrosive product that contains one or more acids or one or more bases:

      • (i) the data sources set out in paragraph 6(1)(b), (c) or (e), or

      • (ii) the pH and, if applicable, the acid reserve or the alkali reserve of the corrosive product as set out in the tables to subsections 42(2) and (3), determined using the test methods set out in section 44;

    • (d) the table to subsection 42(4), in the case of a corrosive product that contains a substance, other than an acid or a base, that is capable of inducing necrosis or ulceration of epithelial tissue at the site of application determined using the data sources set out in subsection 43(1); or

    • (e) subsection 42(5), in the case of a corrosive product that contains a substance, other than an acid or a base, that is capable, when tested using the appropriate test methods set out in subsection 43(2), of causing any of the following at the site of application:

      • (i) an erythema or edema of the skin graded at 2 or more,

      • (ii) corneal damage graded at 2 or more,

      • (iii) iris damage graded at 1 or more, or

      • (iv) conjunctival swelling or redness graded at 2.5 or more.

  • Marginal note:Classification using human experience data

    (2) If the human experience data for a corrosive product demonstrates that the product is capable of causing an effect described in

    • (a) paragraph (1)(d), the product must be classified in the sub-category “corrosive”; or

    • (b) any of subparagraphs (1)(e)(i) to (iv), the product must be classified in the sub-category “irritant”.

  • SOR/2009-165, s. 13(E).
Marginal note:Sub-categories — substance of special concern
  •  (1) A chemical product that contains one or more of the substances of special concern set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection in a concentration set out in column 2 must be classified in the sub-category set out in column 3.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 42(1)

    SUB-CATEGORIES — SUBSTANCE OF SPECIAL CONCERN

    Column 1Column 2Column 3
    ItemSubstance of special concernConcentrationSub-category
    1.Ethyl bromoacetateany concentrationVery Corrosive
    2.Fluoride0.5% or more of available fluoride ionsVery Corrosive
  • Marginal note:Sub-categories — one or more acids

    (2) A chemical product that contains one or more acids, is in the state set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection and has the properties set out in column 2, as determined under section 44, must be classified in the sub-category set out in column 3.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 42(2)

    SUB-CATEGORIES — ONE OR MORE ACIDS

    Column 1Column 2Column 3
    ItemStatePropertiesSub-category
    1.Liquid
    • (a) a pH of not more than 1.0

    Corrosive
    • (b) a pH of more than 1.0 but not more than 3.0, and an acid reserve of 5.0 or more

    Corrosive
    • (c) a pH of more than 1.0 but not more than 3.0, and an acid reserve of 3.0 or more but less than 5.0

    Irritant
    2.Solid, paste or gel
    • (a) a pH of not more than 1.0

    Corrosive
    • (b) a pH of more than 1.0 but not more than 3.0, and an acid reserve of 10.0 or more

    Corrosive
    • (c) a pH of more than 1.0 but not more than 3.0, and an acid reserve of 5.0 or more but less than 10.0

    Irritant
  • Marginal note:Sub-categories — one or more bases

    (3) A chemical product that contains one or more bases, is in the state set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection and has the properties set out in column 2, as determined under section 44, must be classified in the sub-category set out in column 3.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 42(3)

    SUB-CATEGORIES — ONE OR MORE BASES

    Column 1Column 2Column 3
    ItemStatePropertiesSub-category
    1.Liquid
    • (a) a pH of 13.0 or more

    Corrosive
    • (b) a pH of less than 13.0 but not less than 11.0, and an alkali reserve of 5.0 or more

    Corrosive
    • (c) a pH of less than 13.0 but not less than 12.0, and an alkali reserve of less than 5.0

    Irritant
    • (d) a pH of less than 12.0 but not less than 11.0, and an alkali reserve of less than 5.0 but not less than 3.0

    Irritant
    2.Solid, paste or gel
    • (a) a pH of 13.0 or more

    Corrosive
    • (b) a pH of less than 13.0 but not less than 11.0, and an alkali reserve of 10.0 or more

    Corrosive
    • (c) a pH of less than 13.0 but not less than 12.0, and an alkali reserve of less than 10.0

    Irritant
    • (d) a pH of less than 12.0 but not less than 11.0, and an alkali reserve of less than 10.0 but not less than 5.0

    Irritant
  • Marginal note:Sub-categories — substances causing necrosis or ulceration

    (4) A chemical product that contains substances described in paragraph 41(1)(d) that are capable of causing necrosis or ulceration, in a total concentration set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection, must be classified in the sub-category set out in column 2.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 42(4)

    SUB-CATEGORIES — SUBSTANCES CAUSING NECROSIS OR ULCERATION

    Column 1Column 2
    ItemTotal concentration of the substancesSub-category
    1.5% or moreCorrosive
    2.1% or more but less than 5%Irritant
  • Marginal note:Sub-category — substances causing other effects

    (5) A chemical product that contains substances that are capable of causing an effect described in paragraph 41(1)(e) in a total concentration of 5% or more must be classified in the sub-category “irritant”.

Test Methods

Marginal note:Determination — necrosis and ulceration
  •  (1) The capability of a substance in a corrosive product to induce necrosis or ulceration of epithelial tissue at the site of application must be determined from an applicable data source set out in paragraphs 6(1)(a) to (c) or (e).

  • Marginal note:Determination — other effects

    (2) The capability of a substance in a corrosive product to cause an erythema or edema of the skin, corneal or iris damage or conjunctive swelling or redness at the site of application, to the grade specified in paragraph 41(1)(e), must be determined from the applicable data source set out in paragraphs 6(1)(a) to (c) or (e), including

    • (a) the Draize Test;

    • (b) in the case of an erythema or an edema, OECD No. 404; and

    • (c) in the case of corneal or iris damage or conjunctive swelling or redness, OECD No. 405.

Marginal note:Determination of the pH
  •  (1) The person responsible for a corrosive product must determine the pH of the product by using good scientific practices that are in accordance with a procedure similar to that described in ASTM D 1293, from

    • (a) in the case of a product in the form of a liquid, the product as it is dispensed from its container; and

    • (b) in the case of a product in the form of a solid, paste or gel, or in a form otherwise unsuitable for direct measurement of the pH, a 10% aqueous solution of the product.

  • Marginal note:Determination of acid reserve or alkali reserve

    (2) The person responsible for a corrosive product must determine, where applicable, the acid reserve or the alkali reserve of the product by

    • (a) titrating, in accordance with the OECD Principles of Good Laboratory Practice,

      • (i) in the case of a product in the form of a liquid, a suitable aliquot of the product as it is dispensed from its container, and

      • (ii) in the case of a product in the form of a solid, paste or gel, or in a form otherwise unsuitable for direct measurement of the pH, a suitable aliquot of a 10% aqueous solution of the product; and

    • (b) calculating

      • (i) in the case of an acidic product, the amount of an alkali, expressed in grams of sodium hydroxide, that is required to bring 100 mL of the product in the form of a liquid, or 100 g of the product in the form of a solid, paste or gel, to a pH of 4.00 ± 0.05, and

      • (ii) in the case of a basic product, the amount of an alkali, expressed in grams of sodium hydroxide, that is neutralized when 100 mL of the product in the form of a liquid, or 100 g of the product in the form of a solid, paste or gel, is brought to a pH of 10.00 ± 0.05 by the addition of hydrochloric acid.

  • Marginal note:Unstable end point

    (3) If the end point of the titration referred to in subsection (2) is unstable and exhibits drifting, the pH end point reached within 30 seconds after the last addition of titrant is to be used as the effective end point for classification purposes.

Very Corrosive Products

Marginal note:Authorization

 The advertising, sale and importation of a corrosive product that is classified in the sub-category “very corrosive” under section 41 are authorized if the product is set out in column 1 of the table to this section and meets the conditions set out in column 2.

TABLE TO SECTION 45

CONDITIONS FOR ADVERTISING, SELLING OR IMPORTING VERY CORROSIVE PRODUCTS

Column 1Column 2
ItemChemical ProductConditions
1.A product that contains a concentration of 0.5% or more of available fluoride ions

Product is in the form of a paste or a gel, is used for etching glass and its container

  • (a) displays the information set out in the table to subsection 46(1); and

  • (b) is child-resistant as required by section 47.

  • SOR/2009-165, s. 14.

Required Information

Marginal note:Required information — sub-category “very corrosive”
  •  (1) When a corrosive product classified in the sub-category “very corrosive” under section 41 has an information requirement under the table to section 45, the container of the product must display, for each type of information set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection and for each applicable route of exposure set out in column 2, the information set out in columns 3 and 4, other than the instructions set out in italics.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 46(1)

    REQUIRED INFORMATION — SUB-CATEGORY “VERY CORROSIVE”

    Column 1Column 2Column 3Column 4
    ItemType of informationApplicable route of exposureEnglish informationFrench information
    1.Hazard symbolAll
    A symbol for a very corrosive substance, described by an octagonal border encompassing the bones of a hand.
    Un symbole pour une substance corrosive, décrit par un contour octogonal contenant des os d’une main.
    2.Signal wordAllEXTREME DANGERDANGER EXTRÊME
    3.Primary hazard statementAllVERY CORROSIVETRÈS CORROSIF
    4.Specific hazard statement
    • (a) All

    CAUSES SEVERE BURNSPROVOQUE DE GRAVES BRÛLURES
    • (b) Dermal and contains a concentration of 0.5% or more of available fluoride ions

    SYMPTOMS MAY NOT APPEAR IMMEDIATELYLES SYMPTOMES PEUVENT NE PAS SE MANIFESTER IMMÉDIATEMENT
    • (c) Inhalation

    When appropriate: DANGEROUS FUMES FORM WHEN MIXED WITH OTHER PRODUCTSWhen appropriate: DÉGAGE DES ÉMANATIONS DANGEREUSES LORSQUE MÉLANGÉ AVEC D’AUTRES PRODUITS
    5.Negative instructions
    • (a) All

    When appropriate and before the other negative instructions:

    Do not mix with [Insert description of other products that react with the chemical product, such as toilet bowl or drain cleaners, bleach or ammonia.].

    When appropriate and before the other negative instructions:

    Ne pas mélanger avec [Insert description of other products that react with the chemical product, such as des nettoyants pour cuvettes de toilette ou tuyaux d’évacuation, des agents de blanchiment ou de l’ammoniaque.].

    • (b) Oral

    Do not swallow.Ne pas avaler.
    • (c) Eyes

    Do not get in eyes.Éviter tout contact avec les yeux.
    • (d) Dermal

    Do not get on skin or clothing.Éviter tout contact avec la peau ou les vêtements.
    • (e) Inhalation

    Do not breathe fumes.Ne pas respirer les émanations.
    6.Positive instructions
    • (a) All

    Handle with extreme care.

    Keep out of reach of children.

    Manipuler avec grand soin.

    Tenir hors de la portée des enfants.

    • (b) Oral

    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., a mask.].Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., un masque.].
    • (c) Dermal

    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., rubber gloves, safety glasses.].Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., des gants de caoutchouc, des lunettes de sécurité.].
    • (d) Inhalation

    Use only in a well-ventilated area.

    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., a mask, a respirator].

    N’utiliser que dans un endroit bien aéré.

    Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., un masque, un respirateur.].

    7.First aid statement
    • (a) All

    FIRST AID TREATMENT

    Contains [name of hazardous ingredients in descending order of proportion].

    If swallowed, call a Poison Control Centre or doctor immediately. Do not induce vomiting.

    PREMIERS SOINS

    Contient [name of hazardous ingredients in descending order of proportion].

    En cas d’ingestion, appeler immédiatement un centre antipoison ou un médecin. Ne pas provoquer le vomissement.

    • (b) Eyes

    If in eyes, rinse with water for [Insert appropriate period of time.].En cas de contact avec les yeux, rincer avec de l’eau pendant [Insert appropriate period of time.].
    • (c) Dermal

    If on skin, rinse well with water.

    If on clothes, remove clothes.

    En cas de contact avec la peau, bien rincer avec de l’eau

    En cas de contact avec les vêtements, enlever ceux-ci.

    • (d) Inhalation

    If breathed in, move person to fresh air.En cas d’inhalation, transporter à l’air frais la personne exposée.
  • Marginal note:Required information — sub-category “corrosive”

    (2) The container of a corrosive product that is classified in the sub-category “corrosive” under section 41 must display, for each type of information specified in column 1 of the table to this subsection and for each applicable route of exposure set out in column 2, the information set out in columns 3 and 4, other than the instructions set out in italics.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 46(2)

    REQUIRED INFORMATION — SUB-CATEGORY “CORROSIVE”

    Column 1Column 2Column 3Column 4
    ItemType of informationApplicable route of exposureEnglish informationFrench information
    1.Hazard symbolAll
    A symbol for a very corrosive substance, described by an octagonal border encompassing the bones of a hand.
    Un symbole pour une substance corrosive, décrit par un contour octogonal contenant des os d’une main.
    2.Signal wordAllDANGERDANGER
    3.Primary hazard statementAllCORROSIVECORROSIF
    4.Specific hazard statement
    • (a) All

    CAUSES BURNSPROVOQUE DES BRÛLURES
    • (b) Inhalation

    When appropriate: DANGEROUS FUMES FORM WHEN MIXED WITH OTHER PRODUCTSWhen appropriate: DÉGAGE DES ÉMANATIONS DANGEREUSES LORSQUE MÉLANGÉ AVEC D’AUTRES PRODUITS
    5.Negative instructions
    • (a) All

    When appropriate and before the other negative instructions:

    Do not mix with [Insert description of other products that react with the chemical product, such as toilet bowl or drain cleaners, bleach or ammonia.].

    When appropriate and before the other negative instructions:

    Ne pas mélanger avec [Insert description of other products that react with the chemical product, such as des nettoyants pour cuvettes de toilette ou tuyaux d’évacuation, des agents de blanchiment ou de l’ammoniaque.].

    • (b) Oral

    Do not swallow.Ne pas avaler.
    • (c) Eyes

    Do not get in eyes.Éviter tout contact avec les yeux.
    • (d) Dermal

    Do not get on skin or clothing.Éviter tout contact avec la peau ou les vêtements.
    • (e) Inhalation

    Do not breathe fumes.Ne pas respirer les émanations.
    6.Positive instructions
    • (a) All

    Handle with care.

    Keep out of reach of children.

    Manipuler avec soin.

    Tenir hors de la portée des enfants.

    • (b) Oral

    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., a mask.].Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., un masque.].
    • (c) Dermal

    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., rubber gloves, safety glasses.].Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., des gants de caoutchouc, des lunettes de sécurité.].
    • (d) Inhalation

    Use only in a well-ventilated area.

    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., a mask, a respirator.].

    N’utiliser que dans un endroit bien aéré.

    Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., un masque, un respirateur.].

    7.First aid statement
    • (a) All

    FIRST AID TREATMENT

    Contains [name of hazardous ingredients in descending order of proportion].

    If swallowed, call a Poison Control Centre or doctor immediately. Do not induce vomiting.

    PREMIERS SOINS

    Contient [name of hazardous ingredients in descending order of proportion].

    En cas d’ingestion, appeler immédiatement un centre antipoison ou un médecin. Ne pas provoquer le vomissement.

    • (b) Eyes

    If in eyes, rinse with water for [Insert appropriate period of time.].En cas de contact avec les yeux, rincer avec de l’eau pendant [Insert appropriate period of time.].
    • (c) Dermal

    If on skin, rinse well with water.

    If on clothes, remove clothes.

    En cas de contact avec la peau, bien rincer avec de l’eau.

    En cas de contact avec les vêtements, enlever ceux-ci.

    • (d) Inhalation

    If breathed in, move person to fresh air.En cas d’inhalation, transporter à l’air frais la personne exposée.
  • Marginal note:Required information — sub-category “irritant”

    (3) Subject to subsection (4), the container of a corrosive product that is classified in the sub-category “irritant” under section 41 must display, for each type of information specified in column 1 of the table to this subsection and for each applicable route of exposure set out in column 2, the information set out in columns 3 and 4, other than the instructions set out in italics.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 46(3)

    REQUIRED INFORMATION — SUB-CATEGORY “IRRITANT”

    Column 1Column 2Column 3Column 4
    ItemType of informationApplicable route of exposureEnglish informationFrench information
    1.Signal wordDermalCAUTIONATTENTION
    2.Primary hazard statementDermalIRRITANTIRRITANT
    3.Specific hazard statement
    • (a) Eye

    MAY IRRITATE EYESPEUT IRRITER LES YEUX
    • (b) Dermal

    MAY IRRITATE SKINPEUT IRRITER LA PEAU
    • (c) Inhalation

    When appropriate: DANGEROUS FUMES FORM WHEN MIXED WITH OTHER PRODUCTSWhen appropriate: DÉGAGE DES ÉMANATIONS DANGEREUSES LORSQUE MÉLANGÉ AVEC D’AUTRES PRODUITS
    4.Negative instructions
    • (a) All

    When appropriate and before the other negative instructions:

    Do not mix with [Insert description of other products that react with the chemical product, such as toilet bowl or drain cleaners, bleach or ammonia.].

    When appropriate and before the other negative instructions:

    Ne pas mélanger avec [Insert description of other products that react with the chemical product, such as des nettoyants pour cuvettes de toilette ou tuyaux d’évacuation, des agents de blanchiment ou de l’ammoniaque.].

    • (b) Eyes

    Do not get in eyes.Éviter tout contact avec les yeux.
    • (c) Dermal

    Do not get on skin or clothing.Éviter tout contact avec la peau ou les vêtements.
    • (d) Inhalation

    Do not breathe fumes.Ne pas respirer les émanations.
    5.Positive instructionsAllKeep out of reach of children.Tenir hors de la portée des enfants.
    6.First aid statement
    • (a) All

    FIRST AID TREATMENT

    Contains [name of hazardous ingredients in order of decreasing proportion].

    If swallowed, call a Poison Control Centre or doctor immediately. Do not induce vomiting.

    PREMIERS SOINS

    Contient [name of hazardous ingredients in order of decreasing proportion].

    En cas d’ingestion, appeler immédiatement un centre antipoison ou un médecin. Ne pas provoquer le vomissement.

    • (b) Eyes

    If in eyes, rinse with water for [Insert appropriate period of time.].En cas de contact avec les yeux, rincer avec de l’eau pendant [Insert appropriate period of time.].
    • (c) Dermal

    If on skin, rinse well with water.En cas de contact avec la peau, bien rincer avec de l’eau.
  • Marginal note:Exception — another primary hazard statement

    (4) The primary hazard statement set out in columns 3 and 4 of item 2 of the table to subsection (3) may be omitted when other provisions in these Regulations require another primary hazard statement to be displayed on the container.

  • SOR/2009-165, s. 15.

Child-resistant Containers

Marginal note:Sub-categories “very corrosive” and “corrosive”

 Subject to section 14, a corrosive product must be in a child-resistant container that complies with sections 9 to 13 if the product has been classified in accordance with section 41

  • (a) in the sub-category “very corrosive” and is listed in the table to section 45; or

  • (b) in the sub-category “corrosive”.

PART 3FLAMMABLE PRODUCTS

Classification of Flammable Products

Marginal note:Data sources and tests
  •  (1) The person responsible for a flammable product must determine the appropriate sub-category for the product in accordance with section 49 using human experience data or the results of tests conducted in accordance with the test methods set out in sections 50 to 52 and Schedule 1.

  • Marginal note:Exemption

    (2) A flammable product that is classified in the sub-category “combustible” is exempt from the requirements of this Part if it

    • (a) is composed of 50% or more of water and 50% or less of water-miscible solvent; and

    • (b) does not sustain combustion when tested in accordance with Test L.2.

Marginal note:Sub-categories of hazard category “Category 3, flammable products”
  •  (1) A flammable product described in column 1 of the table to this subsection must be classified in the sub-category set out in column 2.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 49(1)

    SUB-CATEGORIES OF HAZARD CATEGORY “CATEGORY 3, FLAMMABLE PRODUCTS”

    Column 1Column 2
    ItemProduct DescriptionSub-category
    1.A product that spontaneously combusts under reasonably foreseeable conditions of useSpontaneously Combustible
    2.A product that heats spontaneously on contact with air to the point that it begins to burnSpontaneously Combustible
    3.A liquid, other than a liquid in a spray container, that has a flash point, determined in accordance with one of the standards set out in section 50, of
    • (a) less than -18.0°C;

    Very Flammable
    • (b) -18.0°C or more but not more than 37.8°C; or

    Flammable
    • (c) more than 37.8°C but not more than 60.0°C

    Combustible
    4.A solid, paste or gel that emits a vapour that has a flash point, determined in accordance with the standard set out in section 51, of
    • (a) less than -18.0°C;

    Very Flammable
    • (b) -18.0°C or more but not more than 37.8°C; or

    Flammable
    • (c) more than 37.8°C but not more than 60.0°C

    Combustible
    5.A gas, other than a gas in a spray container, that forms a flammable mixture with air at a concentration of 13% or less by volume at normal atmospheric pressureFlammable
    6.A gas, other than a gas in a spray container, that forms a flammable mixture with air over a concentration range of 12% or more by volume at normal atmospheric pressureFlammable
    7.A liquid or gas in a spray container that, when tested in accordance with the procedure set out in Schedule 1,
    • (a) has a flame projection of 100 cm or more;

    Very Flammable
    • (b) has a flame projection of 15 cm or more but less than 100 cm; or

    Flammable
    • (c) exhibits a flashback

    Very Flammable
  • Marginal note:Flammable liquid in a refillable spray container

    (2) In the case of a liquid flammable product in a refillable spray container, the person responsible must

    • (a) determine both the product’s flash point, in accordance with section 50, and its flame projection and flashback, in accordance with section 52; and

    • (b) classify the product in the most flammable sub-category of the applicable sub-categories as determined under items 3 and 7 of the table to subsection (1).

Test Methods

Marginal note:Flash point — liquids

 A flammable product in the form of a liquid must be tested for its flash point in accordance with the following standards:

  • (a) for liquids that have a viscosity of less than 5.8 mm2/s at 37.8°C, ASTM D 56 or ASTM D 3828; and

  • (b) for liquids that have a viscosity of 5.8 mm2/s or more at 37.8°C, ASTM D 93.

Marginal note:Flash point — solids, pastes and gels

 A flammable product in the form of a solid, paste or gel must be tested for its flash point in accordance with ASTM D 56.

Marginal note:Flame projection and flashback — spray container

 A flammable product that is enclosed in a spray container must be tested for its flame projection and flashback in accordance with the procedure set out in Schedule 1.

Very Flammable Products

Marginal note:Authorization

 The advertising, sale and importation of a flammable product that is classified in the sub-category “very flammable” under section 48 are authorized if the product is set out in column 1 of the table to this section and meets the conditions set out in column 2.

TABLE TO SECTION 53

CONDITIONS FOR ADVERTISING, SELLING AND IMPORTING A VERY FLAMMABLE PRODUCT

Column 1Column 2
ItemChemical ProductConditions
1.A fuelThe container of the fuel is separate or detachable from the internal combustion engine, gas turbine or appliance that uses the fuel, and displays the information set out in the table to subsection 54(1).
2.

A product that exhibits a flashback, other than one that is

  • (a) a liquid that is classified in the sub-category “very flammable”; or

  • (b) described in paragraph 7(a) of the table to subsection 49(1).

The container of the product displays the information set out in the table to subsection 54(1).
  • SOR/2009-165, s. 16.

Required Information

Marginal note:Required information — sub-category “very flammable”
  •  (1) When a flammable product classified in the sub-category “very flammable” under section 48 has an information requirement under the table to section 53, the container of the product must display, for each type of information set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection, the information set out in columns 2 and 3, other than the instructions set out in italics.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 54(1)

    REQUIRED INFORMATION — SUB-CATEGORY “VERY FLAMMABLE”

    Column 1Column 2Column 3
    ItemType of informationEnglish informationFrench information
    1.Hazard symbol
    A symbol for a very flammable substance, described by an octagonal border encompassing a flame.
    Un symbole pour une substance très inflammable, décrit par un contour octogonal contenant une flamme.
    2.Signal wordEXTREME DANGERDANGER EXTRÊME
    3.Primary hazard statementVERY FLAMMABLETRÈS INFLAMMABLE
    4.Specific hazard statement

    CONTENTS MAY CATCH FIRE

    or, when only the vapour or fume poses a hazard:

    FUMES MAY CATCH FIRE

    LE CONTENU PEUT S’ENFLAMMER

    or, when only the vapour or fume poses a hazard:

    LES ÉMANATIONS PEUVENT S’ENFLAMMER

    5.Negative instructionsDo not smoke.Ne pas fumer.
    6.Positive instructions

    Use only in a well-ventilated area.

    Keep away from flames, such as a pilot light, and any object that sparks, such as an electric motor.

    N’utiliser que dans un endroit bien aéré.

    Tenir loin des flammes, telle une flamme pilote, et de tout objet produisant des étincelles, tel un moteur électrique.

  • Marginal note:Required information — sub-category “flammable”

    (2) The container of a flammable product that is classified in the sub-category “flammable” under section 48 must display, for each type of information set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection, the information set out in columns 2 and 3, other than the instructions set out in italics.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 54(2)

    REQUIRED INFORMATION — SUB-CATEGORY “FLAMMABLE”

    Column 1Column 2Column 3
    ItemType of informationEnglish informationFrench information
    1.Hazard symbol
    A symbol for a very flammable substance, described by an octagonal border encompassing a flame.
    Un symbole pour une substance très inflammable, décrit par un contour octogonal contenant une flamme.
    2.Signal wordDANGERDANGER
    3.Primary hazard statementFLAMMABLEINFLAMMABLE
    4.Specific hazard statement

    CONTENTS MAY CATCH FIRE

    or, when only the vapour or fume poses a hazard:

    FUMES MAY CATCH FIRE

    LE CONTENU PEUT S’ENFLAMMER

    or, when only the vapour or fume poses a hazard:

    LES ÉMANATIONS PEUVENT S’ENFLAMMER

    5.Negative instructionsDo not smoke.Ne pas fumer.
    6.Positive instructions

    Use only in a well-ventilated area.

    Keep away from flames, such as a pilot light, and any object that sparks, such as an electric motor.

    N’utiliser que dans un endroit bien aéré.

    Tenir loin des flammes, telle une flamme pilote, et de tout objet produisant des étincelles, tel un moteur électrique.

  • Marginal note:Required information — sub-category “spontaneously combustible”

    (3) The container of a flammable product that is classified in the sub-category “spontaneously combustible” under section 48 must display, for each type of information set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection, the information set out in columns 2 and 3.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 54(3)

    REQUIRED INFORMATION — SUB-CATEGORY “SPONTANEOUSLY COMBUSTIBLE”

    Column 1Column 2Column 3
    ItemType of informationEnglish informationFrench information
    1.Hazard symbol
    A symbol for a very flammable substance, described by an octagonal border encompassing a flame.
    Un symbole pour une substance très inflammable, décrit par un contour octogonal contenant une flamme.
    2.Signal wordCAUTIONATTENTION
    3.Primary hazard statementREAD INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE USINGLIRE LES INSTRUCTIONS AVANT USAGE
    4.Specific hazard statementDANGER OF COMBUSTIONDANGER DE COMBUSTION
    5.Positive instructions

    Materials such as rags used with this product may begin to burn by themselves.

    After use, put rags in water or lay flat to dry, then discard.

    Les matériaux, utilisés avec ce produit, tels les chiffons, peuvent s’enflammer spontanément.

    Après utilisation, mettre les chiffons dans l’eau ou les sécher à plat, puis les jeter.

  • Marginal note:Required information — sub-category “combustible”

    (4) The container of a flammable product that is classified in the sub-category “combustible” under section 48 must display, for each type of information set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection, the information set out in columns 2 and 3.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 54(4)

    REQUIRED INFORMATION — SUB-CATEGORY “COMBUSTIBLE”

    Column 1Column 2Column 3
    ItemType of informationEnglish informationFrench information
    1.Positive instructionsKeep away from flames or sparks.Tenir loin des flammes et des étincelles.

PART 4QUICK SKIN-BONDING ADHESIVES

Marginal note:Required instructions and first aid statement

 The container of a quick skin-bonding adhesive must display the instructions and first aid statement set out in section 56 in the manner set out in sections 17 to 20, 24, 25 and 29 to 32.

Marginal note:Required information
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), the container of a quick skin-bonding adhesive must display, for each type of information set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection, the information set out in columns 2 and 3.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 56(1)

    REQUIRED INFORMATION — QUICK SKIN-BONDING ADHESIVES

    Column 1Column 2Column 3
    ItemType of informationEnglish informationFrench information
    1.Signal wordCAUTIONATTENTION
    2.Primary hazard statementBONDS SKIN INSTANTLYCOLLE RAPIDEMENT LA PEAU
    3.Negative instructionsDo not get in eyes or mouth or on skin.Éviter tout contact avec les yeux, la peau et la bouche.
    4.Positive instructionsKeep out of reach of children.Tenir hors de la portée des enfants.
    5.First aid statement

    FIRST AID TREATMENT

    Contains [name of hazardous ingredients in descending order of proportion].

    Eyelid bonding: see a doctor.

    Skin bonding: soak skin in water and call a Poison Control Centre.

    Do not force apart.

    PREMIERS SOINS

    Contient [name of hazardous ingredients in descending order of proportion].

    Paupières collées : consulter un médecin.

    Peau collée : tremper dans l’eau et appeler un centre antipoison.

    Ne pas forcer pour décoller.

  • Marginal note:Exception — main display panel less than 35 cm2

    (2) The container of a quick skin-bonding adhesive that has a main display panel of less than 35 cm2 need only display the information set out in columns 2 and 3 of items 2 and 5 of the table to subsection (1) in the height and body size of type set out in subsection 24(3).

Marginal note:Child-resistant container
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), a quick skin-bonding adhesive must be in a child-resistant container that complies with sections 9 to 13.

  • Marginal note:Exception — child-resistant packaging

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply if the packaging that immediately encloses the container and that is displayed to the consumer is child-resistant and complies with sections 9 to 13.

PART 5PRESSURIZED CONTAINERS

Marginal note:Application
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), this Part applies to a pressurized container that

    • (a) contains or will contain a substance that, when in a liquid state, has an absolute vapour pressure greater than 275 kPa at 37.8°C as determined using ASTM D 323; or

    • (b) is or will be pressurized to an absolute pressure greater than 275 ± 1 kPa at 21.1°C or 717 ± 2 kPa at 54.4°C.

  • Marginal note:Exceptions

    (2) This Part does not apply to a pressurized container that complies with CSA B339.

Marginal note:Required information

 A pressurized container must display, for each type of information set out in column 1 of the table to this section, the information set out in columns 2 and 3.

TABLE TO SECTION 59

REQUIRED INFORMATION — PRESSURIZED CONTAINERS

Column 1Column 2Column 3
ItemType of informationEnglish informationFrench information
1.Hazard symbol
A symbol for a hazard associated with a pressurized container, described by an inverted triangle border encompassing an explosion.
Un symbole pour un danger associé à des contenants sous pression, décrit par un triangle inversé contenant une explosion à l’intérieur.
2.Signal wordCAUTIONATTENTION
3.Primary hazard statementCONTENTS UNDER PRESSURECONTENU SOUS PRESSION
4.Specific hazard statementCONTAINER MAY EXPLODE IF HEATEDCE CONTENANT PEUT EXPLOSER S’IL EST CHAUFFÉ
5.Negative instructions

Do not puncture.

Do not burn.

Ne pas perforer.

Ne pas brûler.

6.Positive instructionsStore away from heat.Conserver loin des sources de chaleur.

 [Repealed, SOR/2009-165, s. 17]

REPEAL

Marginal note:Repeal — Consumer Chemicals and Containers Regulations

 The Consumer Chemicals and Containers RegulationsFootnote 1 are repealed.

COMING INTO FORCE

Marginal note:Coming into force

 These Regulations come into force on October 1, 2001.

SCHEDULE 1(Subsections 1(1), 48(1) and 49(1) and section 52)TEST FOR DETERMINING THE FLASHBACK AND THE LENGTH OF THE FLAME PROJECTION OF A FLAMMABLE PRODUCT ENCLOSED IN A SPRAY CONTAINER

Application

  • 1. This test is to be used to determine the flashback and the length of the flame projection of a flammable product enclosed in a spray container.

Apparatus

  • 2. The following apparatus is to be used in this test:

    • (a) a flammability tester, as illustrated in Figures 1 and 2 to the Schedule, that

      • (i) is constructed so that the spray container can be secured in place by means of a holding device, such as a three-pronged clamp affixed to a ring stand, in such a manner that the discharge from the spray container is in the horizontal plane,

      • (ii) may include a remote control device by which

        • (A) the valve of a pressurized container can be activated, such as a side-pull, caliper-type bicycle hand brake, or

        • (B) the trigger or plunger of a pump-spray container can be pneumatically activated, as illustrated in Figures 3 and 4 to the Schedule,

      • (iii) has a vertically mounted burner that

        • (A) has an inside diameter of 1.2 mm,

        • (B) has a Luer-Lock 16-gauge needle affixed to a metal tube or another suitable device, and

        • (C) is placed at a distance of 15 cm from the discharge orifice of the spray container, which distance is to be measured horizontally between the vertical planes of the discharge orifice and the burner orifice, and

      • (iv) has two support frameworks, placed on the opposite side of the burner from the spray container, one at a distance of 15 cm from the burner and the other at a distance of 100 cm from the burner, each of which

        • (A) has an internal open space of 35 cm wide by 45 cm high,

        • (B) is constructed from metal or other non-flammable material,

        • (C) is mounted in a vertical plane perpendicular to the direction of discharge from the spray container, and

        • (D) is adjustable in the vertical plane;

    • (b) a cylinder of chemically pure grade propane fitted with a regulator capable of delivering pressure to the burner appropriate to maintaining a flame height of 5 cm; and

    • (c) loosely woven cotton fabric commonly referred to as cheesecloth that has, in the bleached state, a mass per unit area of not less than 35 g/m2 and not more than 65 g/m2.

Test Specimen

    • 3. (1) When there are instructions by the manufacturer respecting the shaking of the spray container, a test must be conducted as follows, using each of three spray containers of the same product and of the same size:

      • (a) if shaking is applicable, shake and discharge the container three times in the manner described in paragraph 4(9)(a); or

      • (b) if shaking is not applicable, discharge the container three times in the manner described in paragraph 4(9)(b).

    • (2) When there are no instructions by the manufacturer respecting the shaking of the spray container, a test must be conducted as follows, using each of three spray containers of the same product and of the same size:

      • (a) without shaking the container, discharge it three times in the manner described in paragraph 4(9)(b); and

      • (b) shake and discharge the container a further three times in the manner described in paragraph 4(9)(a).

Procedure

    • 4. (1) A test

      • (a) must be conducted at a room temperature of 22 ± 2°C in the absence of air currents, with an allowance made for a clearance of 50 cm beyond the support framework that is set at a distance of 100 cm from the burner; and

      • (b) may be conducted in a fume hood with the exhaust fan turned off and the protecting door lowered.

    • (2) Any fume must be removed from the test area and any residue cleaned up after each discharge.

    • (3) Before testing, each spray container must be

      • (a) maintained at a temperature of 22 ± 2°C for at least four hours; and

      • (b) primed by

        • (i) in the case of a pressurized container, discharging the container for five seconds, and

        • (ii) in the case of a pump-spray container, activating the trigger or pump using each of 18 N, 36 N and 54 N of force for each possible nozzle position until

          • (A) in the case of the “stream” position, a continuous stream is produced, and

          • (B) in the case of the “spray” position, a mist is produced.

    • (4) Install the first spray container in the holding device and ensure that the burner orifice is 15 cm from the discharge orifice of the spray container in the horizontal plane and 5 cm below it in the vertical plane and that the discharge orifice points in the direction of the burner.

    • (5) Adjust the burner to give a flame height of 5 cm and release a single trial discharge from the spray container.

    • (6) If the operation set out in subsection (5) does not produce a flame projection, lower the burner orifice by 5 cm and adjust the burner to give a flame height of 12 cm.

    • (7) Attach the cheesecloth to the flammability tester with bulldog clips or in any other manner so as to cover the entire internal space of the support framework set at a distance of 15 cm from the burner and verify that the cheesecloth is at a proper horizontal distance from the vertical plane of the burner orifice on the opposite side of the burner from the spray container.

    • (8) Adjust the height of the support framework so that the cheesecloth will intercept the line of flame projection.

    • (9) Prepare the spray container in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and

      • (a) if shaking is applicable,

        • (i) shake vigorously for five seconds, or for the period specified in the manufacturer’s instructions,

        • (ii) install the spray container in the holding device, and

        • (iii) 15 seconds after the cessation of shaking, release the discharge in accordance with subsection (10); or

        • (iv) [Repealed, SOR/2009-165, s. 20]

      • (b) if shaking is not applicable, install the spray container in the holding device and release the discharge in accordance with subsection (10), allowing the spray container to stand for at least 60 seconds between discharges.

    • (10) Discharge the spray container

      • (a) in the case of a pressurized container, for five seconds or until the cheesecloth ignites; or

      • (b) in the case of a pump-spray container, for three sprays or until the cheesecloth ignites.

    • (11) In the case of a pump-spray container, repeat the procedure set out in paragraph (10)(b) for each of 18 N, 36 N and 54 N of force for each possible nozzle position.

    • (12) If the cheesecloth attached to the support framework that is set at a distance of 15 cm from the burner ignites, the remaining discharges referred to in section 3 must be carried out in accordance with subsections (1) to (11) using a new piece of cheesecloth attached to the support framework that is set at a distance of 100 cm from the burner.

Determination and Reporting of Flame Projection and Flashback

    • 5. (1) If at any time during the test the cheesecloth that is mounted at a distance of 100 cm from the burner is ignited, the length of the flame projection is 100 cm or more.

    • (2) If at any time during the test the cheesecloth that is mounted at a distance of 15 cm from the burner is ignited and, at all times during the test, the cheesecloth that is mounted at a distance of 100 cm from the burner remains unignited, the length of the flame projection is 15 cm or more but less than 100 cm.

    • (3) If at any time during the test the cheesecloth mounted at a distance of 15 cm from the burner is not ignited but there is a flame projection, the length of the flame projection is less than 15 cm.

  • 6. The following test results must be recorded and kept for a period of at least three years after the testing is carried out:

    • (a) the length of the flame projection

      • (i) in the case of a pressurized container, for each discharge, and

      • (ii) in the case of a pump-spray container, for each discharge at each nozzle position and each force applied;

    • (b) a lack of flame projection resulting from any of the test discharges; and

    • (c) any flashback.

FIGURE 1FLAMMABILITY TESTERPRESSURIZED CONTAINER

Illustration depicting specifications and measurements for testing flammability of a pressurized container. Top, side and isometric views. The tester structure is 35 cm wide, 45 cm high, and 100 cm long, with support frameworks. The pressurized cylinder and its nozzle is located 15 cm away from the burner and flame. The burner is set to 5 cm below the aerosol can actuator and is positioned 15 cm away from the first support framework and 100 cm away from the farthest support framework (both support frameworks are intended to hold cheesecloth as stipulated in the test method).

FIGURE 2FLAMMABILITY TESTERPUMP-SPRAY CONTAINER

Illustration depicting specifications, measurements for testing flammability of a pump-spray container. Top, side and isometric views. The tester structure is 35 cm wide, 45 cm high, and 100 cm long, with support frameworks. The pump-spray container and its nozzle is located 15 cm away from the burner and flame. The burner is set to 5cm below the pump-spray container actuator and is positioned 15 cm away from the first support framework and 100 cm away from the farthest support framework (both support frameworks are intended to hold cheesecloth as stipulated in the test method).

FIGURE 3HOLDING APPARATUS FOR A TRIGGER-TYPE CONTAINERISOMETRIC VIEW

Illustration depicting specifications for holding apparatus for a trigger-type container. Isometric view. The relative positions of the container neck support, trigger, trigger-type container and nozzle are shown. A pneumatic cylinder is mounted on a sliding rail and exerts a force on the ‘trigger’ of a pump-spray container. The rest of the container is held in place by a rear-mounted container neck support and base support.

FIGURE 4HOLDING APPARATUS FOR A PLUNGER TYPE OR PRESSURIZED CONTAINERISOMETRIC VIEW

Illustration depicting specifications for holding apparatus for a plunger type of pressurized container. Isometric view. The relative positions of the pneumatic cylinder, nozzle and plunger-type container OR pressurized container are shown. A pneumatic cyliner is mounted on a sliding rail and exerts a force on the actuator of a pressurized container. The base of the container is held in place by supports.
  • SOR/2009-165, ss. 18 to 21.

SCHEDULE 2(Subsection 1(1) and section 21)

HAZARD SYMBOLS

Column 1Column 2
ItemDescriptionSymbol
1.TOXIC
A symbol for a poisonous substance, described by an octagonal border encompassing a skull and crossbones.
2.CORROSIVE
A symbol for a very corrosive substance, described by an octagonal border encompassing the bones of a hand.
3.FLAMMABLE
A symbol for a very flammable substance, described by an octagonal border encompassing a flame.
4.EXPLOSIVE
A symbol for a hazard associated with a pressurized container, described by an inverted triangle border encompassing an explosion.

SCHEDULE 3(Section 7)TEST METHOD FOR DETERMINING WHETHER A CONTAINER LEAKS

Interpretation

  • Marginal note:Definitions

    1. The definitions in this section apply in this Schedule.

    “seal”

    « sceau d’étanchéité »

    “seal”, in respect of a container, means any device or membrane under the closure that covers the opening of the container, including any membrane that is part of the container, such as a heat induction seal or a sonic seal. It does not include a liner or a mechanism that is an integral part of the closure.

    “test sample”

    « échantillon d’essai »

    “test sample” means

    • (a) in the case of a container of a chemical product, the container filled with the product in the manner in which it is sold to the consumer; or

    • (b) in the case of an empty container that is destined to receive a chemical product, the container filled with the product that it is destined to receive.

Test Method

Preparation of Sample for Testing

  • Marginal note:Remove seal

    2. Except in the case of a single-use container,

    • (a) open the test sample;

    • (b) remove any seal that is present under the closure in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions or, if no instructions are provided, puncture the seal; and

    • (c) reclose the sample as tightly as possible without stripping the threads of the closure.

  • Marginal note:Bring to room temperature

    3. Place the test sample in a test location that has a constant temperature of 23 ± 2°C for at least four hours to permit the container and its contents to reach the temperature of the test location.

Testing for Leaks

  • Marginal note:Position of test sample

    4. Position the test sample

    • (a) over a clean piece of blotting paper or another paper that stains on contact with a liquid;

    • (b) in an inverted position at a 45° angle below the horizontal; and

    • (c) with the closure in the lowest possible position and free of any obstruction.

  • Marginal note:Examine paper

    5. After one hour, remove the test sample and examine the paper described in paragraph 4(a) for evidence that any of the contents have leaked from the sample.

Pass or Fail

  • Marginal note:Fail

    6. If an examination of the paper described in paragraph 4(a) discloses any trace of the contents of the test sample, the sample has failed the leakage test and a container of the same type as the test sample must not be used for a chemical product.

  • Marginal note:Pass

    7. If no trace of the contents of the test sample is found on the paper described in paragraph 4(a), the sample has passed the leakage test and a container of the same type as the test sample may be used for a chemical product.

  • SOR/2009-165, s. 22(F).

SCHEDULE 4(Paragraph 19(1)(b))

ILLUSTRATION — STANDARD SANS SERIF TYPE

An illustration to demonstrate the x-height of standard sans-serif type. llustration showing ascender, x-height and descender specifications for the word “bop”, where the x-height is the height of the letter “o”, the ascender is the height of the “b” letter minus this x-height, and the decender is the length of the letter “p” minus this x-height.