Hours of Work and Hours of Rest
(2) Sections 321 to 324 apply in respect of
Minimum and Maximum Periods
320 The master of a vessel referred to in subsection 319(1) shall ensure that
(a) the master and every crew member have
(b) not more than 18 hours but not less than six hours elapse between the end of a rest period and the beginning of the next rest period.
(2) The master shall ensure that
Other Considerations and Limitations
322 (1) The master of a vessel shall ensure that the danger posed by the fatigue of crew members, especially those whose duties involve navigational safety and the safe and secure operation of the vessel, is taken into account when determining the scheduled hours of work and rest.
(2) Despite sections 320 and 321 and subject to subsection (1), the master may ensure that the hours of work and rest are in accordance with an applicable collective agreement that provides for hours of work and rest that are no less favourable to crew members.
(3) Sections 320 and 321 and subsection (2) do not apply when the master is conducting practice musters, fire-fighting drills or survival craft drills in accordance with regulations made under the Act if the master does so in a manner that minimizes the disturbance of rest periods and does not induce fatigue.
(4) Sections 320 and 321 and subsection (2) do not apply in respect of a crew member who is on call if the crew member has compensatory rest periods and the rest period required by those provisions is disturbed by calls to work.
(5) The master may suspend the schedule of hours of work and rest if it is necessary to do so for the immediate safety of the vessel, persons on board or the cargo, or for the purposes of giving assistance to other vessels or persons in distress at sea. As soon as feasible, the master shall ensure that every crew member who has performed work in a scheduled rest period is provided with a compensatory rest period.
323 The master of a vessel shall keep a record of every crew member’s daily hours of work or hours of rest until the crew member is discharged.
Table of Shipboard Working Arrangements
324 (1) The master of a vessel shall ensure that a table with the shipboard working arrangements is posted in a conspicuous place on board the vessel. For every position on board, the table shall contain
(2) The table shall be in the working language of the vessel and in English.
(2) Unless the time for a crew member to take paid annual leave is fixed by the applicable collective agreement or an arbitration award, the vessel’s authorized representative shall determine when it is to be taken after consultation and, as far as possible, in agreement with the crew member or their representative.
(3) If a crew member is required to take their paid annual leave from a place other than the place at which they first came on board, the vessel’s authorized representative shall ensure that
(4) The authorized representative shall ensure that no crew member who is on paid annual leave is recalled unless there is an extreme emergency.
326 The master of a Canadian vessel shall grant crew members shore leave consistent with their health and well-being and with the operational requirements of their positions.
327 (1) The authorized representative of a Canadian vessel shall ensure that no crew member is required to make an advance payment at the beginning of their employment towards the expenses referred to in subsection 94(1) of the Act or section 328.
(2) The authorized representative shall ensure that the time a crew member spends waiting to be returned and being returned under subsection 94(1) of the Act or section 328 is not deducted from the paid leave accrued to them.
328 (1) Except in the case of desertion or mutual agreement, before a Canadian vessel is disposed of or is transferred to the flag of a foreign state or when a Canadian vessel is totally unseaworthy, the vessel’s authorized representative shall
(a) ensure that arrangements are made to return every crew member to the place where they first came on board or to another place to which they have agreed; and
(b) pay the expenses of returning every crew member as well as all expenses, including medical expenses, that the crew member reasonably incurs before being returned.
(2) The authorized representative of a Canadian vessel shall have insurance or other financial arrangements sufficient to compensate crew members for any monetary loss that they may reasonably incur as a result of a failure of the authorized representative to meet its obligations to them under subsection 94(1) of the Act or subsection (1).
(3) If the authorized representative does not comply with subsection (1), the Minister may act in place of the authorized representative and any expenses incurred by the Minister constitute a debt due to Her Majesty in right of Canada by the authorized representative and may be recovered as such in a court of competent jurisdiction.
Food and Water
(a) the crew members who are living on board can meet the recommendations of Eating Well with Canada’s Food Guide;
(b) there is made available sufficient potable water for all crew members on board; and
(2) No person shall charge a crew member for food or water required to comply with subsection (1).
Obligation of Persons Who Provide Crew Members
330 If the authorized representative of a Canadian vessel entered into an agreement with another person to provide crew members, that other person shall, in lieu of the authorized representative or the master with respect to those crew members, comply with the obligation of the authorized representative or master set out in
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