83 (1) On all ships, to ensure effective crew performance in navigational safety matters, a working language shall be established and recorded. On every ship to which Chapter I of the Safety Convention applies, the working language shall be recorded in the ship’s log book.
(2) The company or the master, as appropriate, shall determine the appropriate working language under subsection (1) and ensure that each crew member is able to understand and, if appropriate, give orders and instructions and to report back in that language.
(3) If the working language is not an official language of the state whose flag the ship is entitled to fly, all plans and lists required to be posted shall include a translation into the working language.
84 On every ship to which Chapter I of the Safety Convention applies, English shall be used on the bridge as the working language for bridge-to-bridge and bridge-to-shore safety communications, as well as for communications on board between the pilot and bridge watchkeeping personnel, unless the individuals directly involved in the communication speak a common language other than English.
Records of Navigational Activities
85 (1) A record of navigational activities and incidents that are of importance to the safety of navigation shall be kept on board every ship of 150 tons or more that is engaged on an international voyage.
(2) The record shall contain sufficient detail to establish a complete record of the voyage, taking into account the annex to IMO Resolution A.916(22), Guidelines for the Recording of Events Related to Navigation.
(3) The record shall be maintained by written, mechanical or electronic means, be preserved according to section 4 of the annex referred to in subsection (2) and be retained for a period of not less than five years.
(2) A list of all limitations on the operation of a passenger ship, including exemptions from any provision of Chapter V of the Safety Convention, restrictions in operating areas, weather restrictions, sea state restrictions, restrictions in permissible loads, trim, speed and any other limitations, whether imposed by the government of the state whose flag the ship is entitled to fly or established during the design or building stage of the ship, shall be compiled before the ship enters into service.
(3) The list, together with any necessary explanations, shall be kept on board, be readily available to the master and be kept updated. The list shall be in the English or the French language.
Instructions and Diagrams
87 A ship on which a remote steering gear control system or a steering gear power unit is fitted shall have permanently displayed, on its navigating bridge and in its steering gear compartment, if any, simple, brief operating instructions and a block diagram showing the changeover procedures for the system or unit.
88 (1) Every ship, other than a Safety Convention ship, of 1600 tons or more that was constructed before March 1, 2001 shall comply with the annex to IMO Resolution A.209(VII), Recommendation on Information to Be Included in the Manoeuvring Booklets.
(2) A ship shall comply with the annex to IMO Resolution A.601(15), Provision and Display of Manoeuvring Information on Board Ships if
(3) If it is not practicable to complete the manoeuvring information that is required to comply with the resolution referred to in subsection (2) before the ship enters into service, the information shall be
Visibility from Navigating Bridge
89 (1) In this section, length, in respect of a vessel, means 96 per cent of the total length on a waterline at 85 per cent of the least moulded depth measured from the top of the keel or the length from the fore side of the stem to the axis of the rudder stock on that waterline, whichever is greater. In vessels designed with a rake of keel, the waterline on which the length is measured shall be parallel to the designed load waterline.
(2) Every ship of 45 m or more in length that is a Safety Convention ship and is constructed on or after July 1, 1998 or that is not a Safety Convention ship and is constructed on or after July 1, 2002 shall comply with subsections (4) to (12).
(3) Every ship of 45 m or more in length that is a Safety Convention ship that was constructed before July 1, 1998 and every Canadian ship that was constructed before July 1, 2002 shall, insofar as practicable, comply with subsections (4) and (5). However, structural alterations or additional equipment need not be required.
(4) The view of the sea surface from the conning position shall not be obscured for more than two ship lengths or 500 m, whichever is lesser, forward of the bow to 10° on either side under all conditions of draught, trim and deck cargo.
(5) With respect to blind sectors caused by cargo, cargo gear or other obstructions outside the wheelhouse forward of the beam that obstruct the view of the sea surface as seen from the conning position,
(6) The horizontal field of vision from the conning position shall extend over an arc of not less than 225° that is from right ahead to not less than 22.5° abaft the beam on either side of the ship.
(7) From each bridge wing, the horizontal field of vision shall extend over an arc of at least 225° that is from at least 45° on the opposite side through right ahead and then from right ahead to right astern through 180° on the same side of the ship.
(8) From the main steering position, the horizontal field of vision shall extend over an arc from right ahead to at least 60° on each side of the ship.
(9) The ship’s side shall be visible from the bridge wing.
(10) The height of the lower edge of the navigation bridge front windows above the bridge deck shall be kept as low as possible. In no case shall the lower edge present an obstruction to the forward view as described in this section.
(11) The upper edge of the navigation bridge front windows shall allow a forward view of the horizon, for a person with a height of eye of 1800 mm above the bridge deck at the conning position, when the ship is pitching in heavy seas.
(12) With respect to windows,
(a) to help avoid reflections, the navigation bridge front windows shall be inclined from the vertical plane top out, at an angle of not less than 10° but not more than 25°;
(b) framing between navigation bridge windows shall be kept to a minimum and not be installed immediately forward of any workstation;
(c) polarized or tinted windows shall not be fitted; and
(d) a clear view through at least two of the navigation bridge front windows and, depending on the bridge configuration, through an additional number of clear-view windows shall be provided at all times, regardless of weather conditions.
Coming into Force
92 These Regulations come into force on the day on which they are registered.
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