Lighters Regulations (SOR/2016-187)

Regulations are current to 2017-10-13

SCHEDULE(Paragraphs 5(b) and (c), subsection 6(2) and sections 7 to 11)Test Procedures for Lighters

General

  • Marginal note:Fuelling before testing

    1 If a lighter is not fuelled at the point of sale, it must be fuelled in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions before testing in accordance with sections 5 to 9 and 11 and 12, using the fuel recommended by the manufacturer.

  • Marginal note:Lighter temperature before testing
    • 2 (1) The lighter must be maintained at a temperature of 23 ± 2°C for at least 10 hours immediately before testing in accordance with sections 5 to 7 and 9 to 12.

    • Marginal note:Area temperature during testing

      (2) The area in which tests are conducted must be maintained at a temperature of 23 ± 2°C during testing in accordance with sections 5 to 12.

  • Marginal note:Flame

    3 Testing in accordance with sections 5 to 9 and 11 must meet the following requirements:

    • (a) the testing must be conducted inside a draft-free chamber that is constructed from a suitable non-flammable material and, in the case of flame tests, must be conducted in subdued lighting conditions;

    • (b) the lighter must be positioned to produce a vertically upward flame; and

    • (c) the flame height must be measured to the nearest 5 mm.

  • Marginal note:Record of damage

    4 During testing in accordance with sections 5 to 12, any damage sustained by a lighter or any abnormal or unsafe functioning of a lighter must be recorded.

Gas Lighters

Flame Tests

  • Marginal note:Flame height test
    • 5 (1) Subject to subsection (2), the following procedures are to be used in conducting a gas lighter flame height test:

      • (a) activate the lighter to produce a flame for a continuous five-second period;

      • (b) if the lighter has no shield, measure and record the maximum linear distance observed between the tip of the visible flame and the top of the fuel orifice;

      • (c) if the lighter has a shield, measure and record the maximum linear distance observed between the tip of the visible flame and the top of the shield or, if the shield is retractable, the top of the shield in its fully withdrawn position;

      • (d) take the normal action to extinguish the flame; and

      • (e) measure and record the duration of any burning that occurs immediately after the normal action to extinguish the flame has been taken.

    • Marginal note:Maximum and minimum flame heights

      (2) If a lighter has a device to adjust the flame height, the procedures described in subsection (1) must be first carried out at the maximum flame height and then once more at the minimum flame height.

  • Marginal note:Inversion test

    6 The following procedures are to be used in conducting a gas lighter inversion test:

    • (a) if the lighter has a device to adjust the flame height, adjust it to produce a flame height of 50 mm;

    • (b) proceed to one of the following procedures:

      • (i) in the case of a lighter other than a utility lighter, activate the lighter and turn it to an inverted hand-held position 45° below the horizontal for a continuous 10-second period, and then return it to the original vertical position, or

      • (ii) in the case of a utility lighter, turn the lighter to an inverted hand-held position 45° below the horizontal and then activate it for a continuous 10-second period;

    • (c) take the normal action to extinguish the flame; and

    • (d) measure and record the duration of any burning that occurs immediately after the normal action to extinguish the flame has been taken.

  • Marginal note:Extended operation test

    7 The following procedures are to be used in conducting a gas lighter extended operation test:

    • (a) if the lighter has a device to adjust the flame height, adjust it to produce a flame height of 50 mm;

    • (b) proceed to one of the following procedures:

      • (i) in the case of a lighter other than a utility lighter, activate the lighter to produce a vertical flame for a continuous two-minute period, or

      • (ii) in the case of a utility lighter, turn the lighter to an inverted hand-held position 45° below the horizontal, activate it and let it burn for a continuous two-minute period;

    • (c) take the normal action to extinguish the flame; and

    • (d) observe and record any ignition of the component parts of the lighter, expulsion of the valve mechanism or rupture of the fuel reservoir, with or without flame.

Structural Integrity Tests

  • Marginal note:Drop test — apparatus
    • 8 (1) The test apparatus required for a gas lighter drop test is a concrete slab with a minimum mass of 55 kg and dimensions of at least 60 cm x 60 cm x 6 cm.

    • Marginal note:Drop test — procedures

      (2) The following procedures are to be used in conducting a gas lighter drop test:

      • (a) if the lighter has a device to adjust the flame height, adjust it to produce a flame height of 50 mm;

      • (b) maintain the lighter at a temperature of -10 ± 2°C for at least 10 hours, and then maintain it at a temperature of 23 ± 2°C for at least 10 hours;

      • (c) immediately after the procedure described in paragraph (b), cause the lighter to fall three times onto the horizontally positioned concrete slab from a height of 1.5 m

        • (i) first, from an upright vertical position,

        • (ii) second, from an inverted vertical position, and

        • (iii) third, from a horizontal position;

      • (d) inspect the lighter immediately after each fall for escape of fuel and record any damage; and

      • (e) measure and record any escape of fuel to the nearest milligram per minute.

  • Marginal note:Temperature test — apparatus
    • 9 (1) The test apparatus required for a gas lighter temperature test is an explosion-resistant oven that is capable of maintaining a temperature of 65 ± 2°C.

    • Marginal note:Temperature test — procedures

      (2) The following procedures are to be used in conducting a gas lighter temperature test:

      • (a) if the lighter has a device to adjust the flame height, adjust it to produce a flame height of 50 mm;

      • (b) place the lighter in the oven and maintain a temperature in the oven of 65 ± 2°C for four hours;

      • (c) remove the lighter from the oven and maintain it at a temperature of 23 ± 2°C for at least 10 hours; and

      • (d) inspect the lighter and record any damage and any instance of total loss of fuel.

  • Marginal note:Pressure test — apparatus
    • 10 (1) The test apparatus required for a gas lighter pressure test is a device that is capable of producing a gauge pressure of 2 MPa.

    • Marginal note:Pressure test — procedures

      (2) The following procedures are to be used in conducting a gas lighter pressure test:

      • (a) empty the lighter’s fuel reservoir;

      • (b) subject the fuel reservoir to an internal pressure of 1.5 MPa, but do not permit the internal pressure to rise faster than 150 kPa/s; and

      • (c) observe the lighter for 60 seconds and record any drop in internal pressure.

Wick Lighters

  • Marginal note:Burn test

    11 The following procedures are to be used in conducting a wick lighter burn test:

    • (a) activate the lighter to produce a flame for a continuous 10-second period and then take the normal action to extinguish the flame;

    • (b) reactivate the lighter and turn it to an inverted hand-held position 45° below the horizontal for a continuous 10-second period, and then turn it to the original vertical position;

    • (c) take the normal action to extinguish the flame; and

    • (d) observe and record any abnormal or unsafe burning characteristics.

  • Marginal note:Drop test — apparatus
    • 12 (1) The test apparatus required for a wick lighter drop test is a concrete slab as described in subsection 8(1).

    • Marginal note:Drop test — procedures

      (2) The following procedures are to be used in conducting a wick lighter drop test:

      • (a) cause the lighter to fall three times onto the horizontally positioned concrete slab from a height of 1.5 m

        • (i) first, from an upright vertical position,

        • (ii) second, from an inverted vertical position, and

        • (iii) third, from a horizontal position; and

      • (b) inspect the lighter after each fall and record any damage.

 
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