HAZARD PREVENTION PROGRAM
120. The employer must, in consultation with and with the participation of the policy committee, or, if there is no policy committee, the work place committee or the health and safety representative, develop, implement and monitor a program for the prevention of hazards, including ergonomics-related hazards, in the work place that is appropriate to the size of the work place and the nature of the hazards and that includes the following components:
(a) an implementation plan;
(b) a hazard identification and assessment methodology;
(c) hazard identification and assessment;
(d) preventive measures;
(e) employee education; and
(f) a program evaluation.
121. (1) The employer must
(a) develop an implementation plan that specifies the time frame for each phase of the development and implementation of the prevention program;
(b) monitor the progress of the implementation of the preventive measures; and
(c) review the time frame of the implementation plan regularly and, if necessary, revise it.
(2) In implementing the prevention program, the employer must ensure, as far as practicable, that ergonomics-related hazards are identified and assessed and that they are eliminated or reduced, as required by subsection 124(1), and that any person assigned to identify and assess ergonomics-related hazards has the necessary training and instructions.
Hazard Identification and Assessment Methodology
122. (1) The employer must develop a hazard identification and assessment methodology, including an identification and assessment methodology for ergonomics-related hazards, taking into account the following documents and information:
(a) any hazardous occurrence investigation reports;
(b) first aid records and minor injury records;
(c) work place health protection programs;
(d) results of any work place inspections;
(e) any employee reports made under paragraph 126(1)(g) or (h) of the Act or under section 275;
(f) any government or employer reports, studies and tests concerning the health and safety of employees;
(g) any reports made under the Safety and Health Committees and Representatives Regulations;
(h) the record of hazardous substances; and
(i) any other relevant information, including ergonomics-related information.
(2) The hazard identification and assessment methodology must include
(a) the steps and time frame for identifying and assessing the hazards;
(b) the keeping of a record of the hazards; and
(c) a time frame for reviewing and, if necessary, revising the methodology.
Hazard Identification and Assessment
123. (1) The employer must identify and assess the hazards in the work place, including ergonomics-related hazards, in accordance with the methodology developed under section 122 and taking into account
(a) the nature of the hazard;
(b) in the case of ergonomics-related hazards, all ergonomics-related factors, such as
(i) the physical demands of the work activities, the work environment, the work procedures, the organization of the work and the circumstances in which the work activities are performed, and
(ii) the characteristics of materials, goods, persons, animals, things and workspaces and the features of tools and equipment;
(c) the employees’ level of exposure to the hazard;
(d) the frequency and duration of the employees’ exposure to the hazard;
(e) the effects, real or apprehended, of the exposure on the health and safety of the employee;
(f) the preventive measures in place to address the hazard;
(g) any employee reports made under paragraphs 126(1)(g) or (h) of the Act or under section 275; and
(h) any other relevant information.
(2) The employer must assess a cargo hold in accordance with subsection (1) to determine if it is a confined space and each time there is a change in conditions that may create a hazard.
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