Lighters Regulations (SOR/2016-187)

Regulations are current to 2017-10-13

Lighters Regulations

SOR/2016-187

CANADA CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT

Registration 2016-06-22

Lighters Regulations

P.C. 2016-614 2016-06-21

His Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Health, pursuant to section 37 of the Canada Consumer Product Safety ActFootnote a, makes the annexed Lighters Regulations.

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions

 The following definitions apply in these Regulations.

CFR

CFR means Title 16 of the Code of Federal Regulations of the United States, revised as of January 1, 2004. (CFR)

gas lighter

gas lighter means a lighter that uses as fuel liquid hydrocarbons, such as n-butane and isobutane, that have a gauge vapour pressure at 24°C greater than 100 kPa. (briquet à gaz)

lighter

lighter means a device that has a fuel reservoir, whether detachable or not, and an integral means of ignition and that is used for domestic purposes or to ignite tobacco products. (briquet)

luxury lighter

luxury lighter means a lighter, other than a utility lighter, that is refillable and that has

  • (a) if it is manufactured in Canada, a value of more than $2.50 at the time of sale by the manufacturer; or

  • (b) if it is imported into Canada, a value for duty of more than $2.50 as determined in accordance with sections 47 to 55 of the Customs Act. (briquet de luxe)

production lot

production lot means a group of substantially identical lighters that are manufactured by the same manufacturer under substantially identical conditions. (lot de production)

shield

shield means a structure that totally or partially surrounds the fuel orifice of a lighter and projects beyond it. (écran de protection)

surrogate lighter

surrogate lighter means a device used for testing purposes that

  • (a) approximates the appearance, size and weight of the lighter that it represents;

  • (b) is, within reasonable manufacturing tolerances, identical to the lighter that it represents in all factors that affect child resistance, including the operation and force required for operation;

  • (c) contains no fuel; and

  • (d) produces a clearly discernible audible or visual signal instead of a flame when operated. (briquet de substitution)

utility lighter

utility lighter means a lighter that is 100 mm or greater in length when it is in the fully extended position. (briquet à usages multiples)

wick lighter

wick lighter means a lighter that uses as fuel liquid hydrocarbons, such as hexane, that have a gauge vapour pressure at 24°C not greater than 34 kPa. (briquet à essence)

Specifications

Application of Force

Marginal note:Luxury lighters

 At least one of the following manual operations must be performed to achieve ignition of a luxury lighter:

  • (a) a deliberate action to produce and maintain a flame;

  • (b) at least two separate and distinct actions; or

  • (c) the application of a force equal to or greater than 15 N.

Marginal note:Flame height adjustment

 If a lighter has a device to adjust the flame height, the device must require the deliberate application by the user of a reasonable force.

Child Resistance

Marginal note:Requirement
  •  (1) All lighters, other than luxury lighters, must be child resistant.

  • Marginal note:Standard

    (2) For the purpose of subsection (1), a lighter is child resistant if its surrogate lighter has been tested in accordance with one of the following test protocols and at least 85% of the children who participated in the test were unable to cause the surrogate lighter to operate:

    • (a) in the case of a utility lighter, the test protocol described in section 1212.4, without regard to sections 1212.4(a)(3) and (b)(1), of the CFR; or

    • (b) in the case of all other lighters, the test protocol described in section 1210.4, without regard to sections 1210.4(a)(3) and (b)(1), of the CFR.

Marginal note:Mechanism

 The mechanism or system that makes a lighter child resistant must

  • (a) reset itself automatically after each operation of the lighter’s ignition mechanism;

  • (b) in the case of a gas lighter, continue to function effectively after each test set out in sections 5 to 9 of the schedule; and

  • (c) in the case of a wick lighter, continue to function effectively after each test set out in sections 11 and 12 of the schedule.

Gas Lighters

Marginal note:Flame height and duration
  •  (1) A gas lighter, when tested in accordance with subsection (2), must

    • (a) if the lighter has neither a shield nor a device to adjust the flame height, have a vertical flame height of not more than 50 mm;

    • (b) if the lighter has a shield but no device to adjust the flame height, have a vertical flame height of not more than 100 mm;

    • (c) if the lighter has a device to adjust the flame height, have a vertical flame height of not more than

      • (i) 120 mm, when the device is adjusted to produce maximum flame height, and

      • (ii) 50 mm, when the device is adjusted to produce minimum flame height; and

    • (d) not exhibit a flame above the fuel orifice for more than two seconds after the normal action to extinguish the flame has been taken.

  • Marginal note:Test procedures

    (2) A gas lighter must be tested in accordance with

    • (a) the procedures described in sections 5, 6 and 8 of the schedule, followed by a repetition of the procedures described in sections 5 and 6 of the schedule; or

    • (b) the procedures described in sections 5, 6 and 9 of the schedule, followed by a repetition of the procedures described in sections 5 and 6 of the schedule.

Marginal note:Abnormal burning

 A gas lighter, when tested in accordance with the procedures described in sections 5, 6 and 8 to 10 of the schedule, must not exhibit

  • (a) a sudden increase in flame height of 50 mm or more;

  • (b) a vertical flame height in excess of the maximum values, as the case may be, specified in subsection 6(1);

  • (c) an explosion;

  • (d) combustion at any place other than at the fuel orifice of the lighter or in the main flame;

  • (e) an escape of liquid fuel that produces a shower of burning droplets that separate from the main flame; or

  • (f) any other abnormal or unsafe burning characteristics.

Marginal note:Structural integrity

 A gas lighter, when tested in accordance with

  • (a) the procedures described in sections 5 to 10 of the schedule, must not exhibit damage that would make its operation unsafe;

  • (b) the procedures described in section 8 of the schedule, must not exhibit an escape of fuel of more than 15 mg/min;

  • (c) the procedures described in section 9 of the schedule, must not exhibit leakage that results in total exhaustion of fuel after the cooling period described in paragraph 9(2)(c) of the schedule; and

  • (d) the procedures described in section 10 of the schedule, must not exhibit a drop in internal pressure of more than 250 kPa/min.

Marginal note:Extended operation

 A gas lighter, when tested in accordance with the procedures described in section 7 of the schedule, must not exhibit, during a continuous burning time of two minutes,

  • (a) ignition of its component parts;

  • (b) expulsion of the valve mechanism; or

  • (c) rupture of the fuel reservoir, with or without flame.

Wick Lighters

Marginal note:Abnormal burning

 A wick lighter, when tested in accordance with the procedures described in sections 11 and 12 of the schedule, followed by a repetition of the procedures described in section 11 of the schedule, must not exhibit

  • (a) a sudden increase in flame height of 50 mm or more;

  • (b) an explosion;

  • (c) combustion at any place other than at the wick; or

  • (d) any other abnormal or unsafe burning characteristics.

 
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