Defective Tools and Machines
14.9 Where an employee finds any defect in a tool or machine that may render it unsafe for use, he shall report the defect to his employer as soon as possible.
14.10 An employer shall mark or tag as unsafe and remove from service any tool or machine used by his employees that has a defect that may render it unsafe for use.
Instructions and Training
14.11 Every employee shall be instructed and trained by a qualified person appointed by his employer in the safe and proper inspection, maintenance and use of all tools and machinery that he is required to use.
14.12 (1) Every employer shall maintain a manual of operating instructions for each type of portable electric tool, portable air-powered tool, explosive actuated fastening tool and machine used by his employees.
(2) A manual referred to in subsection (1) shall be kept by the employer readily available for examination by an employee who is required to use the tool or machine to which the manual applies.
General Requirements for Machine Guards
14.13 (1) Every machine that has exposed moving, rotating, electrically charged or hot parts or that processes, transports or handles material that constitutes a hazard to an employee shall be equipped with a machine guard that
(a) prevents the employee or any part of his body from coming into contact with the parts or material;
(b) prevents access by the employee to the area of exposure to the hazard during the operation of the machine; or
(c) renders the machine inoperative if the employee or any part of his clothing is in or near a part of the machine that is likely to cause injury.
(2) So far as is reasonably practicable, a machine guard referred to in subsection (1) shall not be removable.
(3) A machine guard shall be so constructed, installed and maintained that it meets the requirements of subsection (1).
Use, Operation, Repair and Maintenance of Machine Guards
14.14 Machine guards shall be operated, maintained and repaired by a qualified person.
14.15 (1) Subject to subsection (2), where a machine guard is installed on a machine, no person shall use or operate the machine unless the machine guard is in its proper position.
(2) A machine may be operated when the machine guard is not in its proper position in order to permit the removal of an injured person from the machine.
14.16 (1) Subject to subsection (2), where it is necessary to remove a machine guard from a machine in order to perform repair or maintenance work on the machine, no person shall perform the repair or maintenance work unless the machine has been rendered inoperative.
(2) Where it is not reasonably practicable to render a machine referred to in subsection (1) inoperative in order to perform repair or maintenance work on the machine, the work may be performed if the person performing the work is a qualified person.
14.17 Abrasive wheels shall be
(a) used only on machines equipped with machine guards,
(b) mounted between flanges, and
in accordance with sections 4 to 6 of CSA Standard B173.5-1979, Safety Requirements for the Use, Care and Protection of Abrasive Wheels, dated February 1979.
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