On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations (SOR/2003-2)

Regulations are current to 2016-08-01 and last amended on 2015-07-16. Previous Versions

Motorcycles

 Subject to sections 17.1, 19, 19.1 and 32.2, motorcycles of a specific model year

  • (a) shall conform to the exhaust emission and evaporative emission standards applicable to motorcycles of the model year in question set out in section 410 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart E, of the CFR; and

  • (b) shall not release any crankcase emissions.

  • SOR/2006-268, s. 5;
  • SOR/2013-8, s. 8;
  • SOR/2015-186, s. 15.
  •  (1) A company that manufactures or imports fewer than 200 motorcycles for sale in Canada per year and has fewer than 500 employees worldwide is exempt from the requirement to conform to the HC+NOx emission standard set out in the section of the CFR that is referred to in paragraph 17(a) in respect of its Class III motorcycles of the 2006 and 2007 model years that conform to the hydrocarbon emission standard referred to in that section and applicable to 2005 model year motorcycles.

  • (2) A company that manufactures or imports fewer than 200 motorcycles for sale in Canada per year and has fewer than 500 employees worldwide is exempt from the requirement to conform to the HC+NOx emission standard set out in the section of the CFR that is referred to in paragraph 17(a) in respect of its Class III motorcycles of the 2010 and later model years that conform to the HC+NOx emission standard referred to in that section and applicable to 2009 model year motorcycles.

  • (3) A company that manufactures or imports fewer than 200 motorcycles for sale in Canada per year and having fewer than 500 employees worldwide is exempt from the requirement to conform to the applicable evaporative emission standards set out in the section of the CFR that is referred to in paragraph 17(a) in respect of its 2008 and 2009 model year motorcycles.

  • SOR/2006-268, s. 5.

Phase-in Standards — Particulate Matter

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (3), for the purposes of subparagraphs 12(a.1)(i) and 13(a.1)(i), the particulate matter exhaust emission standards set out in section 1811 or 1816 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart S, of the CFR, as the case may be, apply to a percentage of a company’s vehicles referred to in section 12 or 13 of a specific model year, in accordance with subsection (5) or (6).

  • (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), a company shall group its vehicles together as follows:

    • (a) in the case of the vehicles referred to in section 12

      • (i) for the 2017 model year, all of its light-duty vehicles and light light-duty trucks of that model year, and

      • (ii) for the 2018 and later model years, all of its light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles of the model year in question; and

    • (b) in the case of the vehicles referred to in section 13, for the 2018 and later model years, all of its Class 2B vehicles and Class 3 vehicles of the model year in question.

  • (3) For the 2017 to 2021 model years, a company shall calculate the percentage of its vehicles of a specific model year in a given group that conform to the standards referred to in subsection (1) unless each vehicle in the group

    • (a) is covered by an EPA certificate, conforms to the particulate matter exhaust emission standards referred to in the EPA certificate and is of a model that is sold in greater numbers in the United States than in Canada; or

    • (b) conforms to the particulate matter exhaust emission standard set out in Table 1 in section 1811 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart S, of the CFR or Table 1 in section 1816 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart S, of the CFR, as applicable, whether or not it is covered by an EPA certificate.

  • (4) In determining the number of vehicles of a given group that are to meet the particulate matter exhaust emission standards referred to in subsection (1), in accordance with the applicable percentage, a company may exclude from the group all of its vehicles that are covered by an EPA certificate and that are of a model that is sold in greater numbers in the United States than in Canada.

  • (5) Subject to subsection (6), the percentage of vehicles of a specific model year in a given group that conform to the applicable particulate matter exhaust emission standards shall be greater than or equal to the percentage set out in column 2 of the table to this subsection for the applicable model year set out in column 1.

    TABLE

    PHASE-IN PERCENTAGES — GENERAL APPROACH

    Column 1Column 2
    ItemModel YearPercentage
    1201720
    2201820
    3201940
    4202070
    52021 and later100
  • (6) A company may elect not to comply with subsection (5) for the 2017 to 2020, 2018 to 2020 or 2019 to 2020 model years if

    • (a) the total percentage of vehicles of the group for all of the applicable consecutive model years set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection that conform to the particulate matter exhaust emission standards is greater than or equal to the percentage set out in column 2 for those consecutive model years; and

    • (b) the company notifies the Minister of its election before January 1 of the calendar year that corresponds to the first of the applicable consecutive model years set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection.

    TABLE

    PHASE-IN PERCENTAGES — ALTERNATE APPROACH

    Column 1Column 2
    ItemConsecutive Model YearsPercentage
    12017 to 202038
    22018 to 202044
    32019 to 202055
  • (7) For greater certainty, all companies shall comply with subsection (5) for the 2021 and later model years.

  • SOR/2015-186, s. 16.

Interpretation of Standards

 The standards referred to in sections 11 to 17 are the certification and in-use standards set out in the CFR for the applicable useful life and include the test procedures, fuels, calculation methods, compliance credits and allowances set out in the CFR for those standards.

  • SOR/2015-186, s. 17.

Vehicles or Engines Covered by an EPA Certificate

  •  (1) Every vehicle or engine of a specific model year that is covered by an EPA certificate and bears the U.S. emission control information label referred to in paragraph 35(1)(d) may, if the company so chooses, conform to, instead of the standards set out in sections 11 to 17, the certification and in-use standards referred to in the EPA certificate.

  • (2) For the purposes of subsection 153(3) of the Act, the provisions of the CFR that are applicable to a vehicle or engine referred to in subsection (1) pursuant to the EPA certificate correspond to the certification and in-use standards referred to in subsection (1).

  • (3) For the purposes of subsection 153(3) of the Act, the EPA is the prescribed agency.

  • SOR/2015-186, s. 18.

Vehicles Equivalent to Vehicles Covered by an EPA Certificate

  •  (1) A vehicle of a specific model year that is not covered by an EPA certificate may be considered equivalent to a vehicle that is covered by an EPA certificate if a company submits the evidence of conformity referred to in section 35.1 in respect of that vehicle instead of the evidence of conformity referred to in section 36.

  • (2) The equivalency of a vehicle is determined by the Minister on the basis of the evidence of conformity referred to in section 35.1.

  • (3) Every vehicle of a specific model year that is determined to be equivalent to a vehicle covered by an EPA certificate and that is sold in Canada during the period for which that EPA certificate is valid in the United States shall conform to, instead of the standards set out in sections 11 to 17, the certification and in-use standards referred to in that EPA certificate.

  • SOR/2013-8, s. 9;
  • SOR/2015-186, s. 19.

Fleet Average Standards

[SOR/2006-268, s. 6; SOR/2015-186, s. 20]

General

 In sections 21 to 32, fleet refers to the vehicles of a specific model year that a company manufactures in Canada, or imports into Canada, for the purpose of sale to the first retail purchaser and that are grouped for the purpose of conforming to sections 21 to 23, 24.1 to 24.4, 24.6, 24.7 and 24.10 or for the purpose of participation in the emission credit system set out in sections 26 to 31.1.

  • SOR/2015-186, s. 21.
 
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