On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations (SOR/2003-2)

Regulations are current to 2014-06-12 and last amended on 2014-01-01. Previous Versions

STANDARDS FOR 2004 AND LATER MODEL YEAR VEHICLES AND ENGINES

Emission Control Systems

  •  (1) An emission control system that is installed in a vehicle or engine to enable it to conform to the standards set out in these Regulations shall not

    • (a) in its operation, release a substance that causes air pollution and that would not have been released if the system were not installed; or

    • (b) in its operation or malfunction, make the vehicle unsafe or endanger persons or property in or near the vehicle.

  • (2) No vehicle or engine shall be equipped with a defeat device.

  • (3) Subject to subsection (4), a defeat device is an auxiliary emission control device that reduces the effectiveness of the emission control system under conditions that may reasonably be expected to be encountered in normal vehicle operation and use.

  • (4) An auxiliary emission control device is not a defeat device if

    • (a) the conditions referred to in subsection (3) are substantially included in the emission test procedures referred to in subsection 18(1);

    • (b) it is needed to protect the vehicle against damage or accident; or

    • (c) its use does not go beyond the requirements of engine starting.

  • SOR/2006-268, s. 4(E).

Light-duty Vehicles, Light-duty Trucks and Medium-duty Passenger Vehicles

 Subject to sections 19 and 19.1, a light-duty vehicle, light-duty truck or medium-duty passenger vehicle of a specific model year shall

  • (a) conform to the exhaust and evaporative emission standards applicable to vehicles of that model year set out in section 1811, subpart S, of the CFR;

  • (b) be equipped with an on-board diagnostic system that conforms to the standards applicable to vehicles of that model year set out in section 1806, subpart S, of the CFR; and

  • (c) not release any crankcase emissions.

  • SOR/2013-8, s. 24.

Complete Heavy-duty Vehicles

 Subject to sections 19 and 19.1, a complete heavy-duty vehicle of the 2005 or later model year, other than a medium-duty passenger vehicle, shall

  • (a) conform to the exhaust and evaporative emission standards applicable to complete heavy-duty vehicles of that model year set out in section 1816, subpart S, of the CFR;

  • (b) be equipped with an on-board diagnostic system that conforms to the standards applicable to vehicles of that model year set out in section 1806, subpart S, of the CFR; and

  • (c) not release any crankcase emissions.

  • SOR/2013-8, s. 24.

Heavy-duty Vehicles

 Subject to sections 19 and 19.1, an Otto-cycle heavy-duty vehicle of a specific model year, other than a medium-duty passenger vehicle or a complete heavy-duty vehicle, shall

  • (a) be equipped with a heavy-duty engine that meets the requirements of these Regulations; and

  • (b) conform to the evaporative emission standards applicable to Otto-cycle heavy-duty vehicles of that model year set out in section 10, subpart A, of the CFR.

  • SOR/2013-8, s. 24.