Canada Occupational Health and Safety Regulations (SOR/86-304)

Regulations are current to 2016-04-12 and last amended on 2015-09-14. Previous Versions

Eye and Face Protection

 Where there is a hazard of injury to the eyes, face, ears or front of the neck of an employee in a work place, the employer shall provide eye or face protectors that meet the standards set out in CSA Standard Z94.3-M1982, Industrial Eye and Face Protectors, the English version of which is dated May, 1982 and the French version of which is dated February, 1983.

Respiratory Protection

  •  (1) Where there is a hazard of an airborne hazardous substance or an oxygen deficient atmosphere in a work place, the employer shall provide a respiratory protective device that is listed in the NIOSH Certified Equipment List published on February 13, 1998 by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, as amended from time to time, and that protects against the hazardous substance or oxygen deficiency, as the case may be.

  • (2) A respiratory protective device referred to in subsection (1) shall be selected, fitted, cared for, used and maintained in accordance with the standards set out in CSA Standard Z94.4-M1982, Selection, Care and Use of Respirators, the English version of which is dated May, 1982, as amended to September, 1984 and the French version of which is dated March, 1983, as amended to September, 1984, excluding clauses 6.1.5, 10.3.3.1.2 and 10.3.3.4.2(c).

  • (3) Where air is provided for the purpose of a respiratory protective device referred to in subsection (1),

    • (a) the air shall meet the standards set out in clauses 5.5.2 to 5.5.11 of CSA Standard CAN3-Z180.1-M85, Compressed Breathing Air and Systems, the English version of which is dated December 1985 and the French version of which is dated November 1987; and

    • (b) the system that supplies air shall be constructed, tested, operated and maintained in accordance with the CSA Standard referred to in paragraph (a).

  • SOR/88-68, s. 14;
  • SOR/94-263, s. 45;
  • SOR/99-151, s. 1;
  • SOR/2002-208, s. 43(F).

 Where a steel or aluminum self-contained breathing apparatus cylinder has a dent deeper than 1.5 mm and less than 50 mm in major diameter or shows evidence of deep isolated pitting, cracks or splits, the cylinder shall be removed from service until it has been shown to be safe for use by means of a hydrostatic test at a pressure equal to one and one-half times the maximum allowable working pressure.

  • SOR/94-263, s. 46.

Skin Protection

 Where there is a hazard of injury or disease to or through the skin in a work place, the employer shall provide to every person granted access to the work place

  • (a) a shield or screen;

  • (b) a cream to protect the skin; or

  • (c) an appropriate body covering.

Fall-Protection Systems

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (1.1), every employer shall provide a fall-protection system to any person, other than an employee who is installing or removing a fall-protection system in accordance with the instructions referred to in subsection (5), who works

    • (a) from an unguarded structure or on a vehicle, at a height of more than 2.4 m above the nearest permanent safe level or above any moving parts of machinery or any other surface or thing that could cause injury to a person on contact;

    • (b) from a temporary structure at a height of more than 6 m above a permanent safe level; or

    • (c) from a ladder at a height of more than 2.4 m above the nearest permanent safe level where, because of the nature of the work, that person is unable to use at least one hand to hold onto the ladder.

  • (1.1) Where an employee is required to work on a vehicle on which it is not reasonably practicable to provide a fall-protection system, the employer shall

    • (a) in consultation with the policy committee or, if there is no policy committee, the work place committee or the health and safety representative,

    • (i) perform a job safety analysis to eliminate or minimize the need for the employee to climb onto the vehicle or its load, and

    • (ii) provide every employee who is likely to climb onto the vehicle or its load with training and instruction on the safe method of climbing onto and working on the vehicle or its load;

    • (b) make a report in writing to the Minister setting out the reasons why it is not reasonably practicable to provide a fall-protection system and include the job safety analysis and a description of the training and instruction referred to in paragraph (a); and

    • (c) provide a copy of the report referred to in paragraph (b) to the policy committee or, if there is no policy committee, the work place committee or the health and safety representative.

  • (1.2) The job safety analysis, training and instruction referred to in paragraph (1.1)(a) shall be reviewed every two years in consultation with the policy committee or, if there is no policy committee, the work place committee or the health and safety representative.

  • (2) The components of a fall-protection system shall meet the following standards:

    • (a) CSA Standard Z259.1-1976, Fall-Arresting Safety Belts and Lanyards for the Construction and Mining Industries, the English version of which is dated November, 1976, as amended to May, 1979 and the French version of which is dated April, 1980;

    • (b) CSA Standard Z259.2-M1979, Fall-Arresting Devices, Personnel Lowering Devices and Life Lines, the English version of which is dated November, 1979 and the French version of which is dated October, 1983; and

    • (c) CSA Standard Z259.3-M1978, Lineman’s Body Belt and Lineman’s Safety Strap, the English version of which is dated September, 1978, as amended to April, 1981 and the French version of which is dated April, 1980, as amended to April, 1981.

  • (3) The anchor of a fall-protection system shall be capable of withstanding a force of 17.8 kN.

  • (4) A fall-protection system that is used to arrest the fall of a person shall prevent that person

    • (a) from being subjected to a peak fall arrest force greater than 8 kN; and

    • (b) from falling freely for more than 1.2 m.

  • (5) Where an employee is about to install or remove a fall-protection system, the employer shall

    • (a) prepare written instructions for the safe installation or removal of the fall-protection system; and

    • (b) keep a copy of the instructions readily available for the information of the employee.

  • SOR/88-632, s. 50(F);
  • SOR/94-263, s. 47(F);
  • SOR/2002-379, s. 1;
  • SOR/2014-148, s. 6.

Protection Against Drowning

  •  (1) Where, in a work place, there is a hazard of drowning, the employer shall provide every person granted access to the work place with

    • (a) a life jacket or buoyancy device that meets the standards set out in the Canadian General Standards Board Standard

      • (i) CAN2-65.7-M80, Life Jackets, Inherently Buoyant Type, dated April, 1980, or

      • (ii) 65-GP-11, Standard for: Personal Flotation Devices, dated October, 1972; or

    • (b) a safety net or a fall-protection system.

  • (2) Where, in a work place, there is a hazard of drowning,

    • (a) emergency equipment shall be provided and held in readiness;

    • (b) a person who is qualified to operate all the emergency equipment provided shall be available;

    • (c) if appropriate, a powered boat shall be provided and held in readiness; and

    • (d) written emergency procedures shall be prepared by the employer containing

      • (i) a full description of the procedures to be followed and the responsibilities of all persons granted access to the work place, and

      • (ii) the location of any emergency equipment.

  • (3) Where a work place is a wharf, dock, pier, quay or other similar structure, a ladder that extends at least two rungs below water level shall be affixed to the face of the structure every 60 m along its length.

  • SOR/88-632, s. 51(F).

Loose Clothing

 Loose clothing, long hair, dangling accessories, jewellery or other similar items that are likely to be hazardous to the health or safety of an employee in a work place shall not be worn unless they are so tied, covered or otherwise secured as to prevent the hazard.

  • SOR/2002-208, s. 27.

Protection Against Moving Vehicles

 Where an employee is regularly exposed to contact with moving vehicles during his work, he shall

  • (a) wear a high-visibility vest or other similar clothing, or

  • (b) be protected by a barricade

that is readily visible under all conditions of use.

  • SOR/88-632, s. 52(F).
 
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